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論文

Measurement of $$J/psi$$ at forward and backward rapidity in $$p$$+$$p$$, $$p$$$$+A$$l, $$p$$$$+A$$u, and $$^3$$He+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$ = 200 GeV

Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他358名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014902_1 - 014902_23, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Charmonium is a valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and is also an interesting probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems. With the recent observations of collective behavior of produced particles in small system collisions, measurements of the modification of harmonium in small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of $$J/psi$$ measurements at forward and backward rapidity in various small collision systems, $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$, $$p$$$$+$$Al, $$p$$$$+$$Au and $$^3$$He$$+$$Au, at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200 GeV. The results are presented in the form of the observable $$R_{AB}$$, the nuclear modification factor, a measure of the ratio of the $$J/psi$$ invariant yield compared to the scaled yield in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions. We examine the rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality dependence of nuclear effects on $$J/psi$$ production with different projectile sizes $$p$$ and $$^3$$He, and different target sizes Al and Au. The modification is found to be strongly dependent on the target size, but to be very similar for $$p$$$$+$$Au and $$^{3}$$He$$+$$Au. However, for 0% - 20% central collisions at backward rapidity, the modification for $$^{3}$$He$$+$$Au is found to be smaller than that for $$p$$$$+$$Au, with a mean fit to the ratio of $$0.89pm0.03$$(stat)$${pm}0.08$$(syst), possibly indicating final state effects due to the larger projectile size.

論文

Nuclear-modification factor of charged hadrons at forward and backward rapidity in $$p+$$Al and $$p+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他297名*

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034910_1 - 034910_16, 2020/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:13.44(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX experiment has studied nuclear effects in $$p$$$$+$$Al and $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV on charged hadron production at forward rapidity ($$1.4< eta < 2.4$$, $$p$$-going direction) and backward rapidity ($$-2.2 < eta < -1.2$$, $$A$$-going direction). Such effects are quantified by measuring nuclear modification factors as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity in various collision multiplicity selections. In central $$p$$$$+$$Al and $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions, a suppression (enhancement) is observed at forward (backward) rapidity compared to the binary scaled yields in $$p$$+$$p$$ collisions. The magnitude of enhancement at backward rapidity is larger in $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions than in $$p$$$$+$$Al collisions, which have a smaller number of participating nucleons. However, the results at forward rapidity show a similar suppression within uncertainties. The results in the integrated centrality are compared with calculations using nuclear parton distribution functions, which show a reasonable agreement at the forward rapidity but fail to describe the backward rapidity enhancement.

論文

$$J/psi$$ and $$psi(2S)$$ production at forward rapidity in $$p$$+$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=510$$ GeV

Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他353名*

Physical Review D, 101(5), p.052006_1 - 052006_13, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the differential cross section, mean transverse momentum, mean transverse momentum squared of inclusive $$J/psi$$ and cross-section ratio of $$psi(2S)$$ to $$J/psi$$ at forward rapidity in $$pp$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s} = 510$$ GeV via the dimuon decay channel. Comparison is made to inclusive $$J/psi$$ cross sections measured at $$sqrt{s} = 200$$ GeV and 2.76 - 13 TeV. The result is also compared to leading-order nonrelativistic QCD calculations coupled to a color-glass-condensate description of the low-$$x$$ gluons in the proton at low transverse momentum ($$p_T$$) and to next-to-leading order nonrelativistic QCD calculations for the rest of the $$p_T$$ range. These calculations overestimate the data at low $$p_T$$. While consistent with the data within uncertainties above $$approx 3$$ GeV/$$c$$, the calculations are systematically below the data. The total cross section times the branching ratio is BR $$dsigma^{J/psi}_{pp}/dy (1.2 < |y| < 2.2, 0 < p_T < 10$$ GeV/$$c$$) = 54.3 $$pm$$ 0.5 (stat) $$pm$$ 5.5 (syst) nb.

論文

Verification of dose estimation of Auger electrons emitted from Cu-64 using a combination of FNTD measurements and Monte Carlo simulations

