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論文

Anisotropic physical properties of layered antiferromagnet U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Ga$$_{15}$$

松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 竹内 徹也*; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.074707_1 - 074707_6, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A uranium intermetallic compound U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Ga$$_{15}$$ was successfully synthesized. This compound crystallizes in the hexagonal Sc$$_{0.6}$$Fe$$_2$$Si$$_{4.9}$$-type structure. Antiferromagnetic transition with highly magnetic anisotropy was established by the physical property measurements.

論文

Visualization of the boron distribution in core material melting and relocation specimen by neutron energy resolving method

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03

Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from B$$_{4}$$C pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, distribution of such boride in the fuel debris formed in the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants may affect the process of debris cutting and removal. The high neutron absorption of boron may affect the possibility of re-criticality during the process of debris removal. Therefore, boride distribution in fuel debris is regarded as an important issue to be addressed. However, boron tends to have difficult in quantification with conventionally applied methods like EPMA and XPS. In this study, accelerator-driven neutron-imaging system was applied. Since boron is the material for neutron absorption, its sensitivity in terms of neutron penetration through specimens is concerned. To adjust neutron attenuation of a specimen to suit a particular measurement by selecting the neutron energy range, we focused on the energy resolved neutron imaging system RADEN, which utilizes wide energy range from meV to keV. Development of a method to visualize boron distribution using energy-resolved neutrons has been started. In this presentation the authors show the status of the development of a method utilizing energy-resolved neutrons and provide some outcome from its application to the Core Material Melting and Relocation (CMMR)-0 and -2 specimens.

論文

Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

土川 雄介; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; 甲斐 哲也; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 正英; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

福島原子力発電所の解体作業では、溶融した燃料棒に含まれるホウ素分布を事前に把握することが重要である。溶融燃料棒の模擬試験体を用意し、ホウ素やホウ化物の含有量を調査する研究が行われてきた。本研究では、その一環として中性子を用いたホウ素並びにホウ化物分布の測定技術開発を行った。ホウ素の中性子吸収に伴う即発ガンマ線を測定し、ホウ素量や二次元分布を測定した。また、n(B,$$alpha$$$$gamma$$)反応における478keV$$gamma$$線は、ホウ素の化合状態により、$$gamma$$線ピークの幅が変化することが知られている。このことを用い、特に溶融燃料棒周辺に存在することが予測されているZrBやFeBといったホウ化物の識別可能性について調査した。測定はJ-PARC/MLFのANNRI, NOBORU, RADENにて行った。これらの解析結果について報告する。

論文

Universal scaling behavior under pressure in the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$; $$^{29}$$Si NMR study

酒井 宏典; 松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 徳永 陽; 神戸 振作

Physical Review B, 103(8), p.085114_1 - 085114_8, 2021/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

重い電子系反強磁性体CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$において、$$^{29}$$Si核核磁気共鳴(NMR)を用いて、圧力下相図について微視的に調べた。NMRデータから、反強磁性伝搬ベクトル$$q$$に依らない単一サイト近藤効果の特徴的温度スケール$$T_0$$を導出した。圧力下の反強磁性臨界点において$$T_0$$の発散的異常は見られず、重い電子系の典型的なDoniach描像と矛盾しない結果が得られた。

論文

Development of three-dimensional distribution visualization technology for boron using energy resolved neutron-imaging system (RADEN)

阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

Boron carbide is used as a neutron-absorbing material in Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), producing borides that are twice as hard as oxides (such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$). The high neutron absorption of boron affects the evaluation of re-criticality during the process of debris retrieval. Therefore, it is important not only to determine the presence of boron but also to investigate the distribution of boron inside the material in a non-destructive manner during decommissioning. To address the uncertainties in the core material relocation behavior of boiling water reactor (BWR) during a severe accident (SA), solidified melt specimens of a simulated fuel assembly were prepared by plasma heating. If core material melting and relocation (CMMR) specimens can be used to estimate the B distribution in 1F Unit-3, that will provide valuable information in the decommissioning of 1F. To address this, the authors focused on the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, which utilizes a wide energy range, from meV to keV. This is an innovative three-dimensional analysis technology for boride distribution that affects the evaluation of hardness and re-criticality. In the calibration standard samples (Zr$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$ and Fe$$_{x}$$B$$_{1-x}$$), there was a good correlation between boron concentration and the energy-dependence of the cross sections of cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the CMMR specimens, boron distribution was confirmed from the contrast difference between cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the future, the results of calibration standard samples will be applied to the results of CMMR specimens. With this method, three-dimensional boron distribution will be measured, and the understanding of boride distribution 1F Unit-3 will be improved, which may be reflected in an improved SA code.

