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Journal Articles

Proposal of laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave for corrosion detection of reinforced concrete structures in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant decommissioning site

Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke; Nishimura, Akihiko

Applied Sciences (Internet), 9(17), p.3544_1 - 3544_12, 2019/09

Remote-controlled, non-destructive testing is necessary to detect corrosion of the reinforced concrete structures at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) de-commissioning site. This work aims to demonstrate that laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave technology can be applied to achieve this task. Hence, accelerated electrolytic corrosion is performed on a reinforced concrete specimen fabricated by embedding a steel rod into mortar. Waveforms of the laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave on the rod are measured with a previously employed piezoelectric transducer (PZT) probe, for each fixed corrosion time. Based on the results of Fourier and wavelet transforms of the waveforms, issues concerning the detection and extent of rebar corrosion are discussed. It is exhibited that the changes in bonding strength due to corrosion are distinguishable in the frequency domain of the ultrasonic signal.

Journal Articles

JAEA Reports

Applied research for the establishment of radiation monitoring and evaluation of exposure dose of residence at the zone designated for reconstruction and recovery

Funaki, Hironori; Takahara, Shogo; Sasaki, Miyuki; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Nakama, Shigeo; Sanada, Yukihisa

JAEA-Research 2018-016, 48 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Research-2018-016.pdf:29.73MB

Cabinet Office Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters starts to consider radiation protection in the "specific reconstruction reproduction base area" of which evacuation order will be lifted by 2023. It is essential to grab the present situations of radiation contamination and evaluate exposure dose in the area to realize the plan. Many surveys have evaluated the distributions of air dose rate and exposure dose has been estimated based on the results since the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Nevertheless, more detailed information on exposure is needed for the areas because its radiation level is relatively high. That is also to help make prudent evaluation plan. This study aimed to evaluate the detailed contamination situation there and estimate exposure dose with considering areal circumstances. Investigations were carried out for (1) airborne survey of air dose rate using an unmanned helicopter (2) evaluation of airborne radiocesium and (3) estimation of external/internal effective doses for typical activity patterns assumed. Additionally, we applied new methods for the airborne survey to evaluate exposure dose. Our study showed a detailed three-dimensional map of air dose rate and clarified the distribution pattern in the areas. Results of effective dose estimation suggested that the internal effective dose due to inhalation accounts for less than 1% of the external effective dose.

Journal Articles

Comparison of airborne and ground-based tools used for radiation measurement in the environment

Ochi, Kotaro; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ishida, Mutsushi*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.103 - 107, 2019/01

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, a large amount of radionuclides was spread out all over the world. In our previous study, we developed the aerial radiation monitoring technique using unmanned helicopter for investigating the dose rate derived deposited radionuclides over wide area. In addition, many monitoring techniques were developed for investigating the local distribution of radionuclides using unmanned aerial vehicle, handheld instrument and car within small area. Distinction of these methods depends on desirable position resolution of dose rate. However, the comparison method of the measurement result between different methods is not established. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the some methods of airborne and ground radiation measurement in same extended farm.

Journal Articles

Comparison of the Fukushima radioactive mapping by two different aerial radiation monitoring systems

Kim, B.-J.*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.130 - 133, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Estimation of environmental releases of radioactive materials

Chino, Masamichi*; Nagai, Haruyasu

Environmental Contamination from the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster; Dispersion, Monitoring, Mitigation and Lessons Learned, p.50 - 61, 2019/00

Temporal variations in the amount of radionuclides released into the atmosphere during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident and their atmospheric dispersion are essential to evaluate the environmental impacts and resultant radiological doses to the public. We have estimated the atmospheric releases during the accident by comparing measurements with calculations by atmospheric deposition model. UNSCEAR compared several estimated source terms and used our source term for estimating levels of radioactive material in the terrestrial environment and doses to the public. To improve our source term, we recently made detailed source term estimation by using additional monitoring data and WSPEEDI including new deposition scheme.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ecological half-life of dose rate based on airborne radiation monitoring following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Sanada, Yukihisa; Urabe, Yoshimi*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ochi, Kotaro; Torii, Tatsuo

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.417 - 425, 2018/12

 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Electrochemical measurements in various environments; Corrosion monitoring of carbon steel in deep underground environment

Taniguchi, Naoki; Nakayama, Masashi

Zairyo To Kankyo, 67(12), p.487 - 494, 2018/12

This article describes the current status of corrosion monitoring methods and examples of the measurement under deep underground environments for carbon steel overpacks for high-level radioactive waste disposal. Based on the studies on corrosion monitoring using AC Impedance technique, some of the typical measurement systems such as the electrodes arrangement are introduced. In-situ corrosion monitoring in engineering scale test is also being attempted using a deep underground research facility, and the measurement method and results are presented in this article.

