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論文

Application of $$^{67}$$Cu produced by $$^{68}$$Zn($$n,n'p+d$$)$$^{67}$$Cu to biodistribution study in tumor-bearing mice

須郷 由美*; 橋本 和幸*; 川端 方子*; 佐伯 秀也*; 佐藤 俊一*; 塚田 和明; 永井 泰樹*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(2), p.023201_1 - 023201_3, 2017/02

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:26.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{68}$$Zn($$n,n'p+d$$)$$^{67}$$Cu反応により合成した$$^{67}$$Cuを利用し、結腸直腸の腫瘍を有するマウスにおける$$^{67}$$CuCl$$_{2}$$の生体内分布を初めて観測した。その結果、$$^{67}$$Cuの高い取り込みが、腫瘍ならびに銅代謝のための主要な器官である肝臓と腎臓で観察された。これは腫瘍に対する$$^{67}$$Cuの蓄積を示す結果であり、$$^{67}$$CuCl$$_{2}$$が癌放射線治療のための潜在的な放射性核種薬剤であることを示唆している。また、現状で入手可能な強い中性子を用いた$$^{68}$$Zn($$n,n'p+d$$)$$^{67}$$Cu反応を利用することでもたらされた$$^{67}$$Cuの生成量の増加は、小動物を用いた治療効果について更なる研究の進展もまた約束するものである。

論文

Medical application of radiohalogenated peptides; Synthesis and ${it in vitro}$ evaluation of F(${it p}$-$$^{131}$$I)KCCYSL for targeting HER2

佐々木 一郎; 渡辺 茂樹; 大島 康宏; 須郷 由美; 山田 圭一*; 花岡 宏史*; 石岡 典子

Peptide Science 2015, p.243 - 246, 2016/03

Radioisotope labeled peptides with high affinity to receptors overexpressing on the surface of tumor cells are promising for applications in nuclear medicine such as diagnostic radiography and radiotherapy. Radiohalogens such as $$^{131}$$I and $$^{211}$$At are useful for clinical imaging and therapeutic applications, and it can be introduced at the ${it para}$ position of phenylalanine residue via electrophilic destannylation. KCCYSL (Lys$$^{1}$$-Cys$$^{2}$$-Cys$$^{3}$$-Tyr$$^{4}$$-Ser$$^{5}$$-Leu$$^{6}$$) is a hexapeptide containing disulfide bond. Previous study revealed that KCCYSL has potential as tumor imaging and therapeutic agent targeting tumor cells overexpressing the human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2). In this study, we report synthesis and ${it in vitro}$ evaluation of radiohalogenated KCCYSL derivatives. Precursor peptides, Boc-F(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)K(Boc)C(Trt)C(Trt)Y($$^{t}$$Bu)S($$^{t}$$Bu)L-OH and Boc-F(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)GS($$^{t}$$Bu)GK(Boc)C(Trt)C(Trt)Y($$^{t}$$Bu)S($$^{t}$$Bu)L-OH, were synthesized by the Fmoc solid phase peptide synthesis. Then, precursor peptides were radioiodinated via electrophilic destannylation, and they were deprotected to obtain F(${it p}$-$$^{131}$$I)KCCYSL and F(${it p}$-$$^{131}$$I)GSGKCCYSL in radiochemical yield 15% and 17%, respectively. ${it In vitro}$ assays of the radioiodinated peptides for HER2 and stability in serum are being undertaken.

論文

Simultaneous analysis of silicon and boron dissolved in water by combination of electrodialytic salt removal and ion-exclusion chromatography with corona charged aerosol detection

森 勝伸*; 佐柄 克哉*; 新井 香織*; 中谷 暢丈*; 大平 慎一*; 戸田 敬*; 板橋 英之*; 小崎 大輔*; 須郷 由美; 渡辺 茂樹; et al.

