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JAEA Reports

Tritium removal of heavy water system and helium system in FUGEN

Takiya, Hiroaki; Kadowaki, Haruhiko; Matsushima, Akira; Matsuo, Hidehiko; Ishiyama, Masahiro; Aratani, Kenta; Tezuka, Masashi

JAEA-Technology 2020-001, 76 Pages, 2020/05

JAEA-Technology-2020-001.pdf:6.06MB

Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) FUGEN was operated for about 25 years, and now has been proceeding decommissioning after the approval of the decommissioning plan in Feb. 2008. The reactor, heavy water system and helium system are contaminated by tritium because of neutron absorption of heavy water, which is a moderator. Before dismantling these facilities, it is necessary to remove tritium from them for not only reducing the amount of tritium released to surrounding environment and the risk of internal exposure by tritium but also ensuring the workability. In first phase of decommissioning (Heavy Water and Other system Decontamination Period), tritium decontamination of the reactor, heavy water system and helium system started in 2008 and completed in 2018. This report shows the results of tritium decontamination of the reactor, heavy water system and helium system.

Journal Articles

Technology demonstration of sampling from reactor core structure of FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center

Iwai, Hiroki; Soejima, Goro; Takiya, Hiroaki; Awatani, Yuto; Aratani, Kenta; Miyamoto, Yuta; Tezuka, Masashi

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (61), p.12 - 19, 2020/03

FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center received the approval of the decommissioning plan in 2008, and we have been progressing the decommissioning. The first phase of decommissioning (Heavy Water and Other System Decontamination Period) finished in March 2018, and FUGEN has entered into the second phase of decommissioning (Reactor Periphery Facilities Dismantling Period). This report outlines the technology demonstration of sampling from reactor core structure of FUGEN that to prepare for reactor dismantlement in the third phase.

Journal Articles

Status of decommissioning of FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center

Takiya, Hiroaki; Aratani, Kenta; Awatani, Yuto; Ishiyama, Masahiro; Tezuka, Masashi; Mizui, Hiroyuki

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (59), p.2 - 12, 2019/03

FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center received the approval of the decommissioning program in 2008, and we have been progressing the decommissioning. The first phase of decommissioning (Heavy Water and Other system Decontamination Period) finished in May 2018, and FUGEN has entered into the second phase of decommissioning (Reactor Periphery Facilities Dismantling Period). This report outlines the results obtained in the first phase of decommissioning of FUGEN.

Journal Articles

Pipe cutting method at high radiation area in FUGEN

Takiya, Hiroaki; Ishiyama, Masahiro; Tezuka, Masashi; Kitayama, Naoki

Proceedings of International Conference on Dismantling Challenges; Industrial Reality, Prospects and Feedback Experience (DEM 2018) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/10

In FUGEN, we had isolated the reactor core by cutting pipes of the periphery systems (e.g. reactor cooling system, heavy water system, and helium system) between 2015 and 2017, as preparation for dismantling the reactor core and taking some samples from the reactor core structures. There are three issues to be solved at this isolation work; (1) to shorten the working time at high radiation area which is 1-5mSv/h at air and 10mSv/h at contact, (2) to prevent tritium spreading to working area at cutting work because tritium air is existing with 20-30Bq/cm$$^{3}$$ inside of the heavy water system and helium system, and (3) to minimize the influence of contaminated fume for the accurate radioactivity evaluation of reactor core structure. In this study, considering these problems, we discussed the method for cutting the pipes of heavy water system and helium system at the high radiation area and carried out the pipe cutting in the way.

Journal Articles

Adaptation for knowledge management to nuclear research fields

Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Iguchi, Yukihiro; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya

Chishiki Kyoso (Internet), 8, p.IV 2_1 - IV 2_12, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research concept of decommissioning knowledge management for the Fugen NPP

Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*; Iguchi, Yukihiro; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

The IAEA are developed the discussion for those situations and pointed out the importance of nuclear knowledge management. The nuclear knowledge management is developing a database as nuclear knowledge management. In recent years, the IAEA has also advanced knowledge taxonomies on nuclear accidents. These studies are attempts to appropriately arrange and utilize huge amounts of information. Even in nuclear facilities in Japan, it is pointed out that veteran staff aging and loss of knowledge and skill caused by retirement. Therefore, we created a prototype database system to utilize past knowledge and information for ATR Fugen. Now, there are few cases of past decommissioning that can be utilized. This study of pilot model concept revealed that it is not sufficient to just prepare a past data and information. This is what information other than the construction report requires the decommissioning and what kind of information should be gathered.