楠本 多聞*; 松谷 悠佑; 馬場 健太郎*; 小川原 亮*; Akselrod, M. S.*; Harrison, J.*; Fomenko, V.*; 甲斐 健師; 石川 正純*; 長谷川 純崇*; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 132, p.106256_1 - 106256_4, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Cu-64を使用した放射線内用療法は、放出される低エネルギーオージェ電子によって腫瘍細胞にエネルギー付与を集中させる。先行研究では、Cu-64水溶液を蛍光固体飛跡検出器(FNTD)の表面に付着させることで、FNTD表面におけるオージェ電子のエネルギー付与の検出に成功した。一方、核種より放出される放射線にはベータ線や陽電子も含まれるため、オージェ電子の寄与率については不明瞭ある。本研究では、放射線粒子輸送計算コードPHITSならびにGEANT4を用いてFNTD内の深部線量分布を定量的に解析し、オージェ電子がもたらす空間線量分布について評価した。PHITSとGEANT4により計算された深部線量分布はほぼ等価であり、FNTDを用いた実測値と良い一致を示した。一方で、Cu-64線源から放出されるオージェ電子を無視したPHITSの計算結果では、FNTD表面近くで実測により確認されたエネルギー付与を適切に再現することができなかった。この結果より、オージェ電子がCu-64線源近傍の腫瘍細胞に高い殺傷効果を誘導し、線源から離れた正常細胞へのダメージを最小限に抑えることが証明された。

論文

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

大谷 将士*; 深尾 祥紀*; 二ツ川 健太*; 河村 成肇*; 的場 史郎*; 三部 勉*; 三宅 康博*; 下村 浩一郎*; 山崎 高幸*; 長谷川 和男; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

負ミューオニウムはそのユニークな性質から様々な科学の分野で応用される可能性がある。1980年代に真空中で初めて生成されて以来、仕事関数の低い物質を用いて負ミューオニウム生成効率を高めることが議論されてきた。アルミナセメントの構成物質であるC12A7は良く知られた絶縁体であるが、電子をドープすることで導体として振舞うことが近年発見された。このC12A7エレクトライドは2.9eVという比較的低い仕事関数を持ち、負イオン生成効率を示すと期待されている。本論文では、従来用いていたアルミニウム、C12A7エレクトライド、さらにステンレスターゲット用いた負ミューオニウムイオン生成効率の比較について述べる。測定された生成率は10$$^{-3}$$/sであり、現状セットアップではエレクトライドにおいても大きな生成率向上は確認されず、表面状態をより注意深く整える必要であることが推定される。また、生成された負ミューオニウムの平均エネルギーに材質依存はなく、0.2$$pm$$0.1keVであった。

論文

Disk and washer coupled cavity linac design and cold-model for muon linac

大谷 将士*; 二ツ川 健太*; 三部 勉*; 内藤 富士雄*; 長谷川 和男; 伊藤 崇; 北村 遼; 近藤 恭弘; 森下 卓俊; 飯沼 裕美*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012097_1 - 012097_7, 2019/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

ミューオン異常磁気モーメント測定および電気双極子モーメント探索実験用ミューオンリニアックの中エネルギー部用ディスクアンドワッシャ型(DAW)結合空洞リニアック(CCL)を開発している。このリニアックは、ミューオンを$$beta$$=0.3から0.7まで、加速周波数1.3Hzで加速する。本論文では、DAW CCLの空洞設計, ビーム力学設計、および空洞低電力モデルの測定結果について述べる。ビーム力学設計においては透過率100%で加速できる設計を行うことができ、問題となるようなエミッタンス増大もシミュレーションでは見られなかった。空洞設計においては、$$beta$$=0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6用のセル設計を行った。コールドモデルの測定では、0.1%の精度で設計値の1.3GHzと一致していることが確認できた。

論文

A $$Sigma p$$ scattering experiment at J-PARC and the analysis status

中田 祥之*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023024_1 - 023024_5, 2019/11

J-PARC E40 aims to measure the differential cross sections of the $$Sigma^{pm}p$$ elastic scatterings and the $$Sigma^-p to Lambda n$$ conversion. A clear peak of $$Sigma^-$$ was observed in a missing mass spectrum of the $$pi^-pto K^+X$$ reaction and recoil protons from the $$pi p$$ elastic scattering were successfully observed in the data taken in the summer 2018. The rest of data taking is coming in the spring 2019.

論文

First $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 田村 裕和*; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023015_1 - 023015_5, 2019/11

We performed a gamma-ray spectroscopy of $$({}_{Lambda}^{19}{rm F})$$ at J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility in 2015. It is the first measurement of $$gamma$$ rays emitted from $$sd$$-shell hypernuclei. In this experiment, we determined the energy spacing between the ground state spin doublet, $$3/2^+$$ and $$1/2^+$$ states, as 316 keV. The excitation energies of $$5/2^+$$ and $$1/2^+$$ states are also determined to be 895 and 1266 keV, respectively. The energy spacing is found to be well reproduced by shell-model calculations which describe $$s$$- and $$p$$-shell $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei well. The results show that the present theories of the $$Lambda N$$ interaction describe not only the light hypernuclei but also a heavier hypernucleus.

