検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年
検索結果: 17 件中 1件目~17件目を表示
  • 1

発表形式

Initialising ...

選択項目を絞り込む

掲載資料名

Initialising ...

発表会議名

Initialising ...

筆頭著者名

Initialising ...

キーワード

Initialising ...

使用言語

Initialising ...

発行年

Initialising ...

開催年

Initialising ...

選択した検索結果をダウンロード

論文

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; 緒方 一介*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:13.44(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

ガンマ線分光による$$N$$=40同調体である$$^{62}$$Tiの分光学研究を$$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$TiをRIBFで行った。今回初めて測定された$$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$$$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$の遷移はTiの基底状態が変形していることを示唆した。これらのエネルギーは近傍核の$$^{64}$$Crや$$^{66}$$Feと比較して大きく、したがって四重極集団運動が小さくなっていることが示唆される。今回の結果は大規模殻模型計算によって良く再現される一方、第一原理計算や平均場模型では今回の結果は再現されなかった。

論文

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; 茶園 亮樹*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; 緒方 一介*; 大塚 孝治*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:16.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{54}$$Caでは中性子魔法数34が現れると考えられているが、その直接的な実験的証拠を得るため、$$^{54}$$Caからの中性子ノックアウト反応$$^{54}$$Ca($$p,pn$$)$$^{53}$$Caによって生成される状態を理化学研究所のRI Beam Factoryによって調べた。基底状態および2.2MeVの励起状態が強く生成され、1.7MeVの励起状態の生成量は小さかった。$$^{53}$$Caの運動量分布から、基底状態および2.2MeVの励起状態は$$p$$軌道の中性子を叩き出して得られた状態であることが明らかになった。DWIA計算によって得られた分光学的因子から、$$^{54}$$Caは$$p$$軌道がほぼ完全に占有された閉殻構造を持つことが明らかになり、中性子魔法数34の出現が確実なものとなった。

論文

Inclusive cross sections for one- and multi-nucleon removal from Sn, Sb, and Te projectiles beyond the $$N$$ = 82 shell closure

Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Rodr$'i$guez-S$'a$nchez, J. L.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Chen, S.*; Orlandi, R.; 他26名*

Physics Letters B, 795, p.356 - 361, 2019/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:63.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Inclusive one- and multi-nucleon removal cross sections were measured for several Sn, Sb and Te isotopes beyond the $$N$$ = 82 neutron shell closure at RIBF, RIKEN. The experimental cross sections are compared to predictions from the most recent Liege intranuclear cascade model. Severe discrepancies are observed and are discussed. Also, the measured inclusive one-proton knockout cross section for the semi-magic $$^{134}$$Sn projectile is compared to eikonal direct reaction theory calculations to assess if the suppression factors to these calculated cross sections are applicable to heavy nuclei.

論文

In-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^{136}$$Te at relativistic energies

Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Moro, A. M.*; Orlandi, R.; 他28名*

Physical Review C, 99(3), p.034306_1 - 034306_14, 2019/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:18.92(Physics, Nuclear)

The reduced transition probability B(E2; 0$$^+_1rightarrow 2^+_1$$) to the first excited 2$$^+$$ state of the neutron-rich nucleus $$^{136}$$Te, with two protons and two neutrons outside the doubly magic $$^{132}$$Sn core, was measured via Coulomb excitation at relativistic energies at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. In the experiment, $$^{136}$$Te isotopes impinged on a 950 mg/cm$$^2$$ Au target. The measured B(E2) value, 0.191(26) e$$^2$$b$$^2$$, is in good agreement with the result of a recent experiment employing low-energy Coulomb excitation. Because of the high statistics gathered in this work the error of the deduced B(E2) value is dominated by the systematic uncertainties involved in the analysis of Coulomb excitation experiments at beam energies around 150 MeV/u. These uncertainties were assessed for the first time and will be of use for future experiments at RIBF.

