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論文

Nonreciprocal surface acoustic wave propagation via magneto-rotation coupling

Xu, M.*; 山本 慧; Puebla, J.*; Baumgaertl, K.*; Rana, B.*; 三浦 勝哉*; 高橋 宏昌*; Grundler, D.*; 前川 禎通*; 大谷 義近*

Science Advances (Internet), 6(32), p.eabb1724_1 - eabb1724_4, 2020/08

One of the most fundamental forms of magnon-phonon-interaction is an intrinsic property of magnetic materials, the "magnetoelastic coupling." This particular form of interaction has been the basis for describing magnetic materials and their strain related applications, where strain induces changes of internal magnetic fields. Different from the magnetoelastic coupling, more than 40 years ago, it was proposed that surface acoustic waves may induce surface magnons via rotational motion of the lattice in anisotropic magnets. However, a signature of this magnon-phonon coupling mechanism, termed magneto-rotation coupling, has been elusive. Here, we report the first observation and theoretical framework of the magneto-rotation coupling in a perpendicular anisotropic ultra-thin lim Ta/CoFeB/MgO, which consequently induces nonreciprocal acoustic wave attenuation with an unprecedented ratio up to 100% rectification at a theoretically predicted optimized condition. Our work not only experimentally demonstrates a fundamentally new path for investigating magnon-phonon coupling, but also justifies the feasibility of the magneto-rotation coupling based application.

論文

Acoustic ferromagnetic resonance and spin pumping induced by surface acoustic waves

Puebla, J.*; Xu, M.*; Rana, B.*; 山本 慧; 前川 禎通*; 大谷 義近*

Journal of Physics D; Applied Physics, 53(26), p.264002_1 - 264002_7, 2020/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:21.49(Physics, Applied)

Voltage induced magnetization dynamics of magnetic thin films is a valuable tool to study anisotropic fields, exchange couplings, magnetization damping and spin pumping mechanism. A particularly well established technique is the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) generated by the coupling of microwave photons and magneti- zation eigenmodes in the GHz range. Here we review the basic concepts of the so-called acoustic ferromagnetic resonance technique (a-FMR) induced by the coupling of surface acoustic waves (SAW) and magnetization of thin films. Interestingly, additional to the benefits of the microwave excited FMR technique, the coupling be- tween SAW and magnetization also offers fertile ground to study magnon-phonon and spin rotation couplings. We describe the in-plane magnetic field angle dependence of the a-FMR by measuring the absorption / trans- mission of SAW and the attenuation of SAW in the presence of rotational motion of the lattice, and show the consequent generation of spin current by acoustic spin pumping.

論文

In-house texture measurement using a compact neutron source

徐 平光; 池田 義雅*; 箱山 智之*; 高村 正人*; 大竹 淑恵*; 鈴木 裕士

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 53(2), p.444 - 454, 2020/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

In order to improve the instrumental accessibility of neutron diffraction technique, the emerging compact neutron sources and in-house neutron diffractometers as a good complementary way have caused wide attention while their analysis precision seems problematic for the practical application. As a challenging project, the RIKEN accelerator-driven compact neutron source (RANS) was employed to establish the technical environment for texture measurement, and the recalculated pole figures and the orientation distribution function (ODF) of an interstitial-free (IF) steel sheet obtained from RANS were compared with the results from another two neutron diffractometers well-established for texture measurement. Moreover, the parameter "square integration of ODF difference" originally for evaluating the numerical error between the measured and simulated textures was generalized here to examine the reliability of RANS texture measurement. These quantitative comparisons revealed that the precise neutron diffraction texture measurement at RANS has been realized successfully and the following technical optimizations are much valuable, including the thickness selection of polyethylene moderator, the sample-to-detector distance, the B$$_{4}$$C shielding sheets for the reduced background noise, and the fine region division of the neutron detector panel. Moreover, the Rietveld texture analysis improves the texture reliability through avoiding the unfavorable influence of the uncertain diffraction intensity involved in the low counting, long wavelength incident neutrons at large scattering angles. Above technical results may accelerate the development of other easily accessible engineering materials evaluation techniques using compact neutron source, and also help to improve the data-collecting efficiency for various time-sliced scattering experiments at large neutron facilities.