Journal of Chromatography A, 1431, p.131 - 137, 2016/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:43.31(Biochemical Research Methods)

Selective separation and sensitive detection of dissolved silicon and boron (DSi and DB) in aqueous solution was achieved by connecting an electrodialytic ion isolation device (EID), an ion-exclusion chromatography (IEC) column, and a corona charged aerosol detector (CCAD) in sequence. They were separated by IEC using pure water eluent. Detection of DSi and DB by the CCAD was effective for much greater sensitivity than by conductimetric detection. The EID removed salt from the sample prior to the IEC-CCAD. The combination of EID, IEC and CCAD successfully separated and determined DSi and DB in artificial seawater and hot-spring water samples by eluting pure water.

論文

The Effect of alkyl substituents on actinide and lanthanide extraction by diglycolamide compounds

佐々木 祐二; 須郷 由美; 森田 圭介; Nash, K.*; Nash, K. L.*

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 33(7), p.625 - 641, 2015/10

 被引用回数:28 パーセンタイル:17.19(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

ジグリコールアミド(DGA)化合物のアルキル基置換効果について調べた。水,ドデカンへの溶解性,抽出容量,分配比などをモニターした。短いアルキル基を修飾したDGA化合物は水への溶解性が高く、一方長いアルキル基を修飾したものはドデカンへの溶解性が高い。抽出容量はそのアルキル基長さに依存する結果を得た。アクチノイド元素へのマスキング効果を調べたところ、エチル基を修飾したTEDGAの性能が最も高い。アクチノイド抽出に関し、6つの溶媒で調べたところ、短いアルキル基を修飾したDGA化合物による分配比がやや高いことが分かった。

論文

Studies on the extraction of soft acid metal species using MIDOA and analogous compounds

佐々木 祐二; 佐伯 盛久; 須郷 由美; 池田 泰久*; 川崎 武志*; 鈴木 智也*; 大橋 朗*

Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 22(1), p.37 - 45, 2015/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:64.07(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

新抽出剤のMIDOA(メチルイミノジオクチルアセトアミド)を用いて、Pd(II), Nb(V), Ta(V), Cr(VI), Mo(VI), W(VI), Tc(VII), Re(VII)等の溶媒抽出を行い、関連化合物のIDOA(イミノジオクチルアセトアミド)やMIDEHA(メチルイミノジエチルヘキシルアセトアミド)、TODGA(テトラオクチルジグリコールアミド)、TDGA(チアジグリコールアミド)等の結果を比較した。これらの結果より、MIDOAによる分配比はIDOAやMIDEHAよりやや高いこと、Pd, Re分配比はTODGA, TDGAより高いことを明らかにした。

論文

Synthesis and ${{it in vitro}}$ evaluation of $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled peptide for tumor imaging

須郷 由美; 佐々木 一郎; 渡辺 茂樹; 大島 康宏; 石岡 典子

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 100, 2015/03

MARSGL peptide (H-Met-Ala-Arg-Ser-Gly-Leu-OH) has high affinity to the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressing in various tumor cells. Copper-64 ($$^{64}$$Cu) is a useful radionuclide in nuclear medicine, and can be produced by the cyclotron. In this study, we designed and synthesized $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled MARSGL peptide conjugated with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) as a novel positron emission tomography (PET) imaging probe for HER2 overexpressing tumors. The formation of $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL was determined by TLC and HPLC compared with a non-radioactive preparation. It was confirmed that $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL was obtained in high radiochemical yield more than 94%. We also examined a stability of $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL ${it in vitro}$. The chromatogram was not changed after incubation in physiological saline at 37$$^{circ}$$C overnight. In order to evaluate the usefulness as a PET imaging probe, further ${it in vitro}$ studies on the stability in human or mice plasma and the cellular uptake are in progress.

論文

${{it In vitro}}$ studies on cellular binding and stability of $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled peptide for tumor imaging

須郷 由美; 大島 康宏; 佐々木 一郎; 石岡 典子

Peptide Science 2014, p.303 - 306, 2015/03

In the previous study, we have designed and synthesized $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL as a novel positron emission tomography (PET) imaging probe for the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressing tumors. In order to evaluate the usefulness as a PET imaging probe, further ${{it in vitro}}$ studies on the cellular binding and the stability in human or murine plasma were carried out in this work. In the cellular binding assay, it was observed that the radioactivity bound to the cells was dependent on the HER2 expression level. This result suggests the HER2 specificity of $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL. It was also confirmed that $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL had high stability in saline, while it had low stability in plasma. The degradation product was analyzed by LC/MS using a non-radioactive preparation. The main peak in the chromatogram after incubation in plasma was assigned to Cu-DOTA-MA, which was formed by an endogenous peptidase. To increase the resistance to the peptidase, a modification of the structure is in progress.

