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硝酸溶液中におけるバナジウムの価数変化と窒素酸化物の関係

Relation between redox reaction of vanadium and nitrogen oxide in nitric acid solution

入澤 恵理子 ; 鈴木 和則*; 熊谷 幹郎*; 加藤 千明; 上野 文義; 阿部 仁

Irisawa, Eriko; Suzuki, Kazunori*; Kumagai, Mikio*; Kato, Chiaki; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Abe, Hitoshi

酸化性金属イオンを含む硝酸溶液中のステンレス鋼腐食を理解する上で、腐食反応で消費された金属イオンの再酸化挙動と硝酸由来化学種の関係の把握が重要である。再酸化挙動と硝酸由来化学種の関係を把握するために、バナジウム(4価)の酸化反応に伴う溶液中の亜硝酸や気相中の窒素酸化物濃度の経時変化を調べた。その結果、V(IV)の酸化に二酸化窒素(NO$$_{2}$$)が寄与していることが明らかになった。

For the corrosion of stainless steels in the nitric acid solution containing oxidizing metallic ions, it is important factor that the relation between re-oxidation of metallic ions which is reduced with the corrosion reaction and the redox reaction of nitric acid. To make clear the effect of nitrogen oxides formed from nitric acid on oxidation behavior of tetravalent vanadium, changing of concentrations of nitrogen oxide discharged to gas phase from solution and nitrous acid in solution during oxidation reaction of vanadium were measured. The results showed that the nitrogen dioxide acted as oxidant on the oxidation reaction of vanadium.

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