論文

Closed-form stress intensity factor solutions for surface cracks with large aspect ratios in plates

東 喜三郎*; Li, Y.; Xu, S.*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021207_1 - 021207_10, 2020/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Engineering, Mechanical)

Alloy 82/182/600, which is used in light-water reactors, is known to be susceptible to stress-corrosion cracking. The depth of some of these cracks may exceed the value of half-length on the surface. Although the stress intensity factor (SIF) for cracks plays an important role in predicting crack propagation and failure, Section XI of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code does not provide SIF solutions for such deep cracks. In this study, closed-form SIF solutions for deep surface cracks in plates are discussed using an influence coefficient approach. The stress distribution at the crack location is represented by a fourth-degree-polynomial equation. Tables for influence coefficients obtained by finite element analysis in the previous studies are used for curve fitting. The closed-form solutions for the influence coefficients were developed at the surface point, the deepest point, and the maximum point of a crack with an aspect ratio a/c ranging from 1.0 to 8.0, where a is the crack depth and c is one-half of the crack length. The maximum point of a crack refers to the location on the crack front where the SIF reaches a maximum value.

論文

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; 緒方 一介*; 吉田 数貴; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

中性子過剰核である$$^{69,71,73}$$Coに対する($$p,2p$$)ノックアウト反応が理化学研究所RIBFで測定された。$$gamma-gamma$$ coincidenceの方法で準位構造が決定され、測定された包括的断面積および排他的断面積から暫定的ではあるがスピン・パリティが決定された。殻模型計算との比較により、$$^{69,71,73}$$Coの低励起状態には球形核と変形核が共存することが示唆された。

論文

Microstructural features and ductile-brittle transition behavior in hot-rolled lean duplex stainless steels

高橋 治*; 渋井 洋平*; 徐 平光; Harjo, S.; 鈴木 徹也*; 友田 陽*

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(1), p.16_1 - 16_15, 2020/03

The characteristics of texture and microstructure of lean duplex stainless steels with low Ni content produced through hot rolling followed by annealing were investigated locally with electron backscatter diffraction and globally with neutron diffraction. Then, the ductile-brittle transition (DBT) behavior was studied by Charpy impact test. It is found that the DBT temperature (DBTT) is strongly affected by the direction of crack propagation, depending on crystallographic texture and microstructural morphology; the DBTT becomes extremely low in the case of fracture accompanying delamination. A high Ni duplex stainless steel examined for comparison, shows a lower DBTT compared with the lean steel in the same crack propagating direction. The obtained results were also discussed through comparing with those of cast duplex stainless steels reported previously (Takahashi et al., Tetsu-to-Hagane, 100(2014), 1150).

論文

Strong local moment antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in V-doped LiFeAs

Xu, Z.*; Dai, G.*; Li, Y.*; Yin, Z.*; Rong, Y.*; Tian, L.*; Liu, P.*; Wang, H.*; Xing, L.*; Wei, Y.*; et al.

npj Quantum Materials (Internet), 5(1), p.11_1 - 11_7, 2020/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We use neutron scattering to study Vanadium (hole)-doped LiFe$$_{1-x}$$V$$_{x}$$As. In the undoped state, LiFeAs exhibits superconductivity at $$T_mathrm{c} = 18$$ K and transverse incommensurate spin excitations similar to electron overdoped iron pnictides. Upon Vanadium doping to form LiFe$$_{0.955}$$V$$_{0.045}$$, the transverse incommensurate spin excitations in LiFeAs transform into longitudinally elongated ones in a similar fashion to that of potassium (hole)-doped Ba$$_{0.7}$$K$$_{0.3}$$Fe$$_{2}$$As$$_{2}$$ but with dramatically enhanced magnetic scattering and elimination of superconductivity. This is different from the suppression of the overall magnetic excitations in hole-doped BaFe$$_{2}$$As$$_{2}$$ and the enhancement of superconductivity near optimal hole doping. These results are consistent with density function theory plus dynamic mean field theory calculations, suggesting that Vanadium doping in LiFeAs may induce an enlarged effective magnetic moment $$S_mathrm{eff}$$ with a spin crossover ground state arising from the inter-orbital scattering of itinerant electrons.

