山本 直生*; 松村 大樹; 萩原 悠人*; 田中 啓偉*; 長谷川 優太*; 石井 賢司*; 田中 裕久*
Journal of Power Sources, 557, p.232508_1 - 232508_10, 2023/02
Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) is one of the key electrochemical reactions, especially in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs). In this work, the reaction pathway and intermediate species such as molecular-type oxygen during ORR were discussed. High energy resolution X-ray absorption fine structure spectra at the Pt L-edge were obtained to observe the electronic structure of Pt catalyst. Carbon-supported Pt nanoparticles as powder catalysts were used for measurement as more realistic conditions, and the species adsorbed on the Pt nanoparticles were analyzed while controlling under the potentials in acidic electrolyte solution with N or O gas bubbling. Molecular-type oxygen adsorption species is observed only in the O-bubbled electrolyte solution. This intermediate adsorption species is assigned to a hydrogen superoxide.
藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; Kim, S.; 七村 拓野; 佐甲 博之; 田村 裕和; 山本 剛史; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(12), p.123D01_1 - 123D01_17, 2022/12
atomic X-ray spectroscopy is one of the most useful methods for investigation of the -nucleus strong interaction. Since the X-ray energy is shifted and/or broadened due to the -nucleus strong interaction compared to those calculated from electromagnetic interaction alone, the measurement of the energy shift, E, and the width, , give us information on the -nucleus potential. A serious problem in the measurement is the significant background derived from in-flight decay. A novel method of identifying stopped events using the nuclear emulsion was developed to realize the first atomic X-ray spectroscopy experiment as the J-PARC E07 experiment, which also aimed at searching for and hypernuclei in the emulsion. The X-rays emitted from Br and Ag atoms were measured using germanium detectors. No clear peaks were observed in the obtained spectra. However, we succeeded in reducing the background to 1/170 by this method employing coincidence measurements using nuclear emulsion and X-ray detectors.
山本 風海; 金正 倫計; 林 直樹; Saha, P. K.; 田村 文彦; 山本 昌亘; 谷 教夫; 高柳 智弘; 神谷 潤一郎; 菖蒲田 義博; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09
七村 拓野; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 成木 恵; 佐藤 進; 佐甲 博之; 田村 裕和; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(9), p.093D01_1 - 093D01_35, 2022/09
We performed a novel scattering experiment at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility. Approximately 2400 elastic scattering events were identified from tagged particles in the momentum range 0.44 - 0.80 GeV/c. The differential cross sections of the elastic scattering were derived with much better precision than in previous experiments. The obtained differential cross sections were approximately 2 mb/sr or less, which were not as large as those predicted by the fss2 and FSS models based on the quark cluster model in the short-range region. By performing phase-shift analyses for the obtained differential cross sections, we experimentally derived the phase shifts of the and channels for the first time. The phase shift of the 3S1 channel, where a large repulsive core was predicted owing to the Pauli effect between quarks, was evaluated to be . If the sign of is assumed to be negative, the interaction in this channel is moderately repulsive, as the Nijmegen extended-sort-core models predicted.
林田 健志*; 上村 洋平*; 木村 健太*; 松岡 悟志*; 萩原 雅人; 廣瀬 左京*; 盛岡 仁*; 長谷川 達夫*; 木村 剛*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(12), p.124409_1 - 124409_10, 2021/12
The ferroaxial order, which is characterized by a rotational structural distortion in a crystal, has been recently proposed as one of ferroic orders. Though the domain formation is a characteristic feature in ferroic materials, there has been little study done concerning that for the ferroaxial order. Here, we investigate ferroaxial domains that are formed through a ferroaxial transition in two representative ferroaxial materials, NiTiO and RbFe(MoO). We spatially resolve their domain structures using an optical method based on electric-field- induced optical rotation, that is, electrogyration (EG). In NiTiO, multi-domains are constructed when crystals undergo a ferroaxial transition and the domain size depends on the cooling rate around the transition temperature. Furthermore, the ferroaxial domain structure obtained by the EG measurement is well matched with that by scanning X-ray diffraction (XRD). RbFe(MoO) also exhibits multi-domain states in which domain patterns are different each time a crystal undergoes a ferroaxial transition. In addition, the temperature dependence of the EG signal well obeys that of the order parameter of a first-order phase transition. These results ensure the effectiveness of the EG effect to elucidate the nature of ferroaxial order.
