藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; Kim, S.; 七村 拓野; 佐甲 博之; 田村 裕和; 山本 剛史; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(12), p.123D01_1 - 123D01_17, 2022/12
atomic X-ray spectroscopy is one of the most useful methods for investigation of the -nucleus strong interaction. Since the X-ray energy is shifted and/or broadened due to the -nucleus strong interaction compared to those calculated from electromagnetic interaction alone, the measurement of the energy shift, E, and the width, , give us information on the -nucleus potential. A serious problem in the measurement is the significant background derived from in-flight decay. A novel method of identifying stopped events using the nuclear emulsion was developed to realize the first atomic X-ray spectroscopy experiment as the J-PARC E07 experiment, which also aimed at searching for and hypernuclei in the emulsion. The X-rays emitted from Br and Ag atoms were measured using germanium detectors. No clear peaks were observed in the obtained spectra. However, we succeeded in reducing the background to 1/170 by this method employing coincidence measurements using nuclear emulsion and X-ray detectors.
七村 拓野; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 成木 恵; 佐藤 進; 佐甲 博之; 田村 裕和; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(9), p.093D01_1 - 093D01_35, 2022/09
We performed a novel scattering experiment at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility. Approximately 2400 elastic scattering events were identified from tagged particles in the momentum range 0.44 - 0.80 GeV/c. The differential cross sections of the elastic scattering were derived with much better precision than in previous experiments. The obtained differential cross sections were approximately 2 mb/sr or less, which were not as large as those predicted by the fss2 and FSS models based on the quark cluster model in the short-range region. By performing phase-shift analyses for the obtained differential cross sections, we experimentally derived the phase shifts of the and channels for the first time. The phase shift of the 3S1 channel, where a large repulsive core was predicted owing to the Pauli effect between quarks, was evaluated to be . If the sign of is assumed to be negative, the interaction in this channel is moderately repulsive, as the Nijmegen extended-sort-core models predicted.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他306名*
Physical Review Letters, 127(16), p.162001_1 - 162001_8, 2021/10
Studying spin-momentum correlations in hadronic collisions offers a glimpse into a three-dimensional picture of proton structure. The transverse single-spin asymmetry for midrapidity isolated direct photons in collisions at =200 GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Because direct photons in particular are produced from the hard scattering and do not interact via the strong force, this measurement is a clean probe of initial-state spin-momentum correlations inside the proton and is in particular sensitive to gluon interference effects within the proton. This is the first time direct photons have been used as a probe of spin-momentum correlations at RHIC. The uncertainties on the results are a fifty-fold improvement with respect to those of the one prior measurement for the same observable, from the Fermilab E704 experiment. These results constrain gluon spin-momentum correlations in transversely polarized protons.
吉本 雅浩*; 藤田 真奈美; 橋本 直; 早川 修平; 市川 裕大; 市川 真也; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2021(7), p.073D02_1 - 073D02_19, 2021/07
Bound-systems of - are studied via capture at rest followed by emission of a twin single- hypernucleus in the emulsion detectors. Two events forming extremely deep bound states were obtained by analysis of a hybrid method in the E07 experiment at J-PARC and reanalysis of the E373 experiment at KEK-PS. The decay mode of one event was assigned as +++. Since there are no excited states for daughter particles, the binding energy of the hyperon, , in nucleus was uniquely determined to be 6.27 0.27 MeV. Another - system via the decay + + brings a value, 8.00 0.77 MeV or 4.96 0.77 MeV, where the two possible values of correspond to the ground and the excited states of the daughter nucleus, respectively. Because the values are larger than those of the previously reported events (KISO and IBUKI), which are both interpreted as the nuclear state of the - system, these new events give the first indication of the nuclear state of the hypernucleus, .
坂尾 珠和*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011133_1 - 011133_6, 2021/03
The reaction is an important elementary process to produce from a proton target and is a key for a scattering experiment where the momentum of should be tagged from the missing momentum of the reaction. However, the spectroscopy method has not been established yet due to the difficulty of the detection. Therefore, we have proposed a new detection method where and from the decay are measured by a forward magnetic spectrometer and a detector cluster surrounding the target, respectively. The feasibility of the detection method was confirmed by analyzing the J-PARC E40 data taken with such a detector system. In the analysis, 's were successfully identified in the missing mass spectrum of the reaction.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他309名*
Physical Review D, 103(5), p.052009_1 - 052009_10, 2021/03
We present a measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry for and mesons in collisions in the pseudorapidity range and at a center-of-mass energy of 200 GeV with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. In comparison with previous measurements in this kinematic region, these results have a factor of 3 smaller uncertainties. As hadrons, and mesons are sensitive to both initial- and final-state nonperturbative effects for a mix of parton flavors. Comparisons of the differences in their transverse single-spin asymmetries have the potential to disentangle the possible effects of strangeness, isospin, or mass. These results can constrain the twist-3 trigluon collinear correlation function as well as the gluon Sivers function.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他308名*
Physical Review D, 103(3), p.032007_1 - 032007_8, 2021/02
In 2015, the PHENIX collaboration has measured very forward () single-spin asymmetries of inclusive neutrons in transversely polarized proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions at a center of mass energy of 200 GeV. A previous publication from this data set concentrated on the nuclear dependence of such asymmetries. In this measurement the explicit transverse-momentum dependence of inclusive neutron single spin asymmetries for proton-proton collisions is extracted using a bootstrapping-unfolding technique on the transverse momenta. This explicit transverse-momentum dependence will help improve the understanding of the mechanisms that create these asymmetries.
