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Journal Articles

Kinetic inductance neutron detector operated at near critical temperature

Vu, TheDang; Nishimura, Kazuma*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oku, Takayuki; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1590, p.012036_1 - 012036_9, 2020/07

JAEA Reports

Development of thin SiC neutron detector with high radiation resistance (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyoto University*

JAEA-Review 2019-042, 43 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-042.pdf:25.64MB

JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Thin SiC Neutron Detector with High Radiation Resistance". In the works for debris retrieval, it is required to install subcritical surveillance radiation monitors that can surely work for long time under extremely high gamma-ray radiation environment. However, there have been problems such as remote control of conventional radiation monitors is difficult because heavy radiation shields are needed. In the present study, we will develop a neutron detector using thin, light-weight and radiation-resistive silicon carbide (SiC) that has low sensitivity to gamma-rays as well as the data collection system in collaboration with the U.K. Using this system, the performance tests will be conducted supposing the real debris retrieval including the irradiation tests. Based on the results, we will conduct research and development aiming to make the system ready for use in real decommissioning works.

JAEA Reports

Research and development of radiation-resistant sensor for fuel debris by integrating advanced measurement technologies (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; High Energy Accelerator Research Organization*

JAEA-Review 2019-040, 77 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-040.pdf:4.61MB

JAEA/CLADS, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Research and Development of Radiation-resistant Sensor for Fuel Debris by Integrating Advanced Measurement Technologies". The present study aims to in-situ measure and analyze the distribution status and criticality of flooded fuel debris. For this purpose, we construct a neutron measurement system by developing compact diamond neutron sensor (200 $$mu$$m $$times$$ 510 $$mu$$m thickness) and integrated circuit whose radiation resistance was improved by circuit design. Along with the multi-phased array sonar and the acoustic sub-bottom profiling (SBP) system, the neutron measurement system will be installed in the ROV (developed by Japan-UK collaboration) and its demonstration tests will be conducted in a PCV mock-up water tank.

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo radiation transport modelling of the current-biased kinetic inductance detector

Malins, A.; Machida, Masahiko; Vu, TheDang; Aizawa, Kazuya; Ishida, Takekazu*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 953, p.163130_1 - 163130_7, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.78(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Neutron flux spectrum revealed by Nb-based current-biased kinetic inductance detector with a $$^{10}$$B conversion layer

Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Narukami, Yoshito*; Yoshioka, Naohito*; Fujimaki, Akira*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Oku, Takayuki; Arai, Masatoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 842, p.71 - 75, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:14.05(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

New approach to measure double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections of several materials for a fusion reactor

Kondo, Keitaro; Takagi, Satoshi*; Murata, Isao*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Akito*; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1527 - 1533, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a fusion reactor development, double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections(DDXc) are necessary to estimate nuclear heating and material damages of candidate materials irradiated with neutrons. Especially in light nuclei such as Be, Li, and C, nuclear reactions are complicated and difficult to estimate energy spectra of emitted particles based only on theoretical calculations Therefore development of a new technique for precise measurements of DDXc is quite important. Recently we successfully developed a new spectrometer for measurement of DDXc using a pencil-beam DT neutron source of FNS in JAERI. In the present study we carried out measurements of DDXc of $$^{9}$$Be, $$^{12}$$C, $$^{19}$$F, and $$^{27}$$Al using the spectrometer. The present technique was valid from the result of measurement for the $$^{27}$$Al(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions. Slight differences appeared between measured data and evaluation or previous experimental values for $$^{9}$$Be(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions at backward scattering angle and in lower energy region.

Journal Articles

Design of a single moderator-type neutron spectrometer with enhanced energy resolution in energy range from a few to 100 keV

Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Saegusa, Jun; Yoshizawa, Michio; Yoshida, Makoto

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 547(2-3), p.592 - 600, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.27(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The moderator structure of a neutron spectrometer was optimized with a Monte Carlo code of MCNP-4B. The spectrometer consists of a cylindrical moderator and a position-sensitive thermal neutron detector. It can obtain an energy spectrum from thermal neutron distribution along the cylindrical axis of the moderator. The structure of the moderator was improved by putting a low hydrogen density material in the front of a high hydrogen density one and inserting a neutron absorber which eliminated thermal neutrons diffusing in the moderator. These improvements make energy resolution of the spectrometer better especially for the low energy neutrons from a few tens to 100 keV. The designed spectrometer can be applied to the measurement of energy spectrum over a neutron energy range from a few keV to 20 MeV.

JAEA Reports

Development of 2-d position-sensitive neutron detector with individual readout; Operation test and establishment of detection system by means of neutron beam

Tanaka, Hiroki; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya

JAERI-Research 2005-010, 16 Pages, 2005/04

JAERI-Research-2005-010.pdf:3.39MB

We have been developing the 2-d position-sensitive neutron detector with individual readout as next-generation-type detector system for neutron scattering experiments using intense pulsed neutron source. The detection system is designed to fulfill the specifications required for each neutron spectrometer, such as a count rate, efficiency, neutron/$$gamma$$-ray ratio, a spatial resolution and a size, by using suitable detector heads. The fundamental and imaging performances of the developed system assembled with a Multi-wire proportional counter head were evaluated using a collimated neutron beam. The system worked stably for long hours at the gas pressure of 5 atm with a mixture of 30% C$$_{2}$$H$$_{6}$$ (0.26 atm $$^{3}$$He)at gas gain of 450. The spatial resolutions were 1.4, 1.6 mm (FWHM) for a cathode- and a back strip- direction, respectively, considering a beam size. It was also confirmed that the spatial uniformity of the detection efficiency over the whole sensitive detection area was rather good, $$pm$$8 % deviation from the average with the optimum discrimination level.

