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Super ODS steels R&D for fuel cladding of next generation nuclear systems, 6; Corrosion behavior in SCPW

原子力システム高効率化に向けた高耐食性スーパーODS鋼の開発,6; 超臨界水における腐食

Lee, J. H.*; 木村 晃彦*; 笠田 竜太*; 岩田 憲幸*; 岸本 弘立*; Zhang, C. H.*; Isselin, J.*; Dou, P.*; Muthukumar, N.*; 奥田 隆成*; 井上 賢紀; 鵜飼 重治*; 大貫 惣明*; 藤澤 敏治*; 阿部 冨士雄*

Lee, J. H.*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Iwata, Noriyuki*; Kishimoto, Hirotatsu*; Zhang, C. H.*; Isselin, J.*; Dou, P.*; Muthukumar, N.*; Okuda, Takanari*; Inoue, Masaki; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Onuki, Somei*; Fujisawa, Toshiharu*; Abe, Fujio*

重金属冷却高速増殖炉及び超臨界水冷却高速増殖炉用の燃料被覆管として、優れた高温強度と高耐食性の両方を兼ね備えた酸化物分散強化型フェライト鋼(スーパーODS鋼)の開発を進めている。本報では、開発中のスーパーODS鋼の超臨界水における腐食について強化した結果について報告する。

Corrosion is a critical issue for cladding materials, especially, in sever corrosion environment as supercritical pressurized water (SCPW). In this work, the effects of alloy elements on the corrosion behavior in SCPW were investigated for a series of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels to design alloy compositions for corrosion resistant super ODS ferritic steels. Corrosion tests were carried out for the ODS steels with different concentrations of Cr and Al in SCPW at 773 K at 25 MPa with 8 ppm of dissolved oxygen. The corrosion rate of SUS430, which contained 16wt.%Cr, was much higher than 16Cr-ODS steel. This suggests that nano-sized oxide particles dispersion and very fine grains play an important role in suppression of the corrosion. The corrosion of the ODS steel was reduced by an addition of Al in 16wt.%Cr-ODS steel but not in 19Cr-ODS steel. FE-EPMA chemical analysis clearly indicated that the surface of the Al added ODS steels was covered by alumina which suppresses the corrosion in SCPW. It is considered that an adequate combination of the contents of Cr and Al is ranging (14-16)Cr and (3.5-4.5)Al.

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