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論文

Electronic structure of ThPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$; Impact of the U $$5f$$ states on the electronic structure of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03

The electronic structure of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$, which is isostructural to the heavy fermion superconductor $$mathrm{UPd_2 Al_3}$$, was investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy. The band structure and Fermi surfaces of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ were obtained by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and the results were well-explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation. The comparison between the ARPES spectra and the band-structure calculation suggests that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ mainly consists of the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ and $$mathrm{Th}~6d$$ states with a minor contribution from the $$mathrm{Pd}~4d$$ states. The comparison of the band structures between $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ and $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ argues that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states form Fermi surfaces in $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ through hybridization with the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ state in the $$mathrm{Al}$$ layer, suggesting that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ has a strong three-dimensional nature.

論文

Protein hydration and its freezing phenomena; Toward the application for cell freezing and frozen food storage

山本 直樹*; 中西 真大*; Rajan, R.*; 中川 洋

Biophysics and Physicobiology (Internet), 18, p.284 - 288, 2021/12

水は生物にとって必要不可欠な溶媒である。われわれの体の6割は水で構成されており、水が不足すると多くの致命的な問題が発生する。また、タンパク質の機能は、その表面に水分子を伴って初めて発揮されることが知られている。したがって、水と生体成分がどのように相互作用しているかを、構造とダイナミクスの観点から理解することが不可欠である。凍結は水の基本的かつ単純な現象であるため、そのためのプローブとして利用することができる。さらに、細胞やタンパク質を低温下で保存することは、多くのアプリケーションにとって非常に重要であり、その結果、凍結によって無数の望ましくない結果が引き起こされることになる。

論文

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ in paramagnetic phase; Three-dimensional angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Electronic Structure (Internet), 3(2), p.024008_1 - 024008_8, 2021/06

The three-dimensional (3D) electronic structure of the hidden order compound $$mathrm{URu_2Si_2}$$ in a paramagnetic phase was revealed using a 3D angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy where the electronic structure of the entire Brillouin zone is obtained by scanning both incident photon energy and detection angles of photoelectrons. The quasi-particle bands with enhanced contribution from the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ state were observed near $$E_mathrm{F}$$, formed by the hybridization with the $$mathrm{Ru}~4d$$ states. The energy dispersion of the quasi-particle band is significantly depend on$$k_z$$, indicating that they inherently have a 3D nature. The band-structure calculation qualitatively explain the characteristic features of the band structure and Fermi surface although the electron correlation effect strongly renormalizes the quasi-particle bands. The 3D and strongly-correlated nature of the quasi-particle bands in$$mathrm{URu_2Si_2}$$ is an essential ingredient for modeling its hidden-order transition.

論文

Early emergency responses of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency against the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident in 2011

奥野 浩; 佐藤 宗平; 川上 剛; 山本 一也; 田中 忠夫

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 46(2), p.66 - 79, 2021/06

東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故は、最大級の地震とそれに伴う津波により、原子力発電所周辺の住民の避難を誘発した被害の典型的なものであった。本論文は、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の敷地外緊急事態に対する日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA)の原子力緊急時支援・訓練センター(NEAT)の初期対応についてまとめたものである。本論文では、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所に関連した2011年以前のNEATの緊急時対応活動、2011年3月11日のNEATの状況、東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故を含むオフサイト緊急事態への早期対応について論じた。また、複雑な災害の問題点についても論じた。

論文

Freezable and unfreezable hydration water; Distinct contributions to protein dynamics revealed by neutron scattering

山本 直樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; 中川 洋; 柴山 修哉*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(8), p.2172 - 2176, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