Journal Articles

Operation of a capillary plate under high-pressure $$^{3}$$He for neutron detection

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Masaoka, Sei; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Tanaka, Hiroki; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 539(1-2), p.363 - 371, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We evaluated the neutron-detection performance of a capillary plate under high-pressure helium-3 in terms of the gas gain and the distribution of pulse heights, with the aim of using the device as a neutron detector and a gas preamplification device. The capillary plate exhibited a gas gain of more than 1000 up to a gas pressure of 6 atm with a 5% mixture of ethane, confirming an adequate gas gain as a neutron detector. It was also found that the rise times of the signal pulses were correlated with the range and the emission angle of the secondary particles, protons and tritons, thereby providing useful information for developing a system with position-sensitive readouts with a high spatial resolution and a low background.

Journal Articles

Development of ZnS/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillating and MSGC neutron detectors in JAERI

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Tanaka, Hiroki; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Hamon, 15(1), p.67 - 73, 2005/01

Development of scintillating and gaseous neutron detectors in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is briefly described. In this paper, the performances of the developed 2-d neutron detectors, concerning ZnS/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillating detectors with wavelength shifting fiber read-out and micro-strip gas chambers with individual read-out, are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of neutron-monitor detector using liquid organic scintillator coupled with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheet

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.255 - 261, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.42(Environmental Sciences)

For monitoring of neutron doses in high-energy accelerator facilities, we have developed a neutron-monitor detector applicable to energies from the thermal energy to 100 MeV. The detector is composed of a cylindrical (12.7 cm in diameter and 12.7 cm in length) liquid organic scintillator BC501A covered with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheets. Characteristics of this phoswitch-type detector were studied experimentally in moderated neutron fields of $$^{241}$$Am-Be and $$^{252}$$Cf sources, and in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields of 40 and 70 MeV. It was found from the experiments that the detector is enough sensitive to both thermal and fast neutrons, and has an excellent property of pulse-shape discrimination between them. We concluded, therefore, that the detector can be used for monitoring of neutron doses over a wide energy range from the thermal to 100 MeV.

Journal Articles

Usage of a capillary plate as a pre-gas-amplification device for a neutron microstrip gas chamber

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Masaoka, Sei; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 51(4), p.1519 - 1523, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:80.73(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

A capillary plate (CP) comprising an assembly of fine glass tubes was applied as a pre-gas-amplification device for a microstrip gas chamber (MSGC) operating under high-gas pressure of helium-3 for use in neutron detection. The collection efficiency of the electrons between the CP and MSGC was maximally 17% using neutrons. The effective gas gain of the detector system was $$sim$$600 at a gas pressure of 3 atm with a 10% mixture of ethane with helium-3, confirming the feasibility of the CP as a pre-gas-amplification device. Moreover, we demonstrated that the coincidence measurement of the signals between the CP and the anodes of MSGC decreased the background levels of electronics noise, electronic discharges, and $$gamma$$-rays, indicating that a detector system with a low background can be constructed using the CP.

Journal Articles

Use of liquid helium-3 as a neutron converter for a semiconductor-based neutron detector

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Aratono, Yasuyuki; Kanno, Ikuo*; Hishiki, Shigeomi*; Sugiura, Osamu*; Murase, Yasuhiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.399 - 401, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.11(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We evaluated the neutron-detection characteristics of a cryogenic neutron detector operating at 1.6 K, which comprises a liquid helium-3 as a neutron converter and an InSb semiconductor detector. The InSb semiconductor detector detected the protons created in the nuclear reaction $$^{3}He + n rightarrow p + T$$ in the liquid helium-3, where the density of that is ~600 times larger than that of the gaseous helium-3 at room temperature.

Journal Articles

Discrimination of neutrons and $$gamma$$ ray by a neutron detector comprising a superconducting tunnel junction on a single crystal of Li$$_{2}$$B$$_{4}$$O$$_{7}$$

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Ukibe, Masahiro*; Ikeuchi, Takashi*; Okubo, Masataka*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.402 - 404, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.42(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We evaluated the neutron-$$gamma$$-rays discrimination of the neutron detector comprising a superconducting tunnel junction (STJ) on the single crystal of Li$$_{2}$$B$$_{4}$$O$$_{7}$$. The neutron detector was irradiated with X-rays, $$gamma$$-rays and neutrons, and the signal pulses were analyzed including pulse height distributions and rise times. It was found that the most of the signal pulses for the neutron-events exhibited slower rise times than those for X-rays and $$gamma$$-rays. This indicated the capability of neutron-$$gamma$$-rays discrimination of the detector using the differences in the decay time of the signal current.

