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Journal Articles

Development of a separation method for molybdenum from zirconium, niobium, and major elements of rubble samples

Shimada, Asako; Ozawa, Mayumi; Yabuki, Koshi*; Kimiyama, Kazuhiro; Sato, Kenji; Kameo, Yutaka

Journal of Chromatography A, 1371, p.163 - 167, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:59.79(Biochemical Research Methods)

Journal Articles

Establishment of control technology of the HTTR and future test plan

Honda, Yuki; Saito, Kenji; Tochio, Daisuke; Aono, Tetsuya; Hirato, Yoji; Kozawa, Takayuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1387 - 1397, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The operational experiments of the HTTR would be useful for future high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs). Main PID control constants of the HTTR are selected with reasonably damped characteristics and without undershoot or overshoot. For utilization the HTGR as a commercial reactor, it should be demonstrated that the HTGR system can supply stable heat to a heat utilization system for the long-term operation. The control characteristics in the long-term high-temperature operation are evaluated by the result of operation performed in 2010. In addition, from a viewpoint of HTGRs with heat utilization system, a future possibility of the experiments for heat utilization design is examined.

Journal Articles

${it Arabidopsis sos1}$ mutant in a salt-tolerant accession revealed an importance of salt acclimation ability in plant salt tolerance

Ariga, Hirotake*; Katori, Taku*; Yoshihara, Ryohei*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Nozawa, Shigeki; Narumi, Issei; Iuchi, Satoshi*; Kobayashi, Masatomo*; Tezuka, Kenji*; Sakata, Yoichi*; et al.

Plant Signaling & Behavior (Internet), 8(7), p.e24779_1 - e24779_5, 2013/07

Based on analysis of the salinity tolerance among 354 ${it Arabidopsis thaliana}$ accessions, some accessions showed greater salt shock tolerance compared with a reference accession, Col-0 on a typical assay with drastic change in NaCl concentration from 0 mM to 225 mM. On the other hand, several accessions including Zu-0 exhibited marked acquired salt tolerance, which is induced after exposure to moderate salt stress (salt acclimation ability). It is likely that Arabidopsis plants have at least two types of tolerance abilities, salt shock tolerance and salt acclimation. To dissect the salt tolerance mechanisms of the salt tolerant accessions, we isolated a salt-sensitive mutant from ion beam-mutagenized Zu-0 seedlings. The mutant showed severe growth inhibition under salt shock stress due to a single base deletion in SOS1 gene as well-known salt shock tolerance gene, even more salt sensitive than Col-0. Nevertheless, the mutant was able to survive on the salt acclimation with 100 mM NaCl for 7 days followed with 750 mM sorbitol for 20 days (salt acclimation assay) as well as the Zu-0 wild type, whereas Col-0 showed apparent chlorosis under the condition. We propose that a gene for salt acclimation ability is different from a gene for salt shock tolerance and plays an important role in acquisition for marked salt- or osmotic tolerance.

Journal Articles

New result in the production and decay of an isotope, $$^{278}$$113 of the 113th element

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:117 Percentile:2.51(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

An isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a $$^{70}$$Zn beam on a $$^{209}$$Bi target. We observed six consecutive $$alpha$$ decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg (Z = 111), $$^{270}$$Mt (Z = 109), $$^{266}$$Bh (Z = 107), $$^{262}$$Db (Z = 105), and $$^{258}$$Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113, of the 113th element.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:127 Percentile:0.7(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and ($bar{p}$) in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08

JAEA-Research-2010-019-01.pdf:48.47MB
JAEA-Research-2010-019-02.pdf:19.4MB

This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

JAEA Reports

Verification of improvement of the casting process in metal melting system

Tohei, Toshio; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Osugi, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Joji; Mizoguchi, Takafumi; Hanawa, Ritsu; Someya, Keita*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kozawa, Kazushige; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2010-008, 28 Pages, 2010/06

JAEA-Technology-2010-008.pdf:5.0MB

The Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) was constructed for volume reduction and the chemical stabilization of the low level radioactive waste in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. The metal melting system in the WVRF treats radioactive metal waste. From the experience of trial operations, the improvement has conducted on the casting process in the metal melting system. The performance of the improved casting process was verified through the trial operations from Oct. 2008. In this report, we describe the reduction of the processing time, of the utilities consumption, of the load of maintenance on the improved casting process.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Araki, Masanori; Hayashi, Kimio; Tobita, Kenji; Nishitani, Takeo; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nozawa, Takashi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nakamichi, Masaru; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Ozeki, Takahisa; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(4), p.231 - 239, 2010/04

The Broader Approach Activities, which support the ITER Project and implement activities to aim early realization of fusion energy, is an EU-Japan collaborative project to carry out various kinds of researches and developments during the period of the ITER construction phase. In this special topic, achievements and prospects of the projects on the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) is described.

