JNC-TN1400 2001-014, 437 Pages, 2001/10
no abstracts in English
Ohno, Shuji; Matsuki, Takuo*
JNC-TN9400 2000-106, 132 Pages, 2000/12
Sodium fire analyses were performed on 7 kinds of sodium leak tests using a computer code ASSCOPS which has been developed to evaluate thermal consequences of sodium leak accident in an FBR plant. By the comparison between the calculated and the test results of gas pressure, gas temperature, sodium catch pan temperature, wall temperature, and of oxygen concentration, it was confirmed that the ASSCOPS code and the parameters used in the analysis give valid or conservative results on thermal consequences of sodium leak and fire.
; Ohno, Shuji;
JNC-TN2400 2000-006, 56 Pages, 2000/12
Sodium combustion analyses were performed using ASSCOPS version 2.1 in order to obtain background data for evaluating the validity of the mitigation system against secondary sodium leak of MONJU. The calculated results are summarized as follows. (1)Peak atmospheric pressure 4.3 kPa[gage] (2)Peak floor liner temperature 870C, Maximum thinning of liner 2.6mm (3)Peak hydrogen concentration <2% (4)Peak floor liner temperature in the spilt sodium storage eell 400C , Peak floor concrete temperature in the spilt sodium storage cell 140C.
; ; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; ; ; ;
JNC-TN2400 2000-005, 103 Pages, 2000/12
Inelastic analyses of the floor liner subjected to thermal loading due to sodium leakage and combustion were carried out, considering thinning of the liner plate due to molten salt type corrosion. Because the inelastic strain obtained by the analyses stayed below the ductility limit of the material, mechanical integrity, i.e., there exist no through-wall crack on the floor liner, was confirmed. Partial structural model tests were conducted, with a band of local thinning of the liner plate. Displacements were controlled to give specimens much larger strains than those obtained by the inelastic analyses above. No through-wall crack was observed by these tests. Mechanical integrity of the floor liner was confirmed by these results of the inelastic analyses and the partial structural model tests.
; ; *; Yamaguchi, Akira
JNC-TN9400 2000-109, 96 Pages, 2000/11
Numerical calculations were carried out for a free surface sloshing, a thermal stratification, a thermal striping, and a natural convection as key phenomena of in-vessel thermohydraulics in future fast reactor systems with various fluids as coolants. This numerical work was initiaied based on a recognition that the fundamental characteristics of the phenomena have been unsolved quantitatively in the use of various coolants. From the analysis for the phenomena, the following results were obtained. [Free Surface Sloshing phenomena] (1)Ther is no remarkable difference betweeen liquid sodium and luquid Pb-Bi in characteristics of internal flows and free surface charatristics based on Fr number. (2)the AQUA-VOF code has a potentiall enough to evaluate gas entrainment behavior from the free surface including the internal flow characteristics. [thermal Stratification Phenomena] (1)On-set position of thermal entainment process due to dynamic vortex flows was moved to downstream direction with decreasing of Ri number. 0n the other hand, the position in the case of C0 gas was shifted to upstream side with decreasing of Ri number. (2)Destruction speed of the thermal stratyification interface was dependent on thermal diffusivity as fluid properties. therefor it was concluded that an elimination method is necessary for the interface generated in C0 gas. [thermal Striping Phenomena] (1)Large amplitudes of fluid temperature fluctuations was reached to down stream area in the use of CO gas, due to larger fluid viscosity and smaller thermal diffusivity, compared with liquid sodium and liquid Pb-Bi cases. (2)To simulate thermal striping conditions such as amplitude and frequency of the fluid temperature fluctuations, it isnecessary for coincidences of Re number for the amplitude and of velocity value for the frequency, in various coolants. [Natural Convection Phenomena] (1)Fundamental behavior of the natural convection in various coolant follows buoyant jet ....
JNC-TN8410 2000-015, 7 Pages, 2000/10
Some falsification has been detected in the results of quality control data relating to the diameter of samples of pellets produced in the BNFL's MOX Demonstration Facility (MDF) on September 1999. This document is the outlines of inspection procedure for the MONJU fuel pellet in plutonium fuel center of JNC.
