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Journal Articles

Validation of the multinucleon transfer method for the determination of the fission barrier height

Kean, K. R.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Vermeulen, M. J.; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Andreyev, A.; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Chiba, Satoshi*

Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014611_1 - 014611_6, 2019/07

Journal Articles

FE-SEM observations of multiple nanohillocks on SrTiO$$_{3}$$ irradiated with swift heavy ions

Kitamura, Akane; Ishikawa, Norito; Kondo, Keietsu; Fujimura, Yuki; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 44(3), p.85 - 88, 2019/06

Swift heavy ions can create nanosized hillocks on the surfaces of various ceramics. When these materials are irradiated with swift heavy ions at normal incidence, each ion impact results in the formation of a single hillock on the surfaces. In contrast, irradiation at grazing incidence forms chains of multiple hillocks on the surface, for example, for strontium titanate (SrTiO$$_{3}$$). So far, chains of multiple hillocks have been investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM). It should be noted that AFM measurements involve systematic errors of several nanometers due to the finite size of the probe tip. Consequently, it is possible that the image of one hillock may merge with that of a neighboring hillock even if the two hillocks are well separated. In contrast to AFM, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) is a useful technique for obtaining higher-resolution images. In this study, we observed multiple nanohillocks on the surfaces of SrTiO$$_{3}$$ using FE-SEM. Crystals of SrTiO$$_{3}$$(100) and 0.05 wt% Nb-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$(100) were irradiated with 350 MeV Xe ions, respectively, at grazing incidence, where the angle between the sample surface and the beam was less than 2$$^{circ}$$. On the SrTiO$$_{3}$$ surface, a chain of periodic nanohillocks is created along the ion path. In contrast, black lines accompanied by hillocks are observed on the Nb-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ surface.

Journal Articles

Origin of the dramatic change of fission mode in fermium isotopes investigated using Langevin equations

Miyamoto, Yuya*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Tanaka, Shoya; Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.051601_1 - 051601_7, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Observation of the competing fission modes in $$^{178}$$Pt

Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Denis-Petit, D.*; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Matheson, Z.*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Nazarewicz, W.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 790, p.583 - 588, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:14.11(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

The Present conditions of the acceleration voltage after the acceleration tube update

Matsuda, Makoto; Osa, Akihiko; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro

JAEA-Conf 2018-003, p.126 - 131, 2019/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electron-tracking Compton camera imaging of technetium-95m

Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

PLoS ONE (Internet), 13(12), p.e0208909_1 - e0208909_12, 2018/12

 Percentile:100(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Imaging of $$^{95m}$$Tc radioisotope was conducted using an electron tracking-Compton camera (ETCC). $$^{95m}$$Tc emits 204, 582, and 835 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and was produced in the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{95m}$$Tc reaction with a $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched target. The recycling of the $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched molybdenum trioxide was investigated, and the recycled yield of $$^{95}$$Mo was achieved to be 70% - 90%. The images were obtained with each of the three $$gamma$$ rays. Results showed that the spatial resolution increases with increasing $$gamma$$-ray energy, and suggested that the ETCC with high-energy $$gamma$$-ray emitters such as $$^{95m}$$Tc is useful for the medical imaging of deep tissue and organs in the human body.

Journal Articles

First ionization potentials of Fm, Md, No, and Lr; Verification of filling-up of 5f electrons and confirmation of the actinide series

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Beerwerth, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(44), p.14609 - 14613, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.13(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The first ionization potential (IP$$_1$$) yields information on valence electronic structure of an atom. IP$$_1$$ values of heavy actinides beyond einsteinium (Es, Z = 99), however, have not been determined experimentally so far due to the difficulty in obtaining these elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Recently, we successfully measured IP$$_1$$ of lawrencium (Lr, Z = 103) using a surface ionization method. The result suggests that Lr has a loosely-bound electron in the outermost orbital. In contrast to Lr, nobelium (No, Z = 102) is expected to have the highest IP$$_1$$ among the actinide elements owing to its full-filled 5f and the 7s orbitals. In the present study, we have successfully determined IP$$_1$$ values of No as well as fermium (Fm, Z = 100) and mendelevium (Md, Z = 101) using the surface ionization method. The obtained results indicate that the IP$$_1$$ value of heavy actinoids would increase monotonically with filling electrons up in the 5f orbital like heavy lanthanoids.

Journal Articles

Ag nanoparticles embedded in Nd:YAG crystals irradiated with tilted beam of 200 MeV Xe ions; Optical dichroism correlated to particle reshaping

Li, R.*; Pang, C.*; Amekura, Hiroshi*; Ren, F.*; H$"u$bner, R.*; Zhou, S.*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okubo, Nariaki; Chen, F.*

Nanotechnology, 29(42), p.424001_1 - 424001_8, 2018/10

 Percentile:100(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

We report on the fabrication of reshaped Ag nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in a Nd:YAG crystal by combining Ag ion implantation and swift heavy Xe ion irradiation. The localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect is proved to be efficiently modulated according to the phenomenon of polarization-dependent absorption. The LSPR peak located at 448 nm shows red shift and blue shift at 0 degree and 90 degree polarization, respectively, which is in good agreement with calculation by discrete dipole approximation. Based on the near-field intensity distribution, the interaction between reshaped NPs shows a non-ignorable effect on the optical absorption. Furthermore, the polarization-dependence of the photoluminescence (PL) intensity is analyzed, which is positively related to the modulated LSPR absorption. It demonstrates the potential of the enhancement of PL intensity by embedded plasmonic Ag NPs.

Journal Articles

A New detector system for the measurement of high-energy prompt $$gamma$$-rays for low-energy neutron induced fission

Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Orlandi, R.; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Soldner, T.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; A$"i$che, M.*; Astier, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 906, p.88 - 96, 2018/10

 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a new setup to measure prompt fission $$gamma$$-ray spectra in neutron induced fission up to energies sufficient to reveal the structure associated with giant dipole resonances of fission fragments. The setup consists of multi-wire proportional counters, to detect both fission fragments in coincidence, and two large volume (101.6 mm in diameter and 127.0 mm in length) LaBr$$_{3}$$(Ce) scintillators, to measure the $$gamma$$-rays. The setup was used to obtain the prompt fission $$gamma$$-ray spectrum for thermal neutron induced fission of $$^{235}$$U at the PF1B cold-neutron beam facility of the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France. We have successfully measured the $$gamma$$-ray spectrum up to energies of about 20 MeV, what extends the currently known $$gamma$$-ray spectrum limit to higher energies by approximately a factor of two.

Journal Articles

Vaporlike phase of amorphous SiO$$_{2}$$ is not a prerequisite for the core/shell ion tracks or ion shaping

Amekura, Hiroshi*; Kluth, P.*; Mota-Santiago, P.*; Sahlberg, I.*; Jantunen, V.*; Leino, A. A.*; Vazquez, H.*; Nordlund, K.*; Djurabekova, F.*; Okubo, Nariaki; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(9), p.096001_1 - 096001_10, 2018/09

When a swift heavy ion (SHI) penetrates amorphous SiO$$_{2}$$, a core/shell (C/S) ion track is formed due to vaporization, where the ion track consists of a lower-density core and a higher-density shell. Here we reexamine this hypothesis. The MD simulations indicate that the vaporization is not induced under 50-MeV Si irradiation ($$Se$$ = 3 keV/nm), but the C/S tracks and the ion shaping of nanoparticles are nevertheless induced. Thus, the vaporization is not a prerequisite for the C/S tracks and the ion shaping.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator

Matsuda, Makoto; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro; Matsui, Yutaka; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1271 - 1275, 2018/08

The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was operated over a total of 64 days, and delivered 13 different ions to the experiments in the research fields of nuclear physics, nuclear chemistry, atomic physics, solid state physics and radiation effects in material in FY2017. After the vacuum accident occurred in December 2016 the accelerating voltage dropped to 12 MV. In order to remove dust and broken carbon foil in the accelerating tube, all 80 accelerator tubes were removed and rewashed. It took 4 months for cleaning and 2 months for reassembly. Therefore about 10 months were a maintenance period of an accelerator from February 2017. Along with the reconstruction of the accelerating tube, re-alignment of the accelerating tube was carried out. The operation resumed in December 2017 and it was possible to recover the maximum voltage to 17.4 MV without beam and 16.6 MV with beam with periodic conditioning work.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption near edge structure and first-principles spectral investigations of cationic disorder in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by swift heavy ions

Yoshioka, Satoru*; Tsuruta, Konosuke*; Yamamoto, Tomokazu*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Matsumura, Sho*; Ishikawa, Norito; Kobayashi, Eiichi*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 20(7), p.4962 - 4969, 2018/02

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Physical)

Cationic disorder in the MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ spinel induced by swift heavy ions was investigated using the X-ray absorption near edge structure. With changes in the irradiation fluences of 200 MeV Xe ions, the Mg K-edge and Al K-edge spectra were synchronously changed. The calculated spectra based on density function theory indicate that the change in the experimental spectra was due to cationic disorder between Mg in tetrahedral sites and Al in octahedral sites. These results suggest a high inversion degree to an extent that the completely random configuration is achieved in MgAl$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ induced by the high density electronic excitation under swift heavy ion irradiation.

