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JAEA Reports

Background radiation monitoring using manned helicopter for application of technique of nuclear emergency response in the fiscal year 2019 (Contract research)

Futemma, Akira; Sanada, Yukihisa; Kawasaki, Yoshiharu*; Iwai, Takeyuki*; Hiraga, Shogo*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Haginoya, Masashi*; Matsunaga, Yuki*; Kikuchi, Hikaru*; Ishizaki, Azusa; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-019, 128 Pages, 2021/02


A large amount of radioactive material was released by the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company, caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the following tsunami on March 11, 2011. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter has been utilized to grasp rapidly and widely the distribution of the radioactive materials around FDNPS. We prepare the data of background radiation dose, geomorphic characteristics and the controlled airspace around nuclear facilities of the whole country in order to make effective use of the monitoring technique as a way of emergency radiation monitoring and supply the results during accidents of the facilities. Furthermore, the airborne radiation monitoring has been conducted in Integrated Nuclear Emergency Response Drill to increase effectiveness of the monitoring. This report is summarized that the knowledge as noted above achieved by the aerial radiation monitoring around Higashidori nuclear power station, the nuclear fuel reprocessing plant in Rokkasho village and Shika nuclear power station, the full details of the aerial radiation monitoring in Integrated Nuclear Emergency Response Drill in the fiscal 2019. In addition, examination's progress aimed at introduction of airborne radiation monitoring using unmanned helicopter during nuclear disaster and the technical issues are summarized in this report.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2019 (Contract research)

Futemma, Akira; Sanada, Yukihisa; Ishizaki, Azusa; Kawasaki, Yoshiharu*; Iwai, Takeyuki*; Hiraga, Shogo*; Sato, Kazuhiko*; Haginoya, Masashi*; Matsunaga, Yuki*; Kikuchi, Hikaru*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-018, 121 Pages, 2021/02


By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the following tsunami on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive material was released from the FDNPS. After the nuclear disaster, airborne radiation monitoring using manned helicopter has been conducted around FDNPS. The results in the fiscal 2019 were summarized in this report. Analysis taken topographical effects into consideration was applied to the result of airborne monitoring to improve the precision of conventional method. In addition, discrimination method of gamma rays from Rn-progenies was also utilized to evaluate their effect on aerial radiation monitoring.

JAEA Reports

Human resource development related to remote control technology for monitoring inside RPV pedestal during retrieval of fuel debris (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; The University of Tokyo*

JAEA-Review 2020-028, 68 Pages, 2021/01


The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Human Resource Development Related to Remote Control Technology for Monitoring Inside RPV Pedestal during Retrieval of Fuel Debris". This study deals with construction of a monitoring platform for understanding the status inside a reactor during fuel debris removal, and measurement and visualization by sensors moving on the platform. In addition, to develop research personnel through research education by participating in such research projects, classroom lectures, and facility tours is also a goal of this project. In FY2019, the main activities were conceptual design, prototyping, and conceptual planning.

Journal Articles

Simulation analysis of the Compton-to-peak method for quantifying radiocesium deposition quantities

Malins, A.; Ochi, Kotaro; Machida, Masahiko; Sanada, Yukihisa

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.147 - 154, 2020/10

JAEA Reports

Preliminary study on radiation effects of monitoring equipment

Nakayama, Masashi; Tanai, Kenji

JAEA-Review 2019-032, 32 Pages, 2020/02


There are various types of monitoring in the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, such as monitoring for confirmation of construction quality and the status of engineered barrier, and monitoring to help manage construction, operation and closure activities, etc. Among these monitoring methods, monitoring related to the confirmation of the state of engineered barrier has been studied in international joint research on monitoring concepts and specific methods. Since monitoring equipment is affected by temperature, humidity, pressure, radiation, water quality, etc., it is important to consider geological environmental conditions and radiation effects. This report compares the radiation resistance of the materials used in the monitoring equipment with the absorbed dose in the buffer material obtained by analysis, and qualitatively examines the effects of radiation on the monitoring equipment. As a result of the examination, it was estimated that the dose did not affect the monitoring equipment. However, it is necessary to verify the possibility of reliable data acquisition by irradiation tests for monitoring devices with built-in electronic components.

