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Journal Articles

Thermodynamic analysis for solidification path of simulated ex-vessel corium

Sato, Takumi; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki; Quaini, A.*; Gu$'e$neau, C.*

CALPHAD; Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, 79, p.102481_1 - 102481_11, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Thermodynamics)

JAEA Reports

Semi-autonomous remote-control technology of an articulated mobile robot to recover from stuck states (Contract research); FY2021 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; The University of Electro-Communications*

JAEA-Review 2022-029, 37 Pages, 2022/11

JAEA-Review-2022-029.pdf:1.89MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2021. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Semiautonomous remote-control technology of an articulated mobile robot to recover from stuck states" conducted from FY2019 to FY2021. Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for three fiscal years were summarized. The purpose of this work is to establish a recovery method of an articulated mobile robot from stuck states. In this work, a control method of the robot to recover from stuck states by using redundancy of the system is proposed. In addition, we develop two interfaces. One is a display interface as an operator can understand the situation of the robot and surrounding terrain, and the other is a control interface to provide a target motion using the proposed control method. Finally,

JAEA Reports

Development of tailor-made adsorbents for uranium recovery from seawater on the basis of uranyl coordination chemistry (Contract research); FY2021 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Institute of Technology*

JAEA-Review 2022-028, 54 Pages, 2022/11

JAEA-Review-2022-028.pdf:2.97MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2021. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Tailor-made Adsorbents for Uranium Recovery from Seawater on the Basis of Uranyl Coordination Chemistry" conducted from FY2019 to FY2021. Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for three fiscal years were summarized. The present study aims to develop a new ligand class for efficient and selective capture of uranium from seawater. On the basis of deep understanding on uranyl coordination chemistry, we design molecular structures of pentadentate ligands as functional moieties for uranium adsorption from seawater and study fundamental coordination chemistry of uranyl ion with those ligands in order to resolve current problems in uranium recovery technology from seawater and

JAEA Reports

Quantitative analysis of radioactivity distribution by imaging of high radiation field environment using gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyoto University*

JAEA-Review 2022-027, 85 Pages, 2022/11

JAEA-Review-2022-027.pdf:5.72MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Quantitative analysis of radioactivity distribution by imaging of high radiation field environment using gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy" conducted from FY2018 to FY2021 (this contract was extended to FY2021). Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for four fiscal years were summarized. In this study, ETCC, a gamma-ray imaging system, was modified to be a portable device that can be used in 1F decommissioning project and can operate in high-dose environments. ETCC is the world's first gamma-ray camera capable of complete bijective imaging, the same as an optical camera. Therefore, ETCC can make general quantitative image analysis methods applicable to radiation, and will bring innovative

Journal Articles

Mass-spectrometric determination of iodine-129 using O$$_{2}$$-CO$$_{2}$$ mixed-gas reaction in inductively coupled plasma tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry

Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Koarai, Kazuma; Terashima, Motoki; Takagai, Yoshitaka*

Analytical Sciences, 38(11), p.1371 - 1376, 2022/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Analytical)

The $$^{129}$$I analysis using ICP-MS is challenging caused by xenon-129 ($$^{129}$$Xe) and $$^{127}$$IH$$_{2}$$ generated from excess stable isotope $$^{127}$$I. In this study, mass discrimination between iodine-129 ($$^{129}$$I) and interfering substances was achieved by inductively coupled plasma-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-MS/MS) with a dynamic reaction cell introduced a mixture gas of O$$_{2}$$ and CO$$_{2}$$. As a result, the ratio of (background noise intensity at m/z 129)/$$^{127}$$I was 3.8 $$times$$ 10$$^{-10}$$ and 10 mBq/L of $$^{129}$$I was analyzed without chemical separation in the presence of 100 mg/L stable $$^{127}$$I. Spiked tests with actual rainwater were performed, and obtained values were agreed with the spiked amounts.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of radiocesium in coastal areas following river flood

Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Shiribiki, Takehiko; Nagao, Seiya*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko

Gekkan Kaiyo, 54(11), p.558 - 561, 2022/11

Sediment traps were set up around estuaries and in coastal areas to collect sinking particles at the time of river discharge. Around the estuary, changes in radiocesium concentration and mass flux of sinking particles linked to the discharge of radiocesium from the river were observed.

JAEA Reports

Development of technologies for enhanced analysis accuracy of fuel debris; Summary results of the 2020 fiscal year (Subsidy program for the project of decommissioning and contaminated water management)

Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Koyama, Shinichi; Osaka, Masahiko; Takano, Masahide; Nakamura, Satoshi; Onozawa, Atsushi; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Maeda, Koji; Kirishima, Akira*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-021, 224 Pages, 2022/10

JAEA-Technology-2022-021.pdf:12.32MB

A set of technology, including acid dissolving, has to be established for the analysis of content of elements/nuclides in the fuel debris samples. In this project, a blind test was performed for the purpose of clarifying the current level of analytical accuracy and establishing the alternative methods in case that the insoluble residue remains. Overall composition of the simulated fuel debris (homogenized powder having a specific composition) were quantitatively determined in the four analytical institutions in Japan by using their own dissolving and analytical techniques. The merit and drawback for each technique were then evaluated, based on which a tentative flow of the analyses of fuel debris was constructed.

