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Electrical and crystallographic study of an electrothermodynamic cycle for a waste heat recovery

Kim, J.*; 山中 暁*; 中島 啓*; 加藤 孝典*; Kim, Y.*; 福田 竜生; 吉井 賢資; 西畑 保雄; 馬場 将亮*; 武田 雅敏*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 2(11), p.1800067_1 - 1800067_8, 2018/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:83.22(Green & Sustainable Science & Technology)

An innovative electrothermodynamic cycle (pyroelectric effect with an external electric field) was recently presented, which is based on temporal temperature variations in wasted heat from engine exhaust gas. In this paper, for further improvement, a generating mechanism of the cycle is investigated using in-operando time-resolved synchrotron X-ray diffraction with generating assessment. The polarizations of the sample are gained from both crystal/domain changes and simultaneous electrical measurements. Three types of materials are prepared: soft and hard types of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate (PMN-PT). Among them, PMN-PT has the highest generating power. When an external electric field is applied, the PMN-PT exhibits only 180$$^circ$$ domain rotations, whereas PZTs exhibit both 90$$^circ$$ and 180$$^circ$$ rotations. A strong driving force for 180$$^circ$$ rotation depresses rotations in other angles and increases polarization changes. The results show that the material development, which has only 180$$^circ$$ switching domains, has potential for use in the establishment of a high-efficiency waste heat recovery system.


Temperature stability of PIN-PMN-PT ternary ceramics during pyroelectric power generation

茂呂 拓哉*; Kim, J.*; 山中 暁*; 村山 一郎*; 加藤 孝典*; 中山 忠親*; 武田 雅敏*; 山田 昇*; 西畑 保雄; 福田 竜生; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 768, p.22 - 27, 2018/11

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:31.6(Chemistry, Physical)

Relaxor-based ternary Pb(In$$_{1/2}$$Nb$$_{1/2}$$)O$$_3$$-Pb(Mg$$_{1/3}$$Nb$$_{2/3}$$)O$$_3$$-PbTiO$$_3$$ (PIN-PMN-PT) ceramics near a morphotropic phase boundary were grown, and their electrical properties at various temperatures were investigated in the electrothermodynamic cycle for the future environment-friendly automotive applications. Structural disordering, depending on the PIN content, influenced the diffuse phase transition between the tetragonal and cubic structures and contributed to the power-generating behavior. The net power-generating energies (P$$_{net}$$) were 2.43-3.01 mW/cm$$^3$$ at temperatures above 200$$^circ$$C and were maintained at above 1 mW/cm$$^3$$ over a temperature range of approximately 100 degrees. Therefore, the PIN-PMN-PT system has a possibility of a wider usage temperature range, the disordering of the perovskite crystal structure can be controlled, and it will be a candidate for the application of pyroelectric energy conversion system.


Network system operation for J-PARC accelerators

上窪田 紀彦*; 山田 秀衛*; 佐藤 健一郎*; 菊澤 信宏; 山本 昇*; 吉田 奨*; 根本 弘幸*

Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS 2017) (Internet), p.1470 - 1473, 2018/01

J-PARC加速器制御用のネットワークシステムは、2005年以来10年以上運用されてきた。加速器制御ネットワークは、J-PARCの3加速器(リニアック, 3Gevシンクロトロン, MR)と3実験施設(物質・生命科学実験施設,ニュートリノ実験施設,ハドロン実験施設)をカバーし、エッジスイッチの総数は約250である。その全体構成(光ネットワーク網)、冗長機能、VLAN構成、について現状を説明する。次に、オフィスネットワーク(JLAN)と加速器制御ネットワークとの関係について説明する。2つのネットワークの間にFirewallを導入して直接通信を禁止する一方で、双方から制限付きで通信できる別ネットワークを設定した。この手法で、アクセス制限(セキュリティ)と接続性(利便性)の両立を図っている。また、J-PARC加速器制御システムのセキュリティ運用について説明する。オフィスネットワークからのウィルス感染を防ぐための複数のアクセス制限や、アンチウィルスソフトの端末への適用状況について解説する。