早川 修平; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(6), p.062501_1 - 062501_6, 2021/02
In an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment performed at J-PARC, a absorption event was observed which decayed into twin single- hypernuclei. Kinematic calculations enabled a unique identification of the reaction process as NBe + He. For the binding energy of the hyperon in the -N system a value of MeV was deduced. The energy level of is likely a nuclear state which indicates a weak - coupling.
後神 利志*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一*; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012133_1 - 012133_6, 2020/12
We performed hypernuclear spectroscopy with the reaction at J-PARC to investigate the interaction (J-PARC E05). A new experiment (J-PARC E70) in which a better energy resolution could be achieved is now being prepared. In this article, an analysis status of J-PARC E05 and a preparation status of J-PARC E70 are described.
三輪 浩司*; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 真也; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1643, p.012174_1 - 012174_6, 2020/12
A high statistics scattering experiment has been performed at the K1.8 beamline in the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility. Data for momentum-tagged beam running in a liquid hydrogen target were accumulated by detecting the reaction with a high intensity beam of 20 M/spill. The number of the beam was about in total. The elastic scattering and the inelastic scattering events were successfully observed with about 100 times larger statistics than that in past experiments.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*
Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064905_1 - 064905_13, 2020/12
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider measured and mesons at midrapidity in UU collisions at GeV in a wide transverse momentum range. Measurements were performed in the decay modes. A strong suppression of and meson production at high transverse momentum was observed in central UU collisions relative to binary scaled results. Yields of and mesons measured in UU collisions show similar suppression pattern to the ones measured in AuAu collisions at GeV for similar numbers of participant nucleons. The / ratios do not show dependence on centrality or transverse momentum, and are consistent with previously measured values in hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus, nucleus-nucleus, and collisions.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他572名*
Physical Review C, 102(5), p.054910_1 - 054910_11, 2020/11
We present direct photon-hadron correlations in 200 GeV/A AuAu, Au and collisions, for direct photon from 5 - 12 GeV/, collected by the PHENIX Collaboration in the years from 2006 to 2011. We observe no significant modification of jet fragmentation in Au collisions, indicating that cold nuclear matter effects are small or absent. Hadrons carrying a large fraction of the quark's momentum are suppressed in AuAu compared to and Au. As the momentum fraction decreases, the yield of hadrons in AuAu increases to an excess over the yield in collisions. The excess is at large angles and at low hadron and is most pronounced for hadrons associated with lower momentum direct photons. Comparison to theoretical calculations suggests that the hadron excess arises from medium response to energy deposited by jets.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*
Physical Review D, 102(9), p.092002_1 - 092002_14, 2020/11
The cross section of bottom quark-antiquark () production in collisions at GeV is measured with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The results are based on the yield of high mass, like-sign muon pairs measured within the PHENIX muon arm acceptance (). The signal is extracted from like-sign dimuons by utilizing the unique properties of neutral meson oscillation. We report a differential cross section of nb for like-sign muons in the rapidity and ranges and GeV/, and dimuon mass of 5 - 10 GeV/. The extrapolated total cross section at this energy for production is b. The total cross section is compared to a perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculation and is consistent within uncertainties. The azimuthal opening angle between muon pairs from decays and their distributions are compared to distributions generated using , which includes next-to-leading order processes. The azimuthal correlations and pair distribution are not very well described by calculations, but are still consistent within uncertainties. Flavor creation and flavor excitation subprocesses are favored over gluon splitting.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他344名*
Physical Review D, 102(7), p.072008_1 - 072008_13, 2020/10
The PHENIX experiment has measured the spin alignment for inclusive decays in collisions at GeV at midrapidity. The angular distributions have been measured in three different polarization frames, and the three decay angular coefficients have been extracted in a full two-dimensional analysis. Previously, PHENIX saw large longitudinal net polarization at forward rapidity at the same collision energy. This analysis at midrapidity, complementary to the previous PHENIX results, sees no sizable polarization in the measured transverse momentum range of GeV/. The results are consistent with a previous one-dimensional analysis at midrapidity at GeV. The transverse-momentum-dependent cross section for midrapidity production has additionally been measured, and after comparison to world data we find a simple logarithmic dependence of the cross section on .
