検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年
検索結果: 76 件中 1件目~20件目を表示

発表形式

Initialising ...

選択項目を絞り込む

掲載資料名

Initialising ...

発表会議名

Initialising ...

筆頭著者名

Initialising ...

キーワード

Initialising ...

使用言語

Initialising ...

発行年

Initialising ...

開催年

Initialising ...

選択した検索結果をダウンロード

論文

Battery-free, skin-interfaced microfluidic/electronic systems for simultaneous electrochemical, colorimetric, and volumetric analysis of sweat

Bandodkar, A. J.*; Gutruf, P.*; Choi, J.*; Lee, K.-H.*; 関根 由莉奈; Reeder, J. T.*; Jeang, W. J.*; Aranyosi, A. J.*; Lee, S. P.*; Model, J. B.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 5(1), p.eaav3294_1 - eaav3294_15, 2019/01

非侵襲でバイオマーカーを検出し得るウェアラブルデバイスが注目されている。しかしながら現在までに存在するウェアラブルデバイスはその電力源や検出部分などの小型化が困難であったことから重さや大きさの点でポータビリティに欠けていた。本研究では、バッテリーフリーでかつ電気的、呈色式を用いて重要バイオマーカーである塩化物, 乳酸, グルコース, pHを検出できるスウェットデバイスを開発した。

論文

Recent progress on practical materials study by Bragg edge imaging at J-PARC

及川 健一; Su, Y.; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.436 - 442, 2018/12

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We are promoting for practical product observation by the energy-resolved neutron imaging method using high-intensity pulsed neutrons at J-PARC, under the Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. Bragg edge imaging, one of the energy-resolved neutron imaging methods for visualizing material properties, was applied to feasibility study of the temperature distribution of copper rod, complementary study of the texture and strain distribution of bent steel plates using neutron diffraction and EBSD, and so on. Outline of results obtained by these imaging experiments will be presented.

論文

Study of the magnetization distribution in a grain-oriented magnetic steel using pulsed polarized neutron imaging

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Parker, J. D.*; Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.146 - 151, 2018/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Grain oriented magnetic steel is widely used as a key material for magnetic industrial products. Since magnetic properties of steels are closely related to its magnetic domain structure, observation of the domain structure is important for understanding its magnetic properties. In this study, we attempted to observe the domain structure of a grain oriented steel using polarized pulsed neutron imaging. In the experiment, we first magnetized the sample by applying a magnetic field along the easy-to-magnetize direction via a coil, and confirmed the sample was magnetized almost uniformly from the obtained polarization distribution images. By analyzing the oscillatory behavior in the wavelength dependence of polarization, magnetization of the steel was estimated to be 1.82 T. Then, we removed the field and performed the same measurement. As a result, a striped domain structure was observed, with neighboring domains aligned anti-parallel to each other. From these results, it was demonstrated that our magnetic imaging method could visualize the magnetization and the direction of the domains in the practical steel.

論文

Characteristics of the 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system as a high efficiency detector for resonance absorption imaging

甲斐 哲也; 佐藤 節夫*; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 瀬川 麻里子; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.496 - 500, 2018/12

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system, based on a lithium glass scintillator and multi-anode photomultiplier tube, has the highest neutron efficiency among the detectors for pulsed neutron imaging together with a flexibility of the efficiency by changing the thickness of the lithium glass. The authors expect this detector system could become a main detector system for the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC, and have started evaluation of the LiTA12 system. For example, spatial resolution for resonance absorption imaging was evaluated by using a line-pair pattern made by 3 micro meter thick gold on a quartz plate. Less than 1 mm width line pairs were resolved at an 8 Mcps neutron counting rate and around 5 eV neutron energy.