論文

Exploring of peptides with affinity to HER2 from random peptide libraries using radioisotope; Random hexapeptide libraries with fixed amino acid sequence at 1 and 2 positions

佐々木 一郎; 花岡 宏史*; 山田 圭一*; 渡辺 茂樹; 須郷 由美; 大島 康宏; 鈴木 博元; 石岡 典子

Peptide Science 2014, p.257 - 260, 2015/03

We have sought to establish drug discovery system using radioisotope (RI) labeled peptides which have high affinity to target proteins overexpressed in cancers. Of the target proteins, we chose the human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2), a membrane protein overexpressed in various cancers to evaluate the drug discovery system. Three series of random hexapeptide libraries introduced a radioiodinated D-tyrosine (y(3-$$^{131}$$I)) to $$N$$-terminal were designed and binding assay with HER2-expressed cell lines were conducted in this study. First, we synthesized a series of random hexapeptide libraries with fixed amino acid sequence at 1 and 2 positions, y(3-$$^{131}$$I)X$$^{1}$$X$$^{2}$$X$$^{3}$$X$$^{4}$$X$$^{5}$$X$$^{6}$$. Non-radioactive random peptide libraries, yXXXXXX, were prepared by Fmoc-SPPS with an automatic peptide synthesizer. Radioiodinated y(3-$$^{131}$$I)XXXXXX were subsequently synthesized in 30-50% radiochemical yield. Binding assay using HER2-overexpressed cell line showed that high affinity (38-50% dose, n=6) was obtained with yIIXXXX, while other random peptide libraries were yielded low affinity (approximately 1% dose), which indicated that the system using RI labeled random peptide libraries have potential to discover peptide drug for cancer therapy. Preparation of other random hexapeptide libraries are being undertaken.

論文

$$alpha$$-radiation effect on solvent extraction of minor actinide

須郷 由美; 佐々木 祐二; 田口 光正; 石岡 典子

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1381 - 1384, 2015/02

 パーセンタイル:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

$$alpha$$-Radiation effect on the extraction of $$^{241}$$Am was investigated using the solution of ${it N,N,N',N'}$-tetraoctyldiglycolamide pre-irradiated with $$alpha$$-particles provided by a tandem accelerator, in contrast to the irradiation using actinides as an $$alpha$$-particles emitter. $$^{241}$$Am was extracted almost quantitatively from the aqueous phase into the organic one. The concentration in the organic phase nearly kept constant even after irradiation with $$alpha$$-rays.

論文

Effect of the central frames and substituents attached to N atoms on extraction ability of podand-type extractants

佐々木 祐二; 北辻 章浩; 須郷 由美; 津幡 靖宏; 鈴木 智也; 木村 貴海; 森田 泰治

Proceedings of 20th International Solvent Extraction Conference (ISEC 2014), p.431 - 435, 2014/09

ポダンド系を含む8種の異なる抽出剤を開発し、アクチノイド元素に対する分配比を比較した。抽出に関して化合物の中心骨格が大きく影響し、この中でジグリコールアミド(DGA)化合物が最も高い分配比を示した。加えて、DGA化合物の窒素原子に結合する置換基の効果について検討した。立体障害や水素結合などを持つような化合物によるアクチノイドの分配比は低いことが示唆された。

報告書

「疎水性, 親水性新規ジアミド化合物によるMA相互分離技術開発」3年間成果のまとめ(受託研究)

佐々木 祐二; 津幡 靖宏; 北辻 章浩; 須郷 由美; 白数 訓子; 池田 泰久*; 川崎 武志*; 鈴木 智也*; 三村 均*; 臼田 重和*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-008, 220 Pages, 2014/06