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他354名*
Physical Review D, 102(3), p.032001_1 - 032001_9, 2020/08
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the longitudinal double spin asymmetries, , for charged pions at midrapidity () in longitudinally polarized collisions at GeV. These measurements are sensitive to the gluon spin contribution to the total spin of the proton in the parton momentum fraction range between 0.04 and 0.09. One can infer the sign of the gluon polarization from the ordering of pion asymmetries with charge alone. The asymmetries are found to be consistent with global quantum-chromodynamics fits of deep-inelastic scattering and data at GeV, which show a nonzero positive contribution of gluon spin to the proton spin.
Acharya, U.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他358名*
Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014902_1 - 014902_23, 2020/07
Charmonium is a valuable probe in heavy-ion collisions to study the properties of the quark gluon plasma, and is also an interesting probe in small collision systems to study cold nuclear matter effects, which are also present in large collision systems. With the recent observations of collective behavior of produced particles in small system collisions, measurements of the modification of harmonium in small systems have become increasingly relevant. We present the results of measurements at forward and backward rapidity in various small collision systems, , Al, Au and HeAu, at =200 GeV. The results are presented in the form of the observable , the nuclear modification factor, a measure of the ratio of the invariant yield compared to the scaled yield in collisions. We examine the rapidity, transverse momentum, and collision centrality dependence of nuclear effects on production with different projectile sizes and He, and different target sizes Al and Au. The modification is found to be strongly dependent on the target size, but to be very similar for Au and HeAu. However, for 0% - 20% central collisions at backward rapidity, the modification for HeAu is found to be smaller than that for Au, with a mean fit to the ratio of (stat)(syst), possibly indicating final state effects due to the larger projectile size.
Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他297名*
Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034910_1 - 034910_16, 2020/03
The PHENIX experiment has studied nuclear effects in Al and Au collisions at GeV on charged hadron production at forward rapidity (, -going direction) and backward rapidity (, -going direction). Such effects are quantified by measuring nuclear modification factors as a function of transverse momentum and pseudorapidity in various collision multiplicity selections. In central Al and Au collisions, a suppression (enhancement) is observed at forward (backward) rapidity compared to the binary scaled yields in + collisions. The magnitude of enhancement at backward rapidity is larger in Au collisions than in Al collisions, which have a smaller number of participating nucleons. However, the results at forward rapidity show a similar suppression within uncertainties. The results in the integrated centrality are compared with calculations using nuclear parton distribution functions, which show a reasonable agreement at the forward rapidity but fail to describe the backward rapidity enhancement.
Acharya, U. A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一*; 永宮 正治*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他353名*
Physical Review D, 101(5), p.052006_1 - 052006_13, 2020/03
The PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured the differential cross section, mean transverse momentum, mean transverse momentum squared of inclusive and cross-section ratio of to at forward rapidity in collisions at GeV via the dimuon decay channel. Comparison is made to inclusive cross sections measured at GeV and 2.76 - 13 TeV. The result is also compared to leading-order nonrelativistic QCD calculations coupled to a color-glass-condensate description of the low- gluons in the proton at low transverse momentum () and to next-to-leading order nonrelativistic QCD calculations for the rest of the range. These calculations overestimate the data at low . While consistent with the data within uncertainties above GeV/, the calculations are systematically below the data. The total cross section times the branching ratio is BR GeV/) = 54.3 0.5 (stat) 5.5 (syst) nb.
Jung, W.*; Ahn, J. K.*; 長谷川 勝一; Hicks, K.*; Hwang, S.*; 市川 裕大; Kim, S.*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 27, p.011007_1 - 011007_6, 2019/11
We have developed HypTPC consists of TPC and the trigger hodoscope for the J-PARC hadron experiments. The TPC Hodoscope has large scintillators of 80 7 1 cm to cover the TPC. Especially, we have developed a readout circuit for multiple MPPCs to detect photons generated over a large area of the scintillator. A general methods of applying voltage to multiple MPPCs are parallel and series connections. In the case of parallel connections, a signal has a long tail due to the large sensor capacitance. MEG collaboration used four MPPC segments as a serial connection. However, in the case of a series connection, the requiring bias voltage is very high, and the gain is low. To avoid this problem, we have developed a new individual biasing method with a summing amplifier for stable multiple MPPC readouts. We also made prototype detectors and performed a cosmic-ray test. Brief descriptions of our prototypes and preliminary results of the cosmic-ray test are presented in this article.
中田 祥之*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023024_1 - 023024_5, 2019/11
J-PARC E40 aims to measure the differential cross sections of the elastic scatterings and the conversion. A clear peak of was observed in a missing mass spectrum of the reaction and recoil protons from the elastic scattering were successfully observed in the data taken in the summer 2018. The rest of data taking is coming in the spring 2019.