検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年

Corrosion study of titanium-5% tantalum alloy in hot nitric acid condensate

高温硝酸凝縮液中のTi-5Ta合金の腐食研究

竹内 正行 ; 佐野 雄一 ; 中島 靖雄 ; 内山 軍蔵 ; 野島 康夫*; 藤根 幸雄*

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Sano, Yuichi; Nakajima, Yasuo; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Nojima, Yasuo*; Fujine, Sachio*

本研究では、再処理機器の経年変化に関する評価に資する目的で、高温硝酸凝縮液中のTi-5Ta合金の長期耐食性及び加熱硝酸溶液中の金属塩による耐食性への影響について調査した。硝酸凝縮部を対象とした11,000時間に渡る浸漬腐食試験の結果から、加熱硝酸濃度の増大に応じて凝縮部の腐食速度も増大するものの、各硝酸濃度条件におけるTi-5Taの腐食速度はほぼ一定であり、腐食形態としては全面腐食を呈していた。このことから、硝酸腐食の観点からの機器寿命は運転中の腐食速度を外挿することにより概略的に評価することが可能であると判断した。また、凝縮液(加熱蒸気)の硝酸濃度は加熱溶液中の金属塩の影響により増大することがわかり、中でもその原子価数が大きいほど硝酸蒸気の濃度は高くなることがわかった。この影響は金属イオンの水和特性と密接に関連するとともに、Ti-5Taの重要な腐食加速因子であることを明らかにした。

A long-term corrosion tendency and metal salt effect in heating nitric acid solution on corrosion behavior of titanium-5% tantalum alloy (Ti-5Ta) in hot nitric acid condensate condition were mainly researched to discuss the aging behavior of reprocessing equipments such as evaporators made of titanium or its alloy. The hot pure nitric acid solution with continuous renewing such as the nitric acid condensate condition is severe corrosion environment for their materials because of the corrosion inhibition effect from titanium ions as corrosion products or oxidizing ions in nitric acid solution. From the results of the long-term corrosion test for total 11,000 hrs, the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the nitric acid condensate was accelerated with increase of the nitric acid concentration in the condensate. The corrosion rate was nearly constant during the immersion time and the test coupons suffered a uniform corrosion. Thus, from the viewpoints of nitric acid corrosion, the life-time of the reprocessing equipments made of titanium or its alloy will be roughly estimated based on the results of average corrosion rate in operation. It was also found that the kind and concentration of metal salt in the heating nitric acid solution gave a remarkable effect on the concentration of nitric acid vapor and the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the hot nitric acid condensate. Most of the evaporators for reprocessing plants include metal ions in the heating nitric acid solution, so the metal salt effect is one of the corrosion factors to control the corrosion behavior of titanium alloy in condensate. The nitric acid concentration in the condensate increases by adding the metal salts in the heating nitric acid solution, in addition, the larger valence of metal ions was contributed to the increase of nitric acid concentration in the condensate. Consequently, the metal salts effect in the heating nitric acid solution accelerates the corrosion of Ti-5Ta in the nitric acid condensate.

Access

:

- Accesses

InCites™

:

Altmetrics

:

[CLARIVATE ANALYTICS], [WEB OF SCIENCE], [HIGHLY CITED PAPER & CUP LOGO] and [HOT PAPER & FIRE LOGO] are trademarks of Clarivate Analytics, and/or its affiliated company or companies, and used herein by permission and/or license.