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Journal Articles

Design of microchannel suitable for packing with anion exchange resins; Uranium separation from seawater containing a large amount of cesium

Ouchi, Kazuki; Tsukahara, Takehiko*; Brandt, A.*; Muto, Yuki*; Nabatame, Nozomi*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical Sciences, 37(12), p.1789 - 1794, 2021/12

We attempted to scale down a separation process of uranium (U) using the microchip column loaded with anion exchange resin to develop safety and waste-reducing separation technique. The ideal separation performance of U was obtained by the properly design of a microchannel. The concentration of U in seawater as a real-world sample could be quantified with the prepared microchip column. It indicates that the microchip column is sufficiently practical. Compared to separation of U with a general column, the column size was successfully scaled down to $$<$$ 1/5000.

JAEA Reports

Manufacture of substitutive assemblies for MONJU reactor decommissioning

Sakakibara, Hiroshi; Aoki, Nobuhiro; Muto, Masahiro; Otabe, Jun; Takahashi, Kenji*; Fujita, Naoyuki*; Hiyama, Kazuhiko*; Suzuki, Hirokazu*; Kamogawa, Toshiyuki*; Yokosuka, Toru*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-020, 73 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Technology-2020-020.pdf:8.26MB

The decommissioning is currently in progress at the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. Fuel assemblies will be taken out of its core for the first step of the great task. Fuel assemblies stand on their own spike plugged into a socket on the core support plate and support with adjacent assemblies through their housing pads each other, resulting in steady core structure. For this reason, some substitutive assemblies are necessary for the purpose of discharging the fuel assemblies of the core. Monju side commissioned, therefore, Plutonium Fuel Development Center to manufacture the substitutive assemblies and the Center accepted it. This report gives descriptions of design, manufacture, and shipment in regard to the substitutive assemblies.

JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018) (Translated document)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2020-007, 249 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Research-2020-007.pdf:15.83MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "Long-term Assessment of Transport of Radioactive Contaminants in the Environment of Fukushima" concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

Journal Articles

A Fault dating method using an electron spin resonance

Tanaka, Kiriha*; Muto, Jun*; Nagahama, Hiroyuki*; Oka, Toshitaka

Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (110), p.21 - 30, 2020/10

In a fault dating by electron spin resonance (ESR), the number of unpaired electrons trapped in defects in minerals contained in a fault material is detected as ESR intensity. Based on the quantitative change of the intensity before and after an earthquake, the last age of a fault movement can be estimated. However, this method has a hypothesis called "zero-setting" which assumes the decrease in the ESR intensity to zero by fault movement during an earthquake. In order to understand and demonstrate zero-setting, the analysis of the natural fault materials and experiments mimicking fault movements have been conducted. In this paper, we summarized the previous studies about zero-setting by fault movement and described the current status and challenges.

JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-002, 235 Pages, 2019/08

JAEA-Research-2019-002.pdf:21.04MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (hereinafter referred to 1F), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, JAEA has been conducting Long-term Environmental Dynamics Research concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

Journal Articles

Incorporation of multinuclear copper active sites into nitrogen-doped graphene for electrochemical oxygen reduction

Kato, Masaru*; Muto, Marika*; Matsubara, Naohiro*; Uemura, Yohei*; Wakisaka, Yuki*; Yoneuchi, Tsubasa*; Matsumura, Daiju; Ishibara, Tomoko*; Tokushima, Takashi*; Noro, Shinichiro*; et al.

ACS Applied Energy Materials (Internet), 1(5), p.2358 - 2364, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.29(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Responses of the salt chemotaxis learning in ${it C. elegans}$ mutants to microbeam irradiation

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Hattori, Yuya; Ikeda, Hiroko; Muto, Yasuko*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Shirai, Kana*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 74, 2015/03

