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Current-induced spin polarization on a Pt surface; A New approach using spin-polarized positron annihilation spectroscopy

白金表面の電流誘起スピン蓄積; スピン偏極陽電子消滅による新しいアプローチ

河裾 厚男; 深谷 有喜  ; 前川 雅樹; Zhang, H.; 関 剛斎*; 吉野 達郎*; 齊藤 英治*; 高梨 弘毅*

Kawasuso, Atsuo; Fukaya, Yuki; Maekawa, Masaki; Zhang, H.; Seki, Takeshi*; Yoshino, Tatsuro*; Saito, Eiji*; Takanashi, Koki*

電流通電下にある白金超薄膜表面におけるスピン偏極陽電子消滅を観測した。その結果、表面で形成されるオルソポジトロニウムの強度が通電方向に応じて変化することが明らかになった。この結果は、通電下において白金表面の伝導電子がスピン偏極していることを示唆している。その場合、伝導電子のスピン偏極率は1%以上であると推定される。

Transversely spin-polarized positrons were injected near Pt and Au surfaces under an applied electric current. The three-photon annihilation of spin-triplet positronium, which was emitted from the surfaces into vacuum, was observed. When the positron spin polarization was perpendicular to the current direction, the maximum asymmetry of the three-photon annihilation intensity was observed upon current reversal for the Pt surfaces, whereas it was significantly reduced for the Au surface. The experimental results suggest that electrons near the Pt surfaces were in-plane and transversely spin-polarized with respect to the direction of the electric current. The maximum electron spin polarization was estimated to be more than 0.01 (1%).

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パーセンタイル:67.23

分野:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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