Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11
We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the Cs results were within 2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.
Shimizu, Takeshi*; Wang, H.*; Tanifuji, Naoki*; Matsumura, Daiju; Yoshimura, Masashi*; Nakanishi, Koji*; Ota, Toshiaki*; Yoshikawa, Hirofumi*
Chemistry Letters, 47(5), p.678 - 681, 2018/05
Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Muto, Kotomi; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 310(2), p.679 - 693, 2016/11
Particulate Cs in stream water was collected continuously for two years in order to assess the long-term trend of the Cs discharge from the forest environment. Sampling was conducted from December 2011 to December 2013 in a mountainous stream, which received the Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. A seasonal increase in fluvial transport load of particulate Cs associated with suspended solids (SS) was observed in August and September when rainfall was abundant. The particulate Cs concentration decreased at a faster rate than the rate due to radioactive decay. This decrease might be resulted from redistribution of the easily eroded and polluted soil surface due to heavy rain events such as typhoons. These findings indicate that the particulate Cs load was subject to the inter-annual variations in rainfalls, and decreased gradually over a long period of time due to a decrease in Cs concentration in SS.
Muto, Kotomi; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Matsunaga, Takeshi
KEK Proceedings 2015-4, p.252 - 257, 2015/11
As a result of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a large amount of radiocesium released into the atmosphere was deposited in forests. This study estimated the monthly trend in the fluvial discharges of radiocesium from a forest. The study site was a forested catchment in Kitaibaraki City. Radiocesium in river water was collected with a filtration system as both particulate and dissolved components. Filters and columns including dissolved Cs absorbent were replaced every month. The collected suspended solids were sieved into 2000-3000 m, 500-2000 m, 75-500 m, and 75 m fractions. The Cs concentrations in the samples were measured using -ray spectrometry with Ge semiconductor detectors. The Cs discharge increased with the river water discharge. The particulate Cs discharge was dominant in both 2013 and 2014. The Cs discharge rate of the dissolved component increased in winter, when the river water discharge decreased.
Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.
JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02
JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations
Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Nagao, Seiya*
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1291 - 1295, 2015/02
An innovative, yet simple method for the passive collection of radioactive materials in river water has been developed and validated. The method employes large filter vessels, containing multiple cartridge filters. River water is led to the system naturally using a drop of the riverbed by hose from upstream. This method makes long-term, unmanned monitoring possible. In addition to regular radioactivity analyses, this method provides an opportunity for the characterization of suspended materials based on its ample collection quantities (more than several tens of grams). This method may also be applicable to sediment-bound chemicals.
Takahashi, Ryuichi*; Ishimaru, Yasuhiro*; Shimo, H.*; Bashir, K.*; Senoura, Takeshi*; Sugimoto, Kazuhiko*; Ono, Kazuko*; Suzui, Nobuo; Kawachi, Naoki; Ishii, Satomi; et al.
PLOS ONE (Internet), 9(6), p.e98816_1 - e98816_7, 2014/06
Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Okuno, Hiroshi; Katagiri, Hiromi; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Okamoto, Akiko; Koie, Masahiro; Ikeda, Takeshi; Nemotochi, Toshimasa; Saito, Toru; et al.
JAEA-Review 2013-046, 65 Pages, 2014/02
When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, police, fire stations and nuclear operators etc., because the JAEA has been designated as the Designated Public Institution under the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and the Act on Response to Armed Attack Situations, etc.. The Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA provides a comprehensive range of technical support activities to an Off-Site Center in case of a nuclear emergency. Specifically, NEAT gives technical advice and information, dispatches specialists as required, and supplies the National Government and local governments with emergency equipments and materials. NEAT provides various exercise and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal times. The tasks of NEAT, with its past experiences as a designated public institution including the responses to TEPCO's Fukushima Accident, have been shifted to technical supports to the national government for strengthening its abilities to emergency responses; the NEAT therefore focused on maintenance and operation of its functions, and strengthening its response abilities in cooperation with the national government. This annual report summarized these activities of JAEA/NEAT in the fiscal year 2012.