JAEA-Research-2014-008.pdf:41.81MB

文部科学省からの委託事業、原子力システム研究開発事業で行った研究「疎水性,親水性新規ジアミド化合物によるMA相互分離技術開発」3年間の成果をまとめる。本事業は次の3つのテーマからなる、(1) MA+Ln一括分離技術開発:DOODA基礎特性評価、(2)Am/Cm/Ln相互分離技術開発: Ln錯体の基礎特性評価,溶媒抽出分離法,抽出クロマトグラフィー法、(3)分離技術評価: プロセス評価。(1)では新規抽出剤であるDOODAの基礎特性の成果をまとめた。(2)では新規配位子が配位した金属錯体の構造解析結果、抽出剤を使った溶媒抽出結果、及び抽出クロマトグラフィーでのカラム分離結果をまとめた。(3)ではこれら結果を総合して相互分離フローを作成し、それぞれフラクションの元素量,放射能量,発熱量の評価を行った。

論文

Development of extraction chromatographic adsorbent using alkylpyridinedicarboxyamides as extractant for separation of trivalent minor actinides from lanthanides; Stability and separation ability against nitric acid exposure and $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

有阪 真; 渡邉 雅之; 須郷 由美; 小林 久実子*; 金尾 修*; 木村 貴海

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(4), p.457 - 464, 2014/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:85.45(Nuclear Science & Technology)

3価アクチノイドとランタノイドの実用的な分離法の開発に向けて、ピリジンアミドを用いる抽出クロマト法を検討した。カラム分離操作中における硝酸接触や$$gamma$$線照射による吸着剤の性能低下は非常に小さいことが確かめられた。また、カラム分離の際の最適条件として溶離液は5M硝酸、溶離速度は0.1mL/minと決定した。

論文

Radiolytic stabilities of hydrophilic and lipophilic ligands for mutual separation of Am/Cm/Ln

須郷 由美; 佐々木 祐二; 石岡 典子

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 17, 2014/03

The mutual separation of Am/Cm/Ln is quite difficult to establish due to their very similar chemical behavior, same oxidation state, and similar ionic radii. We have developed a new technique using the combination of the hydrophilic and lipophilic ligands dissolved in aqueous and organic phases. This technique is very useful for the mutual separation of Am/Cm/Ln, due to the multiplier effect. In this study, several kinds of hydrophilic and lipophilic derivatives of diglycolamide (DGA), dioxaoctanediamide (DOODA), and nitrilotriacetamide (NTA) were synthesized and dissolved in water or n-dodecane. These aqueous and organic solutions were irradiated with $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-rays. It was found that the radiolytic stabilities are not correlated with the differences in the alkyl chain length at the amidic N and in the structure of the central framework.

論文

Synthesis of radiohalogen-labeled peptide with high affinity to HER2/neu receptor

佐々木 一郎; 山田 圭一*; 渡辺 茂樹; 花岡 宏史*; 須郷 由美; 奥 浩之*; 石岡 典子

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 96, 2014/03

Radioisotope (RI)-labeled peptide with high affinity to receptors overexpressing on the surface of tumor cells are promising for applications in nuclear medicine such as diagnostic radiography and radiotherapy. MARSGL (H-Met$$^{1}$$-Ala$$^{2}$$-Arg$$^{3}$$-Ser$$^{4}$$-Gly$$^{5}$$-Leu$$^{6}$$-OH), a linear peptide consisting of six amino acids, has high affinity to HER2/neu receptor overexpressing in various cancer cells. Radiohalogens (radionuclides) such as radioiodine and radiobromine are versatile for clinical imaging and therapeutic applications. Thus, radiohalogenated MARSGL may have potential for clinical applications to HER2 overexpressing tumors. In this study, in order to achieve the labeling of radiohalogen for MARSGL, we design a radioiodinated peptide, F(${it p}$-$$^{131}$$I)MARSGL, in which phenylalanine labeled with $$^{131}$$I (t$$_{1/2}$$ = 8.0 d) at the ${it para}$ position of the aromatic ring is introduced into the N-terminal of MARSGL and report a new technique to prepare radiohalogen of peptide via electrophilic destanylation.