論文

IAEA Photonuclear Data Library 2019

河野 俊彦*; Cho, Y. S.*; Dimitriou, P.*; Filipescu, D.*; 岩本 信之; Plujko, V.*; Tao, X.*; 宇都宮 弘章*; Varlamov, V.*; Xu, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 163, p.109 - 162, 2020/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:22.94(Physics, Nuclear)

We report our coordinated efforts to address these data needs such as radiation shielding design and radiation transport analyses, and present the results of the new evaluations of more than 200 nuclides included in the new updated IAEA Photonuclear Data Library, where the photon energy goes up to 200 MeV. We discuss the new assessment method and make recommendations to the user community in cases where the experimental data are discrepant and the assessments disagree. In addition, in the absence of experimental data, we present model predictions for photon-induced reaction cross section on nuclides of potential interest to medical radioisotope production.

論文

Shell evolution of $$N$$ = 40 isotones towards $$^{60}$$Ca; First spectroscopy of $$^{62}$$Ti

Cort$'e$s, M. L.*; Rodriguez, W.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Holt, J. D.*; Lenzi, S. M.*; Men$'e$ndez, J.*; Nowacki, F.*; 緒方 一介*; Poves, A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135071_1 - 135071_7, 2020/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:22.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

ガンマ線分光による$$N$$=40同調体である$$^{62}$$Tiの分光学研究を$$^{63}$$V($$p$$,$$2p$$)$$^{62}$$TiをRIBFで行った。今回初めて測定された$$2_1^+ rightarrow 0_{rm gs}^+$$$$4_1^+ rightarrow 2_1^+$$の遷移はTiの基底状態が変形していることを示唆した。これらのエネルギーは近傍核の$$^{64}$$Crや$$^{66}$$Feと比較して大きく、したがって四重極集団運動が小さくなっていることが示唆される。今回の結果は大規模殻模型計算によって良く再現される一方、第一原理計算や平均場模型では今回の結果は再現されなかった。

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:22.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U was observed in the fusion-evaporation reaction $$^{187}$$Re($$^{40}$$Ar,p3n) by using fast digital pulse processing technique. Two $$alpha$$-decay branches of $$^{223}$$U feeding the ground state and 244 keV excited state of $$^{219}$$Th were identified by establishing the decay chain $$^{223}$$U$$rightarrow$$$$^{219}$$Th$$rightarrow$$$$^{215}$$Ra$$rightarrow$$$$^{211}$$Rn. The $$alpha$$-particle energy for the ground-state to ground-state transition of $$^{223}$$U was determined to be 8993(17) keV, 213 keV higher than the previous value, the half-life was updated to be 62$$^{+14}_{-10} mu$$s. Evolution of nuclear structure for $$N$$=131 even-$$Z$$ isotones from Po to U was discussed in the frameworks of nuclear mass and reduced $$alpha$$-decay width, a weakening octupole deformation in the ground state of $$^{223}$$U relative to its lighter isotones $$^{219}$$Ra and $$^{211}$$Th was suggested.

論文

Reference database for photon strength functions

Goriely, S.*; Dimitriou, P.*; Wiedeking, M.*; Belgya, T.*; Firestone, R.*; Kopecky, J.*; Krti$v{c}$ka, M.*; Plujko, V.*; Schwengner, R.*; Siem, S.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(10), p.172_1 - 172_52, 2019/10

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:11.88(Physics, Nuclear)

We report on a coordinated and systematic effort to compile and assess all the existing experimental data on photon strength functions extracted from photoabsorption cross sections in the region of the Giant Dipole Resonance and from neutron-, photon- and charged-particle-induced reactions at energies around or below the neutron separation energy. We also present global empirical and microscopic models that describe the photon strength function in the entire photon energy region and reproduce reasonably well most of the existing experimental data. Finally, we recommend photon strength functions for use in basic sciences and applications. The compilation of experimental photon strengths as well as the recommended model calculations are readily available to the user community from a dedicated database hosted at the IAEA.