Journal Articles

Advanced hydrometallurgical separation of actinides and rare metals in nuclear fuel cycle

Ozawa, Masaki; Suzuki, Shinichi; Takeshita, Kenji*

Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 17, p.19 - 34, 2010/00

A hydrometallurgical separation technologies by novel solvent extraction (SX), ion exchange chromatography (IXC) and electrolytic extraction techniques are reviewed as separation tools for light PGM (Ru, Rh, Pd), Tc and $$f$$-elements in high level liquid wastes of the nuclear fuel cycle. The SX process using N,N-dialkylamide can isolate U(VI) from fission products without Pu(IV) valence control, and extractants with soft-hard hybrid donors (PTA and PDA) and those containing six soft donors (TPEN) show good separation of actinides (III) from lanthanides (III). The catalytic electrolytic extraction (CEE) process utilizing Pd$$_{it adatom}$$ or Rh$$_{it adatom}$$ can effectively separate platinum group metals (PGM), Tc and Re by means of controlled under potential deposition (UPD). Some of the basic work on the hydrometallurgical separation of the elements of interest has been carried out through the strategic Advanced (Adv.-) ORIENT Cycle research in Japan.

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:113 Percentile:1.59(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

JAEA Reports

Improvement of the casting process in the metal melting system

Tohei, Toshio; Someya, Keita; Takahashi, Kenji; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Kozawa, Kazushige; Momma, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Technology 2009-031, 29 Pages, 2009/06

JAEA-Technology-2009-031.pdf:21.66MB

The Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) was constructed for volume reduction and the chemical stabilization of the low level radioactive waste (LLW). The metal melting system in the WVRF treats radioactive metal waste. This system has been conducted commissioning since the FY 2003. It was found, from the experience of commissioning, that the improvement of casting process in the metal melting system can be reduced the processing cost, maintenance load, and dose to workers. We planed modification of the device, and embodied from FY 2006 to FY 2007. As a result, we properly improved the casting process. In this report, we describe the idea for improvement of the casting process, the detail of improvement and the estimate of improvement.

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{23}$$Na reaction

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_6, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:21.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of an isotope $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nucleus $$^{262}$$Db produced by the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. $$^{266}$$Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, $$^{262}$$Db. The obtained decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db are consistent with those observed in the $$^{278}$$113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113.

Journal Articles

Attempt to produce the 3rd chain of $$^{278}$$113

Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Kaji, Daiya*; Akiyama, Takahiro*; Goto, Shinichi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Katori, Kenji*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Hisaaki*; et al.

RIKEN Accelerator Progress Report, Vol.42, P. 15, 2009/00

In 2003-2007, we had performed an experiment to synthesize an element 113 by a $$^{209}$$Bi$$+$$ $$^{70}$$Zn reaction using a gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS) at RIKEN Nishina-Center. In a total of 241 days of net irradiation time experiment, two decay chains were observed and assigned from an isotope $$^{278}$$113. The cross section of the $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{70}$$Zn,n)$$^{278}$$113 reaction was determined to be 31$$^{+40}_{-20}$$ fb at that time. In order to increase the statistics of the decay property, we continued to produce more decay chains. The experiment was carried out from January 7 to March 31, 2008. The experimental conditions were identical to those used in the previous experiment. $$^{70}$$Zn ion beam of 353 MeV was extracted from RILAC. The net irradiation time was 83 days and the total dose of $$^{70}$$Zn was 2.28$$times10^{19}$$. In the present expriment any candidate of $$^{278}$$113 was not observed. Then combining the results of the present and previous experiments, the production cross section of $$^{278}$$113 was determined to be 22$$^{+29}_{-19}$$ fb.

JAEA Reports

Performance-based improvement of the leakage rate test program for the reactor containment of HTTR; Adoption of revised test program containing "Type A, Type B and Type C tests"

Kondo, Masaaki; Kimishima, Satoru*; Emori, Koichi; Sekita, Kenji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Hayakawa, Masato; Kozawa, Takayuki; Aono, Tetsuya; Kuroha, Misao; Ouchi, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2008-062, 46 Pages, 2008/10

JAEA-Technology-2008-062.pdf:11.62MB

The reactor containment of HTTR is tested to confirm leak-tight integrity of itself. "Type A test" has been conducted in accordance with the standard testing method in JEAC4203 since the preoperational verification of the containment was made. Type A tests are identified as basic one for measuring containment leakage rate, it costs much, however. Therefore, the test program for HTTR was revised to adopt an efficient and economical alternatives including "Type B and Type C tests". In JEAC4203-2004, following requirements are specified for adopting alternatives: upward trend of leakage rate by Type A test due to aging should not be recognized; criterion of combined leakage rate with Type B and Type C tests should be established; the criteria for Type A test and combined leakage rate test should be satisfied; correlation between the leakage rates by Type A test and combined leakage rate test should be recognized. Considering the performances of the tests, the policies of corresponding to the requirements were developed, which were accepted by the regulatory agency. This report presents an outline of the tests, identifies issues on the conventional test and summarizes the policies of corresponding to the requirements and of implementing the tests based on the revised program.

