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加速器装置メンテナンスを安全に進める上での注意点と要領

Guideline and cautionary points for accelerator system maintenance

小野 礼人; 高柳 智弘  ; 杉田 萌 ; 植野 智晶*; 堀野 光喜*; 山本 風海  ; 金正 倫計 

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Sugita, Moe; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

大強度陽子加速器施設(J-PARC)の3GeVシンクロトロン加速器には、1MWの大強度ビームを生成するために開発された電磁石用の電源装置が多数配置されている。これらの電源装置は、陽子ビームの軌道制御の要求に合わせて専用に開発されており、多種多様な出力波形の形式、定格仕様、更には異なる筐体のサイズや電源回路で構成されている。J-PARCは、運転を開始してから10年が経過し、経年劣化を原因とする故障から部品の交換や機器の更新の必要性が生じている。それら機器のトラブルを未然に防ぐことが出来れば、ユーザーの利用時間を計画通り確保でき、成果の最大化に資するとともに、さらには加速器を運用する運転員への負担を軽減することができる。メンテナンスとは、機器を正常な状態に保つことであり、メンテナンスによって故障個所や経年劣化部分を早期に発見して整備することにより、機器の寿命を延ばすことが可能である。本報告書では、電磁石電源グループで実施しているメンテナンス作業の事例を基に、メンテナンス時に必要な手続き、資格等が必要な作業とその注意点、作業を安全に行うための手順書、リスクアセスメントといった資料の作成方法等について報告する。

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) uses a large number of electromagnet power supplies in order to manipulate a high-intensity beam of 1 MW. These devices have been specially developed to meet the requirement to achieve acceleration of the 1-MW proton beams. Because J-PARC has been in operation for 10 years, we have to replace many parts and equipments due to failures caused by age-related deterioration. J-PARC accelerator system supplies the beams for many users, and we have to recover it as soon as possible when a trouble occurs. Therefore, if the trouble can be prevented before it happens, reduction of the user beam time can be minimized. Furthermore, it enables us to reduce additional work for operators. Maintenance is important to keep the equipments in a normal state, and makes it possible to extend the life of the equipments by detecting and maintaining the faulty parts and the aged deterioration parts at an early stage. Since all the devices requires the maintenance, there are a wide variety of maintenance methods. Some works are carried out by the J-PARC members, and some are performed by outsourcing. Ensuring safety and protecting workers are the most important issues in maintenance work. Therefore, J-PARC has rules for safety work. All workers in J-PARC have to learn and follow the rules. In addition, various ideas are being considered to enable safe and efficient work by devising ingenuity in each work. We also elaborate various ideas and processes for safe and efficient work according to the individual work conditions. In this report, we summarize the guideline and cautionary points during maintenance based on the actual case of maintenance and inspection work of the horizontal shift bump electromagnet power supply.

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