論文

Comparison of heavy-ion transport simulations; Collision integral with pions and $$Delta$$ resonances in a box

小野 章*; Xu, J.*; Colonna, M.*; Danielewicz, P.*; Ko, C. M.*; Tsang, M. B.*; Wang, Y,-J.*; Wolter, H.*; Zhang, Y.-X.*; Chen, L.-W.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 100(4), p.044617_1 - 044617_35, 2019/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:4.09(Physics, Nuclear)

2017年4月に開催された国際会議Transport2017において、重イオン核反応モデルの国際的な比較が議論された。重イオン加速器の安全評価や宇宙飛行士の被ばく評価等で重要な役割を果たすため、世界中で重イオン核反応の様々な理論モデルが開発されている。本研究では、辺の長さが20fmの直方体に320個の中性子と陽子をランダム配置し、それらが70fm/cの間に起こす散乱の回数やエネルギーを計算した。ここでは、特にパイオンやその前駆体であるデルタ共鳴の生成に注目して比較を行った。参加コードは、個々の粒子の時間発展を追うQMD型コードと、粒子の位置や運動量の確率分布を決めておき、散乱や崩壊が発生したときそれらを乱数サンプリングするBUU型コードがあり、発表者が用いたJQMDは前者に属する。本研究により、計算における時間刻みが各コードによる結果の差の主な原因であることが分かった。さらに、今後のJQMDの改良方針の策定に有益な知見を得ることができた。

論文

Quasifree neutron knockout from $$^{54}$$Ca corroborates arising $$N=34$$ neutron magic number

Chen, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Barbieri, C.*; 茶園 亮樹*; Navr$'a$til, P.*; 緒方 一介*; 大塚 孝治*; Raimondi, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_7, 2019/10

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:14.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{54}$$Caでは中性子魔法数34が現れると考えられているが、その直接的な実験的証拠を得るため、$$^{54}$$Caからの中性子ノックアウト反応$$^{54}$$Ca($$p,pn$$)$$^{53}$$Caによって生成される状態を理化学研究所のRI Beam Factoryによって調べた。基底状態および2.2MeVの励起状態が強く生成され、1.7MeVの励起状態の生成量は小さかった。$$^{53}$$Caの運動量分布から、基底状態および2.2MeVの励起状態は$$p$$軌道の中性子を叩き出して得られた状態であることが明らかになった。DWIA計算によって得られた分光学的因子から、$$^{54}$$Caは$$p$$軌道がほぼ完全に占有された閉殻構造を持つことが明らかになり、中性子魔法数34の出現が確実なものとなった。

論文

Nagasaki sediments reveal that long-term fate of plutonium is controlled by select organic matter moieties

Lin, P.*; Xu, C.*; Kaplan, D. I.*; Chen, H.*; Yeager, C. M.*; Xing, W.*; Sun, L.*; Schwehr, K. A.*; 山崎 秀夫*; 國分 陽子; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 678, p.409 - 418, 2019/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Environmental Sciences)

日本原子力研究開発機構等により長崎原爆由来のプルトニウムが含まれると明らかにされた堆積物を用いて、プルトニウムの存在形態を調べた。選択抽出後、エレクトロスプレーイオン化フーリエ変換イオンサイクロトロン共鳴質量分析装置により分子的特性を調べた結果、55%のプルトニウムが難分解性有機物と結合し、31%が他の有機物、残り20%以下が鉱物粒子に固定化されていることがわかった。現在の長期的なプルトニウムの処分や環境汚染修復のモデルでは、溶解が制限されることや鉱物表面への吸着が表層でのPuの移動性を制御していると考えられていたが、本研究により有機物がPuの隔離に重要な役割を果たしていることが明らかとなった。

論文

Passive sweat collection and colorimetric analysis of biomarkers relevant to kidney disorders using a soft microfluidic system

Zhang, Y.*; Guo, H.*; Kim, S. B.*; Wu, Y.*; Ostojich, D.*; Park, S. H.*; Wang, X.*; Weng, Z.*; Li, R.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; et al.

