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Non-reciprocal pumping of surface acoustic waves by spin wave resonance

山本 慧; Yu, W.*; Yu, T.*; Puebla, J.*; Xu, M.*; 前川 禎通*; Bauer, G.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(11), p.113702_1 - 113702_5, 2020/11

We predict that surface acoustic waves are generated preferentially in one direction in a heterostructure of a thin magnetic film on a non-magnetic substrate. The non-reciprocity arises from magneto-elastic coupling and magneto-rotation coupling, the former being dominant for YIG/GGG heterostructures. For YIG films thinner than about 100 nm, the surface acoustic wave amplitude is nearly unidirectional at certain angles of the in-plane equilibrium magnetisation. We compute the full magnetic field dependence of the effect for a selected device.


Evidence for magnon-phonon coupling in the topological magnet Cu$$_{3}$$TeO$$_{6}$$

Bao, S.*; Cai, Z.*; Si, W.*; Wang, W.*; Wang, X.*; Shangguan, Y.*; Ma, Z.*; Dong, Z.-Y.*; 梶本 亮一; 池内 和彦*; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(21), p.214419_1 - 214419_8, 2020/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We perform thermodynamic and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements to study the lattice dynamics (phonons) of a cubic collinear antiferromagnet Cu$$_{3}$$TeO$$_{6}$$ which hosts topological spin excitations (magnons). While the specific heat and thermal conductivity results show that the thermal transport is dominated by phonons, the deviation of the thermal conductivity from a pure phononic model indicates that there is a strong coupling between magnons and phonons. In the INS measurements, we find a mode in the excitation spectra at 4.5 K, which exhibits a slight downward dispersion around the Brillouin zone center. This mode disappears above the N$'{e}$el temperature and thus cannot be a phonon. Furthermore, the dispersion is distinct from that of a magnon. Instead, it can be explained by the magnon-polaron mode, collective excitations resulting from the hybridization between magnons and phonons. We consider the suppression of the thermal conductivity and emergence of the magnon-polaron mode to be evidence for magnon-phonon coupling in Cu$$_{3}$$TeO$$_{6}$$.


Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U

Sun, M. D.*; Liu, Z.*; Huang, T. H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ding, B.*; Wang, J. G.*; Liu, X. Y.*; Lu, H. Y.*; Hou, D. S.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 800, p.135096_1 - 135096_5, 2020/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:27.79(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{223}$$U was observed in the fusion-evaporation reaction $$^{187}$$Re($$^{40}$$Ar,p3n) by using fast digital pulse processing technique. Two $$alpha$$-decay branches of $$^{223}$$U feeding the ground state and 244 keV excited state of $$^{219}$$Th were identified by establishing the decay chain $$^{223}$$U$$rightarrow$$$$^{219}$$Th$$rightarrow$$$$^{215}$$Ra$$rightarrow$$$$^{211}$$Rn. The $$alpha$$-particle energy for the ground-state to ground-state transition of $$^{223}$$U was determined to be 8993(17) keV, 213 keV higher than the previous value, the half-life was updated to be 62$$^{+14}_{-10} mu$$s. Evolution of nuclear structure for $$N$$=131 even-$$Z$$ isotones from Po to U was discussed in the frameworks of nuclear mass and reduced $$alpha$$-decay width, a weakening octupole deformation in the ground state of $$^{223}$$U relative to its lighter isotones $$^{219}$$Ra and $$^{211}$$Th was suggested.