論文

Spatial resolution test targets made of gadolinium and gold for conventional and resonance neutron imaging

瀬川 麻里子; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 中谷 健; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011028_1 - 011028_8, 2018/11

We have fabricated and utilized spatial resolution test targets made of gadolinium and gold for conventional and resonance neutron imaging performed at RADEN, located at beam line BL22 of the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). RADEN covers a broad energy range from cold neutrons to high-energy neutrons with energy of several tens keV and was designed to perform energy-resolved neutron imaging utilizing two-dimensional detectors combined with the accurate measurement of neutron energy by the time-of-flight method. The test targets were designed to verify the spatial resolution and image uniformity of two kinds of neutron detectors, counting-type detectors and camera-type detectors. In this presentation, we report the details of these two-dimensional test targets, and the results of demonstrations using the test targets with our neutron imaging detectors. This work was supported in part by the Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.

論文

Development of a polarization analysis method for visualization of the magnetic field distribution in a small electric transformer using pulsed polarized neutron imaging

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Parker, J. D.*; 及川 健一; Su, Y.; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011030_1 - 011030_7, 2018/11

We have been developing magnetic imaging method for industrial products using polarized pulsed neutrons. In this presentation, we report observation results of magnetic field distribution in a small electric transformer as a demonstration of our magnetic imaging method. The polarized pulsed neutron imaging experiment was performed at BL22 RADEN at MLF of J-PARC. 9 polarization distribution images were obtained with changing incident polarization and analyzing direction in 3D. By analyzing wavelength dependent polarization position by position, distribution of field strength and direction around the core of the transformer were successfully visualized. Obtained field distribution images were well corresponded with that expected by the simulation and clearly demonstrated a leaked field from the gap of step lap.

論文

Imaging measurement of neutron attenuation by small-angle neutron scattering using soller collimator

大場 洋次郎; 篠原 武尚; 佐藤 博隆*; 小野寺 陽平*; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 杉山 正明*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(9), p.094004_1 - 094004_5, 2018/09

 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

中性子小角散乱(SANS)は、ナノ構造の解析に有効な実験手法である。近年、中性子透過率に含まれるSANSの寄与を定量的に解析できる手法が開発され、中性子透過率スペクトルからSANSと同じくナノ構造情報が得られるようになった。これをパルス中性子透過イメージング実験に応用すれば、試料内のナノ構造の分布について高効率な2次元マッピングが可能になる。これを実現するためには、散乱中性子の検出器への入射を防ぐ必要がある。そこで本研究では、試料と検出器の間にソーラーコリメータを設置して散乱中性子を吸収、除去する方法を検討した。粒径の異なるシリカ微粒子を測定した結果、粒径によるSANSの違いを反映した中性子透過率スペクトルの違いを観測することに成功した。

論文

短パルス中性子源とエネルギー分析型中性子イメージング装置RADEN(螺鈿)による可視化技術

甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 及川 健一

非破壊検査, 67(5), p.209 - 216, 2018/05

RADENの機器構成とその役割、及び中性子ラジオグラフィ、トモグラフィの実例を示し、解説を行う。また、パルス中性子を利用した、ストロボ撮影、中性子共鳴吸収イメージング、ブラッグエッジイメージング、偏極中性子イメージングについても、手法の解説と簡単な測定例の紹介を行う。

論文

Comparison of heavy-ion transport simulations; Collision integral in a box

Zhang, Y.-X.*; Wang, Y,-J.*; Colonna, M.*; Danielewicz, P.*; 小野 章*; Tsang, M. B.*; Wolter, H.*; Xu, J.*; Chen, L.-W.*; Cozma, D.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 97(3), p.034625_1 - 034625_20, 2018/03

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:1.01(Physics, Nuclear)