JAEA Reports

Construction, management and operation on advanced volume reduction facilities

Higuchi, Hidekazu; Osugi, Takeshi; Nakashio, Nobuyuki; Momma, Toshiyuki; Tohei, Toshio; Ishikawa, Joji; Iseda, Hirokatsu; Mitsuda, Motoyuki; Ishihara, Keisuke; Sudo, Tomoyuki; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2007-038, 189 Pages, 2007/07

JAEA-Technology-2007-038-01.pdf:15.13MB
JAEA-Technology-2007-038-02.pdf:38.95MB
JAEA-Technology-2007-038-03.pdf:48.42MB
JAEA-Technology-2007-038-04.pdf:20.53MB
JAEA-Technology-2007-038-05.pdf:10.44MB

The Advanced Volume Reduction Facilities (AVRF) is constructed to manufacture the waste packages of radioactive waste for disposal in the Nuclear Science Research Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The AVRF is constituted from two facilities. The one is the Waste Size Reduction and Storage Facility (WSRSF) which is for reducing waste size, sorting into each material and storing the waste package. The other is the Waste Volume Reduction Facility (WVRF) which is for manufacturing the waste package by volume reducing treatment and stabilizing treatment. WVRF has an induction melting furnace, a plasma melting furnace, an incinerator, and a super compactor for treatment. In this report, we summarized about the basic concept of constructing AVRF, the constitution of facilities, the specifications of machineries and the state of trial operation until March of 2006.

Journal Articles

Experiment on synthesis of an isotope $$^{277}$$112 by $$^{208}$$Pb + $$^{70}$$Zn reaction

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Akiyama, Takahiro*; Goto, Shinichi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Katori, Kenji*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Hisaaki*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(4), p.043201_1 - 043201_5, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:119 Percentile:4.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The production and decay of $$^{277}$$112 has been investigated using a gas-filled recoil ion separator in irradiations of $$^{208}$$Pb targets with $$^{70}$$Zn beam at 349.5 MeV. We have observed two $$alpha$$-decay chains that can be assigned to subsequent decays from $$^{277}$$112 produced in the 208 Pb($$^{70}$$Zn,n) reaction. After emitting four consecutive $$alpha$$-particles, the both chains ended by spontaneous fission decays of $$^{261}$$Rf and decay energies and decay times of the both chains obtained in the present work agree well with those reported by a group at Gesellschaft f$"u$r Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany. The present result gives the first clear confirmation of the discovery of $$^{277}$$112 and its $$alpha$$-decay products $$^{273}$$Ds reported previously.

Journal Articles

Observation of second decay chain from $$^{278}$$113

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Akiyama, Takahiro*; Goto, Shinichi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Katori, Kenji*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(4), p.045001_1 - 045001_2, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:2.51(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The production and decay of $$^{278}$$113 has been investigated using a gas-filled recoil ion separator in irradiations of $$^{209}$$Bi targets with $$^{70}$$Zn beam at 353 MeV. We have observed one $$alpha$$-decay chain that can be assigned to subsequent decays from $$^{278}$$113 produced in the $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{70}$$Zn,n) reaction. After emitting four consecutive $$alpha$$-particles, the both chains ended by spontaneous fission decays of $$^{262}$$Db and decay energies and decay times of the both chains obtained in the present work agree well with those reported by our group in 2004. The present result gives the first clear confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113 and its $$alpha$$-decay products $$^{274}$$Rg reported previously.

Journal Articles

Experiments on synthesis of the heaviest element at RIKEN

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Akiyama, Takahiro*; Goto, Shinichi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Kanungo, R.*; Katori, Kenji*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 891, p.3 - 9, 2007/03

A series of experiments studying the productions and their decays of the heaviest elements have been performed by using a gas-filled recoil separator GARIS at RIKEN. Results on the isotope of the 112th element, $$^{277}$$112, and on that of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, are reviewed. Two decay chains which are assigned to be ones originating from the isotope $$^{277}$$112 were observed in the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{70}$$Zn, n) reaction. The results provide a confirmation of the production and decay of the isotope $$^{277}$$112 reported by a research group at GSI, Germany, produced via the same reaction by using a velocity filter. Two decay chains, both consisted of four consecutive alpha decays followed by a spontaneous fission, were observed also in the reaction $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{70}$$Zn, n). Those are assigned to be the convincing candidate events of the isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, and its daughter nuclei. $$^{274}$$Rg, $$^{270}$$Mt, $$^{266}$$Bh, and $$^{262}$$Db.

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