論文

Structural characterization and magnetic behavior of uranium compound U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Al$$_{15}$$

芳賀 芳範; 菅井 孝志*; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 29, p.013003_1 - 013003_5, 2020/02

Crystal structure and magnetic property of U$$_2$$Pt$$_6$$Al$$_{15}$$ is investigated. A single crystal X-ray diffraction experiment identified the hexagonal unit cell with a disordered structure in the uranium containing layer. A series of superstructure reflections were found. They are successfully indexed as ($$h$$/3 $$k$$/3 0), however, with a streak along the $$l$$ direction. A layered structure model containing honeycomb arrangement of uranium atoms is proposed. Preliminary magnetization measurements on a polycrystalline sample are also presented.

論文

Heavy fermion state of YbNi$$_2$$Si$$_3$$ without local inversion symmetry

中村 翔太*; 兵頭 一志*; 松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 佐藤 仁*; 上田 茂典*; 三村 功次郎*; 斉木 克祥*; 磯 孝斉*; 山下 穣*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024705_1 - 024705_5, 2020/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have succeeded in growing a new heavy fermion compound YbNi$$_2$$Si$$_3$$ by the flux method. From electrical resistivity, magnetization, specific heat, magnetic torque and X-ray photoemission measurements concluded that this compound is a heavy fermion compound exhibiting an antiferromagnetic order at 0.35 K.

論文

Crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electric transport properties in UPtIn single crystal

松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 立岩 尚之; 山本 悦嗣; Fisk, Z.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(2), p.024706_1 - 024706_4, 2018/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystal samples of UPtIn with the hexagonal structure are grown from indium flux. Strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy is revealed from magnetic property measurements. Specific heat measurement reveals a significant deviation from $$T$$-linear behavior, indicating the smaller electronic specific heat than the previous study.

論文

Electronic structure of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy; Elucidating the contribution of U 5$$f$$ states in URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$

藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:35.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The Fermi surface and band structure of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of $$hnu$$ = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ with those of $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of $$E_mathrm{B} = E_mathrm{F}$$ - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ are missing in the ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ states form these bands in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$. The relationship between the ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ and $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ is very different from the case between $$mathrm{CeRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ and $$mathrm{LaRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5$$f$$ electrons in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.

論文

Magnetoresistance and Hall effect of antiferromagnetic uranium compound URhIn$$_5$$

芳賀 芳範; 松本 裕司*; Pospisil, J.; 立岩 尚之; 山本 悦嗣; 山村 朝雄*; Fisk, Z.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(1), p.012015_1 - 012015_4, 2017/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:41.97

Transport characteristics of an antiferromagnetic uranium compound URhIn$$_5$$ are studied. The antiferromagnetic transition leads to a formation of a gap on the Fermi surface as demonstrated by a hump in the resistivity behavior as a function of temperature. Hall effect, magnetoresistance and de Haas-van Alphen study consistently demonstrate a small carrier concentration in the antiferromagnetic state suggesting that majority of the Fermi surface vanishes.

論文

Fermi surface of ThRu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$ as a reference to the strongly correlated isostructural metals investigated by quantum oscillations

松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 立岩 尚之; 青木 晴善*; 木村 憲彰*; 山村 朝雄*; 山本 悦嗣; 松田 達磨*; Fisk, Z.*; 山上 浩志*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(10), p.104709_1 - 104709_7, 2016/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:24.48(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

dHvA oscillations were detected on an actinide compound ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ which is regarded as a reference to strongly correlated electron systems URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. Observed Fermi surfaces well coincides with the band structure calculations, as well as experimentally obtained ones for a heavy fermion compound CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. On the other hand, Fermi surfaces of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ have significantly different characteristics, suggesting an itinerant ground state of 5f electrons.