Lab on a Chip, 19(9), p.1545 - 1555, 2019/05

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:1.89(Biochemical Research Methods)

汗中のバイオマーカーおよび非侵襲的な方法で汗を集める方法は、健康および生理学的状態の評価のための汗利用の関心を生み出し、スポーツから臨床医学までの範囲の潜在的用途がある。本論文は、皮膚密着型のマイクロ流体システムを用いた2つの結果について述べる。(1)簡易な身体的および心理的刺激による汗の採取、(2)酵素化学および比色アプローチによる汗中のクレアチニンおよび尿素の濃度の検出。結果、乳児や高齢者などを対象に日常的で非薬理学的な汗の捕捉が可能になり、腎臓疾患のスクリーニング/モニタリングに汗を使用する可能性が示された。

論文

New isomers in $$^{125}$$Pd$$_{79}$$ and $$^{127}$$Pd$$_{81}$$; Competing proton and neutron excitations in neutron-rich palladium nuclides towards the $$N=82$$ shell closure

渡邉 寛*; Wang, H. K.*; Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Orlandi, R.; 他47名*

Physics Letters B, 792, p.263 - 268, 2019/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The isotopes $$^{125}$$Pd and $$^{127}$$Pd, respectively with 79 and 81 neutrons, are key isotopes to understand the evolution of the N=82 shell closure below $$^{208}$$Pd. These nuclei were studied at RIBF (RIKEN). New isomeric states with half-lives of 144(4) ns and 39(6) $$mu$$s were assigned spins and parities of (23/2$$^+$$) and (19/2$$^+$$) in $$^{125}$$Pd and $$^{127}$$Pd, respectively. The assignment was carried out based on the results of the $$gamma$$-ray intensity balance analysis and the measured transition strengths with the aid of a shell-model calculation. The isomoer in $$^{125}$$Pd was ascribed predominantly to three neutron-hole excitations in the N=50-82 shell. The 19/2$$^+$$ state in $$^{127}$$Pd is expected to involve the coupling of proton and neutron configurations. The new data will provide important benchmarks for a better understanding of $$r$$-process nucleosynthesis.

論文

Negative Te spin polarization responsible for ferromagnetic order in the doped topological insulator V$$_{0.04}$$(Sb$$_{1-x}$$Bi$$_{x}$$)$$_{1.96}$$Te$$_{3}$$

Ye, M.*; Xu, T.*; Li, G.*; Qiao, S.*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Nurmamat, M.*; 角田 一樹*; 石田 行章*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(14), p.144413_1 - 144413_7, 2019/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:33.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate the microscopic origin of ferromagnetism coupled with topological insulators in V-doped (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$ employing X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and angle-resolved two-photon photoemission spectroscopies, combined with first-principles calculations. We found an magnetic moment at the Te site anti-parallel to that of the V and Sb sites, which plays a key role in the ferromagnetic order. We ascribe it to the hybridization between Te 5${it p}$ and V 3${it d}$ majority spin states at the Fermi energy, consistent with the Zener-type ${it p}$-${it d}$ exchange interaction scenario. The substitution of Bi for Sb suppresses the bulk ferromagnetism by introducing extra electron carriers in the majority spin channel of the Te ${it p}$ states that compensates the antiparallel magnetic moment on the Te site. Our findings reveal important clues to designing magnetic topological insulators with higher Curie temperature that work under ambient conditions.