Journal Articles

The Initiative towards construction of Knowledge Management System in FUGEN Decommissioning Engineering Center

Tezuka, Masashi; Taruta, Yasuyoshi; Koda, Yuya

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (56), p.46 - 54, 2017/09

Implementation of decommissioning needs much plant information in period of Design, construction and operation. In addition, it is essential for efficient dismantling works to advance the technologies, data, lessons and learns, experiences and documents by getting through the decommissioning process. On the other hands, as workers who operated or maintained the plant are aging and retiring, their empirical knowledge has been lost. For the purpose of safety and reasonability of further decommissioning activities, Knowledge Management System (KMS) has been producing in FUGEN which is now under decommissioning. KMS is an initiative of human resources development and to pass on expertise and knowledge to the younger generations. The system based on the prototype of FUGEN aims a high versatility system available for further decommissioning facilities.

JAEA Reports

Applicability test of abrasive water jet cutting technology for dismantling of the core internals of Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Tezuka, Masashi; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-055, 89 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-055.pdf:17.54MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) had lost the cooling function of the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the core internals became narrow and complicated debris structure mixed with the molten fuel. In consideration of the above situations, the AWJ cutting method, which has features of the long work distance and little heat effect for a material, has been developed for the removal of the molten core internals through cutting tests for 3 years since FY 2012. And it was confirmed that AWJ cutting method is useful for the removal of the core internals etc. The results in FY 2012 were reported in "R&D of the fuel debris removal technologies by abrasive water jet cutting technology (JAEA-Technology 2013-041)" and this report summarizes the results of FY 2012, 2013 and 2014 in this report. It was confirmed the possibility to apply the removal work of the fuel debris and the core internals.

JAEA Reports

A Study on optimization of dismantling scenarios in Fugen decommissioning project; Preliminary evaluation of dismantling scenario of the heat exchangers, etc.

Koda, Yuya; Tezuka, Masashi; Yanagihara, Satoshi*

JAEA-Technology 2015-050, 74 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-050.pdf:3.43MB

The implementation of the decommissioning work is accompanied by long-term period and considerable expense, so it is important that we make the most optimized work scenario in consideration of safety or the work and effectiveness. For this reason, we are studying selection method of the optimal work scenarios as a management index of the manpower and dose etc., in dismantling work for Fugen. In this report, results of a study shows the method of selecting the best scenarios for the heat exchangers of the reactor coolant purification system by evaluating execution multiple work scenarios, as well as evaluating the manpower and dose, etc., moreover by setting the importance of each evaluation item.

JAEA Reports

Applicability test of plasma cutting technology for dismantling of the core internals of Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Tezuka, Masashi; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2015-047, 114 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-047.pdf:46.17MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant had been lost the function of cooling the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the original shapes of the internal core are not kept and the inside of the reactor makes so narrow in the space, however the fuel debris and the molten internal core will have to be removed for the decommissioning of 1F. We concerned the suppression of dross by optimization of cutting conditions, in using some moderated test pieces. And we can improve the cutting capability by heating the objects in advance. Moreover, it's possible that plasma arc cutting can cut off the mixed material the fuel debris and the molten internal core by using the cooperation cutting technique both the plasma arc and the plasma jet cutting. From these results, we have got the prospect that plasma cutting method can apply the removal of the fuel debris and the molten internal core.

Journal Articles

Estimation of radioactive substance penetration in basement concrete

Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya; Fujita, Yoshihiko*; Kume, Kyo*

Heisei-26-Nendo Koeki Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 17, P. 78, 2015/10

In order to contribute to the segregated management in accordance with the level of contamination such as dismantling products, as a basis frame concrete specimens of the condenser, which has been laid in the turbine building of the "Fugen", pre-observation of such cracks status of surface on which was carried out to investigate the pollution status of internal specimen.