JAEA Reports

Experiment of incineration for Trans-Uranic (TRU) wastes containing chlorides

Yamashita, Kiyoto; Yokoyama, Aya*; Takagai, Yoshitaka*; Maki, Shota; Yokosuka, Kazuhiro; Fukui, Masahiro; Iemura, Keisuke

JAEA-Technology 2022-020, 106 Pages, 2022/10

JAEA-Technology-2022-020.pdf:4.77MB

Radioactive solid wastes generated by Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station disaster may contain high levels of salt from the tsunami and seawater deliberately released into the area. It is assumed that polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products may be used for decommissioning work and for containment of radioactive wastes in the future. Among the method of handling them, incineration is one method that needs to be investigated as it is good method for reduction and stabilization of wastes. But in order to dispose of Trans-Uranic (TRU) solid waste containing chlorides, it is necessary to select the structure and materials of the facility based on the information such as the movement of nuclides and chlorides in the waste gas treating system and the corrosion of equipment due to chlorides. Therefore, we decided to get various data necessary to design a study of the incineration facilities. And we decided to examine the transfer behavior of chlorides to the waste gas treatment system, the corrosion-resistance of materials in the incineration facilities, and the distribution survey of plutonium in them obtained using the Plutonium-contaminated Waste Treatment Facility (PWTF), Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, which is a unique incinerating facility in Japan. This report describes the transfer behavior of chlorides in the waste gas treatment system, the evaluation of corrosion-resistance materials and the distribution survey of plutonium in the incineration facilities obtained by these tests using the Plutonium-contaminated Waste Treatment Facility, Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories.

Journal Articles

Basic study on a novel single-end readout type radiation distribution sensing method using an optical fiber

Terasaka, Yuta; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Uritani, Akira*

Hoshasen (Internet), 47(3), p.89 - 96, 2022/10

Journal Articles

Eutectic melting of metals

Sumita, Takehiro; Ikeda, Atsushi

Isotope News, (783), p.28 - 32, 2022/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Estimation of the effect of GNSS positioning errors on the dose rate calculation concerning aerial radiation monitoring

Mori, Airi; Seguchi, Eisaku*; Futemma, Akira; Iwai, Takeyuki*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 17(10), p.P10015_1 - P10015_11, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Measurement techniques for radiation distribution visualization; Imaging and mapping of radiation distribution after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident

Torii, Tatsuo; Sanada, Yukihisa

Keisoku Gijutsu, 50(11), p.23 - 28, 2022/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of bremsstrahlung and $$gamma$$-rays of fuel debris

Matsumura, Taichi; Okumura, Keisuke; Fujita, Manabu*; Sakamoto, Masahiro; Terashima, Kenichi; Riyana, E. S.

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 199, p.110298_1 - 110298_8, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA Reports

The Laboratory Operation Based on ISO/IEC 17025; Radioactivity analysis of environmental samples by germanium semiconductor detectors

Urushidate, Tadayuki*; Yoda, Tomoyuki; Otani, Shuichi*; Yamaguchi, Toshio*; Kunii, Nobuaki*; Kuriki, Kazuki*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Niizato, Tadafumi; Kitamura, Akihiro; Iijima, Kazuki

JAEA-Review 2022-023, 8 Pages, 2022/09

JAEA-Review-2022-023.pdf:1.19MB

After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has newly set up a laboratory in Fukushima and started measuring radioactivity concentrations of environmental samples. In October 2015, Fukushima Radiation Measurement Group has been accredited the ISO/IEC 17025 standard by the Japan Accreditation Board (JAB) as a testing laboratory for radioactivity analysis ($$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs) based on Gamma-ray spectrometry with germanium semiconductor detectors. The laboratory has measured approximately 60,000 of various environmental samples at the end of March 2022. The laboratory quality control and measurement techniques have been accredited by regular surveillance of JAB. In September 2019, the laboratory renewed accreditation as a testing laboratory for radioactivity analysis.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2020 on the activities of Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development (April 1, 2020 - March 31, 2021)

Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development, Fukushima Research Insitute

JAEA-Review 2022-021, 40 Pages, 2022/09

JAEA-Review-2022-021.pdf:2.54MB

Naraha Center for Remote Control Technology Development (NARREC) was established in Japan Atomic Energy Agency to promote a decommissioning work of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Fukushima Daiichi NPS). NARREC consists of a Full-scale Mock-up Test Building and Research Management Building. Various test facilities are installed in these buildings for the decommissioning work of Fukushima Daiichi NPS. These test facilities are intended to be used for various users, such as companies engaged in the decommissioning work, research and development institutions, educational institutions and so on. The number of NARREC facility uses was 69 in FY2020. We participated booth exhibitions and presentations on the decommissioning related events. Moreover, we also contributed to the development of human resources by supporting the 5th Creative Robot Contest for Decommissioning on online because of the COVID-19. This report summarizes the activities of NARREC in FY2020, such as the utilization of facilities and equipment of NARREC, the development of remote control technologies for supporting the decommissioning work, arrangement of the remote control machines for emergency response, and training for operators by using the machines.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of microparticles generated by laser processing and development of a methodology for their nuclear identification (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; The University of Tokyo*