Nakanishi, Takahiro; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 128, p.9 - 14, 2014/02
To investigate Cs mobility deposited on the forest floor because of the Fukushima nuclear accident, we investigated the vertical migration of Cs through seepage water, using a lysimetric method. The study was conducted in a deciduous forest soil over a period spanning two months to two years after the accident. Our observations demonstrated that the major part of Cs in the litter layer moved into the mineral soil within one year after the accident. The topsoil prevented migration of Cs and the annual migration below a 10 cm depth accounted for 0.1% of the total Cs inventory. The migration of Cs by seepage water was undetectable from the vertical distribution of Cs inventory in the soil profile. In the present and immediate future, most of the Cs deposited on the forest floor will probably remain in the topsoil successively, although a small but certain amount of bioavailable Cs exists in forest surface soil.
Nakanishi, Chika; Sato, Takeshi; Sato, Sohei; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kakefuda, Toyokazu; Katata, Genki; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Ikeda, Takeshi; Okuno, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-030, 105 Pages, 2013/10
North Korea carried out the third nuclear test in February 2013. Due to the request of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) and Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate (NSED) of JAEA predicted the atmospheric dispersion of radionuclide by WSPEEDI-II for the purpose of contributing to the environmental monitoring plan. From February 12 to 22, they provided daily reports on the prediction to the MEXT and the Ministry of Defense. MEXT has published these reports on the website. Since April 2012, NEAT and NSED had prepared to predict by the framework for the prediction around the clock during 10months until February 2013. This report described this experience and pointed issues out on this system.
Ishikawa, Satoru*; Ishimaru, Yasuhiro*; Igura, Masato*; Kuramata, Masato*; Abe, Tadashi*; Senoura, Takeshi*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Arao, Tomohito*; Nishizawa, Naoko*; Nakanishi, Hiromi*
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(47), p.19166 - 19171, 2012/11
Rice ( L.) is one of major sources of dietary intake of cadmium (Cd) for the human. However, the reliable technique to reduce substantially rice Cd contamination has not been offered so far. Here, we report the ion-beam irradiated rice mutants that do not nearly accumulate Cd in the grains and the mutant gene responsible for the Cd limitation. We found three mutants in which a favorable low-Cd trait is expressed by the different mutations on the same gene (), and the transporter encoded by the mutant gene had a defective function of root Cd influx. The mutants adapted well in the Cd-polluted paddy fields by exhibiting nearly non-detectable Cd concentrations in their grains in accordance with no adverse economic traits. The DNA marker has been developed to breed new cultivars carrying . Our findings would be useful for greatly reducing the Cd level of paddy rice.
Katagiri, Hiromi; Okuno, Hiroshi; Okamoto, Akiko; Ikeda, Takeshi; Tamura, Kenichi; Nagakura, Tomohiro; Nakanishi, Chika; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Abe, Minako; Sato, Sohei; et al.
JAEA-Review 2012-033, 70 Pages, 2012/08
When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, etc., by the Basic Law on Emergency Preparedness and the Basic Plan for Disaster Countermeasures. NEAT of JAEA gives technical advice and information, dispatch specialists as required, supplies with the National Government and local governments emergency equipment and materials. NEAT provides various lectures and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention for emergency response organizations at normal time. Concerning the assistance to the Accident of Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Station caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March, 2011, JAEA assisted activities including environmental radiation monitoring, environmental radioactivity analyses, resident public consulting etc., with its the utmost effort. This annual report summarized these activities of NEAT in the fiscal year 2011.
Katagiri, Hiromi; Okuno, Hiroshi; Sawahata, Masayoshi; Ikeda, Takeshi; Sato, Sohei; Terakado, Naoya; Nagakura, Tomohiro; Nakanishi, Chika; Fukumoto, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Kazuya; et al.
JAEA-Review 2011-037, 66 Pages, 2011/12
When a Nuclear emergency occurs, Nuclear Emergency Assistance & Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA gives technical advice and information, dispatch specialists as required, supplies emergency equipment and materials to the National Government and local governments. NEAT provides various lectures and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention for those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal time. NEAT also researches on nuclear disaster prevention and cooperates with international organizations. Concerning about the assistance to the Accident of Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Station caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake at 11 March, 2011, JAEA assisted activities including environmental radiation monitoring, environmental radioactivity analyses, resident public consulting etc., with its full scale effort. NEAT served as the center of these supporting activities of JAEA.
Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.
Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05
Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.