Journal Articles

Review on conformance to technical criteria for near surface disposal

Tezuka, Masashi; Koda, Yuya; Fujita, Yoshihiko*; Endo, Nobuyuki*; Kume, Kyo*

Heisei-26-Nendo Koeki Zaidan Hojin Wakasawan Enerugi Kenkyu Senta kenkyu Nempo, 17, P. 78, 2015/10

In FUGEN, asphalt solidified body which was solidified the concentrated liquid waste is, some of them might also be present which do not meet the criteria (buried technical standards) according to the buried disposal of waste Therefore, these can not be buried disposal remain status quo. Therefore, it is assumed that that may not conform to the above criteria, "Asphalt solid material" is to conform to the reference to "re-processing", in addition to the desk study on specific measures, and also to preliminary tests I went.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of dismantling data in Fugen's decommissioning

Koda, Yuya; Tezuka, Masashi; Aratani, Kenta; Nanko, Takashi

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2015/05

Decommissioning Engineering Center, which is called FUGEN, has started dismantling works based on its decommissioning program since 2008. The dismantling works was launched in turbine system whose contamination was relatively low level. Feed-water-heaters and main-steam-pipes had been dismantled already, and now, main-condensers have been dismantling. Approximately 1000 tons of dismantled waste was produced from the dismantling works so far. Dismantling work needs to be done safely and effectively with appropriate cutting devices depending on the situations that is its method, quality and shape of the materials to be dismantled. Therefore, in FUGEN, varieties of conventional cutting devices, which are thermal cutting method and mechanical cutting method, are used in the dismantling works to evaluate their applicability depending on the work situations. Obtained cutting data are summarized and evaluated in order to reflect to the following own works and other decommissioning plants.

Journal Articles

The Development of thermal and mechanical cutting technology for the dismantlement of the internal core of Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Tezuka, Masashi; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya; Fukui, Yasutaka

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.1054 - 1058, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The cutting technologies for removing the fuel debris and the internal core structure in 1F are needed in consideration of the situation in the core and so on. On the other hand, JAEA has been carrying out the decommissioning of the nuclear facilities ending the R&D, has several technologies and knowledge to dismantle the nuclear facilities. In particular, the cutting technologies of the plasma arc, the laser, and the abrasive water jet (AWJ) and the plasma jet have been developed. Therefore, based on the above, JAEA has carried out the cutting test for investigating the applicability of those cutting technologies to propose the method for removing the fuel debris and the internal core structure to the national project. In this paper, it is outlined on the test results of the plasma arc and the AWJ cutting technologies, and the future plan of the test of those technologies and the plasma jet cutting technology.

JAEA Reports

R&D of the fuel debris removal technologies by abrasive water jet cutting technology

Iwai, Hiroki; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Tezuka, Masashi; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2013-041, 57 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Technology-2013-041.pdf:7.01MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) had been lost the function of cooling the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the original shapes of the internal core are not kept and the inside of the reactor makes so narrow in the space, however the fuel debris and the molten internal core will have to be removed for the decommissioning of 1F. The cutting methods for those removal works will have to be selected depending on the situation of the inside of the reactor. In consideration of above situations, the abrasive water jet cutting method, Fugen has much data of underwater cutting for the reactor dismantling and there are experiences of the reactor maintenance and dismantling in both domestic and international, will be being developed for the fuel debris removal works and so on. In the fiscal year 2012, in order to confirm the cutting performance of the cutting machine, the cutting tests were carried out to acquire the fundamental data.

JAEA Reports

R&D of the fuel debris removal technologies by plasma arc cutting technology

Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Tezuka, Masashi; Iwai, Hiroki; Sano, Kazuya

JAEA-Technology 2013-040, 80 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Technology-2013-040.pdf:4.29MB

It was reported that Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) had been lost the function of cooling the reactor by the Tohoku Earthquake. It is assumed that the original shapes of the internal core are not be kept and the inside of the reactor make so narrow in the space, however the fuel debris and the molten internal core will have to be removed for the decommissioning of 1F. The cutting methods for those removal works will have to be selected depending on the situation of the inside of the reactor. In consideration of above situations, the plasma-arc cutting method, Fugen has much data of underwater cutting for the reactor dismantling and there are experiences of the reactor dismantling in both domestic and international, will be being developed for the fuel debris removal works and so on.