Preliminary test of the EA-AGE3 system for $$^{14}$$C measurement of CaCO$$_{3}$$ samples and coral-based estimation of marine reservoir correction in the Ogasawara Islands, Northwestern Subtropical Pacific

國分 陽子; 三ツ口 丈裕*; 渡邊 隆広; 山田 努*; 浅海 竜司*; 井龍 康文*

Radiocarbon, 61(5), p.1593 - 1601, 2019/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

日本原子力研究開発機構・東濃地科学センターに設置された自動グラファイト化装置AGE3及びペレトロン年代測定装置(JAEA-AMS-TONO)を用いて造礁サンゴ試料の$$^{14}$$C測定を実施した。本研究では、まず、沖縄本島南岸で採取した2つの完新世中期化石サンゴについて、AGE3で調製したグラファイトと従来法(リン酸分解)で調製したグラファイトの$$^{14}$$C測定値を比較した。その結果、AGE3で調製したグラファイトの方がわずかに$$^{14}$$C濃度が高くなる傾向が見られた。この傾向は、AGE3を用いることによって古い試料(例えば10,000 BP)の$$^{14}$$C年代が過小評価される可能性を示唆するが、現代/近代試料への影響は無視できる。そこで、小笠原諸島・父島で採取した現生サンゴに刻まれている1900年代$$sim$$1950年代の年輪から2$$sim$$3年毎に試料を削り出し、これらの年輪試料にAGE3を適用して$$^{14}$$C濃度を測定し、この海域におけるリザーバー年代補正の評価を行った。


Research and development on membrane IS process for hydrogen production using solar heat

Myagmarjav, O.; 岩月 仁; 田中 伸幸; 野口 弘喜; 上地 優; 井岡 郁夫; 久保 真治; 野村 幹弘*; 八巻 徹也*; 澤田 真一*; et al.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(35), p.19141 - 19152, 2019/07

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:29.77(Chemistry, Physical)

Thermochemical hydrogen production has attracted considerable interest as a clean energy solution to address the challenges of climate change and environmental sustainability. The thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur (IS) process uses heat from nuclear or solar power and thus is a promising next-generation thermochemical hydrogen production method that is independent of fossil fuels and can provide energy security. This paper presents the current state of research and development of the IS process based on membrane techniques using solar energy at a medium temperature of 600$$^{circ}$$C. Membrane design strategies have the most potential for making the IS process using solar energy highly efficient and economical and are illustrated here in detail. Three aspects of membrane design proposed herein for the IS process have led to a considerable improvement of the total thermal efficiency of the process: membrane reactors, membranes, and reaction catalysts. Experimental studies in the applications of these membrane design techniques to the Bunsen reaction, sulfuric acid decomposition, and hydrogen iodide decomposition are discussed.


Direct probing of the cluster structure in $$^{12}$$Be via the $$alpha$$-knockout reaction

Lyu, M.*; 吉田 数貴; 延与 佳子*; 緒方 一介*

Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064610_1 - 064610_9, 2019/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:60.45(Physics, Nuclear)



Colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals

Li, B.*; 川北 至信; 河村 聖子; 菅原 武*; Wang, H.*; Wang, J.*; Chen, Y.*; 河口 沙織*; 河口 彰吾*; 尾原 幸治*; et al.

Nature, 567(7749), p.506 - 510, 2019/03

 被引用回数:39 パーセンタイル:1.11(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Liquid-like thermal conduction in intercalated layered crystalline solids

Li, B.; Wang, H.*; 川北 至信; Zhang, Q.*; Feygenson, M.*; Yu, H. L.*; Wu, D.*; 尾原 幸治*; 菊地 龍弥*; 柴田 薫; et al.

Nature Materials, 17(3), p.226 - 230, 2018/03

 被引用回数:47 パーセンタイル:3.08(Chemistry, Physical)

As a generic property, all substances transfer heat through microscopic collisions of constituent particles. A solid conducts heat through both transverse and longitudinal acoustic phonons, but a liquid employs only longitudinal vibrations. As a result, a solid is usually thermally more conductive than a liquid. In canonical viewpoints, such a difference also serves as the dynamic signature distinguishing a solid from a liquid. Here, we report liquid-like thermal conduction observed in the crystalline AgCrSe$$_{2}$$. The transverse acoustic phonons are completely suppressed by the ultrafast dynamic disorder while the longitudinal acoustic phonons are strongly scattered but survive, and are thus responsible for the intrinsically ultralow thermal conductivity. This scenario is applicable to a wide variety of layered compounds with heavy intercalants in the van der Waals gaps, manifesting a broad implication on suppressing thermal conduction. These microscopic insights might reshape the fundamental understanding on thermal transport properties of matter and open up a general opportunity to optimize performances of thermoelectrics.