木村 健太*; 八木 直輝*; 長谷川 舜介*; 萩原 雅人; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*; Cao, H.*; 益田 隆嗣*; 木村 剛*
Inorganic Chemistry, 60(20), p.15078 - 15084, 2021/10
In materials showing a linear magnetoelectric (ME) effect, unconventional functionalities can be anticipated such as electric control of magnetism and nonreciprocal optical responses. Thus, the search of new linear ME materials is of interest in materials science. Here, using a recently proposed design principle of linear ME materials, which is based on the combination of local structural asymmetry and collinear antiferromagnetism, we demonstrate that an anion-deficient fluorite derivative MnTaO is a new linear ME material. This is evidenced by the onset of magnetic-field-induced electric polarization in its collinear antiferromagnetic phase below = 24 K. Furthermore, we also find an antiferroelectric-like phase transition at = 55 K, which is attributable to an off-center displacement of magnetic Mn ions. The present study shows that MnTaO is a rare material that exhibits both ME and antiferroelectric-like transitions. Thus, MnTaO may provide an opportunity to investigate the physics associated with complicated interactions between magnetic (spin) and electric dipole degrees of freedom.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他306名*
Physical Review Letters, 127(16), p.162001_1 - 162001_8, 2021/10
Studying spin-momentum correlations in hadronic collisions offers a glimpse into a three-dimensional picture of proton structure. The transverse single-spin asymmetry for midrapidity isolated direct photons in collisions at =200 GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Because direct photons in particular are produced from the hard scattering and do not interact via the strong force, this measurement is a clean probe of initial-state spin-momentum correlations inside the proton and is in particular sensitive to gluon interference effects within the proton. This is the first time direct photons have been used as a probe of spin-momentum correlations at RHIC. The uncertainties on the results are a fifty-fold improvement with respect to those of the one prior measurement for the same observable, from the Fermilab E704 experiment. These results constrain gluon spin-momentum correlations in transversely polarized protons.
田村 潤; 近藤 恭弘; Yee-Rendon, B.; 明午 伸一郎; 前川 藤夫; 長谷川 和男; 加古 永治*; 梅森 健成*; 阪井 寛志*; 許斐 太郎*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011049_1 - 011049_6, 2021/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is proposing an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) as a future project to transmute long-lived nuclides to short-lived or stable ones. In the JAEA-ADS, a high-power proton beam of 30 MW with the beam energy of 1.5 GeV and with the beam current of 20 mA at an exit of the accelerator is required with sufficient reliability. Furthermore, the linac needs to be operated in a continuous wave (CW) mode in order to be compatible with the reactor operation. Since a normal conducting structure raises a difficulty in cavity cooling under the CW operation, a superconducting (SC) linac would be a suitable solution. As the first step toward the complete design of the JAEA-ADS linac, we are planning to demonstrate a high-field measurement by manufacturing a prototype spoke cavity. It will provide us an insight for the development of the low-beta SC cavity. It will also enable us to acquire valuable information such as the accelerating gradient under the stable operation. In this symposium, the RF design of the prototype cavity including multipacting analysis is presented.
坂尾 珠和*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011133_1 - 011133_6, 2021/03
The reaction is an important elementary process to produce from a proton target and is a key for a scattering experiment where the momentum of should be tagged from the missing momentum of the reaction. However, the spectroscopy method has not been established yet due to the difficulty of the detection. Therefore, we have proposed a new detection method where and from the decay are measured by a forward magnetic spectrometer and a detector cluster surrounding the target, respectively. The feasibility of the detection method was confirmed by analyzing the J-PARC E40 data taken with such a detector system. In the analysis, 's were successfully identified in the missing mass spectrum of the reaction.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他309名*
Physical Review D, 103(5), p.052009_1 - 052009_10, 2021/03
We present a measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry for and mesons in collisions in the pseudorapidity range and at a center-of-mass energy of 200 GeV with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. In comparison with previous measurements in this kinematic region, these results have a factor of 3 smaller uncertainties. As hadrons, and mesons are sensitive to both initial- and final-state nonperturbative effects for a mix of parton flavors. Comparisons of the differences in their transverse single-spin asymmetries have the potential to disentangle the possible effects of strangeness, isospin, or mass. These results can constrain the twist-3 trigluon collinear correlation function as well as the gluon Sivers function.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他308名*
Physical Review D, 103(3), p.032007_1 - 032007_8, 2021/02
In 2015, the PHENIX collaboration has measured very forward () single-spin asymmetries of inclusive neutrons in transversely polarized proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions at a center of mass energy of 200 GeV. A previous publication from this data set concentrated on the nuclear dependence of such asymmetries. In this measurement the explicit transverse-momentum dependence of inclusive neutron single spin asymmetries for proton-proton collisions is extracted using a bootstrapping-unfolding technique on the transverse momenta. This explicit transverse-momentum dependence will help improve the understanding of the mechanisms that create these asymmetries.