論文

Synthesis and ${it in vitro}$ Evaluation of $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled peptide for tumor imaging

須郷 由美; 佐々木 一郎; 渡辺 茂樹; 大島 康宏; 石岡 典子

Peptide Science 2013, p.355 - 358, 2014/03

HER2 is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family, which is overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells. H-Met-Ala-Arg-Ser-Gly-Leu-OH (MARSGL) is a linear peptide having high affinity to HER2 overexpressing in various cancer cells. In the previous study, we have synthesized a novel radioiodinated MARSGL via electrophilic destannylation in high radiochemical yield. $$^{64}$$Cu is an attractive radionuclide for positron emission tomography imaging as well as radiotherapy due to its half-life of 12.7 h and decay characteristics of both $$beta$$$$^{+}$$ and $$beta$$$$^{-}$$. 1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) is a macrocyclic ligand for various metal ions. In this study, we designed and synthesized $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled MARSGL peptide conjugated with DOTA as an imaging probe for HER2 overexpressing tumors. In order to evaluate the usefulness of $$^{64}$$Cu-DOTA-MARSGL peptide as a PET imaging probe,${it in vitro}$ studies were also performed.

論文

Mutual separation of Am/Cm/Ln by the use of novel-triamide, NTAamide and water-soluble diglycolamide

佐々木 祐二; 津幡 靖宏; 北辻 章浩; 須郷 由美; 白数 訓子; 森田 泰治

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.1079 - 1082, 2013/09

高レベル廃液中のAm/Cm/Ln相互分離はその後燃料製造、核変換することで、資源有効利用や環境負荷低減を導く。しかしながらこれら元素は化学的挙動が酷似し、相互分離は困難とされる。我々はAn/Ln分離に有効なソフト配位原子の窒素を包含するNTAアミドを開発し、その分離性能を明らかにした。また、これと水溶性のTEDGAを溶媒抽出に同時に利用することで、Am/Cmに高い分離比を示すことも明らかにした。ここでは、これらの結果についての詳細を報告する。

論文

Synthesis of radiohalogen-labeled peptides with high affinity to HER2/neu receptor

佐々木 一郎; 山田 圭一*; 渡邉 茂樹; 花岡 宏史*; 須郷 由美; 奥 浩之*; 石岡 典子

Peptide Science 2013, p.157 - 160, 2013/03

Radioisotope (RI)-labeled peptides which have the high affinity to receptors on surface of the tumor cell are promising for diagnostic radiography (PET and SPECT) and radiotherapy. MARSGL (H-Met$$^{1}$$-Ala$$^{2}$$-Arg$$^{3}$$-Ser$$^{4}$$-Gly$$^{5}$$-Leu$$^{6}$$-OH), a linear hexapeptide consisting of six amino acids, has the high affinity to HER2/neu receptor overexpressing in various cancer cells. Thus, radiolabeled MARSGL has potential for the above mentioned purposes. Radiohalogens have various useful radionuclides, which could be introduced to aromatic compounds via tin-halogen exchange reaction. In this study, stannylated peptide Boc-F(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)MAR(Pbf)S($$^{t}$$Bu)GL-OH was synthesized to prepare radiohalogen ($$^{76}$$Br or $$^{131}$$I)-labeled FMARSGL derivatives. First, Boc-Phe(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)-OH was prepared from Boc-Phe(${it p}$-I)-OMe via Pd(0)-catalyzed coupling reaction with (Bu$$_{3}$$Sn)$$_{2}$$ and was successfully introduced into ${it N}$-terminal of H-MARSGL-Trt(2-Cl) resin synthesized from H-Leu-Trt(2-Cl) resin by Fmoc-SPPS. After cleavage reaction of Boc-F(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)MAR(Pbf)S($$^{t}$$Bu)GL-Trt(2-Cl) resin with 25% 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol in CH$$_{2}$$Cl$$_{2}$$, Boc-F(${it p}$-SnBu$$_{3}$$)MAR(Pbf)S($$^{t}$$Bu)GL-OH was obtained and identified by using ESI-MS and NMR. Synthesis of $$^{131}$$I-labeled FMARSGL is due to report in this presentation.