Second-order structural transition in the superconductor La$$_3$$Co$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$

Cheung, Y. W.*; Zhang, J. Z.*; Zhu, J. Y.*; Yu, W. C.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Wang, D. G.*; 大友 優香*; 岩佐 和晃*; 金子 耕士; 今井 正樹*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_5, 2016/06


 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:33.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The quasi-skutterudite superconductor La$$_3$$Co$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ undergoes a phase transition at $$T^{*}$$ = 152 K. By measuring the temperature dependence of heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and the superlattice reflection intensity using X-ray, we explore the character of the phase transition at $$T^{*}$$. Our lattice dynamic calculations found imaginary phonon frequencies around the $$M$$ point, when the high temperature structure is used in the calculations, indicating that the structure is unstable at the zero temperature limit. The combined experimental and computational results establish that $$T^{*}$$ is associated with a second-order structural transition with $$q$$ = (0.5, 0.5, 0) (or the $$M$$ point). Further electronic band structure calculations reveal Fermi surface sheets with low-curvature segments, which allow us to draw qualitative comparison with both Sr$$_3$$Ir$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ and Sr$$_3$$Rh$$_4$$Sn$$_{13}$$ in which similar physics has been discussed recently.


Development of magnetic sensors for JT-60SA

武智 学; 松永 剛; 櫻井 真治; 笹島 唯之; 柳生 純一; 星 亨*; 川俣 陽一; 栗原 研一; JT-60SAチーム; Nishikawa, T.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.985 - 988, 2015/10

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:45.73(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JT-60SA, which has fully super conducting coils, is under construction in order to demonstrate and develop steady-state high beta operation for supplement ITER toward DEMO. Three types of coils will be installed in the vacuum vessel for resistive wall mode (RWM) control, error field correction and also for edge localized mode (ELM) control. Biaxial magnetic sensors have been developed, because 3D information of magnetic configuration is necessary for these controls. Also, redesigned magnetic sensors for basic information of JT-60SA plasma, e.g. one-turn loop, Rogowski coils, diamagnetic loop and saddle coils have been developed, because manufacture and installation of these sensors are much more difficult for JT-60SA than those for JT-60U. The design and the specification of the magnetic sensors for JT-60SA will be reported from engineering and physics aspects.


Welding technology on sector assembly of the JT-60SA vacuum vessel

芝間 祐介; 岡野 文範; 柳生 純一; 神永 敦嗣; 三代 康彦; 早川 敦郎*; 佐川 敬一*; 持田 務*; 森本 保*; 濱田 崇史*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1614 - 1619, 2015/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:74.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Melting of Pb charge glass and simultaneous Pb-Cr charge transfer in PbCrO$$_{3}$$ as the origin of volume collapse

Yu, R.*; 北條 元*; 綿貫 徹; 水牧 仁一朗*; 溝川 貴司*; 岡 研吾*; Kim, H.*; 町田 晃彦; 榊 浩司*; 中村 優美子*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(39), p.12719 - 12728, 2015/10

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:45.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Cosmic-ray test of a time-of-flight detector for double-strangeness experiments at J-PARC

Kim, S. H.*; Hwang, S.; Ahn, J. K.*; 江川 弘行; 早川 修平; Hong, B.*; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; Kim, M. H.*; Lee, J. Y.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 795, p.39 - 44, 2015/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:62.98(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a time-of-flight (ToF) array consisting of 24 plastic scintillators for triggering and timing measurements in a series of planned experiments to study double-strangeness hadronic and nuclear systems at the K1.8 beamline of J-PARC. Each ToF scintillator is 180 cm long with a cross-section of 8$$times$$3 cm$$^{2}$$ and is read out by H1949-50 photomultiplier tubes at both ends. The timing and attenuation properties of the scintillators are measured using cosmic-ray muons and $$beta$$ rays from $$^{90} {rm Sr}$$. The cosmic-ray muon events are triggered by three pairs of 120-cm-long plastic scintillators, sandwiching the ToF array. The intrinsic time resolutions of the scintillators are estimated to be in the range 60-100 ps, which is adequate for reliable separation between $$pi$$ and $$K$$ at 1.2 GeV/$$c$$. The attenuation length is measured to be approximately 210 cm, which is half that for a bulk scintillator.