JNC-TN9440 2000-008, 79 Pages, 2000/08
This report summarizes the operating and irradiatlon data of the experimental reactor "JOYO" 35th cycle. Irradiation tests in the 35th cycle are as follows: (1)C-type irradiation rig (C4F) (a)High burnup performance test of advanced austenitic stainless steel cladding fuel pins (in collaboration with France) (2)C-type irradiation rig (C6D) (a)Large diameter fuel pins irradiation tests (3)Core Materials Irradiation Rig (CMIR-5) (a)Cladding tube materials irradiation tests for "MONJU" (4)Structure Materials Irradiation Rigs (SMIR) (a)Decision of material design base standard of structure materials for prototype reactor and large scale reactor (5)Upper core structure irradiation Plug Rig (UPR-1-5) (a)Upper core neutron spectrum effect and accelerated irradiation effect (6)SurVeillance un-instrument Irradiation Rig (SVIR) (a)Confimation of surveillance irradiation condition for "JOYO" (b)Material irradiation tests (based on a contract with universities) The maximum burnup driver assembly "PFD253" reached 67,600 MWd/t (pin average).
; ; Ohno, Shuji;
JNC-TN9400 2000-092, 247 Pages, 2000/08
Small-scale sodium pool combustion tests Run-F7-3 and Run-F8-1 were performed to investigate the corrosion of floor liner under high moisture condition. ln the both tests, which were performed using the 3m FRAT-1 vessel at the SAPFIRE facility, the sodium of 507deg-C was leaked on the carbon steel catch pan about for 25 minutes with the flow rate of around 25 kg/h. The air in the vessel was ventilated with the flow rate of 5m/min containing the moisture of 25000-28000 vol.ppm. The duration of combustion was different in two tests by changing the starting time of argon gas injection into the vessel. As the results of post-test analysis such as observation of catch pan surface and chemical analysis of the deposits, it was confirmed that 'Na-Fe double oxidization type corrosion' was dominant in the both tests and that the catch pan and deposits were not under the condition leading to the occurrence of 'molten salt type corrosion.'
JNC-TN1440 2000-007, 115 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1440 2000-005, 214 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English
; Iwai, Takehiko*;
JNC-TN9400 2000-098, 182 Pages, 2000/07
In order to support the Russian excess weapons plutonium disposition, the international collaboration has been started between Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Russian Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE). In the frame of the collaboration, JNC has carried out analyses on the BFS-62 assemblies that are constructed in the fast reactor critical experimental facility BFS-2 of IPPE. This report summarizes an experimental analysis on the BFS-62-1 assembly, which is the first core of the BFS-62 series. The core contains the enriched U0 fuel surrounded by the U0 blanket. The standard analytical method for fast reactors has been applied, which was used for the JUPITER and other experimental analyses. Due to the lack of the analytical data the 2D RZ core calculation was mainly used. The 3D XYZ core calculation was applied only for the preliminary evaluation. Further in terms of the utilization of the BFS experimental analysis data for the standard data base for FBR core design, consistency evaluation with JUPITER experimental analysis data has been performed using the cross-section adjustment method. As the result of analyses, good agreement was obtained between calculations and experiments for the criticality and the reaction rate ratio. However, it was found that accurate evaluation of the reaction rate distribution was impossible without exact consideration of the arrangement of the two types of sodium (with and without hydrogen impurity), which can be accommodated by the 3D core analysis, thus it was essentia1. In addition, it was clarifie that there was a room for an improvement of the result on the reaction rate distribution in the blanket and shielding regions. The application of the 3D core calculation improved the result on the control rod worth because 3D core model can more exactly consider the shape of the control rod. Furthermore it was judged that the result of the analysis on the sodium void reactivity .....
; ; Sakamoto, Naoki; *; Akasaka, Naoaki;
JNC-TN9400 2000-095, 110 Pages, 2000/07
The effects of high fluence irradiation and swelling on the transient burst properties of austenitic steel fuel claddings; PNC316 and 15Cr-20Ni stcel, which were irradiated as the MONJU type fuel assemblies (MFA-1&MFA-2) in the FFTF reactor, were investigated. The temperature-transient-to-burst tests were conducted on a total of eight irradiation conditions. Fractographic examination and TEM observation were performed in order to evaluate the effect of high dose irradiation on the transient burst property and the relation between failure mechanism and microstructural change during rapid (ramp) heating. The results of the PIE showed that there was no significant effect of irradiation on the transient burst properties of these fuel claddings under the irradiation conditions examined. the results obtained in this study are as follows; (1)The rupture temperature of the irradiated PNC316 fuel cladding of MFA-1 was as same as that of our previous works for the fluence range up to 2.1310 n/m. There was no noticeable decrease in rupture temperature with increasing fluence in lower hoop stress region(100MPa). (2)The rupture temperature of the irradiated 15Cr-20Ni fuel cladding of MFA-2 was almost as same as that of as-received cladding for the hoop stress range up to about 200MPa. The rupture temperature did not decrease significantly with fluence. (3)The rupture temperature of the irradiated PNC316 cladding tested at hoop stress 69MPa, which was the design hoop stress for MONJU fuel, was 1055.6C. This suggested that the design cladding maximum temperature limit for MONJU (830C) was conservative. (4)There was no obvious relation between rupture temperature, swelling and microstructural change during transient heating under the irradiation conditions examined.