2017年4月に開催された国際会議Transport2017において、重イオン核反応モデルの国際的な比較が議論された。重イオン加速器の安全評価や宇宙飛行士の被ばく評価等で重要な役割を果たすため、世界中で重イオン核反応の様々な理論モデルが開発されている。本研究はモデル間の共通点と差異を明らかにし、各モデルの問題点を明らかにした。比較において、辺の長さが20fmの直方体に320個の中性子と320個の陽子をランダム配置し、それらが時間発展に伴って起こす散乱の回数や散乱時のエネルギーなどを計算する条件が設定された。また、結果以外にも、理論モデルを構成するアルゴリズムについても比較を行った。発表者は重イオン核反応モデルJQMD(JAERI Quantum Molecular Dynamics)を用いて計算を行い、世界で開発されている15の計算コードによる計算結果と比較した。コードアルゴリズムの比較では、JQMDは必ず陽子から 優先的に衝突確率を計算し、その後に中性子の衝突を計算するため、物理描像の妥当性が指摘された。一方、JQMDは他のモデルとほぼ同じ計算結果を出すことも判明した。衝突回数や運動量の計算値が平均から2倍以上乖離するモデルもある中で、JQMDは本計算条件で安定した性能を発揮することが確認された。

論文

Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

佐藤 博隆*; 塩田 佳徳*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 足立 望*; 定松 直*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:20.86(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A new mapping procedure for polycrystals using neutron Bragg-dip transmission is presented. This is expected to be useful as a new materials characterization tool which can simultaneously map the crystallographic direction of grains parallel to the incident beam. The method potentially has a higher spatial resolution than neutron diffraction imaging. As a demonstration, a Bragg-dip neutron transmission experiment was conducted at J-PARC on beamline MLF BL10 NOBORU. A large-grained Si-steel plate was used. Since this specimen included multiple grains along the neutron beam transmission path, it was a challenging task for existing methods to analyze the direction of the crystal lattice of each grain. A new data-analysis method for Bragg-dip transmission measurements was developed based on database matching. As a result, the number of grains and their crystallographic direction along the neutron transmission path have been determined.

論文

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Karakas, A. I.*; 牧井 宏之; Mohr, P.*; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 848(2), p.98_1 - 98_8, 2017/10

 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross section is crucial in the modelling of $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis in asymptotic giant branch stars because it controls the operation of the branching point at the unstable $$^{95}$$Zr and the subsequent production of $$^{96}$$Zr. We have carried out the measurement of the $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) and $$^{94}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) reactions and obtained the $$gamma$$-decay probability ratio of $$^{92}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ and $$^{96}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ to determine the $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross sections with the surrogate ratio method. We tested our deduced maxwellian-averaged cross section in stellar models with masses between 2 and 6 $$M_{odot}$$ and metallicities 0.014 and 0.03. The largest changes - up 80 % variations in $$^{96}$$Zr - are seen in the models of 3-4 $$M_{odot}$$, where the $$^{22}$$Ne neutron source is mildly activated. The new rate can still provide a match to data from meteoritic stardust silicon carbide grains, provided the maximum mass of the parent stars is below 4 $$M_{odot}$$, for a metallicity of 0.03.

論文

種々な方法によるMn-Si-C鋼の残留オーステナイト体積率測定の比較

友田 陽*; 関戸 信彰*; 徐 平光; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.; 田中 雅彦*; 篠原 武尚; Su, Y.; 谷山 明*

鉄と鋼, 103(10), p.570 - 578, 2017/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:76.21(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Various methods were employed to measure the austenite volume fraction in a 1.5Mn-1.5Si-0.2C steel. It has been confirmed that the volume fractions determined by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy/electron back scatter diffraction, X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction exhibit a general trend to become larger in this order, although the values obtained by X-ray and neutron diffraction are similar in the present steel because austenite is relatively stable. The austenite volume fractions determined by diffraction methods have been found to be affected by the measuring specimen direction, i.e., texture, even by applying the conventional correcting procedure. To avoid this influence, it is recommended to measure both of volume fraction and texture simultaneously using neutron diffraction. Although synchrotron X-ray shows higher angle resolution, its small incident beam size brings poor statistic reliability. The influence of texture cannot be avoided for transmission Bragg edge measurement, either, which must be overcome to realize 2D or 3D volume fraction mapping.

