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JAEA Reports

Analysis of the radioactivity concentrations in low-level radioactive waste generated from JPDR and JRR-4

Aono, Ryuji; Mitsukai, Akina; Haraga, Tomoko; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-006, 70 Pages, 2020/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-006.pdf:2.59MB

Radioactive wastes which generated from research and testing reactors in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried at the near surface disposal field. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes by the time it starts disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed the samples generated from JPDR and JRR-4. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 19 radionuclides ($$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{36}$$Cl, $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{63}$$Ni, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{94}$$Nb, $$^{99}$$Tc, $$^{rm 108m}$$Ag, $$^{129}$$I, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{152}$$Eu, $$^{154}$$Eu, $$^{234}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{239+240}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{244}$$Cm) which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of those samples.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator, JFY2013; Operation, utilization and technical development of JRR-3, JRR-4, NSRR, Tandem Accelerator and RI Production Facility

Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator

JAEA-Review 2014-047, 153 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Review-2014-047.pdf:23.43MB

The Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator is in charge of the operation, utilization and technical development of JRR-3, JRR-4, NSRR, Tandem Accelerator and RI Production Facility. This annual report describes a summary of activities of services and technical developments carried out in the period between April 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014.

Journal Articles

Development of computational dosimetry system "JCDS" for neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Hoshasen, 31(4), p.287 - 297, 2005/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status and future prospects of industrial application for the neutron, Neutron radiography

Matsubayashi, Masahito; Kawabata, Yuji*

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (107), p.4 - 15, 2005/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Preventive measures for the recurrence of control rod insertion failure in Japan Research Reactor No.4 (JRR-4)

JRR-4 Operation Division; Research Reactor Utilization Division

JAERI-Tech 2005-042, 58 Pages, 2005/07

JAERI-Tech-2005-042.pdf:5.4MB

Japan Research Reactor No.4 (JRR-4) was shut down manually, due to the control rod insertion failure occurred during the rated power (3,500kW) operation on June 10, 2005. It became evident by the investigation that a screw bolt at the control rod support got loose and blocked the control rod insertion. The failure was recovered through replacement with the new screw bolt. Considering the importance of this event, we decided to inspect all screw bolts over the core that may cause a control rod insertion failure. Furthermore, we decided to carry out periodical inspection about these screw bolts whether they were tightened enough or not. This report describes the result of inspection carried out as the preventive measures.

JAEA Reports

Management techniques of the JRR-4 heat exchanger

Horiguchi, Hironori; Oyama, Koji; Ishikuro, Yasuhiro; Hirane, Nobuhiko; Ito, Kazuhiro; Kameyama, Iwao

JAERI-Tech 2005-001, 38 Pages, 2005/02

JAERI-Tech-2005-001.pdf:2.79MB

After JRR-4 heat exchanger was renewed in made of stainless steel from carbon steel, it was examined how to manage the heat exchanger. The main subject is the cleaning technology of the heat exchanger. The recovery of old heat exchanger cooling performance has been by only chemical cleaning. Now we use chemical and dry cleaning as a new technique. It helps prevent of corrosions of secondary pipes and reduce of management costs. This report describes the performance management and cleaning technology of the JRR-4 heat exchanger and the management of the JRR-4 coolant.

Journal Articles

Development of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Murayama, Yoji; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Monte Karuro Keisanho Kodoka No Genjo; Dai-3-Kai Monte Karuro Shimyureshon Kenkyukai Hobunshu, p.185 - 194, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Calibration of epithermal neutron beam intensity for dosimetry at JRR-4

Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Kobayashi, Toru*

Proceedings of 11th World Congress on Neutron Capture Therapy (ISNCT-11) (CD-ROM), 15 Pages, 2004/10