Pyroelectric power generation with ferroelectrics (1-x)PMN-xPT

Kim, J.*; 山中 暁*; 中島 啓*; 加藤 孝典*; Kim, Y.*; 福田 竜生; 吉井 賢資; 西畑 保雄; 馬場 将亮*; 武田 雅敏*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 512(1), p.92 - 99, 2017/08

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:50.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have been investigating a novel electrothermodynamic cycle based on temporal temperature variations using the pyroelectric effect to utilize the waste heat as renewable energy. An improved generating performance with relaxer ferroelectric ceramics was achieved using 75Pb(Mg$$_{2/3}$$Nb$$_{1/3}$$)O$$_3$$-25PbTiO$$_3$$ which is well known for the high dielectric and pyroelectric properties. The potential was evaluated by using the hysteresis loops and generating properties are analyzed both in laboratory and engine dynamometer. Results showed 0.48 mW/cm$$^3$$ in engine dynamometer assessment, which is 3 times larger than the previous study using Pb(Zr,Ti)O$$_3$$.


Relationship between the material properties and pyroelectric-generating performance of PZTs

山中 暁*; Kim, J.*; 中島 啓*; 加藤 孝典*; Kim, Y.*; 福田 竜生; 吉井 賢資; 西畑 保雄; 馬場 将亮*; 山田 昇*; et al.

Advanced Sustainable Systems (Internet), 1(3-4), p.1600020_1 - 1600020_6, 2017/04



Novel electrothermodynamic power generation

Kim, Y.*; Kim, J.*; 山中 暁*; 中島 啓*; 小川 孝*; 芹沢 毅*; 田中 裕久*; 馬場 将亮*; 福田 竜生; 吉井 賢資; et al.

Advanced Energy Materials, 5(13), p.1401942_1 - 1401942_6, 2015/07



Phase-change materials; Vibrational softening upon crystallization and its impact on thermal properties

松永 利之*; 山田 昇*; 小島 理恵*; 社本 真一; 佐藤 真直*; 谷田 肇*; 宇留賀 朋哉*; 小原 伸司*; 高田 昌樹*; Zalden, P.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 21(12), p.2232 - 2239, 2011/06

 被引用回数:91 パーセンタイル:4.59(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Progress in development of the advanced Thomson scattering diagnostics

波多江 仰紀; Howard, J.*; 海老塚 昇*; 吉田 英次*; 中塚 正大*; 藤田 尚徳*; 成原 一途*; 山田 一博*; 舟場 久芳*; 平野 洋一*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 227, p.012002_1 - 012002_6, 2010/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:29.31

We have developed new technologies for an advanced Thomson scattering diagnostics to meet various requirements for understanding physical phenomena in fusion plasmas. These technologies for the advanced Thomson scattering diagnostics may contribute future Thomson scattering diagnostics. For example, a polarization interferometer is applicable for T$$_{e}$$ measurement with wide range and imaging measurement. A multipass Thomson scattering and high average power laser employing SBS-PCM may improve the S/N ratio and repetition rate for the measurement, and allows measurement with high spatial resolution. An SBS-PC is a promising technology for LIDAR to generate short laser pulse. A Cr, Nd:YAG will be used for high-efficiency and high average power laser system. Fully relativistic formulae will contribute to the spectrum analysis with wide Te range. A guideline to optimize wavelength channels will be useful for a design of spectrometer.



草野 友宏; 野原 壯; 梅田 浩司; 石丸 恒存; 花室 孝広; 齋藤 龍郎; 安江 健一; 丹羽 正和; 島田 耕史; 山田 国見; et al.

JAEA-Research 2009-022, 47 Pages, 2009/09




Evaluation of $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled DOTA-$$_{rm D}$$-Phe$$^{1}$$-Tyr$$^{3}$$-octreotide ($$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC) for imaging somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors

花岡 宏史*; 富永 英之*; 山田 圭一*; Paudyal, P.*; 飯田 靖彦*; 渡邉 茂樹; Paudyal, B.*; 樋口 徹也*; 織内 昇*; 遠藤 啓吾*

Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 23(6), p.559 - 567, 2009/08

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:50.27(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