論文

Shell evolution beyond $$Z$$=28 and $$N$$=50; Spectroscopy of $$^{81,82,83,84}$$Zn

Shand, C. M.*; Podoly$'a$k, Zs.*; G$'o$rska, M.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Otsuka, T.*; Sieja, K.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Tsunoda, T.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 773, p.492 - 497, 2017/10

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:13.18(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Low-lying states in neutron-rich $$^{81,82.83.84}$$Zn nuclei were measured for the first time via in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy at RIKEN. These include the 4$$_1^+$$ to 2$$_1^+$$ in $$^{82}$$Zn and the 2$$_1^+$$ to 0$$_1^+$$ and 4$$_1^+$$ to 2$$_1^+$$ in $$^{84}$$Zn. The reduced E($$2^+$$) energies and increased E(4$$^+$$)/E(2$$^+$$) ratios at $$N$$=52,54 compared to $$^{80}$$Zn attest that the magicity is confined just on the neutron number $$N$$=50 only. The levels observed in $$^{84}$$Zn suggest the onset of deformation towards heavier Zn isotopes. The data were compared to state-of-the-art shell model calculations.

論文

Shape evolution in neutron-rich krypton isotopes beyond N=60; First spectroscopy of $$^{98,100}$$Kr

Flavigny, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Delaroche, J.-P.*; Girod, M.*; Libert, J.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Calvet, D.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_6, 2017/06

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:11.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The first $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of very neutron rich $$^{98,100}$$Kr isotopes was carried out at the RIBF at RIKEN Nishina center. Excited states in these isotopes were populated via (p,2p) reactions using radioactive $$^{99,101}$$Rb beams accelerated to 220 MeV/nucleon. The new data show a significant increase in deformation beyond N=60, as well as competing configurations (shape-coexistence) at low energy. The data were compared with beyond-mean-field calculations which predict level energies in good agreement with observation, and suggest oblate-prolate shape coexistence.

論文

$$gamma$$ decay of unbound neutron-hole states in $$^{133}$$Sn

Vaquero, V.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Wimmer, K.*; Gargano, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Chen, S.*; N$'a$cher, E.*; Sahin, E.*; 志賀 慶明*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(20), p.202502_1 - 202502_5, 2017/05

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:18.84(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excited states in $$^{133}$$Sn were populated following one-neutron knockout reaction from an unstable $$^{134}$$Sn beam at the RIBF laboratory in RIKEN. In addition to the already known $$gamma$$ rays, additional $$gamma$$ strength was observed for the first time in the excitation-energy range 3.5-5.5 MeV. Since the neutron separation energy of $$^{133}$$Sn is low, this observation provides direct evidence for the radioactive decay of neutron-unbound states in this nucleus. The ability of $$gamma$$ decay to compete with neutron emission was attributed to a mismatch between the wave functions of the initial and final states in the neutron emission case. These findings suggest that in the region south-east of $$^{132}$$Sn, nuclear structure effects play a significant role in the decay of unbound states, which are instead usually ignored in the evaluation of neutron-emission probabilities in astrophysical simulations.

論文

Low-lying structure and shape evolution in neutron-rich Se isotopes

Chen, S.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Rodriguez, T. R.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; Corsi, A.*; Delbart, A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(4), p.041302_1 - 041302_6, 2017/04

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:10.36(Physics, Nuclear)

Neutron-rich isotopes of selenium, $$^{88,90,92,94}$$Se, where studied via in beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy after nucleon removal reactions at RIBF in RIKEN. The low-energy excitations of these nuclei were investigated using $$gamma$$-$$gamma$$ coincidences, and the first and second excited 2$$^+$$ states were found at remarkably low energies. The analysis and comparison with self-consistent beyond-mean field calculations suggest that both shape coexistence and triaxiality are needed to describe these isotopes.

論文

Are there signatures of harmonic oscillator shells far from stability?; First spectroscopy of $$^{110}$$Zr

Paul, N.*; Corsi, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Bally, B.*; Bender, M.*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_7, 2017/01

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:9.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The first measurement of $$gamma$$ rays emitted by the very neutron rich nuclei $$^{112}$$Mo (Z=42) and $$^{110}$$Zr (Z=40) was carried out at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. These data shine light on the postulated N=70 harmonic oscillator shell. If the spin-orbit splitting which gives rise to the N=82 shell gap is reduced in very neutron-rich nuclei, the harmonic oscillator gap at N=70 should open instead. However, both the measured energy of the first excited state $$^{112}$$Mo and $$^{110}$$Zr, respectively 235(7) keV and 185(11) keV, and their E(4$$^+$$)/E(2$$^+$$) ratio, indicate that these nuclei are good rotors, and exclude the shell stabilization scenario at Z=40 and N=70. These results were compared to state-of-the-art density functional theoretical calculations using Gogny and Skyrme effective interactions.