To carry out the boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) using the epithermal neutron, the epithermal neutron beam intensity was measured by using $$^{197}$$Au reaction rate activated on the resonance absorption peak (4.9eV). Two scaling factors, which are the reactor power calibration factor and the calculation/experiment (C/E) scaling factor, are necessary in order to correct with the simulation and actual irradiation experiment. First, an optimum detector position was investigated using MCNP code. The result of MCNP calculation showed that the influence of subject placed at the collimator was below 1% when the detector was placed in the distance of over 20cm from the collimator. Therefore we installed the monitor holders near the bismuth block in order to set three gold wire monitors. The factors were determined in the calibration experiments that measure the thermal neutron flux in the phantom and reaction rate of the gold wire monitors. The monitoring technique to measure epithermal neutron beam intensity was applied to clinical irradiation with the epithermal neutron beam.

Journal Articles

Facilities and instruments of neutron activation analysis in JAERI

Sasajima, Fumio

Hoshaka Bunseki Handobukku, p.108 - 118, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Verification of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*

Japanese Journal of Medical Physics, Vol.23, Supplement 3, p.292 - 295, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Activity report on the utilization of research reactors; Japanese fiscal year, 2001

Research Reactor Utilization Division

JAERI-Review 2003-019, 484 Pages, 2003/07

JAERI-Review-2003-019.pdf:29.68MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of the JAERI Computational Dosimetry System (JCDS) for boron neutron capture therapy (Cooperative research)

Kumada, Hiroaki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Nose, Tadao*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uchiyama, Junzo

JAERI-Tech 2003-002, 49 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-002.pdf:5.22MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Verification of the JAERI computational dosimetry system for neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Matsumura, Akira*; Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.529 - 534, 2002/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of the multi-leaf collimator for neutron capture therapy

Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Hori, Naohiko; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Torii, Yoshiya

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.115 - 119, 2002/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison of patient brain dose measurements and the JCDS calculation

Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Endo, Kiyoshi*; Matsushita, Akira*; Shibata, Yasushi*; Nose, Tadao*

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.415 - 418, 2002/09

Dose measurements in a patient's brain undergoing intraoperative BNCT (IOBNCT) were compared with calculations by a JAERI computational dosimetry system (JCDS). The maximum thermal neutron flux on the brain surface from the postirradiation measurement averaged 2.33$$pm$$0.37($$times$$10$$^{9}$$cm$$^{-2}$$s$$^{-1}$$) and the vascular boron dose averaged 11.4$$pm$$1.2 (9.6-12.7) Gy. Using JCDS, the maximum thermal neutron flux in the irradiated volume averaged 2.21$$pm$$0.33($$times$$10$$^{9}$$cm$$^{-2}$$s$$^{-1}$$), while the target vascular dose averaged 5.7 Gy and varied from 3.5 to 7.8 Gy. As such, in the dose planning for intra-operative irradiation, practical use of JCDS is recommended for uniform volume-dose control of postsurgical brain in IOBNCT.

Journal Articles

In-air radiobiological dosimetry of JRR-4 neutron beams for boron neutron capture therapy

Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Hori, Naohiko; Torii, Yoshiya; Endo, Kiyoshi*; Matsushita, Akira*; Yoshida, Fumiyo*; Shibata, Yasushi*; et al.

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.697 - 700, 2002/09

The RBE of dose components generated in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) were separately determined in neutron beams at JRR-4. The cell killing effect of the neutron beam with or without the presence of 10B was highly dependent on the neutron beam used, according to the epithermal and fast neutron content in the beam. RBE (BARBEboron) values of the boron capture reaction for an epithermal (ENB), a mixed thermal-epithermal (TNB-1), and a thermal (TNB-2) neutron beams were 3.99$$pm$$0.24, 3.04$$pm$$0.19 and 1.43$$pm$$0.08, respectively.