In-111 ($$^{111}$$In)-labeled octreotide has been clinically used for imaging somatostatin receptor-positive tumors, and radiolabeled octreotide analogs for positron emission tomography (PET) have been developed. The aim of this study is to produce and fundamentally examine a $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled octreotide analog, $$^{64}$$Cu-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid-$$_{rm D}$$-Phe$$^{1}$$-Tyr$$^{3}$$-octreotide ($$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC). $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC can be produced in amounts efficient for clinical study with high radiochemical yield. $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC was stable in vitro, but time-dependent transchelation to protein was observed after injection into mice. In biodistribution studies, the radioactivity of $$^{64}$$Cu was higher than that of $$^{111}$$In in all organs except kidney. In tumor-bearing mice, $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC showed a high accumulation in the tumors, and the tumor-to-blood ratio reached as high as 8.81 $$pm$$ 1.17 at 6 h after administration. $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC showed significantly higher accumulation in the tumor than $$^{64}$$Cu-TETA-OC and $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-OC. PET showed a very clear image of the tumor, which was comparable to that of $$^{18}$$F-FDG PET and very similar to that of $$^{64}$$Cu-TETA-OC. $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-TOC clearly imaged a somatostatin receptor-positive tumor and seemed to be a potential PET tracer in the clinical phase.



野原 壯; 梅田 浩司; 笹尾 英嗣; 花室 孝広; 齋藤 龍郎; 安江 健一; 丹羽 正和; 眞島 英壽*; 島田 耕史; 山田 国見; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-062, 61 Pages, 2008/07





本木 良蔵; 青木 博道; 内田 昇二; 永石 隆二; 山田 禮司

JAEA-Technology 2008-014, 23 Pages, 2008/03




Structural basis for the fast phase change of Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$; Ring statistics analogy between the crystal and amorphous states

小原 真司*; 加藤 健一*; 木村 滋*; 田中 均*; 臼杵 毅*; 鈴谷 賢太郎; 田中 宏志*; 守友 浩*; 松永 利之*; 山田 昇*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 89(20), p.201910_1 - 201910_3, 2006/11

 被引用回数:164 パーセンタイル:92.44(Physics, Applied)



Local crystal structures of Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ revealed by the atomic pair distribution function analysis

社本 真一; 樹神 克明; 飯久保 智; 田口 富嗣; 山田 昇*; Proffen, T.*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 45(11), p.8789 - 8794, 2006/11

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:49.89(Physics, Applied)



Structural study on optical recording materials Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2+x}$$Te$$_{5}$$ and GeBi$$_{2}$$Te$$_{4}$$

社本 真一; 山田 昇*; 松永 利之*; Proffen, T.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 385-386(1), p.574 - 577, 2006/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:75.64(Physics, Condensed Matter)



Large displacement of germanium atoms in crystalline Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_2$$Te$$_5$$

社本 真一; 山田 昇*; 松永 利之*; Proffen, T.*; Richardson, J. W.*; Chung, J.-H.*; 江上 毅*

Applied Physics Letters, 86(8), p.081904_1 - 081904_3, 2005/02

 被引用回数:46 パーセンタイル:16.78(Physics, Applied)



Structures of optical recording materials Ge$$_2$$Sb$$_{2+x}$$Te$$_5$$ studied by pulsed neutron diffraction

社本 真一; 田口 富嗣; 松永 利之*; 山田 昇*; 石井 賢司; 稲見 俊哉

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.840, p.125 - 130, 2005/00



Next generation neutron source project in Japan Atomic Energy Reserch Institute(JAERI)

山田 安定*; 渡辺 昇*; 新村 信雄; 森井 幸生; 片野 進; 相澤 一也; 鈴木 淳市; 小泉 智; 長壁豊 隆; 勅使河原 誠*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 241-243, p.42 - 45, 1998/00

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:66.09(Physics, Condensed Matter)




山田 安定*; 渡辺 昇*; 新村 信雄*; 森井 幸生; 片野 進; 相澤 一也; 鈴木 淳市; 小泉 智; 長壁豊 隆

JAERI-Review 96-019, 43 Pages, 1997/01





伊与久 達夫; 多喜川 昇*; 塩沢 周策; 沢 和弘; 辻 延昌*; 山田 邦貴*; 杉原 哲哉*

JAERI-M 93-002, 28 Pages, 1993/01



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