論文

Hydrogen generation by water radiolysis with immersion of oxidation products of zircaloy-4

松本 義伸*; Do, Thi-Mai-Dung*; 井上 将男; 永石 隆二; 小川 徹

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1303 - 1307, 2015/10

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:32.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

酸化物等の固体材料が水中に添加されると、放射線分解による水素発生が増大することが知られている。本研究では、シビアアクシデント後のデブリが共存する炉水からの水素発生挙動を予測するため、水の$$gamma$$線分解による水素発生に対する、ジルコニウム酸化物またはジルカロイ4の酸化生成物の添加効果を調べた。$$gamma$$線のエネルギーが水と酸化物に与えられ、それぞれで独立して水素が発生するとした場合の、酸化物の寄与分は水中に共存する重量分率の増加とともに飽和に達する傾向を示し、海水中よりも純水中の方が顕著であった。また、その寄与分は結晶構造や組成によらず、粒子サイズあるいは比表面積に強く依存していることがわかった。

論文

Magnetic and electronic properties of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ revealed by comparison with nonmagnetic references ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and LaRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

江見 直哉*; 濱端 良輔*; 中山 大将*; 三木 俊宙*; 小山 岳秀*; 上田 光一*; 水戸 毅*; 小堀 洋*; 松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(6), p.063702_1 - 063702_4, 2015/06

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:64.05(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

NMR/NQR measurements have been carried out on ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and LaRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ which are the nonmagnetic references of the heavy fermion URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. Ru-NQR measurements suggest the relatively close electronic configuration between ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ at high temperature. However, significant delocalization was observed in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ at low temperatures. Si-NMR experiments on URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ revealed Ising-like spin fluctuations in the hidden-order state.

論文

Contracted interlayer distance in graphene/sapphire heterostructure

圓谷 志郎; Antipina, L. Y.*; Avramov, P.*; 大伴 真名歩*; 松本 吉弘*; 平尾 法恵; 下山 巖; 楢本 洋*; 馬場 祐治; Sorokin, P. B.*; et al.

Nano Research, 8(5), p.1535 - 1545, 2015/05

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:72.73(Chemistry, Physical)

Direct growth of graphene on insulators is expected to yield significant improvements in performance of graphene-based electronic and spintronic devices. In this study, we successfully reveal atomic arrangement and electronic properties of the coherent heterostructure of single-layer graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001). In the atomic arrangement analysis of single-layer graphene on $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001), we observed apparently contradicting results. The in-plane analysis shows that single-layer graphene grows not in the single-crystalline epitaxial manner but in the polycrystalline form with two strongly pronounced preferred orientations. This suggests the relatively weak interfacial interactions to be operative. But, we demonstrate that there exists unusually strong physical interactions between graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001), as evidenced by the short vertical distance between graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) surface. The interfacial interactions are shown to be dominated by the electrostatic force involved in the graphene $$pi$$-system and the unsaturated electrons of the topmost O layer of $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) rather than the van der Waals interactions. Such feature causes hole doping into graphene, which gives graphene a chance to slide on the $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) surface with a small energy barrier despite the strong interfacial interactions.

論文

Enhancement of the cyclotron effective mass in U$$_{0.03}$$Th$$_{0.97}$$Ru$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

芳賀 芳範; 松本 裕司*; 立岩 尚之; 山本 悦嗣; 木村 憲彰*; 山村 朝雄*; Fisk, Z.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 592(1), p.012036_1 - 012036_5, 2015/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:65.76

We investigate the modification of the electronic state of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ upon replacing non magnetic Th by U. We successfully observed the quantum oscillation signals from the Fermi surface. The observed Fermi surfaces did not show a significant change in size for the U$$_{0.03}$$Th$$_{0.97}$$Ru$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ sample. However the enhancement of the cyclotron effective mass demonstrates the hybridization of the 5$$f$$ states with the conduction bands.