水和水は、機能発現に必要な蛋白質のダイナミクスを活性化するために重要な役割を果たしている。しかし、水和水がどのようにして蛋白質のダイナミクスと結びついているのか、その詳細は不明である。水和水の氷形成の温度ヒステリシスは、凍結不可能な水和水と凍結可能な水和水のどちらのタイプの水和水が蛋白質ダイナミクスの活性化に重要な役割を果たしているのかを理解するための鍵となる現象である。中性子散乱を用いて、凍結可能な水和水の氷の回折ピークに温度ヒステリシス現象が観測されたのに対し、蛋白質ダイナミクスでは温度ヒステリシスは観測されなかった。これらの結果から、蛋白質のダイナミクスは凍結可能な水和水のダイナミクスとは連動しておらず、蛋白質のダイナミクスの活性化には凍結不可能な水和水が不可欠であることが明らかになった。

報告書

アジア原子力安全ネットワーク緊急時対応関連グループ提案に基づく2006年-2017年国際原子力機関アジア地域ワークショップの概要

奥野 浩; 山本 一也

JAEA-Review 2020-066, 32 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-066.pdf:3.01MB

国際原子力機関(International Atomic Energy Agency、略称: IAEA)は、アジア原子力安全ネットワーク(Asian Nuclear Safety Network、略称: ANSN)の活動を2002年から実施している。その一環としてANSNの下に原子力あるいは放射線災害を対象とする平時の備えと緊急時への対応に関するグループ(Topical Group on Emergency Preparedness and Response、略称: EPRTG)を2006年に設立した。EPRTGの提案に基づきIAEAは2006年から2017年までの12年間に23件のアジア地域ワークショップを実施した。緊急時対応に関するテーマ分野には、原子力防災訓練,緊急時医療,原子力・放射線緊急事態後の長期的対応,国際協力,国の原子力防災体制整備などがあった。日本原子力研究開発機構は、RPRTG設立当初からコーディネータを輩出し、その活動を主導してきた。本報告書は、EPRTGの提案に基づきIAEAが2017年までに実施したアジア地域ワークショップの概要をまとめたものである。

論文

Ion tracks in silicon formed by much lower energy deposition than the track formation threshold

雨倉 宏*; Toulemonde, M.*; 鳴海 一雅*; Li, R.*; 千葉 敦也*; 平野 貴美*; 山田 圭介*; 山本 春也*; 石川 法人; 大久保 成彰; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.185_1 - 185_11, 2021/01

シリコンへ6MeV C$$_{60}$$イオン照射すると直径10nmのイオントラック損傷が形成されることを見出した。これは、従来知られているイオンエネルギーしきい値(17MeV)よりもはるかに低いエネルギーである。従来知られているような電子的阻止能に由来したイオントラック形成メカニズムだけでは説明できず、それだけでなく核的阻止能に由来した効果も存在する可能性を示唆している。

論文

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

奥平 琢也; 奥 隆之; 猪野 隆*; 林田 洋寿*; 吉良 弘*; 酒井 健二; 廣井 孝介; 高橋 慎吾*; 相澤 一也; 遠藤 仁*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We are developing a neutron polarizer with polarized $$^3$$He gas, referred to as a $$^3$$He spin filter, based on the Spin Exchange Optical Pumping (SEOP) for polarized neutron scattering experiments at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). A $$^3$$He gas-filling station was constructed at J-PARC, and several $$^3$$He cells with long spin relaxation times have been fabricated using the gas-filling station. A laboratory has been prepared in the MLF beam hall for polarizing $$^3$$He cells, and compact pumping systems with laser powers of 30 W and 110 W, which can be installed onto a neutron beamline, have been developed. A $$^3$$He polarization of 85% was achieved at a neutron beamline by using the pumping system with the 110 W laser. Recently, the first user experiment utilizing the $$^3$$He spin filter was conducted, and there have been several more since then. The development and utilization of $$^3$$He spin filters at MLF of J-PARC are reported.