論文

Reliability estimation of neutron resonance thermometry using tantalum and tungsten

甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 瀬川 麻里子; 中谷 健; 及川 健一; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.306 - 313, 2017/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.64

Neutron resonance thermometry, which measures material temperature by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance peak, is one of the applications of energy-resolved neutron imaging at RADEN of J-PARC. Although this technique is promising, advantages and disadvantages have not been discussed in practical applications. The authors measured neutron transmission rates of tantalum and tungsten foils in a heater chamber up to 300 degrees Celsius at RADEN. The energy-dependent neutron transmission rates with different statistics were obtained after the measurements by selecting arbitrary measuring intervals from one measurement, and the temperatures of the foils were estimated from those transmission rates with different statistics. The reliability of the neutron resonance thermometry with statistical accuracy, irradiation time and spatial resolution are discussed.

論文

Time-of-flight neutron transmission imaging of martensite transformation in bent plates of a Fe-25Ni-0.4C alloy

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Gong, W.; Zhang, S. Y.*; Parker, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.42 - 49, 2017/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.69

The influences of bending deformation and subsequent subzero treatment on the martensite transformation behaviors in a metastable austenitic alloy Fe-25Ni-0.4C were investigated by the time-of-flight (TOF) neutron Bragg-edge transmission (BET) imaging method. Two-dimensional (2D) maps of martensite phase volume fractions and texture variations due to residual stress and lowering the temperature of the bent samples before and after subzero treatment were obtained by Bragg-edge spectral analysis. The obtained phase volume fractions were quantitatively compared with those determined by neutron diffraction.

論文

A Comparative study of the crystallite size and the dislocation density of bent steel plates using Bragg-edge transmission imaging, TOF neutron diffraction and EBSD

及川 健一; Su, Y.; 友田 陽*; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Zhang, S.*; Parker, J. D.*; 佐藤 博隆*; et al.

Physics Procedia, 88, p.34 - 41, 2017/00

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.69

TOFブラッグエッジ透過イメージング法を用い、塑性変形させた曲げ鉄鋼試料の微細構造を解析し、得られた結果を中性子回折法及びEBSD法により比較検証を行った。その結果、テキスチャ等は非常に良い一致を示したが、結晶子サイズを中性子回折法による消衰効果から見積もることはうまく行かなかった。そこで、回折プロファイルのブロードニング幅解析から結晶子サイズを求めることを試み、またEBSD法から結晶歪みの解析結果も合わせて再検討を行った。

報告書

J-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設BL22「螺鈿」における偏極度解析装置の磁場環境の最適化(受託研究)

廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; Su, Y.; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一

JAEA-Technology 2016-021, 14 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-021.pdf:16.4MB

J-PARCの物質・生命科学実験施設(MLF)BL22に設置されたパルス中性子イメージング用ビームライン「螺鈿」では、偏極中性子を利用した磁気イメージング手法の技術開発が精力的に行われている。「螺鈿」では、偏極中性子による磁気イメージングを実施するための偏極度解析装置が整備されたが、機器間の磁場接続を改善し、ビーム経路中で中性子偏極度の低下を防ぐことにより、偏極中性子輸送性能を向上させる余地があった。そこで「螺鈿」の偏極度解析装置内の磁場分布をシミュレーションにより評価し、偏極度低下の原因を特定するとともに、磁場接続の最適化を行い、ビーム経路中の中性子偏極度を高く保つことができる機器配置を決定した。さらに計算により求めた最適条件について中性子ビームを利用した実験を行った結果、波長や場所の違いによる偏極度の変動が改善され、約4cm角の視野範囲全体に渡って均一な偏極度を得ることができた。本報告ではシミュレーションに基づく磁場環境評価と最適化の結果および、シミュレーション結果の妥当性を実験的に検証した研究成果に関して報告する。

論文

Time-of-flight neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging of microstructures in bent steel plates

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; Harjo, S.; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 原田 正英; 廣井 孝介; Zhang, S.*; Parker, J. D.*; 佐藤 博隆*; et al.