論文

Spectroscopy of $$^{46}$$Ar by the ($$t,p$$) two-neutron transfer reaction

Nowak, K.*; Wimmer, K.*; Hellgartner, S.*; M$"u$cher, D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Gernh$"a$user, R.*; Iwanicki, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044335_1 - 044335_10, 2016/04

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:29.67(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$^{44}$$Ar($$t,p$$)$$^{46}$$Ar two-neutron transfer reaction at 2.16 MeV/u was studied at CERN using a $$^{44}$$Ar radioactive beam and a tritium loaded radioactive target. Angular distributions for three final states were measured and based on the shape of the differential cross section an excited state at 3695 keV was identified as the first excited 0$$+$$ state. The differential cross-sections for the 0$$^+$$-ground state, and first excited 2$$^+$$ and 0$$^+$$ states are compared to DWBA calculations including two-step reactions through the intermediate nucleus $$^{45}$$Ar. By comparison large scale shell model calculations using state-of-the-art effective interactions, with and without the tensor components of the interactions, it was observed that the cross-shell proton-neutron tensor interaction has measurable effects on the observables at low excitation energy in $$^{46}$$Ar.

論文

One-neutron pickup into $$^{49}$$Ca; Bound neutron $$g_{9/2}$$ spectroscopic strength at $$N$$ = 29

Gade, A.*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Bader, V. M.*; Baugher, T.*; Bazin, D.*; Berryman, J. S.*; Brown, B. A.*; Hartley, D. J.*; Lunderberg, E.*; Recchia, F.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.031601_1 - 031601_5, 2016/03

AA2015-0859.pdf:0.32MB

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:33.58(Physics, Nuclear)

中性子過剰カルシウム同位体では、最近、中性子数34の魔法数が発見されるなど、その殻構造が大きな注目を集めている。中性子の$$pf$$軌道の上には$$g_{9/2}$$軌道があるはずであるが、これまでその位置に関する明確な実験データが存在しなかった。ミシガン州立大のサイクロトロン施設を用いて行われた本研究では、$$^{48}$$Caビームを$$^{12}$$Cにあてる重イオン反応と脱励起$$gamma$$線測定を組み合わせることによって、$$^{49}$$Caの4.018-MeV状態の分光学的因子を精度よく得ることに成功した。重イオン反応によって高角運動量状態の断面積を増大させ、脱励起$$gamma$$線を測定することによって反応データだけでは分離できない$$f_{5/2}$$状態を分離することが可能になったためである。この実験によって、4.018-MeV状態は比較的大きな分光学的因子を持つことがわかり、殻模型計算の予言が確かめられた。

論文

Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation

Gaffney, L. P.*; Robinson, A. P.*; Jenkins, D. G.*; Andreyev, A.; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Bree, N.*; Bruyneel, B.*; Butler, P.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(6), p.064313_1 - 064313_11, 2015/06

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:38.21(Physics, Nuclear)

Radioactive ion beams of $$^{202,204}$$Rn were studied by means of low-energy Coulomb excitation at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The electric-quadrupole (E2) matrix elements connecting the first excited 2$$^+$$ to the ground state of these nuclei was extracted, which permits to determine the collectivity of these isotopes, which in both cases is deduced to be weak, as expected from the low-lying level-energy scheme. Comparisons were also made with beyond-mean-field model calculations and the magnitude of the transitional quadrupole moments are well reproduced.

論文

Experimental study of the $$^{66}$$Ni($$d$$,$$p$$)$$^{67}$$Ni one-neutron transfer reaction

Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054321_1 - 054321_15, 2015/05

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:38.21(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states up to an excitation energy of 5.8 MeV were populated in the neutron-rich isotope $$^{67}$$Ni via the $$^{66}$$Ni(d,p) transfer reaction at REX-Isolde, CERN. In particular, single-neutron states above the N=40 sub-shell gap were populated, and the relative spectroscopic factors were extracted using distorted-wave Born approximation analysis. The positive parity g$$_{9/2}$$, d$$_{5/2}$$ and s$$_{1/2}$$ neutron orbits above the shell closure are assumed to induce strong quadrupole collectivity in neutron-rich Fe and Cr isotopes. The extracted relative spectroscopic factors show that the strength of the d$$_{5/2}$$ orbit is mostly split over two states, hinting to substantial mixing of the neutron d$$_{5/2}$$ configuration with collective modes of the core. The size of the N=50 shell gap was also estimated, and found to be 2.6 MeV near $$^{68}$$Ni, as also determined in lighter Ni isotopes.

