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A Study of directional gamma-ray detector without shield by Monte Carlo simulation

モンテカルロシミュレーションによる遮蔽体を用いない指向性ガンマ線検出器の検討

北山 佳治 ; 寺阪 祐太  ; 佐藤 優樹 ; 鳥居 建男 

Kitayama, Yoshiharu; Terasaka, Yuta; Sato, Yuki; Torii, Tatsuo

At the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), various works are under-way for decommissioning. Depending on work places, there are radioactive hotspot. Therefore measuring the position of the hotspot in advance is important for safety of the worker. The system that can easily measure the dose rate distribution in work place has been demanded. There are two methods for imaging a dose rate distribution: a pinhole camera and a Compton camera. A pinhole camera can determine direction of radiation source in one event, but the weight becomes heavy because a shield is required. On the other hand, since the Compton camera does not require a shield, it can be reduced in the size and weight. However, Compton imaging method generate many ghosts of cone traces, which reduce the signal-to-noise ratio. We propose a new gamma-ray imager that works like a pinhole camera without a shield. This is achieved by arranging directional gamma ray detectors that does not require a shield. In this work, we have performed principle verification of a directional gamma-ray detector that is a basic component of the new gamma-ray imager by using Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation.

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