Materials Science and Engineering A, 675, p.19 - 31, 2016/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:28.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging makes it possible to quantitatively visualize the two-dimensional distribution of microstructure within a sample. In order to examine its application to engineering products, time-of-flight Bragg-edge transmission imaging experiments using a pulsed neutron source were performed for plastically bent plates composed of a ferritic steel and a duplex stainless steel. The non-homogeneous microstructure distributions, such as texture, crystalline size, phase volume fraction and residual elastic strain, were evaluated for the cross sections of the bent plates. The obtained results were compared with those by neutron diffraction and electron back scatter diffraction, showing that the Bragg-edge transmission imaging is powerful for engineering use.

論文

Examination of the surrogate ratio method for the determination of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr cross section with $$^{90,92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92,94}$$Zr reactions

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; 西中 一朗; 廣瀬 健太郎; Han, Y. L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(1), p.015804_1 - 015804_5, 2016/07

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:52.92(Physics, Nuclear)

The relative $$gamma$$-decay probability ratios of the neutron resonance states in $$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{92}$$Zr populated via two neutron transfer reactions, $$^{92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92}$$Zr, have been measured to test the validity of the surrogate ratio method (SRM) in determining the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross section. The cross sections of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction are derived from the experimentally obtained ratios and the cross sections of the $$^{91}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{92}$$Zr reaction in the equivalent neutron energy range of $$E_{rm n}$$ = 0 - 8 MeV. The deduced cross sections of $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction agree with the directly measured ones in the low-energy region, and with the evaluated ENDF/B-VII.1 data at higher energies of $$E_{rm n} >$$ 3 MeV. The agreement supports the concept of the SRM method to indirectly determine the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross sections.

論文

Microstructure and residual strain distribution in cast duplex stainless steel studied by neutron imaging

Su, Y.; 及川 健一; 川崎 卓郎; 甲斐 哲也; 塩田 佳徳*; 佐藤 博隆*; 篠原 武尚; 友田 陽*; 原田 正英; 鬼柳 亮嗣; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.031015_1 - 031015_5, 2015/09

J-PARC/MLFの中性子イメージング及び回折装置は、鉄鋼材料などの実用材のミクロスコピックな特性評価に非常に有用であると期待されている。本研究では、MLFのBL10(NOBORU)において、2次元検出器を用いて鉄鋼材料の透過イメージング測定を行った。四種類の異なる条件で鋳込みを行ったフェライト($$alpha$$)-オーステナイト($$gamma$$)の二相ステンレス鋼を試料として用いた。得られた2次元の透過スペクトルに含まれるブラッグエッジ情報を、解析プログラムRITSを用いて検証し、試料の集合組織,相分布,粒径や、相応力分布の検証を行った。

論文

EBR-II passive safety demonstration tests benchmark analyses; Phase 2

Briggs, L.*; Monti, S.*; Hu, W.*; Sui, D.*; Su, G. H.*; Maas, L.*; Vezzoni, B.*; Partha Sarathy, U.*; Del Nevo, A.*; Petruzzi, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.3030 - 3043, 2015/08

IAEA主催の「EBR-II炉停止のための熱除去試験に係るベンチマーク解析」研究共同プロジェクトは4年計画のうち3年目となっている。本プロジェクトには11ヶ国19機関がEBR-IIで行われた炉停止のための熱除去試験の内最も厳しい過渡試験の内の2ケースについて解析を実施してきた。ベンチマーク仕様に基づき炉心及び1次主冷却系の解析モデルを構築し解析を実施した。本プロジェクトのPhese 1ではブラインド解析が実施され測定データと比較・評価された。Phase 2では、Phese 1で試験データと合わなかった箇所を検討し解析モデルの改良を実施した。本論文では、最新の解析結果及び残された作業の実施方針を記載した。

76 件中 1件目~20件目を表示