Journal Articles

An Application to Intraoperative BNCT using epithermal neutron of new JRR-4 mode "Epi-12"

Matsushita, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Matsumura, Akira*; Nose, Tadao*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Torii, Yoshiya; Kashimura, Takanori*; Otake, Shinichi*

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.141 - 143, 2002/09

A thermal-epithermal mixed beam "Thermal Neutron Beam Mode I" was used in the eleven sessions of boron neutron capture therapy which have been performed at JRR-4 from 1998. We are planning to use an epithermal beam for the treatment of deeper tumors in the next trial of the intraoperative BNCT. In this study, "Epi-12" which was made by putting up a cadmium shutter of "Thermal Neutron Beam Mode I" was investigated for the clinical benefits and safety by epithermal beams. Decrease of fast neutron contamination ratio in Epi-12 mode is the advantage for BNCT, particular in the intraoperative BNCT. Because fast neutron on the brain surface is one of the critical factors in the intraoperative BNCT in which the plain beam directly interacts the normal structures. Furthermore a mixture of mode Epi-12 and Th-12 will provide various dose distribution designs. It may be used as a new method to control the best distribution for individual tumors.

Journal Articles

Clinical review of boron neutron capture therapy and a proposed strategy using epithermal neutron beams in Japan

Nakagawa, Yoshinobu*; Pooh, K. H.*; Kageji, Teruyoshi*; Uyama, Shinichi*; Kobayashi, Toru*; Sakurai, Yoshinori*; Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Kumada, Hiroaki

Research and Development in Neutron Capture Therapy, p.1113 - 1116, 2002/09

To make a new protocol using epithermal neutron beam for high-grade glioma patients, we elucidated the relationship between the radiation dose, histological tumor grade, and clinical outcome. One hundred and eighty-three patients with kinds of brain tumors were treated by BNCT since 1968, however, we performed a retrospective study of 105 patients with glial tumors treated in Japan between 1978 and 1997. As for the radiation side effect, we analyzed all patients(n=159) treated between 1977 and 2001. Ten patients with glioblastoma were treated according to the new protocol using epithermal neutron.

Journal Articles

Phase I/II clinical trial of boron neutron capture therapy using mixed thermal/epithermal neutron beam

Matsumura, Akira*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Shibata, Yasushi*; Nakai, Kei*; Zhang, T.*; Akutsu, Hiroyoshi*; Matsushita, Akira*; Yasuda, Susumu*; Takano, Shingo*; Nose, Tadao*; et al.

Posuto Shikuensu Jidai Ni Okeru Noshuyo No Kenkyu To Chiryo, p.427 - 435, 2002/07

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

${it In vitro}$ biological effectiveness of JRR-4 epithermal neutron beam; Experiment under free air beam and in water phantom (Cooperative research)

Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Matsumura, Akira*; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kishi, Toshiaki; Hori, Naohiko; Torii, Yoshiya; Horiguchi, Yoji; Nose, Tadao*

JAERI-Research 2002-011, 56 Pages, 2002/05

JAERI-Research-2002-011.pdf:3.17MB

The surviving curve and RBE of dose components generated in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) were separately determined in neutron beams at JRR-4. Surviving fraction of V79 cell with or without $$_{10}$$B was obtained using an epithermal neutron beam (ENB), a mixed thermal-epithermal neutron beam (TNB-1), and a thermal neutron beam(TNB-2), which were used or planned to use for clinical trial. The cell killing effect of these beams depended highly on the neutron beam used, according to the epithermal and fast neutron content in the beam. RBE of the boron capture were 3.99$$pm$$0.24, 3.04$$pm$$0.19 and 1.43$$pm$$0.08, RBE of the high-LET dose components based were 2.50$$pm$$0.32, 2.34$$pm$$0.30 and 2.17$$pm$$0.28 for ENB, TNB-1 and TNB-2, respectively. The experimental determination of biological effectiveness factor outlined in this paper is applicable to the dose calculation for each dose component of the neutron beams and contribute to an accurate RBE as comparison with a neutron beam at a different facility employed in ongoing and planned BNCT clinical trials.

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