Journal Articles

Application of the forest shielding factor to the maximum-likelihood expectation maximization method for airborne radiation monitoring

Sasaki, Miyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamamoto, Akio*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 184(3-4), p.400 - 404, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:66.48(Environmental Sciences)

The maximum-likelihood expectation maximization (ML-EM) method is expected to improve the accuracy of airborne radiation monitoring using an unmanned aerial vehicle. The accuracy of the ML-EM method depends on various parameters, including detector efficiency, attenuation factor, and shielding factor. In this study, we evaluate the shielding factor of trees based on several field radiation measurements. From the actual measurement, the shielding factors were well correlated with the heights of the trees. The evaluated shielding factors were applied to the ML-EM method in conjunction with the measured data obtained from above the Fukushima forest. Compared with the conventional methods used for calculating the dose rate, the proposed method is found to be more reliable.

Journal Articles

JAEA Reports

Applied research for the establishment of radiation monitoring and evaluation of exposure dose of residence at the zone designated for reconstruction and recovery

Funaki, Hironori; Takahara, Shogo; Sasaki, Miyuki; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Nakama, Shigeo; Sanada, Yukihisa

JAEA-Research 2018-016, 48 Pages, 2019/03


Cabinet Office Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters starts to consider radiation protection in the "specific reconstruction reproduction base area" of which evacuation order will be lifted by 2023. It is essential to grab the present situations of radiation contamination and evaluate exposure dose in the area to realize the plan. Many surveys have evaluated the distributions of air dose rate and exposure dose has been estimated based on the results since the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Nevertheless, more detailed information on exposure is needed for the areas because its radiation level is relatively high. That is also to help make prudent evaluation plan. This study aimed to evaluate the detailed contamination situation there and estimate exposure dose with considering areal circumstances. Investigations were carried out for (1) airborne survey of air dose rate using an unmanned helicopter (2) evaluation of airborne radiocesium and (3) estimation of external/internal effective doses for typical activity patterns assumed. Additionally, we applied new methods for the airborne survey to evaluate exposure dose. Our study showed a detailed three-dimensional map of air dose rate and clarified the distribution pattern in the areas. Results of effective dose estimation suggested that the internal effective dose due to inhalation accounts for less than 1% of the external effective dose.

Journal Articles

Comparison of the Fukushima radioactive mapping by two different aerial radiation monitoring systems

Kim, B.-J.*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.130 - 133, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ecological half-life of dose rate based on airborne radiation monitoring following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Sanada, Yukihisa; Urabe, Yoshimi*; Sasaki, Miyuki; Ochi, Kotaro; Torii, Tatsuo

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.417 - 425, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:27.17(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of a radiological characterization submersible ROV for use at Fukushima Daiichi

Nancekievill, M.*; Jones, A. R.*; Joyce, M. J.*; Lennox, B.*; Watson, S.*; Katakura, Junichi*; Okumura, Keisuke; Kamada, So*; Kato, Michio*; Nishimura, Kazuya*

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 65(9), p.2565 - 2572, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:20.18(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In order to contribute to the development of technology to search fuel debris submerged in water inside the primary containment vessel of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, we are developing a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) system equipped with a compact radiation detector and sonar. A cerium bromide (CeBr$$_{3}$$) scintillator detector for dose rate monitoring and $$gamma$$ ray spectroscopy was integrated into ROV and experimentally validated with a $$^{137}$$Cs source, both in the conditions of laboratory and submerged. In addition, the ROV combined with the IMAGENEX 831L sonar could characterize the shape and size of a simulated fuel debris at the bottom of the water pool facility.

Journal Articles

Study for estimation of snow depth by using DSM made by SfM method

Miyasaka, Satoshi*; Unome, Sota*; Tamura, Ayako*; Ito, Yoshiaki*; Ishizaki, Azusa; Sanada, Yukihisa

Nippon Rimoto Senshingu Gakkai Dai-63-Kai (Heisei-29-Nendo Shuki) Gakujutsu Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.81 - 84, 2017/11

Information of snow depth is important to improve the airborne radiation measurement in the winter. The snow depth is enable to estimate by the aerial photograph which is obtained at the same time with the radiation measurement before and after the snowfall. We attempted optimization parameters which used to make a Digital Surface Model (DSM) using Structure from Motion (SfM) method for estimation of the snow depth. As a result, to enable to measure precisely the snow depth was indicated. However, the estimated snow depth in the forest area was relatively not so accurate because fallen leaves and a tree move were prevented to measure DSM precisely.