論文

Study of $$Y^*$$ in nuclei through C$$(K^-, pi^+)X$$ spectrum at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ in the J-PARC E05 experiment

本多 良太郎*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023014_1 - 023014_4, 2019/11

We measured the $$(K^-,pi^+)$$ reaction spectra at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ for the graphite and the polyethylene targets in the J-PARC E05 pilot experiment. By comparing the spectra for these two targets, it was found that $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ in the $$^{11}$$B nucleus is quite broadened. Furthermore, we also compared broadness of $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ with $$K^*(892)$$ obtained in the $$(K^-,p)$$ spectrum. $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ seems to be much more broadened in nuclei than $$K^*(892)$$. We gave a possible interpretation, which is related to compositeness of decuplet baryons, for this situation.

論文

Search for excited state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ hypernucleus in the J-PARC E13 experiment

中川 真菜美*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 田村 裕和; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023005_1 - 023005_3, 2019/11

The $$Sigma N$$ interaction is not much studied than the $$Lambda N$$ interaction. To understand the $$Sigma N$$ interaction, we study $$Sigma$$ hypernuclei. As for the $$Sigma$$ hypernucleus, only the ground state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ has been observed. To obtain more information about the $$Sigma N$$ interaction, the excited state should be studied. Therefore, we measure the missing-mass of the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction at $$p_{K^-} = 1.5$$ GeV/$$c$$ and $$theta_{rm Lab} =$$ 2-14$$^{circ}$$ at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line. The ground state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ is observed whereas a peak of the excited states is not observed. We also observe suppression of the $$Sigma$$ quasi-free process at smaller angles.

論文

Electromagnetic design of the prototype spoke cavity for the JAEA-ADS linac

田村 潤; 近藤 恭弘; Yee-Rendon, B.; 明午 伸一郎; 前川 藤夫; 長谷川 和男; 加古 永治*; 梅森 健成*; 阪井 寛志*; 許斐 太郎*

Proceedings of 19th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (SRF 2019) (Internet), p.399 - 402, 2019/11

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is proposing an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) as a future project to transmute long-lived nuclides to short-lived or stable ones. In the JAEA-ADS, a high-power proton beam of 30 MW with the beam energy of 1.5 GeV and with the beam current of 20 mA at an exit of the accelerator is required with sufficient reliability. Furthermore, the linac needs to be operated in a continuous wave (CW) mode in order to be compatible with the reactor operation. Since a normal conducting structure raises a difficulty in cavity cooling under the CW operation, a superconducting linac would be a suitable solution. As the first step toward the complete design of the JAEA-ADS linac, we are planning to demonstrate a high-field measurement by manufacturing a low-beta prototype spoke cavity. For the cavity development, we designed the prototype cavity. By the electromagnetic simulation, we obtained good cavity performance comparable with the modern spoke cavities.

論文

Nuclear dependence of the transverse single-spin asymmetry in the production of charged hadrons at forward rapidity in polarized $$p+p$$, $$p+$$Al, and $$p+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他296名*

Physical Review Letters, 123(12), p.122001_1 - 122001_9, 2019/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:45.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the nuclear dependence of transverse single-spin asymmetries (TSSAs) in the production of positively-charged hadrons in polarized $$p^{uparrow}+p$$, $$p^{uparrow}+$$Al and $$p^{uparrow}+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV. The measurements have been performed at forward rapidity ($$1.4 < eta < 2.4$$) over the range of $$1.8 < p_{T} < 7.0$$ GeV$$/c$$ and $$0.1 < x_{F} < 0.2$$. We observed a positive asymmetry $$A_{N}$$ for positively-charged hadrons in $$p^{uparrow}+p$$ collisions, and a significantly reduced asymmetry in $$p^{uparrow}$$+$$A$$ collisions. These results reveal a nuclear dependence of charged hadron $$A_N$$ in a regime where perturbative techniques are relevant. These results provide new opportunities to use $$p^{uparrow}+$$A collisions as a tool to investigate the rich phenomena behind TSSAs in hadronic collisions and to use TSSA as a new handle in studying small-system collisions.