Journal Articles

Novel instrument system for discriminating secondary particles in high-spatial-resolution neutron detection

Yamagishi, Hideshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Masaoka, Sei; Aizawa, Kazuya

Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(7), p.2340 - 2345, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:51.37(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A new instrument system with the capability of secondary-particle discrimination (InSPaD) was studied for the development of two-dimensional neutron detectors (2D-ND) filled with helium-3 gas and with high spatial resolution. The InSPaD can discriminate between the tracks of a proton and a triton created in the nuclear reaction $$^{3}$$He(${it n}$,${it p}$)${it T}$ by simply setting the level of discriminators appropriately in each signal channel, and the system exhibits a high spatial resolution, high counting rate, low background, and stability. The simulations of the 2D-ND equipped with the InSPaD revealed spatial resolutions of 0.46 mm in full width at half maximum for a 10% mixture of C$$_{2}$$H$$_{6}$$ with helium-3 at 0.3 MPa. The results of neutron-detection experiments using a microstrip gas chamber, including the range of the secondary particles and the pulse-height distribution, agreed well with the simulated results, indicating the feasibility of the InSPaD.

JAEA Reports

Neutron zooming detector using electronic zooming TV readout system

Soyama, Kazuhiko; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Masaoka, Sei; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Matsumura, Tatsuya*; Kinoshita, Katsuyuki*

JAERI-Research 2003-032, 22 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Research-2003-032.pdf:1.83MB

The neutron zooming tube has been developed using electronic zooming TV readout system for an X-ray microscope. This system consists of the photocathode, the electro-magnetic coil assembly and the CCD TV camera etc.. The photocathode consists of transmission type CsI layer in combination with neutron converters such as Gd foil. The system position sensitive resolution of 20$$mu$$m has been obtained using neutron converter. We have found that it is determined from the distance between the CsI layer and the neutron converter, then the limiting resolution could be improved.

Journal Articles

Cryogenic neutron detector by InSb semiconductor detector with high-density helium-3 gas converter

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Aratono, Yasuyuki; Kanno, Ikuo*; Hishiki, Shigeomi*; Sugiura, Osamu*; Murase, Yasuhiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 520(1-3), p.76 - 79, 2004/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:51.86(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The neutron-detection characteristics of a cryogenic neutron detector comprising an InSb semiconductor detector and a helium-3 gas converter were evaluated at a gas pressure of up to 12.5atm at 4.2K. The detector successfully detected stable neutrons under these conditions, where the density of the helium-3 gas is a few-hundred times higher than that at room temperature. It was found that the neutron detection efficiency was correlated with the gas pressure - even in a backward-detection configuration - in low-temperature, high-pressure helium-3.

Journal Articles

Cryogenic neutron detector comprising an InSb semiconductor detector and a supercritical helium-3 gas converter

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Aratono, Yasuyuki; Kanno, Ikuo*; Hishiki, Shigeomi*; Sugiura, Osamu*; Murase, Yasuhiro*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(2), p.340 - 344, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:61.65(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We evaluated the neutron-detection characteristics of a proposed cryogenic neutron detector comprising an InSb semiconductor detector and a helium-3 gas converter. The neutron detector was operated at 4.2 K with helium-3 gas filling up to 1.5 atm, at which the density of the helium-3 nucleus corresponds to that at 160 atm at room temperature. The secondary particles generated by the $$^{3}$$He(n,p) T reaction were successfully detected by the InSb detector with a time response of $$sim$$80 nsec at all tested gas pressures.

JAEA Reports

Secondary $$gamma$$-ray measurements on the D-T neutron skyshine experiments

Tanaka, Ryohei*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nakao, Makoto*; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Hori, Junichi; Wada, Masayuki*; Sato, Satoshi; Nishitani, Takeo

JAERI-Tech 2003-063, 62 Pages, 2003/07

JAERI-Tech-2003-063.pdf:3.41MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of micro-strip gas chamber with individual readout

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Masaoka, Sei; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Aizawa, Kazuya

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 1, p.441 - 446, 2003/07

Development of a Micro-Strip Gas Chamber(MSGC) in JAERI is presented. The performances we aim at are counting rate $$>$$10$$^{6}$$${it cps/mm}$$$^{2}$$, position resolution $$<$$1${it mm}$, detection efficiency $$>$$60% at thermal neutron and good n/gamma discrimination. Our two-dimensional gas detector consists of a micro strip plate printed on a polyimide substrate and a high pressure gas chamber which has all the signal lines are directly taken out (256ch individual readout) and withstands the pressure of 10bar $$^{3}$$${it He}$. The individual signal readout opens the way to realize high counting rate and high position resolution at the same time. We carried out range measurements of secondary particles to confirm the range measuring power of the MSGC with that read out method. The measured ranges in the gas of 3bar helium mixed with $$10%$$ ethane is 3mm, 9.5mm for triton and proton, respectively. Those values are well agreed with theoretical estimation and we could show the feasibility of the precise measurement of the ranges by the MSGC.

44 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)