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U-Pb dating of calcium carbonate using LA-MC-ICPMS

LA-MC-ICPMS法による炭酸塩鉱物のU-Pb年代測定

横山 立憲  ; 國分 陽子  ; 三ツ口 丈裕 ; 村上 裕晃 ; 平田 岳史*; 坂田 周平*; 檀原 徹*; 岩野 英樹*; 丸山 誠史*; 宮崎 隆*; Chang, Q.*; 木村 純一*

Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kokubu, Yoko; Mitsuguchi, Takehiro; Murakami, Hiroaki; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*; Maruyama, Seiji*; Miyazaki, Takashi*; Chang, Q.*; Kimura, Junichi*

炭酸塩鉱物の地球化学的研究及び年代学的研究は地質環境の長期的な変遷を読み解くうえで重要である。炭酸塩鉱物は硬岩中に割れ目充填鉱物として普遍的に確認されるため、炭酸塩鉱物の化学組成や形成年代を知ることで過去の地質環境を復元できると考えられる。一方、レーザーアブレーション試料導入を備えた誘導結合プラズマ質量分析(LA-ICP質量分析)で用いる炭酸塩鉱物の標準試料の選定・開発は十分に進んでおらず、この手法を用いた年代測定において大きな障害となっている。本研究では、LA-ICP質量分析法による炭酸塩鉱物の局所領域年代測定に有用な標準試料を探求し、U-Pb同位体分析を実施してその均質性を評価した。さらに、U及びPbの濃度・同位体組成が均質な炭酸塩標準試料の人工作製を試みた。

Chronological and geochemical studies of calcium carbonates can provide precious information for changes in geochemical condition in deep geological environments. Because the carbonate can be found as common filling minerals in rocks, age zoning and spatial distribution of chemical composition in the carbonate could be a wide-use indicator to reconstruct the past environmental changes. Calcite and other carbonate materials have been dated by Isotope Dilution-Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry. On the other hand, a few of U-Pb dating studies in a micro scale area (less than 10 micrometer) such as using laser ablation-multiple collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-MC-ICPMS) has been conducted on the carbonate. The U-Pb dating technique for the carbonates using LA-MC-ICPMS is still immature partly because of a lack of consensus international carbonate reference materials for the in-situ dating technique. In order to solve this problem, we performed a survey on the carbonate reference materials that may be suitable for high precision U-Pb dating using LA-MC-ICPMS. Additionally, we conducted experiments to make compositionally homogeneous carbonate (calcite) reference materials.

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