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Microstructure and plasticity evolution during L$"u$ders deformation in an Fe-5Mn-0.1C medium-Mn steel

小山 元道*; 山下 享介*; 諸岡 聡; 澤口 孝宏*; Yang, Z.*; 北條 智彦*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.

ISIJ International, 62(10), p.2036 - 2042, 2022/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:70.46(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The local plasticity and associated microstructure evolution in Fe-5Mn-0.1C medium-Mn steel (wt.%) were investigated in this study. Specifically, the micro-deformation mechanism during L$"u$ders banding was characterized based on multi-scale electron backscatter diffraction measurements and electron channeling contrast imaging. Similar to other medium-Mn steels, the Fe-5Mn-0.1C steel showed discontinuous macroscopic deformation, preferential plastic deformation in austenite, and deformation-induced martensitic transformation during L$"u$ders deformation. Hexagonal close-packed martensite was also observed as an intermediate phase. Furthermore, an in-situ neutron diffraction experiment revealed that the pre-existing body-centered cubic phase, which was mainly ferrite, was a minor deformation path, although ferrite was the major constituent phase.


Hierarchical deformation heterogeneity during L$"u$ders band propagation in an Fe-5Mn-0.1C medium Mn steel clarified through ${it in situ}$ scanning electron microscopy

小山 元道*; 山下 享介*; 諸岡 聡; Yang, Z.*; Varanasi, R. S.*; 北條 智彦*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.

ISIJ International, 62(10), p.2043 - 2053, 2022/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:37.86(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

${it In situ}$ deformation experiments with cold-rolled and intercritically annealed Fe-5Mn-0.1C steel were carried out at ambient temperature to characterize the deformation heterogeneity during L$"u$ders band propagation. Deformation band formation, which is a precursor phenomenon of L$"u$ders band propagation, occurred even in the macroscopically elastic deformation stage. The deformation bands in the L$"u$ders front grew from both the side edges to the center of the specimen. After macroscopic yielding, the thin deformation bands grew via band branching, thickening, multiple band initiation, and their coalescence, the behavior of which was heterogeneous. Thick deformation bands formed irregularly in front of the region where the thin deformation bands were densified. The thin deformation bands were not further densified when the spacing of the bands was below $$sim$$10 $$mu$$m. Instead, the regions between the deformation bands showed a homogeneous plasticity evolution. The growth of the thin deformation bands was discontinuous, which may be due to the presence of ferrite groups in the propagation path of the deformation bands. Based on these observations, a model for discontinuous L$"u$ders band propagation has been proposed.


Effect of magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H) formation on the local atomic arrangements and mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H); In situ X-ray scattering study

Kim, G.*; Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Cho, S.*; 兼松 学*; 諸岡 聡; 小山 拓*; 西尾 悠平*; 町田 晃彦*; et al.

Cement and Concrete Research, 159, p.106869_1 - 106869_17, 2022/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:83.02(Construction & Building Technology)

This study explored the effect of M-S-H formation on the local atomic arrangements and mechanical properties of C-S-H. The elastic moduli of the samples were calculated using shifted atomic distances (r) and d-spacings (d) acquired by applying an external load on the pastes during X-ray scattering experiments. The experimental results indicated that the crystal structure of C-S-H remained intact with MgCl$$_{2}$$ addition. At the highest Mg/Si ratio (Ca/Si = 0.6, Mg/Si = 0.2), change in the dominant phase occurred from C-S-H to M-S-H because the low pH environment hindered the formation of C-S-H and facilitated the formation of M-S-H. The elastic modulus decreased with increasing Mg/Si ratio up to 0.1 owing to both C-S-H destabilization and low M-S-H content in the samples. Conversely, the elastic modulus increased in the paste synthesized with the highest Mg/Si ratio because considerable M-S-H had formed, which exhibited a higher elastic modulus than C-S-H.