An increasing body of data indicates that ionizing radiation affects the nervous system and alters its function. Recently, we reported that chemotaxis of ${it C. elegans}$ during the salt chemotaxis learning (SCL), that is conditioned taste aversion to NaCl, was modulated by carbon ion irradiation, i.e. accelerated decrease in chemotaxis to NaCl during the SCL. However, we had no direct evidence for the interaction of ionizing radiation with the central neuronal tissue (nerve ring) in ${it C. elegans}$. Microbeam irradiation is useful to analyze direct radiation effects at a cellular or tissue level. Thus, we applied the microbeam irradiation of the ${it C. elegans}$ nerve ring and examined the effect on the SCL.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Review-2014-048.pdf:13.91MB

JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2012 - March 31, 2013)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Okuno, Hiroshi; Katagiri, Hiromi; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Okamoto, Akiko; Koie, Masahiro; Ikeda, Takeshi; Nemotochi, Toshimasa; Saito, Toru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-046, 65 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-046.pdf:11.18MB

When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, police, fire stations and nuclear operators etc., because the JAEA has been designated as the Designated Public Institution under the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and the Act on Response to Armed Attack Situations, etc.. The Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA provides a comprehensive range of technical support activities to an Off-Site Center in case of a nuclear emergency. Specifically, NEAT gives technical advice and information, dispatches specialists as required, and supplies the National Government and local governments with emergency equipments and materials. NEAT provides various exercise and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal times. The tasks of NEAT, with its past experiences as a designated public institution including the responses to TEPCO's Fukushima Accident, have been shifted to technical supports to the national government for strengthening its abilities to emergency responses; the NEAT therefore focused on maintenance and operation of its functions, and strengthening its response abilities in cooperation with the national government. This annual report summarized these activities of JAEA/NEAT in the fiscal year 2012.

Journal Articles

Gap junction communication and the propagation of bystander effects induced by microbeam irradiation in human fibroblast cultures; The Impact of radiation quality

Autsavapromporn, N.*; Suzuki, Masao*; Funayama, Tomoo; Usami, Noriko*; Plante, I.*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Muto, Yasuko*; Ikeda, Hiroko; Kobayashi, Katsumi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Radiation Research, 180(4), p.367 - 375, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:90.17(Biology)

We investigated the role of gapjunction intercellular communication (GJIC) in the propagation of stressful effects in confluent normal human fibroblast cultures wherein only 0.036-0.144% of cells in the population were traversed by primary radiation tracks. Confluent cells were exposed to graded doses from X ray, carbon ion, neon ion or argon ion microbeams in the presence or absence of an inhibitor of GJIC. After 4 h incubation, the cells were assayed for micronucleus (MN) formation. Micronuclei were induced in a greater fraction of cells than expected based on the fraction of cells targeted by primary radiation, and the effect occurred in a dose-dependent manner with any of the radiation sources. Interestingly, the inhibition of GJIC depressed the enhancement of MN formation in bystander cells from cultures exposed to high-LET radiation but not low-LET radiation. The results highlight the important role of radiation quality and dose in the observed effects.

JAEA Reports

Environmental radiation monitoring resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, conducted by Oarai Research and Development Center, JAEA; Results of ambient gamma-ray dose rate, atmospheric radioactivity and meteorological observation

Yamada, Junya; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Numari, Hideyuki*; Sato, Naomitsu*; Nemoto, Koji*; Takasaki, Hiroichi*; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji

JAEA-Data/Code 2013-006, 100 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Data-Code-2013-006.pdf:12.04MB

This report presents the results of emergency radiation monitoring, including ambient $$gamma$$-ray dose rate, atmospheric radioactivity, meteorological observation and estimation of internal exposure resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant triggered by the earthquake off the pacific coast of Tohoku on 11th March 2011, conducted by Oarai Research and Development Center (ORDC), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) from March to May, 2011. ORDC is located in the central part of Ibaraki prefecture and approximately 130 km southwest of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. From around 15th to 21st March, 2011, the ambient $$gamma$$-ray dose rate increased and many radioactive nuclides were detected in the atmosphere.