Journal Articles

Study on dismantling scenario for large equipment in decommissioning of nuclear facilities; Utilization of validation result of applicability of project management data evaluation code to decommissioning project of FUGEN

Shibahara, Yuji; Usui, Hideo; Izumo, Sari; Izumi, Masanori; Tezuka, Masashi; Morishita, Yoshitsugu; Kiyota, Shiko; Tachibana, Mitsuo

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 12(3), p.197 - 210, 2013/09

As the first step of the applicability inspection of PRODIA Code for dismantling activities in the decommissioning of FUGEN, manpower needs for dismantling activities in FUGEN conducted in 2008 were calculated with conventional calculation formulas which were made by data obtained from JPDR decommissioning program. Since the conventional calculation formula for dismantling of feedwater heater has no applicability, the new calculation formula was constructed by reflecting the work description of dismantling of feedwater heater in FUGEN. It was found that the calculation results with this new formula showed the good agreement with the actual data both of 3rd feedwater heater and 4th one. Based on this discussion, some case studies for dismantling of feedwater heater were conducted.

Journal Articles

Demonstration test on concrete with epoxy resin coating using ultra-high pressure water jet decontamination technology

Tagawa, Akihiro; Tezuka, Masashi; Terakura, Yoshihiro*; Naito, Masayuki*; Miyajima, Kenji*

Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-21) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/07

It is one of the most urgent issues to remediate the nuclear power plants contaminated by radioactive materials discharged following the accident at the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi NPS. Concrete walls of nuclear power plants in Japan are coated an epoxy resin coating for easily performing decontamination. We experimented a cutting test in Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center using maximum 280 MPa pressure and 30 L/min water quantity, ultra-high pressure water jet system and 40 m$$^{3}$$/min air quantity vacuum system. We are conducting a study of decontamination technology in environmental pollution using this decontamination system. This decontamination system has achieved a decontamination factor 10 to 100. Thus, we have confirmed the change in a cutting ability by changing parameters. Parameters are the water pressure, the water quantity and air quantity. The impact force for water jet is a function that contains the test parameters. We have considered it using this function. The results of the test showed that there is a correlation between the impact force for water jet and a cutting capability. This decontamination technology can decontaminate radioactive material of the surface adhesion contamination and reduce the amount of waste generated for a thin cutting. In addition, we have experimented that the water can be recycled by chemical precipitation. After we experimented flocculation test using aluminum sulfate and zeolite flocculant, we have confirmed that it can clean water up to the level of suspended solids 5 mg/L, in turbid water using zeolite flocculant. This suspended solids concentration can be passed to the water processing system in nuclear power plant. From the test results, we found that ultra-high pressure water jet decontamination technology has a possibility that it can be used for decontamination of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program of FUGEN and current activities

Tezuka, Masashi; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Matsushima, Akira; Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Sano, Kazuya; Nanko, Takashi; Morishita, Yoshitsugu

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.2815 - 2821, 2009/09

FUGEN is a proto-type heavy water moderated, boiling light water cooled, pressure tube type reactor with 165MWe and has been shut downed on Mar. 2003. Following the approval of decommissioning program in 2008, stage of FUGEN was changed to the decommissioning of the facilities. The program consists of following four periods; (1) Spent fuel transportation, (2) Periphery facilities dismantlement, (3) Reactor dismantlement and (4) Building demolition. It is expected that the whole decommissioning will be completed until 2028. As a part of the work in the spent fuel transportation period, the main steam system and the feeder water system etc. are being dismantled in the turbine building. The remaining tritium in the heavy water system is also being removed for facilitating the dismantlement of the heavy water system. Moreover, method on dismantlement of the reactor core is being studied with considering the process under the water for the radiation shielding and the dust suppression.

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program for ATR-FUGEN nuclear power station

Sano, Kazuya; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Kiyota, Shiko; Morishita, Yoshitsugu

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

The operation of Advanced Thermal Reactor Fugen was terminated on Mar. 29th, 2003. After the operation, the preparative works and R&D have been conducted strenuously for the planning of the rational and safe decommissioning. The decommissioning program for Fugen was planed, based on the results of above works and R&D, and was applied to the government as a first case under the revised nuclear reactor regulation law. As a result, the program was approved on Feb. 12th, 2008. In this paper, the decommissioning program for Fugen was outlined, which are the dismantling process consists of four periods; (1) Spent fuel transportation, (2) Periphery facilities dismantlement, (3) Reactor dismantlement and (4) Building demolition, the amount of radioactive waste, the safety assessment etc.

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