Development of a miniature electromagnet probe for the measurement of local velocity in heavy liquid metals

有吉 玄; 大林 寛生; 佐々 敏信

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1071 - 1088, 2022/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:35.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

液体重金属中の局所流速計測において、電磁誘導を用いた計測手法は効果的手法の一つである。永久磁石を利用した流速計として、Ricou and Vives' probeやVon Weissenfluh's probeが広く知られているが、これらの流速計は液温上昇に伴う永久磁石の熱減磁により、流速感度および計測体積が低下することが問題点として挙げられる。特に、永久磁石のキュリー温度を超える温度域では流速検出不能となる。そこで本研究では、流速計が持つ温度依存性の解消を目的とし、小型電磁石を内蔵する流速計を開発した。開発された流速計の直径は6mm、長さは155mmである。流速計の基本性能は、室温環境下における矩形管内水銀流れの局所流速分布計測を通して確認され、流速感度および計測体積が評価された。計測された局所流速分布は数値計算によりその妥当性が確認された。


Hydrogen-Ti$$^{3+}$$ complex as a possible origin of localized electron behavior in hydrogen-irradiated SrTiO$$_3$$

伊藤 孝

e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 20(3), p.128 - 134, 2022/05

A recent muon spin rotation ($$mu^+$$SR) study on a paramagnetic defect complex formed upon implantation of $$mu^+$$ pseudo-proton into SrTiO$$_3$$ is reviewed with a specific focus on the relation with experimental signatures of coexisting delocalized and localized electrons in hydrogen-irradiated metallic SrTiO$$_3$$ films. The paramagnetic defect complex, composed of interstitial $$mu^+$$ and Ti$$^{3+}$$ small polaron, is characterized by a small dissociation energy of about 30 meV. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations in the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) +$$U$$ scheme for a corresponding hydrogen defect complex reveal that a thermodynamic donor level associated with electron transfer from an H$$^+$$-Ti$$^{3+}$$ complex to the conduction band can form just below the conduction band minimum for realistic $$U$$ values. These findings suggest that the coexistence of delocalized and localized electrons can be realized in hydrogen-irradiated SrTiO$$_3$$ in electron-rich conditions.


GPU optimization of lattice Boltzmann method with local ensemble transform Kalman filter

長谷川 雄太; 今村 俊幸*; 伊奈 拓也; 小野寺 直幸; 朝比 祐一; 井戸村 泰宏

Proceedings of 13th Workshop on Latest Advances in Scalable Algorithms for Large-Scale Heterogeneous Systems (ScalAH22) (Internet), p.10 - 17, 2022/00

格子ボルツマン法(LBM)に基づく数値流体力学シミュレーションおよび局所アンサンブル変換カルマンフィルタ(LETKF)によるアンサンブルデータ同化をNVIDIA A100 GPU搭載スパコンに対して実装し、および最適化した。LBMとLETKFの協働のため、データ転置通信を実装し、LETKFのデータ依存性に基づいて計算,ファイルI/O、および通信のオーバーラップにより通信を最適化した。2次元等方乱流,アンサンブル数$$M=64$$,格子点数$$N_x=128^2$$の条件において、通信を最適化した実装は、LETKFを並列化しない単純な実装に対して3.85倍の高速化を達成した。LETKFの主要な計算カーネルは$$Mtimes M$$の実対称密行列の固有値分解であり、その計算のため、バッチ形式固有値分解ソルバEigenGを新たに開発した。EigenGによるバッチ形式固有値分解は、既存ライブラリであるcuSolverに対して64倍の高速化を達成した。


Tree cutting approach for domain partitioning on forest-of-octrees-based block-structured static adaptive mesh refinement with lattice Boltzmann method

長谷川 雄太; 青木 尊之*; 小林 宏充*; 井戸村 泰宏; 小野寺 直幸

Parallel Computing, 108, p.102851_1 - 102851_12, 2021/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:35.32(Computer Science, