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Technology development for decommissioning in FUGEN and current status

ふげん廃止措置のための技術開発と廃止措置の現状

北村 高一 ; 佐野 一哉 ; 中村 保之 ; 松嶌 聡 ; 松尾 秀彦; 石山 正弘; 羽田 孝博; 手塚 将志 

Kitamura, Koichi; Sano, Kazuya; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Matsushima, Akira; Matsuo, Hidehiko; Ishiyama, Masahiro; Haneda, Takahiro; Tezuka, Masashi

実用規模水炉の日本国内初の廃止措置として、ふげんの廃止措置が2008年にスタートした。ふげんの廃止措置は4つの期間に分けて段階的に進め、2028年に終了する予定である。現在は比較的汚染レベルの低いタービン系機器の解体に着手している。ふげんは一般の軽水炉と異なり、炉心構造が狭隘複雑となっていること、減速材に重水を使用していることから、廃止措置を安全に進めていくために、原子炉本体解体の技術開発、重水系機器のトリチウム除去技術開発等を行っている。本報告では、原子炉解体の技術開発の検討においてアブレイシブウォータージェットを切断技術の一つとして進めている検討状況や、重水系からのトリチウム除去のための試験,炭素-14の汚染状況調査等についておもに紹介する。

The decommissioning program of proto-type Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) FUGEN has started in 2008 as first decommissioning of the commercial-scale water reactor. It consists of four periods, considering the transportation of spent fuels and the radioactive decrease of highly activated materials. It is expected that the whole program of decommissioning will be completed until 2028.Now, the decommissioning is under the first period, spent fuels and heavy water has been carrying out from FUGEN, and a part of the turbine system with relatively low radioactive contamination has been dismantled. FUGEN has a complicated core structure consisting 224 fuel channels with pressure tubes and calandria tank, etc. and used heavy water as moderator, unlike other light water reactor. So, the dismantling technology of the reactor core and the decontamination technology of tritium in heavy water system, etc. have been studying in order to dismantle them safely. In this presentation, the contents of the decommissioning program and its current status, the studying situation of dismantling technology of reactor core using Abrasive Water Jet (AWJ) which is a candidate of cutting technologies, the examination of tritium decontamination in heavy water system, the study for C-14 penetrated into concrete structure will be presented mainly.

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