論文

Radiation effect on solvent extraction of minor actinide

須郷 由美; 田口 光正; 佐々木 祐二; 森田 泰治; 石岡 典子

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 18, 2013/01

Radiation effect on the extraction of Am was investigated using the solution of ${it N,N,N',N'}$-tetraoctyldiglycolamide (TODGA) pre-irradiated with $$alpha$$-particles and $$gamma$$-rays. Am was extracted almost quantitatively from the aqueous phase into the organic one. The concentration in the organic phase nearly kept constant even after irradiation with both $$alpha$$- and $$gamma$$-rays up to 200 kGy. The absorbed dose had been estimated to be approximately 5 kGy per cycle in the actual process. Consequently, it is suggested that the extractability of TODGA for minor actinides can be maintained after recycling on the order of dozens of cycles in the process.

論文

Preparation and biological evaluation of 3-[$$^{76}$$Br]bromo-$$alpha$$-methyl-L-tyrosine, a novel tyrosine analog for PET imaging of tumors

大島 康宏; 花岡 宏史*; 渡邉 茂樹; 須郷 由美; 渡辺 智; 富永 英之*; 織内 昇*; 遠藤 啓吾*; 石岡 典子

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 91, 2012/01

3-[$$^{18}$$F]Fluoro-$$alpha$$-methyl-L-tyrosine ([$$^{18}$$F]FAMT) is a useful amino acid tracer for PET imaging of malignant tumors. FAMT analogs labeled with $$^{76}$$Br, a positron emitter with a long half-life (t$$_{1/2}$$=16.1 h), could be widely used as tracers for tumor imaging. In this study, 3-[$$^{76}$$Br]bromo-$$alpha$$-methyl-L-tyrosine ([$$^{76}$$Br]BAMT) was designed, and its usefulness was evaluated as a novel PET tracer for imaging malignant tumors. In this study, both [$$^{76}$$Br]BAMT and [$$^{77}$$Br]BAMT were prepared. [$$^{77}$$Br]BAMT was stable in vitro, but was catabolized after administration in mice. Cellular accumulation and retention of [$$^{77}$$Br]BAMT using LS180 colon adenocarcinoma cells were significantly higher than those of [$$^{18}$$F]FAMT. In biodistribution studies using LS180 tumor-bearing mice, the tumor accumulation of [$$^{77}$$Br]BAMT was higher than that of [$$^{18}$$F]FAMT. However, some level of debromination was seen, and this debromination caused more retention of radioactivity in the blood and organs than was seen with [$$^{18}$$F]FAMT. PET imaging with [$$^{76}$$Br]BAMT enabled clear visualization of the tumor. In conclusion, although an improvement in stability is still needed, $$^{76}$$Br-labeled FAMT analogs could potentially serve as PET tracers for the imaging of malignant tumors.

論文

Influence of energy of helium ions on degradation of diglycolamide in ${it n}$-dodecane

須郷 由美; 田口 光正; 佐々木 祐二; 森田 泰治

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 18, 2012/01

Tetraoctyldiglycolamide (TODGA) has high extractability for actinides such as americium and curium from nitric acid into ${it n}$-dodecane. It had been obvious that the radiation chemical yield for the degradation of TODGA in ${it n}$-dodecane by helium ions corresponding to the alpha-particles was less than that by $$gamma$$-rays. In this study, in order to prove an effect of linear energy transfer (LET) on the radiolysis of TODGA in ${it n}$-dodecane, the influence of energy of helium ions was investigated. The solution of TODGA in ${it n}$-dodecane was irradiated with 20-100 MeV helium ions provided by an accelerator. Incident energy of the ions on the surface of the sample was attenuated by aluminum foils. It was observed the number of molecules of TODGA decreased by the single helium ion was gradually increased with the incident energy. This result indicates that the degradation efficiency decreases with increasing LET value. Because the transient species are densely produced in the track by high LET radiations, and then decreased by recombination in the track at very early time.

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