報告書

国際原子力機関の緊急時対応援助ネットワークへの原子力機構の登録と関連活動

外川 織彦; 早川 剛; 田中 忠夫; 山本 一也; 奥野 浩

JAEA-Review 2020-017, 36 Pages, 2020/09

JAEA-Review-2020-017.pdf:2.24MB

我が国は、原子力事故または放射線緊急事態に際して、国際的支援の提供に貢献するため、2010年に国際原子力機関(IAEA)の緊急時対応援助ネットワーク(RANET)に参加した。その際に、日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA: 原子力機構)は現地外での技術援助が可能な機関としてRANETに登録した。原子力機構の登録分野は以下の7分野であった。すなわち、(1)航空機による汚染調査、(2)放射線レベル・汚染調査、(3)環境試料の濃度測定、(4)事故評価と助言、(5)体内被ばく線量評価、(6)バイオアッセイ、(7)線量再構築であった。登録後に原子力機構は援助可能性の問合せを3回受けたが、実際に援助を行うには至らなかった。一方、RANET登録に関連してIAEAが実施する国際緊急時対応演習(ConvEx)にほぼ毎年参加してきた。本報告書では、RANETの概要、原子力機構の登録及びConvEx参加活動の概要を述べる。

論文

Matrix-material dependence on the elongation of embedded gold nanoparticles induced by 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ and 200 MeV Xe ion irradiation

Li, R.*; 鳴海 一雅*; 千葉 敦也*; 平野 優*; 津谷 大樹*; 山本 春也*; 斎藤 勇一*; 大久保 成彰; 石川 法人; Pang, C.*; et al.

Nanotechnology, 31(26), p.265606_1 - 265606_9, 2020/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:24.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

材料中に埋め込まれた金ナノ粒子に4MeV C$$_{60}$$イオンと200MeV Xeイオンを照射した時の伸長変形現象について、3つの材料(アモルファスカーボン,CaF$$_{2}$$,結晶酸化インジウムスズ(ITO))について調べ、その材料依存性を調べた。どの材料についても、イオン照射に伴って結晶性を失う傾向が見られた。ITOが、最も金ナノ粒子の変形が顕著であり、かつ照射後にもかかわらず結晶性を保っていた。結晶性の材料において金ナノ粒子の変形を報告する初めて報告例となる。

論文

Detailed structural study on the poly(vinyl alcohol) adsorption layers on a Si substrate with solvent vapor-induced swelling

宮崎 司*; 宮田 登*; 吉田 鉄生*; 有馬 寛*; 津村 佳弘*; 鳥飼 直也*; 青木 裕之; 山本 勝宏*; 金谷 利治*; 川口 大輔*; et al.

Langmuir, 36(13), p.3415 - 3424, 2020/04

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:75.63(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated in detail the structures in the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) adsorption layers on a Si substrate, which remained on the substrate after immersing the relatively thick 30 - 50 nm films in hot water, by neutron reflectometry under humid conditions. For the PVA with a degree of saponification exceeding 98 mol %, the adsorption layer exhibits a three-layered structure in the thickness direction. The bottom layer is considered to be the so-called inner adsorption layer that is not fully swollen with water vapor. This may be because the polymer chains in the inner adsorption layer are strongly constrained onto the substrate, which inhibits water vapor penetration. The polymer chains in this layer have many contact points to the substrate via the hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl groups in the polymer chain and the silanol groups on the surface of the Si substrate and consequently exhibit extremely slow dynamics. Therefore, it is inferred that the bottom layer is fully amorphous. Furthermore, we consider the middle layer to be somewhat amorphous because parts of the molecular chains are pinned below the interface between the middle and bottom layers. The molecular chains in the top layer become more mobile and ordered, owing to the large distance from the strongly constrained bottom layer; therefore, they exhibit a much lower degree of swelling compared to the middle amorphous layer. Meanwhile, for the PVA with a much lower degree of saponification, the adsorption layer structure consists of the two-layers. The bottom layer forms the inner adsorption layer that moderately swells with water vapor because the polymer chains have few contact points to the substrate. The molecular chains in the middle layer, therefore, are somewhat crystallizable because of this weak constraint.