JNC-TN9400 2000-087, 74 Pages, 2000/07
We have been developing an Ultrasound Doppler Velocimetry technique (UDV), in order to apply thermo-hydraulic measurement in sodium. A feasibility study had been conducted to identify development subjects of sensor and signal processing. Thus, high temperature ultrasonic transducers were manufactured to use in water and sodium tests, which will be scheduled to optimize an algorism of signal processing and to improve the characteristic of the transducer. ln this report, we described the results of an experiment on the acoustic characteristic of transducer in water. The results are as follows : (1)The ultrasound beam profile of the transducer relating to the characteristic of velocity profile measurement using scattering ultrasound wave was obtained. The estimation of ultrasound beam profile in liquid and an ultrasound near-field region were introduced from these experimental data, (2)lt was confirmed that the frequency's spectrum of transducers are adequate for the design requirement of flow velocity range. The specifications of a transmitter and receiver for a transducer were identified, such as the amplitude gain for scattered ultrasound signal and the frequency resolution for Doppler sift signal. (3)The spatial resolution of the ultrasound beam was estimated to evaluate the accuracy of now profile measurement on UDV system.
JNC-TN9440 2000-005, 164 Pages, 2000/06
This report summarizes the operating and irradiation data of the experimental reactor "JOYO" 34th cycle, and estimates the 35th cycle irradiation condition. Irradiation tests in the 34th cycle are as follows: (1)C-type irradiation rig (C4F) (a)High burnup perfomance test of advanced austenitic stainless steel cladding fuel pins (in collaboration with France) (2)C-type irradiation rig (C6D) (a)Large diameter fuel pins irradiation tests (3)Absorber Materials Irradiation Rig (AMIR-6) (a)Run to absorber pin's cladding breach (4)Core Materials Irradiation Rig (CMIR-5) (a)Cladding tube materials irradiation tests for "MONJU" (5)Structure Materials Irradiation Rigs (SMIR) (a)Decision of material design base standard of structure materials for prototype reactor and large reactor (6)Upper core structure irradiation Plug Rig (UPR-1-5) (a)Upper core neutron spectrum effect and accelerated irradiation effect (7)SurVeillance un-instrument Irradiation Rig (SVIR) (a)Confirmation of surveillance irradiation condition for "JOYO" (b)Material irradiation tests (in collaboration with universities) The maximum burnup driver assembly "PFD537" reached 68,500MWd/t(pin average).
; Sato, Wakaei*; Iwai, Takehiko*
JNC-TN9400 2000-096, 113 Pages, 2000/06
This report describes the updated analyses results on the BFS-58-1-I1 core. The experiment was conducted at BFS-2 of Russian Institute of Physics & Power Engineering (IPPE). The central region is "non-Uranium fuel zone", where only Pu can induce fission reaction. The non-U zone is surrounded by MOx fuel zone, which is surrounded by U0 fuel zone. Sodium is used for simulating the coolant material. As it was found that the lattice pitch had been incorrectly understood in the past analyses, all items have been re-calculated using the corrected number densities. Furthermore, significantly softened neutron spectrum in the central region caused problems in applying the plate-stretch model that has been established for fast reactor cores through JUPITER experimental analyses. Both keeping the pellet density and using SRAC library for the elastic cross section for lighter nuclides allow us to obtain reasonable analysis accuracy on the spectral indices that were measured at the center of the core. Application of such a cell model was justified through comparison among various cell models using continuous energy Monte-Carlo code MVP. It is confirmed that both the MOX zone and the U0 zone can be correctly evaluated by the plate-stretch model. Based on the updated cell calculation, both the effective multiplication factor (k-eff)and the spectral indexes agree well with the measured values. The transport and mesh-size correction is made for the k-eff evaluation. Those results also agree well within reasonable difference between those obtained by IPPE and CEA, which were obtained by using sub-group method or continuous-energy Monte Carlo code. Evaluation by the nuclear data library adjustment confirmed that the analyses results of the BFS-58-1-I1 core have no significant inconsistency with JUPITER experimental analyses results. Those results are quite important for starting BFS-62 cores, which will be analyzed in the framework of supporting program for Russian ...