New PbTiO$$_{3}$$-type giant tetragonal compound Bi$$_{2}$$ZnVO$$_{6}$$ and its stability under pressure

Yu, R.*; 北條 元*; 岡 研吾*; 綿貫 徹; 町田 晃彦; 清水 啓佑*; 中野 紀穂*; 東 正樹*

Chemistry of Materials, 27(6), p.2012 - 2017, 2015/03

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:35.28(Chemistry, Physical)



Origin of dramatic oxygen solute strengthening effect in titanium

Yu, Q.*; Qi, L.*; 都留 智仁; Traylor, R.*; Rugg, D.*; Morris, J. W. Jr.*; Asta, M.*; Chrzan, D. C.*; Minor, A. M.*

Science, 347(6222), p.635 - 639, 2015/02

 被引用回数:115 パーセンタイル:2.67(Multidisciplinary Sciences)




池田 佳隆; 岡野 文範; 逆井 章; 花田 磨砂也; 秋野 昇; 市毛 尚志; 神永 敦嗣; 清野 公広; 久保 博孝; 小林 和容; et al.

日本原子力学会和文論文誌, 13(4), p.167 - 178, 2014/12



Safe disassembly and storage of radioactive components of JT-60U torus

池田 佳隆; 岡野 文範; 花田 磨砂也; 逆井 章; 久保 博孝; 秋野 昇; 千葉 真一; 市毛 尚志; 神永 敦嗣; 清野 公広; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2018 - 2023, 2014/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:77.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Development of a GEM-TPC for H-dibaryon search experiment at J-PARC

佐甲 博之; Ahn, J. K.*; Baek, K. H.*; Bassalleck, B.*; Fujioka, H.*; Guo, L.*; 長谷川 勝一; Hicks, K.*; Honda, R.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 9(4), p.C04009_1 - C04009_10, 2014/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:79.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

($$K^+$$,$$K^-$$)反応によるHダイバリオン探索実験(J-PARC E42)のためのTPCの開発を行っている。TPCにおいてHが2個の$$pi^{-}$$と2個の$$p$$に崩壊する事象を測定する。TPCのドリフト体積は50cm直径、55cmドリフト長を持つ8角柱構造をしておりAr-CH$$_4$$ガスを使用する。増幅部には3層のGEMを使用する。荷電粒子の運動量測定のためTPCにはドリフト電場と平行に鉛直方向の1Tの双極磁場を超伝導ヘルムホルツ型磁石によりかける。H崩壊のアクセプタンスを最大にするためダイアモンド標的がTPC内部の筒状の穴に設置される。さらに、超高レートの$$K^-$$ビームをTPCに直接照射するため陽イオンフィードバックを極力抑制必要がある。このためTPCにGEMとgating gridを採用した。



岡野 文範; 市毛 尚志; 三代 康彦; 神永 敦嗣; 笹島 唯之; 西山 友和; 柳生 純一; 石毛 洋一; 鈴木 宏章; 小室 健一; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-003, 125 Pages, 2014/03




汚染部位調査用ガンマカメラの開発; 福島第一原子力発電所2号機オペレーティングフロア汚染調査を通じた$$gamma$$-eyeIIの性能実証

金山 文彦; 岡田 尚; 福嶋 峰夫; 吉元 勝起*; 羽生 敏紀; 川野邊 崇之

JAEA-Technology 2013-049, 60 Pages, 2014/03



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