論文

Identification of deformed intruder states in semi-magic $$^{70}$$Ni

Chiara, C. J.*; Weisshaar, D.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; 角田 佑介*; 大塚 孝治*; Harker, J. L.*; Walters, W. B.*; Recchia, F.*; Albers, M.*; Alcorta, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(4), p.044309_1 - 044309_10, 2015/04

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:9.31(Physics, Nuclear)

アルゴンヌ国立研究所にて中性子過剰核$$^{70}$$Niを$$^{70}$$Znの多核子移行反応によって生成し、$$gamma$$線検出器GRETINAを用いて$$gamma$$線分光を行った。その結果、$$2^+_2$$, $$4^+_2$$準位を初めて観測した。これらの準位は小さな模型空間を採用した殻模型計算では再現されないため、陽子の$$f_{7/2}$$軌道からの励起を伴った大きな変形状態であると考えられる。本論文の理論グループが2014年に発表した大規模殻模型計算によって$$^{70}$$Niの励起状態を解析した結果、これらの状態は大きなプロレート変形を持つ状態とよく対応することがわかった。この結果は、中性子過剰ニッケル同位体における変形共存が$$^{68}$$Ni以外にも存在することを実証するとともに、中性子過剰核における大規模殻模型計算の予言能力を確かめるものである。

論文

Single-neutron orbits near $$^{78}$$Ni; Spectroscopy of the N=49 isotope $$^{79}$$Zn

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; de Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 740, p.298 - 302, 2015/01

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:14.17(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Single-neutron states in $$^{79}$$Zn have been populated using the reaction $$^{78}$$Zn(d,p) at REX-Isolde, CERN. The analysis reveals that the lowest excited states in $$^{79}$$Zn lie at approximately 1 MeV, and involve neutron orbits above the N=50 shell gap. A 5/2$$^{+}$$ configuration was assigned to the 983-keV state. Comparison with large-scale shell model calculations supports a robust neutron N=50 shell closure for $$^{78}$$Ni. These data constitute an important step towards the understanding the magicity of $$^{78}$$Ni and the structure of nuclei in the region.

論文

Study of the deformation-driving $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ orbital in $$_{28}^{67}$$Ni$$_{39}$$ using one-neutron transfer reactions

Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 736, p.533 - 538, 2014/09

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:29.27(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The neutron orbits $$g_{9/2}$$, d$$_{5/2}$$ and s$$_{1/2}$$ are assumed to be responsible for the swift onset of collectivity observed in the region below $$^{68}$$Ni. In order to gather information on the single-particle energies and spectroscopic factors of these orbitals, single-particle states in the nucleus $$^{67}$$Ni were populated using the reaction $$^{66}$$Ni(d,p), in inverse kinematics, at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The new isotope was studied using combined particle-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy. Comparison with DWBA calculations, permitted the identification of positive parity states with a substantial amount of $$nu$$d$$_{9/2}$$ (1007 keV) and $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ (2207 and 3277 keV) single-particle strength. Comparisons with extended Shell-Model calculations was also performed to confirm the single-particle nature of these states, and to deduce general properties around $$^{68}$$Ni.

口頭

Low-energy states in $$^{79}$$Zn and the structure of $$^{78}$$Ni

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; de Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Single-neutron states in the $$N$$ = 49 isotope $$^{79}$$Zn were populated in the $$^{78}$$Zn(d,p)$$^{79}$$Zn transfer reaction at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The combined detection of protons ejected in the reaction and of $$gamma$$ rays emitted by $$^{79}$$Zn permitted the identification of the lowest-lying 5/2$$^+$$ and 1/2$$^+$$ excited states. The analysis of proton angular distributions links these states to a significant amount of single-particle strength around 1 MeV, and specifically to the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ and $$nu$$s$$_{1/2}$$ neutron orbits, which lie above the $$N$$ = 50 neutron shell gap. Comparison with large-scale-shell-model calculations supports a robust $$N$$ = 50 shell-closure for $$^{78}$$Ni. These data constitute a considerable step towards the understanding of the magicity of $$^{78}$$Ni and of the structure of isotopes in the region.

17 件中 1件目~17件目を表示
  • 1