JAEA-Review 2022-015, 119 Pages, 2022/09

JAEA-Review-2022-015.pdf:6.62MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Analysis of microparticles generated by laser processing and development of a methodology for their nuclear identification" conducted from FY2018 to FY2021 (this contract was extended to FY2021). Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for four fiscal years were summarized. Although laser processing has various advantages, one well-known disadvantage is that it generates a large amount of microparticles during the processing. Therefore, the application of laser processing to decommissioning waste contaminated with radioactive materials has been hesitant because the mechanism generating the microparticles has not been fully understood. In this study, the mechanism of microparticle production by

Journal Articles

Cloudwater deposition process of radionuclides based on water droplets retrieved from pollen sensor data

Kaneyasu, Naoki*; Kutsuna, Shuzo*; Iida, Kenjiro*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Tajiri, Takuya*

Environmental Science & Technology, 56(17), p.12036 - 12044, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Environmental)

Radionuclides released during the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident caused altitude-dependent surface contamination in the mountainous areas of Japan. To explore the possible cloudwater deposition that formed a distinctive contamination profile, data from pollen sensors deployed nationwide were analyzed. Utilizing the polarization of scattered light, Cedar pollen and water droplets were distinguished. On March 15, when surface contamination was simulated in previous studies, dense cloud with high droplet number density were observed outside the $$^{137}$$Cs surface deposition areas, indicating that the sensor sites were immersed amid cloud layers. In contrast, cloud droplets with moderate number density were measured at altitudes of approximately 570-840 m, which overlapped with the surface contamination areas. Considering the existing knowledge on vertical gradients of cloudwater composition, these suggest that contaminated cloud droplets were localized near the cloud base where a moderate number density of cloud droplets was measured. A formation process was proposed for the observed vertical distribution, that is, surface contamination occurred intensively at the contact line between the cloud base and mountain slopes via cloudwater deposition, and the descending cloud base formed the contamination zone. This study sheds light on the deposition processes of radionuclides which have not previously been clarified.

Journal Articles

Microdosimetric modeling of relative biological effectiveness for skin reactions; Possible linkage between in vitro and in vivo data

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Matsuya, Yusuke; Hamada, Nobuyuki*

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 114(1), p.153 - 162, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:75.2(Oncology)

The microdosimetric kinetic model, which was originally developed for estimating cell surviving fractions for various radiations, was improved to be capable of estimating the mean and uncertainty of RBE for skin reactions. The parameter used in the model was independently determined from in vitro measurements of dermal cell survival and in vivo measurements of skin reactions taken from 8 and 23 papers, respectively. Our model quantitatively revealed that RBE for skin reactions tend to be higher than that for dermal cell survival. RBE of various mono-energetic radiations calculated from this model confirmed that the past evaluations made by ICRP and NCRP a few decades ago are still supported by recent experimental data. Conclusions: Our model can play important roles not only in medical physics for avoiding unnecessary skin reactions in particle therapy and BNCT but also in radiation protection for future decision making of the recommended RBE values.

Journal Articles

Analysis of the activities of the website "Question and Answer about radiation in daily life" after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and some lessons learned from it; To pass on this experience to the future

Kono, Takahiko; Tanaka, Masato*; Tanaka, Hitomi*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Torii, Hiroyuki*; Uno, Kazuko*

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 47(3), p.167 - 179, 2022/09

After the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, artificial radionuclides such as radioactive cesium and iodine were released into the environment. It caused great anxiety not only in the vicinity of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant but also in other regions of the world. Some members of the Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS), a leading academic society in Japan in the field of radiation protection, volunteered to establish a website called "Question and Answer about radiation in Daily Life" shortly after the accident to help reduce the residents anxiety about the health effects of radiation. In August 2011, Committee for "Question and Answer about radiation in Daily Life" was established in JHPS, making the website-related activities a responsibility of JHPS. The Q&A website continued to respond to the questions from the general public with expertise and sincerity until February 2013 when the Committee members decided to end the activities because the number of questions received had gradually decreased with the passage of time. This paper aims to introduce the following: the activities of the Q&A website during the two years (2011-2013), the stance chosen for the activities, the information related to the website activities and the analysis of Twitter data. Building on the experience and the knowledge obtained from the activities, it also discusses issues and experiences that can be utilized in the initial response to emergencies for radiation protection experts as well as other fields.

Journal Articles

Cesium-rich microparticles runoff during rainfall; A Case study in the Takase River

Tatsuno, Takahiro*; Waki, Hiromichi*; Kakuma, Minato*; Nihei, Naoto*; Wada, Toshihiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Ote, Nobuhito*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 198(13-15), p.1052 - 1057, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

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