論文

Changes in electronic structure of carbon supports for Pt catalysts induced by vacancy formation due to Ar$$^{+}$$ irradiation

岡崎 宏之*; 垣谷 健太*; 木全 哲也*; 出崎 亮*; 越川 博*; 松村 大樹; 山本 春也*; 八巻 徹也*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 152(12), p.124708_1 - 124708_5, 2020/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements were performed for the C K-edge of Pt nanoparticles on Ar$$^{+}$$-irradiated carbon supports in order to elucidate the origin of improved catalyst performance after the introduction of vacancies into the carbon support. We observed a change in the electronic structure at the interface between the Pt nanoparticles and the carbon support after vacancy introduction, which is in good agreement with theoretical results. The results indicated that vacancy introduction resulted in a drastic change in the Pt-C interactions, which likely affected the d-band center of the Pt nanoparticles and led to the enhancement of the oxygen reduction reaction in catalysts.

論文

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

斎藤 公明; 三上 智; 安藤 真樹; 松田 規宏; 木名瀬 栄; 津田 修一; 吉田 忠義; 佐藤 哲朗*; 関 暁之; 山本 英明*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:87.21(Environmental Sciences)

We summarized temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities over five years in the 80 km zone based on large-scale environmental monitoring data obtained continuously after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident. The air dose rates in environments associated with human lives decreased at a considerably faster rate than expected for radioactive decay. The average air dose rate originating from the radiocesium deposited in the 80 km zone was lower than that predicted from radioactive decay by a factor of 2-3 at five years after the accident. The causes of this rapid reduction were discussed quantitatively considering the characteristics of radiocesium migration in the environment.

論文

The Effect of dissolved gas on rock desaturation in artificial openings in geological formations

宮川 和也; 青柳 和平; 笹本 広; 赤木 俊文*; 山本 肇*

Proceedings of 5th ISRM Young Scholars' Symposium on Rock Mechanics and International Symposium on Rock Engineering for Innovative Future (YSRM 2019 and REIF 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2019/12

高レベル放射性廃棄物の地層処分場の掘削により、坑道周辺岩盤の損傷や、溶存ガスの発生等による不飽和領域の形成といった掘削影響領域が生じる。そこでは、岩盤の透水性の増大や、地下水の水質変化といった、地層が有する放射性核種の移行を遅延させる機能に影響を与えることが考えられる。そのため、大規模地下施設の建設・操業・閉鎖に伴う地質環境(水理地質構造や地下水の流動特性・物質移動特性・地球化学特性等)の変化過程や定常状態に達するまでの時間やプロセスを、確度の高い情報に基づきモデル化するための一連の技術開発が必要である。本研究では、溶存ガスが岩盤中の不飽和領域の形成に与える影響を調べるために、幌延深地層研究所の深度140m, 250m, 350m調査坑道の条件を模擬した数値・感度解析を実施した。その結果、溶存ガス濃度は、不飽和領域の形成に対して、飽和度と領域の広がりの両方に影響する一方で、岩盤の透水性は、主に不飽和領域の広がりのみに影響することが分かった。

論文

Magnetic and electronic properties of B-site-ordered double-perovskite oxide La$$_{2}$$CrMnO$$_{6}$$ thin films

吉松 公平*; 石丸 純也*; 渡会 啓介*; 山本 航平*; 平田 靖透*; 和達 大樹*; 竹田 幸治; 堀場 弘司*; 組頭 広志*; 坂田 修身*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(23), p.235129_1 - 235129_8, 2019/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report on magnetic and electronic properties of the B-site-ordered double-perovskite La$$_{2}$$CrMnO$$_{6}$$ films grown by pulsed-laser deposition. The magnetic-field dependence of magnetization curves showed hysteresis at low temperatures regardless of the degree of Cr/Mn order and the saturation magnetization became smaller for the higher-Cr/Mn-ordered film. The X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements suggested antiferromagnetic coupling between Cr$$^{3+}$$ and Mn$$^{3+}$$ ions, resulting in ferrimagnetism of the B-site-ordered double-perovskite La$$_{2}$$CrMnO$$_{6}$$. A band structure was established by combining these results together with the synchrotron-radiation photoemission and optical spectra. We discuss the magnetic states among the $$B$$-site-ordered La$$_{2}$$$$B'$$MnO$$_{6}$$ ($$B':3d$$ transition-metal elements from V to Ni) being basically consistent with the Kanamori-Goodenough rule.