Okada, Hiroshi*; Nakanishi, Yasuo*; Wakahara, Akihiro*; Yoshida, Akira*; Oshima, Takeshi
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 266(5), p.853 - 856, 2008/03
To develop light emitting devices with radiation hardness, photoluminescence properties of non- and Eu-doped GaN after proton irradiation were investigated. The samples were irradiated with protons at 380 keV up to 110/cm at room temperature RT. The photoluminescence properties for the samples were measured at RT. As a results, the luminescence properties for non-doped GaN much decrease due to irradiation at 110/cm. On the other hand, for Eu-doped GaN, the luminescence properties that correspond to the transition did not show any degradation after irradiation at 110/cm.
Hayakawa, Takehito; Miyamoto, Shuji*; Hayashi, Yukio; Kawase, Keigo*; Horikawa, Ken*; Chiba, Satoshi; Nakanishi, Kosuke*; Hashimoto, Hisanobu*; Ota, Takeshi*; Kando, Masaki; et al.
Physical Review C, 74(6), p.065802_1 - 065802_5, 2006/12
We report a half-life of the ground state of Re populated by the ReRe reaction with the laser Compton scattering -rays generated through relativistic engineering. The -rays are provided at the electron storage ring NewSUBARU. The previous experiment using deuteron-induced reactions has yielded a recommended half-life of the 3 ground state of Re to be 38.0 0.5 d, including a possible contribution from the 8 isomer ( = 169 8 d) of Re since the presence of the isomer was not known at that time. In contrast, the reaction has an advantage to selectively populate the ground state because this reaction does not bring large angular momentum. The measured half-life of 35.4 0.7 d is shorter than the previous half-life by about 7%. This difference is crucial for applications using the activation method.
Hara, Keigo*; Adachi, Takeshi*; Akimune, Hidetoshi*; Daito, Izuru*; Fujimura, Hisako*; Fujita, Yoshitaka*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Fushimi, Kenichi*; Hara, Kaoru*; Harakeh, M. N.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 68(6), p.064612_1 - 064612_9, 2003/12
no abstracts in English
Nakanishi, Yasuo*; Wakahara, Akihiro*; Okada, Hiroshi*; Yoshida, Akira*; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi
Physica Status Solidi (B), 240(2), p.372 - 375, 2003/11
Luminescence propeties of Tb-doped AlGaN were studied. The samples were grown on sapphire substrates using OMVPE. Tb implantation was cariied out to introduce Tb into samples. After implantation, samples were annealed at 1000 to 1150 C in 10% NH diluted with N. The luminescence intensity for AlGaN x=0.1 is 5 times stronger than that for x=0 at 14 K. The luminesecence intensity for GaN rapidly decreases with temperature and its activation enegy is 7.8 meV. With increasing Al content, the activation enegy increases, and the activation energy for AlGaN is 70 meV.
Nakanishi, Yasuo*; Wakahara, Akihiro*; Okada, Hiroshi*; Yoshida, Akira*; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi; Shibata, Tomohiko*; Tanaka, Mitsuhiro*
Physica Status Solidi, 0(7), p.2623 - 2626, 2003/07
In our previous study, it was reported that Eu-doped Nitride semiconductors show luminescence propetires. In this study, we investigate the relationship between luminescence properties and Al composition using AlGaN(0x1). AlGaN were grown using OMVPE. Eu atoms were doped into the samples by ion implantation (200keV). After implantation, the samples were annealed to remove residual damege. Luminescence propreties of the samples were measured using photoluminescence and cathodeluminescence. As a result, luminescence at 621 nm which relates 4f-4f transition were observed for all samples (x=0 to 1). As for intensity, samples with x=0.5 show the strongest luminescence. This result can be interpreted in terms of the internal stress of crystals by the existence of Al atoms.
Nakanishi, Yasuo*; Wakahara, Akihiro*; Okada, Hiroshi*; Yoshida, Akira*; Oshima, Takeshi; Ito, Hisayoshi; Nakao, Setsuo*; Saito, Kazuo*; Kim, Y. T.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 206, p.1033 - 1036, 2003/05
Photo luminescence properties of GaN implanted with Eu ions were studied. The GaN was epitaxialy grown on sapphire substrate. Multiple-implantation at RT was done to form box profile of Eu at a mean Eu concentration from 2.810 to 2.810/cm. Samples were annealed in NH, N at 900-1050C for 5-30 min after implantation. As the result, sharp emission peaks around 621nm which is assigned as 4f-4f transition were observed. The intensity of peaks increases with increasing Eu concentration and saturate at Eu concentrations around 2.810/cm.