Journal Articles

Using two detectors concurrently to monitor ambient dose equivalent rates in vehicle surveys of radiocesium contaminated land

Takeishi, Minoru; Shibamichi, Masaru; Malins, A.; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Murakami, Mitsuhiro*; Saegusa, Jun; Yoneya, Masayuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 177, p.1 - 12, 2017/10


By convention radiation measurements from vehicle-borne surveys are converted to the dose rate at 1 m above the ground in the absence of the vehicle. To improve the accuracy of the converted results from vehicle-borne surveys, we investigated combining measurements from two detectors mounted on the vehicle at different heights above the ground. A dual-detector setup was added to a JAEA monitoring car and compared against hand-held survey meter measurements in Fukushima Prefecture. The dose rates obtained by combining measurements from two detectors were within $$pm$$20% of the hand-held reference measurements. The combined results from the two detectors were more accurate than those from either the roof-mounted detector, or the detector inside the vehicle, taken alone. When radiocesium is deficient on a road compared to the adjacent land, mounting detectors high on vehicles yields dose rates closer to the values adjacent to the road. We also investigated mounting heights for vehicle-borne detectors using Monte Carlo $$gamma$$-ray simulations.

Journal Articles

Release behavior of Cs and its chemical form during late phase of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Hidaka, Akihide; Yokoyama, Hiroya

Proceedings of Symposium on Water Chemistry and Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plants in Asia 2017 (AWC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), p.29 - 42, 2017/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 3; Development of measurement and evaluation techniques for the environmental radiation monitoring

Sanada, Yukihisa

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(7), p.418 - 422, 2017/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Airborne radiation monitoring using a manned helicopter

Sanada, Yukihisa; Ishizaki, Azusa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi*

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(3), p.149 - 162, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:55.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2011 generated a series of large tsunami waves that caused serious damage to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station, following which a large amount of radioactive material was discharged from the nuclear power plant into the environment. The airborne radiation measurement using a manned helicopter was applied to measure the radiation distribution immediately after accident of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station as technique to quickly measure the radiation distribution in the wide area. In Japan, this technique was researched and developed in the 1980s. However, this technique and system were not applied immediately after the accident because standardization of analysis was not established and the Japanese system became deteriorated. This technique is important for post-accident of nuclear facility. We summarized the methods of the airborne radiation measurement using a manned helicopter. In addition, measurement results of dose rate distribution at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station was shown in this paper.

Journal Articles

Altitude control performance improvement via preview controller for unmanned airplane for radiation monitoring system

Sato, Masayuki*; Muraoka, Koji*; Hozumi, Koki*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Torii, Tatsuo

Nippon Koku Uchu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 65(2), p.54 - 63, 2017/02

This paper is concerned with the design problem of preview altitude controller for Unmanned Airplane for Radiation Monitoring System (UARMS) to improve its control performance. UARMS has been developed for radiation monitoring around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant which spread radiation contaminant due to the huge tsunamis caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake. The monitoring area contains flat as well as mountain areas. The basic flight controller has been confirmed to have satisfactory performance with respect to altitude holding; however, the control performance for variable altitude commands is not sufficient for practical use in mountain areas. We therefore design preview altitude controller with only proportional gains by considering the practicality and the strong requirement of safety for UARMS. Control performance of the designed preview controller was evaluated by flight tests conducted around Fukushima Sky Park.

Journal Articles

Survey and countermeasures on radiocesium inflow into a laboratory building for radioactivity analysis

Kurita, Yoshiyuki; Saegusa, Jun; Maeda, Satoshi

Nippon Hoshasen Anzen Kanri Gakkai-Shi, 15(2), p.180 - 185, 2016/11

In 2012, JAEA has established a laboratory in Fukushima-city to implement radioactivity analysis of environmental samples. Key nuclides measured in this laboratory are $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs (radiocesium). For the purpose, situation of radiocesium inflow into the laboratory building and its effects were investigated based on high-resolution gamma-spectrometry with germanium detectors. As a result, the surface density of radiocesium in the laboratory was found to be far below the minimum detectable activities of survey instruments routinely used for radiation control purposes.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2013 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; Sato, Yoshiharu; Hirayama, Hirokatsu; Takamura, Yoshihide; Nishihara, Katsuya; Imura, Mitsuo; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-012, 110 Pages, 2014/08


By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. This document was summarized in the results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2013.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the activities of Health Physics in JAERI in 2004; April 1, 2004$$sim$$March 31, 2005

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; Radiation Control Division, Oarai; Safety Division, Kansai; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 2005-028, 232 Pages, 2005/08


no abstracts in English

71 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)