Journal Articles

Development of a radiological characterization submersible ROV for use at Fukushima Daiichi

Nancekievill, M.*; Jones, A. R.*; Joyce, M. J.*; Lennox, B.*; Watson, S.*; Katakura, Junichi*; Okumura, Keisuke; Kamada, So*; Kato, Michio*; Nishimura, Kazuya*

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 65(9), p.2565 - 2572, 2018/09

 Percentile:100(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In order to contribute to the development of technology to search fuel debris submerged in water inside the primary containment vessel of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, we are developing a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) system equipped with a compact radiation detector and sonar. A cerium bromide (CeBr$$_{3}$$) scintillator detector for dose rate monitoring and $$gamma$$ ray spectroscopy was integrated into ROV and experimentally validated with a $$^{137}$$Cs source, both in the conditions of laboratory and submerged. In addition, the ROV combined with the IMAGENEX 831L sonar could characterize the shape and size of a simulated fuel debris at the bottom of the water pool facility.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of $$gamma$$-ray pipe-monitoring capabilities for real-time process monitoring safeguards applications in reprocessing facilities

Rodriguez, D.; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Nishimura, Kazuaki; Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu; Kurita, Tsutomu; Takamine, Jun; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Sekine, Megumi; Rossi, F.; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(7), p.792 - 804, 2018/07

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Nuclear material in reprocessing facilities is safeguarded by random sample verification with additional continuous monitoring applied to solution masses and volume in important tanks to maintain continuity-of-knowledge of process operation. Measuring the unique $$gamma$$ rays of each solution as the material flows through pipes connecting all tanks and process apparatuses could potentially improve process monitoring by verifying the compositions in real time. We tested this $$gamma$$ ray pipe-monitoring method using plutonium-nitrate solution transferred between tanks at the PCDF-TRP. The $$gamma$$ rays were measured using a lanthanum-bromide detector with a list-mode data acquisition system to obtain both time and energy of $$gamma$$-ray. The analysis and results of this measurement demonstrate an ability to determine isotopic composition, process timing, flow rate, and volume of solution flowing through pipes, introducing a viable capability for process monitoring safeguards verification.

JAEA Reports

Records of physico-chemical parameters by geochemical monitoring system in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Mezawa, Tetsuya; Mochizuki, Akihito; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Sasamoto, Hiroshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-001, 55 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-001.pdf:10.63MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-001-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:8.57MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) for safe geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Geochemical parameters of groundwater pressure, pH, and oxidation-reduction potential in the deep groundwater has been continuously monitored with monitoring systems which were developed in the Horonobe URL Project. This report presents the physico-chemical parameters of groundwater which have been obtained by the monitoring systems installed at the 140 m, 250 m and 350 m gallery. The data obtained until March 31, 2017 was summarized along with related information such as the specifications of boreholes and the excavation of the URL.

Journal Articles

Study on analysis methodology of AE signal wave at great depth excavation

Niunoya, Sumio*; Hata, Koji*; Uyama, Masao*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Wakasugi, Keiichiro

Dai-45-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.226 - 231, 2018/01

The objective of this research is to investigate the long-term hydro-mechanical behavior of rock mass around the shaft in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL). The long-term monitoring has been carried out by optical AE sensors, optical water pressure sensors, and optical temperature sensors below 350m depth of the shaft in the Horonobe URL. From the first analytical results, it was too hard to discriminate the uncleared AE wave by using the resonant characteristic. Thus, at this time, we tried to reanalysis by using the half width of spectrum, we could discriminate it correctly as AE from the breaking of rock.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of radiocesium contamination of dry riverbeds due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident assessed by airborne radiation monitoring

Azami, Kazuhiro*; Otagaki, Takahiro*; Ishida, Mutsushi; Sanada, Yukihisa

Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 14(1), p.3 - 15, 2018/01

Journal Articles

Study for estimation of snow depth by using DSM made by SfM method

Miyasaka, Satoshi*; Unome, Sota*; Tamura, Ayako*; Ito, Yoshiaki*; Ishizaki, Azusa; Sanada, Yukihisa

Nippon Rimoto Senshingu Gakkai Dai-63-Kai (Heisei-29-Nendo Shuki) Gakujutsu Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.81 - 84, 2017/11

Information of snow depth is important to improve the airborne radiation measurement in the winter. The snow depth is enable to estimate by the aerial photograph which is obtained at the same time with the radiation measurement before and after the snowfall. We attempted optimization parameters which used to make a Digital Surface Model (DSM) using Structure from Motion (SfM) method for estimation of the snow depth. As a result, to enable to measure precisely the snow depth was indicated. However, the estimated snow depth in the forest area was relatively not so accurate because fallen leaves and a tree move were prevented to measure DSM precisely.