論文

Probing strongly correlated 4$$f$$-orbital symmetry of the ground state in Yb compounds by linear dichroism in core-level photoemission

森 健雄*; 北山 賢*; 金井 惟奈*; 内免 翔*; 藤原 秀紀*; 東谷 篤志*; 玉作 賢治*; 田中 新*; 寺嶋 健成*; 今田 真*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(12), p.123702_1 - 123702_5, 2014/12

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:71.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

正方晶YbRh$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$及びYbCu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$に対して、角度分解内殻光電子分光における直線偏光線二色性を発見し、それにより、基底状態の強相関4$$f$$軌道の対称性を明らかにした。理論計算から、この線二色性は結晶場効果に由来する異方的な電荷分布を反映することが示された。結晶場の第一励起エネルギーよりもはるかに低温での測定により、両物質の基底状態の4$$f$$波動関数の決定に成功した。更に、温度依存性測定により、励起状態の対称性についても調べた。

論文

Electronic states in antiferromagnetic compound URhIn$$_5$$ investigated by de Haas-van Alphen effect and high pressure resistivity measurements

松本 裕司; 芳賀 芳範; 立岩 尚之; 山本 悦嗣; 木村 憲彰*; 青木 晴善*; Fisk, Z.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011097_1 - 011097_5, 2014/06

Single crystal samples of a new uranium compound URhIn$$_5$$ with the well-known tetragonal HoCoGa$$_5$$-type structure have been grown by the indium flux method. Although this compound is isostructural to a Ga-analogue URhGa$$_5$$, the unit cell volume is significantly larger in URhIn$$_5$$. In contrast to non-magnetic behavior in the isostructural URhGa$$_5$$, URhIn$$_5$$ has a magnetic ground state with a magnetic transition at 98 K, indicating a drastic difference in electronic states between these compounds.

論文

Single-crystal growth and de Haas-van Alphen effect study of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

松本 裕司*; 芳賀 芳範; 立岩 尚之; 青木 晴善*; 木村 憲彰*; 松田 達磨*; 山本 悦嗣; Fisk, Z.; 山上 浩志*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011096_1 - 011096_5, 2014/06

Electronic differences between heavy Fermion CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and isoelectronic nonmagnetic ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ have been investigated. We succeeded in observing the de Haas-van Alphen oscillation in a high quality single crystal of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. The mean free path of conduction carriers has been estimated as 6400 ${AA}$, indicating the high quality of the present sample.

論文

$$^{29}$$Si-NMR study of antiferromagnet CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ using single crystals

酒井 宏典; 徳永 陽; 神戸 振作; 松本 裕司; 松田 達磨; 芳賀 芳範

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 63(3), p.352 - 355, 2013/08

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:30.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

正方晶ThCr$$_2$$Si$$_2$$型結晶構造を持つ反強磁性体CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$のNMR研究を単結晶を用いて行った。磁化率と同じく、ナイトシフトは$$c$$軸方向にイジング型磁気異方性を示した。$$^{29}$$Si核の超微細結合定数を$$a$$軸方向、$$c$$軸方向に対して、ナイトシフトと磁化率のプロットから決定した。

論文

Single crystal growth and physical properties of UT$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ (T = transition metal)

松本 裕司; 松田 達磨; 立岩 尚之; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; Fisk, Z.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 63(3), p.363 - 366, 2013/08

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:47.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied single crystal growth and physical properties of the UT$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ system. We have successfully grown UT$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ (T = Cr, Ti, W and Mo) using Al self flux and characterized the crystals using electron probe microanalyzer (EPAM) and X-ray diffraction, and measured their magnetic and electric properties. The ground states of UT$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ (T = Cr, Mo and W) are Pauli paramagnetic as is likely also in UTi$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$. The effective masses of UCr$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ and UTi$$_2$$Al$$_{20}$$ are only weakly enhanced.

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