Journal Articles

Heavy ion irradiation induces autophagy in irradiated C2C12 myoblasts and their bystander cells

Hino, Mizuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Tajika, Yuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Morimura, Yoshihiro*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana*; Muto, Yasuko; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Journal of Electron Microscopy, 59(6), p.495 - 501, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:61.02(Microscopy)

Journal Articles

Development of a 500-kV photo-cathode DC gun for ERL light sources

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Muto, Toshiya*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2010) (CD-ROM), p.995 - 997, 2010/09

Journal Articles

High-voltage test of a 500-KV photocathode DC electron-gun for a next-generation light-source

Nagai, Ryoji; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Hajima, Ryoichi; Muto, Toshiya*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.806 - 808, 2010/08

A 500-kV, 10-mA photocathode DC gun which is designed for next-generation light- sources based on energy-recovery linac has been developed in a collaboration effort of JAEA, KEK, Hiroshima University and Nagoya University. We have utilized a segmented cylindrical ceramic insulator and guard-ring electrodes to prevent any damage to the insulator from electrons emitted by the support-rod electrode. The 500-kV gun was successfully conditioned up to a voltage of 550 kV and a long-time holding test for 8 h was demonstrated at an acceleration voltage of 500 kV. The cathode electrode, anode electrode, and beam line apparatuses are now under fabrication and beam tests of the gun will be started soon.

Journal Articles

Development of a 500-kV photocathode DC gun for ERL light sources

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Muto, Toshiya*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.802 - 805, 2010/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a photocathode DC electron-gun for next-generation light-sources

Nagai, Ryoji; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Muto, Toshiya*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Kuriki, Masao*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Kasokuki, 7(2), p.88 - 94, 2010/07

A 500-kV, 10-mA photocathode DC gun which is designed for next-generation light-sources based on energy-recovery linac has been developed in a collaboration effort of JAEA, KEK, Hiroshima University and Nagoya University. We have utilized a segmented cylindrical ceramic insulator and guard-ring electrodes to prevent any damage to the insulator from electrons emitted by the support-rod electrode. The 500-kV gun was successfully conditioned up to a voltage of 550 kV and a long-time holding test for 8 h was demonstrated at an acceleration voltage of 500 kV. The 500-kV gun consists of a Cockcroft-Walton generator, a segmented cylindrical ceramic insulator, guard-ring electrodes, a support-rod electrode, a vacuum chamber, and a pressurized insulating gas tank. The cathode electrode, anode electrode, and beam line apparatuses are now under fabrication and beam tests of the gun will be started soon.

Journal Articles

High-voltage test of a 500-kV photocathode DC gun for the ERL light sources in Japan

Nagai, Ryoji; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Muto, Toshiya*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Kuriki, Masao*; Iijima, Hokuto*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2341 - 2343, 2010/05

A 500-kV, 10-mA photocathode DC gun has been developed in a collaboration effort of JAEA, KEK, Hiroshima University and Nagoya University. We have utilized a segmented cylindrical ceramic insulator and guard-ring electrodes to prevent any damage to the insulator from electrons emitted by the support-rod electrode. The high-voltage test of the gun has been successfully done with up to 550 kV. The cathode electrode, anode electrode, and beam line apparatuses are now under fabrication. A beam test of the gun will be started soon. The high-voltage test and up-to-date status of the gun development will be presented in detail.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Development of a photocathode preparation system and a high voltage chamber for a 500 kV DC gun for ERL light sources

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Nagai, Ryoji; Iijima, Hokuto; Hajima, Ryoichi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Muto, Toshiya*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.872 - 874, 2010/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High voltage test of a 500-kV DC electron gun for an ERL light source

Nagai, Ryoji; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Iijima, Hokuto; Muto, Toshiya*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Kuriki, Masao*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.863 - 865, 2010/03

A 500-kV, 10-mA photocathode DC gun has been designed and is now under fabrication by the collaboration efforts of JAEA, KEK, Hiroshima University and Nagoya University. We have adopted a multiple-stacked cylindrical ceramic insulator, because this type of ceramic insulator has shown good stability and robustness at the 250-kV JAEA FEL gun and the 200-kV Nagoya polarized gun. The Cockcroft-Walton voltage multiplier, the ceramic insulator, the vacuum chambers has been fabricated and a high-voltage test will be successfully achieved soon. Up-to-date status of the gun development is presented in detail.

83 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)