Takata, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Akira
JNC-TN9400 2000-065, 152 Pages, 2000/06
ln the liquid metal fast reactor (LMFR) using liquid sodium as a coolant, it is important to evaluate the effect of the sodium combustion on the structure, etc. Most of the previous analytical works are based on a zone model, in which the principal variables are treated as volume-average quantities. Therefore spatial distribution of gas and structure temperatures, chemical species concentration are neglected. Therefore, a multi-dimensional sodium combustion analysis code AQUA-SF (Advanced simulation using Quadratic Upstream differencing Algorithm - Sodium Fire version) has been developed for the purpose of analyzing the sodium combustion phenomenon considering the multi-dimensional effect. This code is based on a multi-dimensional thermal hydraulics code AQUA that employs SIMPLEST-ANL method. Sodium combustion models are coupled with AQUA; one is a liquid droplet model for spray combustion, and the other is a flame sheet model for pool combustion. A gas radiation model is added for radiation heat transfer. Some other models necessary for the sodium combustion analysis, such as a chemical species transfer, a compressibility, are also added. ln AQUA-SF code, bounded QUICK method in space scheme and bounded three-point implicit method in time scheme are implemented. Verification analyses of sodium combustion tests shown in the following have been carried out. (1)pool combustion test (RUN-D1) (2)spray combustion test (RUN-E1) (3)sodium leakage combustion test (Sodium Fire Test-II) (4)smaII-scale leakage combustion test (RUN,F7-1) ln each verification analysis, good agreements are obtained and the validity of AQUA-SF code is confirmed.
JNC-TN4420 2000-009, 11 Pages, 2000/06
JNC-TN4400 2000-002, 33 Pages, 2000/06
An on-site plant analyzer can provide analysis support in evaluating plant dynamic characteristics when unplanned events occur in a nuclear power station. The plant analyzer contains a plant-dynamics analysis code, which efficiently and quickly analyzes the plant dynamic characteristics. Elements being developed for the on-site plant analyzer include utilities to build plant models for performing analyses and to retrieve plant operation data. The addition of these elements to the analysis code supports the plant-dynamics analysis works in MONJU, in particular, to assist the analyses of start up tests. The system contains the FBR plant-dynamics analysis code "Super-COPD", which is based on the "COPD" code that was used in the safety licensing of MONJU. One feature of the system is that all operations, e.g., assembling plant models for analysis, are prepared using a GUI (Graphical user Interface). In addition to this feature, the system is able to retrieve directly on- and off-line plant data from MIDAS, the Monju Integrated Data Acquisition System. These plant data are used to supply time-dependent boundary conditions for the plant analysis models. For this report, two case studies were performed. First, the analysis result of a turbine trip test at 40% power operation using the full plant model is described. For the second, performance of the IHX model was evaluated using retrieved plant data for boundary conditions. With the development of this system, improvement in the efficiency of analyses of MONJU start-up tests is expected.
; Watanabe, Kenichi*; *; Nose, Shoichi; Harano, Hideki;
JNC-TY9400 2000-019, 34 Pages, 2000/05
; *; *; *
JNC-TN8410 2000-011, 185 Pages, 2000/05
This report describes the neutronic design calculational methods used in Fuel Design and Evaluation Group in order to inform other related sections of FBR core analysis technology and hand down the technology. Especially we show the neutronics calculation procedures used for the conceptual design study of the advanced core with 127 pin bundle for MONJU that has been carried out in our group. The topics include effective cross section preparation calculations, two-dimensional depletion calculations, three-dimensional diffusion calculations, reactivity coefficient calculations, and control rod worth calculations. The calculational methods shown in this report are the standard neutronics calculation methods employed in our group at the moment. However, the improvement of calculation codes, the reduction of correction factors and uncertainties for design using the nuclear data obtained in the start-up test for MONJU and so on, and the update of nuclear data file will be planned in order to improve evaluation accuracies. Those may change the neutronic design calculational methods, but we decided to describe the present standard calculational methods in our group from the viewpoint of sharing information in JNC.