論文

Manifestation of electron correlation effect in 5$$f$$ states of uranium compounds revealed by 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the $$mathrm{U}$$ 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained $$mathrm{U}~5$$ pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side ($$lesssim 1~mathrm{eV}$$) in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the $$mathrm{U}~5$$ state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard-$$U$$ type mechanism takes an essential role in the $$5f$$ electronic structure of actinide materials.

論文

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy (INVITED)

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11

One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.

論文

Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study on UGe$$_{2}$$

竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.171 - 174, 2018/11

In order to investigate the electronic and magnetic states of UGe$$_{2}$$ element-specifically, we have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments at the U N$$_{4,5}$$ and Ge L$$_{2,3}$$ absorption edges. We have detected the XMCD signals at both the U and Ge sites and observed clear hysteresis loops in the ferromagnetic (FM) state at T = 5.5 K. From the branching ratio B, it is found that the occupation number of 5f electrons (n$$^{5f}$$) in UGe$$_{2}$$ is close to 3. In addition, applying the magneto-optical sum rules analysis to the XMCD spectrum at the U N$$_{4,5}$$ edges, the ratio of orbital magnetic moment to the spin magnetic moment (-M$$_{L}$$/M$$_{S}$$) is estimated to be 2.17. These values of B and -M$$_{L}$$/M$$_{S}$$ are comparable compared with the results of other FM superconductors: URhGe and UCoGe

論文

Element-specific observation of the ferromagnetic ordering process in UCoAl via soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 松田 達磨*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 97(18), p.184414_1 - 184414_7, 2018/05

AA2018-0316.pdf:0.62MB

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments on the itinerant-electron metamagnet UCoAl at the U 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ ($$N_mathrm{4, 5}$$) and Co 2$$p$$-3$$d$$ ($$L_mathrm{2, 3}$$) absorption edges in order to investigate the magnetic properties of the U 5$$f$$ and Co 3$$d$$ electrons separately. From the line shape of the XMCD spectrum, it is deduced that the orbital magnetic moment of the Co 3$$d$$ electrons is unusually large. Through the systematic temperature ($$T$$)- and magnetic field ($$H$$)-dependent XMCD measurements, we have obtained two types of the magnetization curve as a function of $$H$$ and $$T$$ (M-H curve and M-T curve, respectively). The metamagnetic transition from a paramagnetic state to a field-induced ferromagnetic state was observed clearly under 15 K at $$H_mathrm{M}$$. The value of the $$H_mathrm{M}$$ and its $$T$$-dependence agree well between the U and Co sites, and the bulk magnetization. Whereas, we have discovered the remarkable differences in the M-H and M-T curves between the U and Co sites. The present findings show clearly that the role of the Co 3$$d$$ electrons should be considered more carefully in order to understand the origin of the magnetic ordering in UCoAl.

論文

Electronic structure of ThRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy; Elucidating the contribution of U 5$$f$$ states in URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$

藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:35.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The Fermi surface and band structure of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of $$hnu$$ = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ with those of $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of $$E_mathrm{B} = E_mathrm{F}$$ - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ are missing in the ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ states form these bands in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$. The relationship between the ARPES spectra of $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ and $$mathrm{ThRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ is very different from the case between $$mathrm{CeRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ and $$mathrm{LaRu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5$$f$$ electrons in $$mathrm{URu}_2mathrm{Si}_2$$ have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.

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