Journal Articles

Activities for environmental restoration in Fukushima Environmental Safety Center of JAEA; Miharu-town and Minamisoma-city

Shobu, Nobuhiro

Enerugi Rebyu, 37(10), p.21 - 22, 2017/10

After the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been carrying out research and development activities towards the environmental restoration of Fukushima. This paper describes the following representative activities in Fukushima Environmental Safety Center of JAEA, such as the development of environmental monitoring and mapping technologies, the long-term assessment of transport of radio-cesium in the environment of Fukushima, and the technology development for advancing decontamination and volume reduction technologies.

Journal Articles

Using two detectors concurrently to monitor ambient dose equivalent rates in vehicle surveys of radiocesium contaminated land

Takeishi, Minoru; Shibamichi, Masaru; Malins, A.; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Murakami, Mitsuhiro*; Saegusa, Jun; Yoneya, Masayuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 177, p.1 - 12, 2017/10

AA2016-0534.pdf:1.79MB

By convention radiation measurements from vehicle-borne surveys are converted to the dose rate at 1 m above the ground in the absence of the vehicle. To improve the accuracy of the converted results from vehicle-borne surveys, we investigated combining measurements from two detectors mounted on the vehicle at different heights above the ground. A dual-detector setup was added to a JAEA monitoring car and compared against hand-held survey meter measurements in Fukushima Prefecture. The dose rates obtained by combining measurements from two detectors were within $$pm$$20% of the hand-held reference measurements. The combined results from the two detectors were more accurate than those from either the roof-mounted detector, or the detector inside the vehicle, taken alone. When radiocesium is deficient on a road compared to the adjacent land, mounting detectors high on vehicles yields dose rates closer to the values adjacent to the road. We also investigated mounting heights for vehicle-borne detectors using Monte Carlo $$gamma$$-ray simulations.

Journal Articles

Release behavior of Cs and its chemical form during late phase of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Hidaka, Akihide; Yokoyama, Hiroya

Proceedings of Symposium on Water Chemistry and Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plants in Asia 2017 (AWC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), p.29 - 42, 2017/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ultrasonic guided wave approach for inspecting concave surface of the laser butt-welded pipe

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Nakamura, Masaki*; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Saijo, Shingo*; Nakamoto, Hiroyuki*

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 9(2), p.44 - 51, 2017/08

The aim of this work is to investigate the applicability of ultrasonic guided wave for evaluation of laser beam butt-welding quality. Ten in total test pipes having welding seam is prepared. Two piece of pipe are jointed and continuous laser beam is irradiated on the edges, varying laser irradiation power, welding side and surface profile of the adjacent edges of the pipe. Ultrasonic guided wave testing experiment is performed on the pipes. Torsional mode guided wave is excited by EMAT. The experimental results are analyzed and issues are discussed. The reflection wave bullet from the poor interface of the welding seam is clearly observed, whereas no reflection from fine welded line. From the aspect of laser irradiation power, welding side and surface profile of the adjacent edges, the relation between the interface condition and detection wave bullet are analyzed. It is found that the ultrasonic guided wave technologies have the potential for evaluating laser beam butt-welding seam.

Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 3; Development of measurement and evaluation techniques for the environmental radiation monitoring

Sanada, Yukihisa

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(7), p.418 - 422, 2017/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of advanced measurement technology for solution monitoring at reprocessing plant; Dose rate measurement for the solution including Pu with FP

Matsuki, Takuya; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Sekine, Megumi; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Yasuda, Takeshi; Tsutagi, Koichi; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Nakamura, Hironobu; LaFleur, A. M.*; Browne, M. C.*

Proceedings of INMM 58th Annual Meeting (Internet), 8 Pages, 2017/07

The Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) has been developing a new detector from 2015 to 2017 for purpose to monitor Pu amount in High Active Liquid Waste (HALW) containing FP. It can make a contribution to an advanced approach to effectively and efficiently conduct safeguards for reprocessing facilities because it becomes available to monitor and verify nuclear material movement continuously by a new detector, which has proposed by IAEA. For the second step of this project, we conducted dose rate measurement on the guide rail installing in the cell storing the HALW tank and comparison between measured dose rate distribution and calculation result by MCNP simulation in order to investigate the dose rate distribution which is needed for shielding design of a new detector that is used for radiation (neutron/$$gamma$$ spectrum) measurement in the cell and inquest on the monitoring position of the detector for Pu monitoring. In this paper, we report the result of the dose rate measurement in the cell, improvement of the simulation model which is cleared by comparison between measurement result and calculation result and our future plan.

162 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)