論文

Gamma-ray spectroscopy of single $$Lambda$$-hypernuclei at J-PARC; Results and perspective

小池 武志*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 田村 裕和; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020011_1 - 020011_9, 2019/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

Experimental results from the J-PARC E13 experiments are summarized. A new experimental set up of E13 has established a platform for the future $$gamma$$-ray hypernuclear spectroscopy at J-PARC using kaon beams. New $$gamma$$ rays are identified in $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. The energy of 1.406 MeV for the $$^4_{Lambda}$$He$$(1^+ to 0^+)$$ transition confirmed a sizable effect of Charge Symmetry Breaking (CSB) in $$Lambda N$$ interaction in the $$A=4$$ hypernuclear system. The identification of four $$gamma$$ rays in $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F is made for the first time in $$sd$$ shell hypernuclei. Especially, energy spacing of the ground state doublet is found to be 315.5 keV. A good agreement with two theoretical calculations suggests that the theoretical formalism used in $$p$$ shell hypernuclei is also applicable to heavier hypernuclei. Lastly, an overview of the future J-PARC E63 experiment is given.

論文

Observation of a $$Xi$$ bound state in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$

永江 知文*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020015_1 - 020015_9, 2019/07

For the full understanding of baryon-baryon interactions in flavor $$SU(3)$$, the $$Xi N$$ interaction is the last missing piece of information. So far, we have revealed the $$Lambda N$$ interaction to be attractive ($$U_{Lambda} cong 30$$ MeV), and $$Sigma N$$ interaction to be repulsive in the medium to heavy mass-number region. The $$Lambda Lambda$$ bonding energy is weakly attractive. While we have a few experimental observations suggesting the $$Xi N$$ interaction would be attractive, there still exist large theoretical ambiguities weather it is attractive or not. Experimental determinations on the existence of bound states of $$Xi$$ hypernuclei by observing bound-state peaks are strongly awaited. In this report, a new preliminary result on the missing-mass spectrum of a $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction, which strongly suggests the existence of $$Xi$$-hypernuclear bound states, is presented.

論文

Beam energy and centrality dependence of direct-photon emission from ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他666名*

Physical Review Letters, 123(2), p.022301_1 - 022301_10, 2019/07

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:16.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The PHENIX collaboration presents first measurements of low-momentum ($$0.4 < p_T < 3$$ GeV/$$c$$) direct-photon yields from Au$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=39 and 62.4 GeV. For both beam energies the direct-photon yields are substantially enhanced with respect to expectations from prompt processes, similar to the yields observed in Au$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$=200. Analyzing the photon yield as a function of the experimental observable $$dN_{rm ch}/deta$$ reveals that the low-momentum ($$>$$1,GeV/$$c$$) direct-photon yield $$dN_{gamma}^{rm dir}/deta$$ is a smooth function of $$dN_{rm ch}/deta$$ and can be well described as proportional to $$(dN_{rm ch}/deta)^alpha$$ with $$alpha{sim}$$1.25. This new scaling behavior holds for a wide range of beam energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and Large Hadron Collider, for centrality selected samples, as well as for different, $$A$$$$+$$$$A$$ collision systems. At a given beam energy the scaling also holds for high $$p_T$$ ($$>$$,GeV/$$c$$) but when results from different collision energies are compared, an additional $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}$$-dependent multiplicative factor is needed to describe the integrated-direct-photon yield.

論文

Measurement of two-particle correlations with respect to second- and third-order event planes in Au$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他451名*

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054903_1 - 054903_29, 2019/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:18.92(Physics, Nuclear)

We present measurements of azimuthal correlations of charged hadron pairs in $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV Au$$+$$Au collisions after subtracting an underlying event using a model that includes higher-order azimuthal anisotropy $$v_2$$, $$v_3$$, and $$v_4$$. After subtraction, the away-side ($$Deltaphisimpi)$$ of the highest transverse-momentum trigger ($$p_T > 4$$ GeV/$$c$$) correlations is suppressed compared to that of correlations measured in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions. At the lowest associated particle $$p_T$$, the away-side shape and yield are modified. These observations are consistent with the scenario of radiative-jet energy loss. For the lowest-$$p_T$$ trigger correlations, an away-side yield exists and we explore the dependence of the shape of the away-side within the context of an underlying-event model. Correlations are also studied differentially versus event-plane angle $$Psi_n$$. The angular correlations show an asymmetry when selecting the sign of the trigger-particle azimuthal angle with respect to the $$Psi_2$$ event plane. This asymmetry and the measured suppression of the pair yield out of plane is consistent with a path-length-dependent energy loss. No $$Psi_3$$ dependence can be resolved within experimental uncertainties.

論文

Measurement of charm and bottom production from semileptonic hadron decays in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他296名*

Physical Review D, 99(9), p.092003_1 - 092003_21, 2019/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:76.5(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Measurements of the differential production of electrons from open-heavy-flavor hadrons with charm- and bottom-quark content in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV are presented. The measurements proceed through displaced-vertex analyses of electron tracks from the semileptonic decay of charm and bottom hadrons using the PHENIX silicon-vertex detector. The relative contribution of electrons from bottom decays to inclusive heavy-flavor-electron production is found to be consistent with fixed-order-plus-next-to-leading-log perturbative-QCD calculations within experimental and theoretical uncertainties. These new measurements in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions provide a precision baseline for comparable forthcoming measurements in A$$+$$A collisions.