Journal Articles

Nuclear fission; A Review of experimental advances and phenomenology

Andreyev, A.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Schmidt, K.-H.*

Reports on Progress in Physics, 81(1), p.016301_1 - 016301_61, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:4.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Production of iodine radionuclides using $$^{7}$$Li ion beams

Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Washiyama, Koshin*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 314(3), p.1947 - 1965, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:64.68(Chemistry, Analytical)

Production cross sections of iodine, tellurium and antimony radionuclides in the 24-59 MeV $$^{7}$$Li + $$^{nat}$$Sn reaction have been measured by the conventional stacked foil technique with $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry. Excitation functions of the production cross sections were compared with a statistical model calculation. The contributions of complete and incomplete fusion in the production of observed radionuclides are discussed from the view points of production routes in the nuclide chart and decays for iodine, tellurium and antimony nuclides. The integral yields of $$^{123,124,125,126}$$I were deduced from the calculated excitation functions in the $$^{7}$$Li induced reactions on Sn isotopes in view of the production of medically important $$^{123,124}$$I. The results are discussed by comparing with literature values in the other reactions.

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 3; Recent advancement of fission studies; Experimental and theoretical approaches

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Chiba, Satoshi*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(12), p.717 - 721, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Role of multichance fission in the description of fission-fragment mass distributions at high energies

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tanaka, Shoya*; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:11.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission-fragment mass distributions were measured for $$^{237-240}$$U, $$^{239-242}$$Np and $$^{241-244}$$Pu populated in the excitation-energy range from 10 to 60 MeV by multi-nucleon transfer channels in the reaction $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA tandem facility. Among them, the data for $$^{240}$$U and $$^{240,241,242}$$Np were observed for the first time. It was found that the mass distributions for all the studied nuclides maintain a double-humped shape up to the highest measured energy in contrast to expectations of predominantly symmetric fission due to the washing out of nuclear shell effects. From a comparison with the dynamical calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, this behavior of the mass distributions was unambiguously attributed to the effect of multi-chance fission.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator

Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Osa, Akihiko; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Matsuda, Makoto; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1404 - 1408, 2017/12

The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was operated over a total of 110 days, and delivered 22 different ions to the experiments in the research fields of nuclear physics, nuclear chemistry, atomic physics, solid state physics and radiation effects in material in FY2016. The damaged acceleration tubes by discharge were replaced with the spare tube at the regular maintenance period in March 2016, and the maximum accelerating voltage recovered to the 17 MV. However, an accident of vacuum breaking of all acceleration tubes was occurred in December, and accelerating voltage fell down to under 12 MV. Now, we are doing the maintenance to recover the performance of acceleration voltage. This paper describes the operational status of the accelerators and the major technical developments of our facility.

Journal Articles

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Vermeulen, M. J.; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Sato, Tetsuya; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 163, p.00041_1 - 00041_6, 2017/11


Journal Articles

Hillocks created for amorphizable and non-amorphizable ceramics irradiated with swift heavy ions; TEM study

Ishikawa, Norito; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Okubo, Nariaki

Nanotechnology, 28(44), p.445708_1 - 445708_11, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.33(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

TEM method is applied to Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ (YIG) and three fluorides (CaF$$_{2}$$, SrF$$_{2}$$ and BaF$$_{2}$$) for observing hillocks. For YIG which is one of the amorphizable materials, hillocks are found to have amorphous feature which is consistent with amorphous feature of ion-tracks. For the fluorides, it is found that the hillocks do not exhibit amorphous feature, and they are composed of nano-crystallites. It is found for the first time that for YIG the hillock diameter is comparable to the ion-track diameter, whereas for the fluorides it is always larger than the ion-track diameter. The results indicate that recrystallization after transient melting plays an important role for formation of hillocks and ion-tracks in fluorides.

Journal Articles

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Tanaka, Shoya*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Fission and Properties of Neutron-rich Nuclei (ICFN-6), p.590 - 597, 2017/11

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