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Development of local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion and dose assessment system

局所域高分解能大気拡散・線量評価システムの開発

中山 浩成   ; 小野寺 直幸   ; 佐藤 大樹   ; 永井 晴康  ; 長谷川 雄太   ; 井戸村 泰宏   

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Onodera, Naoyuki; Satoh, Daiki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Hasegawa, Yuta; Idomura, Yasuhiro

放射性物質の大気放出に対して、放出点から数km以内の局所域スケールでの放射性物質の複雑な大気濃度分布及び沈着分布を計算するとともに、それらからの放射線について建物による遮蔽効果を考慮して詳細に線量評価が行える解析システム(LHADDAS)を開発した。本システムは、個々の建物の影響を考慮して詳細に拡散計算が行える局所域高分解能大気拡散計算コード(LOHDIM-LES)、都市域に対して迅速に拡散計算が行えるリアルタイム都市大気拡散計算コード(CityLBM)、建物の遮蔽効果を考慮した3次元体系で放射線の挙動を迅速に計算できる線量評価コード(SIBYL)及び計算に必要となるデータベースと入力作成プログラムから構成されている。本解析システムは、原子力施設の安全審査における風洞実験に代わる現実的な評価手法、原子力事故時の施設内外作業員の被ばく線量評価、都市域での放射性物質拡散テロに対する汚染状況把握と被ばく線量評価など、幅広い活用が期待できる。

We developed a local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion and dose assessment system (LHADDAS) for safety and consequence assessment of nuclear facilities and emergency response to nuclear accidents or deliberate releases of radioactive materials in built-up urban areas. This system is composed of pre-processing of input files, main calculation by local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion model using large-eddy simulation (LOHDIM-LES) and real-time urban dispersion simulation model based on a lattice Boltzmann method (CityLBM), and post-processing of dose-calculation by simulation code powered by lattice dose-response functions (SIBYL). LHADDAS has a broad utility and offers superior performance in (1) simulating turbulent flows, plume dispersion, and dry deposition under realistic meteorological conditions, (2) performing real-time tracer dispersion simulations using a locally mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method, and (3) estimating air dose rates of radionuclides from air concentrations and surface deposition in consideration of the influence of individual buildings and structures. This system is promising for safety assessment of nuclear facilities as an alternative to wind tunnel experiments, detailed pre/post-analyses of a local-scale radioactive plume dispersion in case of nuclear accidents, and quick response to emergency situations resulting from deliberate release of radioactive materials by a terrorist attack in an urban central district area.

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パーセンタイル:88.09

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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