Yang, Z. H.*; 久保田 悠樹*; Corsi, A.*; 吉田 数貴; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; 木村 真明*; Michel, N.*; 緒方 一介*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02
ボロミアン核であり中性子ハロー構造が期待されるBに対する(,)反応実験を行った。断面積の運動量分布を分析することで、と軌道の分光学的因子を決定した。驚くべきことに、の分光学的因子は9(2)%と小さいことが明らかになった。この結果は、連続状態を含むdeformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov理論によってよく説明された。本研究の結果によると、現在知られているハロー構造を持つとされる原子核の中でBはおよび軌道の成分が最も小さく、または軌道成分が支配的であることが必ずしもハロー構造の前提条件ではない可能性を示唆している。
早川 修平; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(6), p.062501_1 - 062501_6, 2021/02
In an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment performed at J-PARC, a absorption event was observed which decayed into twin single- hypernuclei. Kinematic calculations enabled a unique identification of the reaction process as NBe + He. For the binding energy of the hyperon in the -N system a value of MeV was deduced. The energy level of is likely a nuclear state which indicates a weak - coupling.
後神 利志*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一*; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012133_1 - 012133_6, 2020/12
We performed hypernuclear spectroscopy with the reaction at J-PARC to investigate the interaction (J-PARC E05). A new experiment (J-PARC E70) in which a better energy resolution could be achieved is now being prepared. In this article, an analysis status of J-PARC E05 and a preparation status of J-PARC E70 are described.
三輪 浩司*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012174_1 - 012174_6, 2020/12
A high statistics scattering experiment has been performed at the K1.8 beamline in the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility. Data for momentum-tagged beam running in a liquid hydrogen target were accumulated by detecting the reaction with a high intensity beam of 20 M/spill. The number of the beam was about in total. The elastic scattering and the inelastic scattering events were successfully observed with about 100 times larger statistics than that in past experiments.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*
Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064905_1 - 064905_13, 2020/12
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider measured and mesons at midrapidity in UU collisions at GeV in a wide transverse momentum range. Measurements were performed in the decay modes. A strong suppression of and meson production at high transverse momentum was observed in central UU collisions relative to binary scaled results. Yields of and mesons measured in UU collisions show similar suppression pattern to the ones measured in AuAu collisions at GeV for similar numbers of participant nucleons. The / ratios do not show dependence on centrality or transverse momentum, and are consistent with previously measured values in hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus, nucleus-nucleus, and collisions.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他572名*
Physical Review C, 102(5), p.054910_1 - 054910_11, 2020/11
We present direct photon-hadron correlations in 200 GeV/A AuAu, Au and collisions, for direct photon from 5 - 12 GeV/, collected by the PHENIX Collaboration in the years from 2006 to 2011. We observe no significant modification of jet fragmentation in Au collisions, indicating that cold nuclear matter effects are small or absent. Hadrons carrying a large fraction of the quark's momentum are suppressed in AuAu compared to and Au. As the momentum fraction decreases, the yield of hadrons in AuAu increases to an excess over the yield in collisions. The excess is at large angles and at low hadron and is most pronounced for hadrons associated with lower momentum direct photons. Comparison to theoretical calculations suggests that the hadron excess arises from medium response to energy deposited by jets.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*
Physical Review D, 102(9), p.092002_1 - 092002_14, 2020/11
The cross section of bottom quark-antiquark () production in collisions at GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The results are based on the yield of high mass, like-sign muon pairs measured within the PHENIX muon arm acceptance (). The signal is extracted from like-sign dimuons by utilizing the unique properties of neutral meson oscillation. We report a differential cross section of nb for like-sign muons in the rapidity and ranges and GeV/, and dimuon mass of 5 - 10 GeV/. The extrapolated total cross section at this energy for production is b. The total cross section is compared to a perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculation and is consistent within uncertainties. The azimuthal opening angle between muon pairs from decays and their distributions are compared to distributions generated using , which includes next-to-leading order processes. The azimuthal correlations and pair distribution are not very well described by calculations, but are still consistent within uncertainties. Flavor creation and flavor excitation subprocesses are favored over gluon splitting.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*
Physical Review D, 102(7), p.072008_1 - 072008_13, 2020/10
The PHENIX experiment has measured the spin alignment for inclusive decays in collisions at GeV at midrapidity. The angular distributions have been measured in three different polarization frames, and the three decay angular coefficients have been extracted in a full two-dimensional analysis. Previously, PHENIX saw large longitudinal net polarization at forward rapidity at the same collision energy. This analysis at midrapidity, complementary to the previous PHENIX results, sees no sizable polarization in the measured transverse momentum range of GeV/. The results are consistent with a previous one-dimensional analysis at midrapidity at GeV. The transverse-momentum-dependent cross section for midrapidity production has additionally been measured, and after comparison to world data we find a simple logarithmic dependence of the cross section on .
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他354名*
Physical Review D, 102(3), p.032001_1 - 032001_9, 2020/08
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the longitudinal double spin asymmetries, , for charged pions at midrapidity () in longitudinally polarized collisions at GeV. These measurements are sensitive to the gluon spin contribution to the total spin of the proton in the parton momentum fraction range between 0.04 and 0.09. One can infer the sign of the gluon polarization from the ordering of pion asymmetries with charge alone. The asymmetries are found to be consistent with global quantum-chromodynamics fits of deep-inelastic scattering and data at GeV, which show a nonzero positive contribution of gluon spin to the proton spin.