論文

Nuclear structure of $$^{76}$$Ni from the ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction

Elekes, Z.*; Kripk$'o$, $'A$*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; 緒方 一介*; 吉田 数貴; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:20.16(Physics, Nuclear)

($$p$$,$$2p$$)反応による$$^{76}$$Niの核構造の探索実験を行った。Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, Sieja相互作用を用いた殻模型計算では実験結果を説明しうる陽子空孔状態が得られており、理論的な断面積計算は実験値とよい一致を与えた。実験で得られたすべての状態を理論的に一意に決定することはできなかったが、過去の実験結果と同様にNi同位体でのZ = 28の大きなshell gapを示す結果が得られた。

論文

Evaluation of residual stress relaxation in a rolled joint by neutron diffraction

林 眞琴*; Root, J. H.*; Rogge, R. B.*; 徐 平光

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 2(4), p.21_1 - 21_16, 2018/12

The rolled joint of pressure tube, consisting of three axial symmetric parts, modified SUS403 stainless steel, Zr-2.5Nb pressure tube and Inconel-718, has been examined by neutron diffraction for residual stresses. It was heat treated at 350$$^{circ}$$C for 30, 130 and 635 hours to simulate the thermal aging of the rolled joint over the lifetime of the advanced thermal reactor at 288$$^{circ}$$C for 1, 5 and 30 years. The crystal lattice strains at various locations in the rolled joint before and after the aging treatments were measured by neutron diffraction and the residual stress distribution in the rolled joint was evaluated by using the Kroner elastic model and the generalized Hooke's law. In the crimp region of the rolled joint, it was found that the aging treatment had weak effect on the residual stresses in the Inconel and the SUS403. In the non-aged Zr-2.5Nb, the highest residual stresses were found near its interface with the SUS430. In the Zr-2.5Nb in the crimp region near its interface with the SUS430, the average compressive axial stress was -440 MPa, having no evident change during the long-time aging. In the Zr-2.5Nb outside closest to the crimp region, the tensile axial and hoop stresses were relieved during the 30 hours aging. The hoop stresses in the crimp region evolved from an average tensile stress of 80 MPa to an average compressive stress of 230 MPa after the 635 hours aging, suggesting that the rolled joint had a good long-term sealing ability against the leakage of high temperature water.

論文

Measurement of $$eta_c(1S)$$, $$eta_c(2S)$$, and nonresonant $$eta' pi^+ pi^-$$ production via two-photon collisions

Xu, Q. N.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他176名*

Physical Review D, 98(7), p.072001_1 - 072001_17, 2018/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:85.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report the measurement of $$gamma gamma to eta_c(1S)$$, $$eta_c(2S) to eta' pi^+ pi^-$$ with $$eta'$$ decays to $$gamma rho$$ and $$eta pi^+ pi^-$$ using 941 fb$$^{-1}$$ of data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider. The $$eta_c(1S)$$ mass and width are measured to be $$M = [2984.6pm0.7 (stat.)pm2.2 (syst.)]$$ MeV/$$c^{2}$$ and $$Gamma = [30.8^{+2.3}_{-2.2}~(stat.) pm 2.5~(syst.)]$$ MeV, respectively. First observation of $$eta_c(2S) to eta' pi^+ pi^-$$ with a significance of $$5.5sigma$$ including systematic error is obtained, and the $$eta_c(2S)$$ mass is measured to be $$M = [3635.1pm3.7~(stat.)pm2.9~(syst.)]$$ MeV/$$c^{2}$$. The products of the two-photon decay width and branching fraction $$(B)$$ of decays to $$eta'pi^+ pi^-$$ are determined to be $$Gamma_{gamma gamma}B = [65.4pm2.6~(stat.)pm6.9~(syst.)]$$ eV for $$eta_c(1S)$$ and $$[5.6^{+1.2}_{-1.1}~(stat.)pm1.1~(syst.)]$$ eV for $$eta_c(2S)$$. A new decay mode for the $$eta_c(1S)$$ to $$eta'f_0(2080)$$ with $$f_0(2080) to pi^+ pi^-$$ is observed with a statistical significance of $$20sigma$$. The $$f_0(2080)$$ mass and width are determined to be $$M = [2083^{+63}_{-66}~(stat.)pm 32~(syst.)]$$ MeV/$$c^{2}$$ and $$Gamma = [178^{+60}_{-178}~(stat.) pm 55~(syst.)]$$ MeV. The cross sections for $$gamma gamma to eta' pi^+ pi^-$$ and $$eta'f_{2}(1270)$$ are measured for the first time.

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