論文

Nonperturbative-transverse-momentum broadening in dihadron angular correlations in $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV proton-nucleus collisions

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他293名*

Physical Review C, 99(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_10, 2019/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:63.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX collaboration has measured high-$$p_T$$ dihadron correlations in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$, $$p$$$$+$$Al, and $$p$$$$+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$$ GeV. The correlations arise from inter- and intra-jet correlations and thus have sensitivity to nonperturbative effects in both the initial and final states. The distributions of $$p_{rm out}$$, the transverse momentum component of the associated hadron perpendicular to the trigger hadron, are sensitive to initial and final state transverse momenta. These distributions are measured multi-differentially as a function of $$x_E$$, the longitudinal momentum fraction of the associated hadron with respect to the trigger hadron. The near-side $$p_{rm out}$$ widths, sensitive to fragmentation transverse momentum, show no significant broadening between $$p$$$$+$$Au, $$p$$$$+$$Al, and $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$. The away-side nonperturbative $$p_{rm out}$$ widths are found to be broadened in $$p$$$$+$$Au when compared to $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$; however, there is no significant broadening in $$p$$$$+$$Al compared to $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions. The data also suggest that the away-side $$p_{rm out}$$ broadening is a function of $$N_{rm coll}$$, the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions, in the interaction. The potential implications of these results with regard to initial and final state transverse momentum broadening and energy loss of partons in a nucleus, among other nuclear effects, are discussed.

論文

Measurements of $$mumu$$ pairs from open heavy flavor and Drell-Yan in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他287名*

Physical Review D, 99(7), p.072003_1 - 072003_41, 2019/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:29.95(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

PHENIX reports differential cross sections of $$mumu$$ pairs from semileptonic heavy-flavor decays and the Drell-Yan production mechanism measured in $$p$$$$+$$$$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}=200$$ GeV at forward and backward rapidity ($$1.2 < |eta| < 2.2$$). The $$mumu$$ pairs from $$cbar{c}$$, $$bbar{b}$$, and Drell-Yan are separated using a simultaneous fit to unlike- and like-sign muon pair spectra in mass and $$p_T$$. The azimuthal opening angle correlation between the muons from $$cbar{c}$$ and $$bbar{b}$$ decays and the pair-$$p_T$$ distributions are compared to distributions generated using ${sc pythia}$ and ${sc powheg}$ models, which both include next-to-leading order processes. The measured distributions for pairs from $$cbar{c}$$ are consistent with ${sc pythia}$ calculations. The $$cbar{c}$$ data presents narrower azimuthal correlations and softer $$p_T$$ distributions compared to distributions generated from ${sc powheg}$. The $$bbar{b}$$ data are well described by both models. The extrapolated total cross section for bottom production is $$3.75{pm}0.24({rm stat}){pm}^{0.35}_{0.50}({rm syst}){pm}0.45({rm global})$$[$$mu$$b], which is consistent with previous measurements at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider in the same system at the same collision energy, and is approximately a factor of two higher than the central value calculated with theoretical models. The measured Drell-Yan cross section is in good agreement with next-to-leading-order quantum-chromodynamics calculations.

論文

Creation of quark-gluon plasma droplets with three distinct geometries

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他312名*

Nature Physics, 15(3), p.214 - 220, 2019/03

 被引用回数:55 パーセンタイル:0.47(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Experimental studies of the collisions of heavy nuclei at relativistic energies have established the properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), a state of hot, dense nuclear matter in which quarks and gluons are not bound into hadrons. In this state, matter behaves as a nearly inviscid fluid that efficiently translates initial spatial anisotropies into correlated momentum anisotropies among the particles produced, creating a common velocity field pattern known as collective flow. In recent years, comparable momentum anisotropies have been measured in small-system proton-proton and proton-nucleus (p+A) collisions, despite expectations that the volume and lifetime of the medium produced would be too small to form a QGP. Here we report on the observation of elliptic and triangular flow patterns of charged particles produced in proton-gold (p+Au), deuteron-gold (d+Au) and helium-gold ($$^{3}$$He+Au) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy $$sqrt{s_{{mathrm{NN}}}}$$ = 200 GeV. The unique combination of three distinct initial geometries and two flow patterns provides unprecedented model discrimination. Hydrodynamical models, which include the formation of a short-lived QGP droplet, provide the best simultaneous description of these measurements.

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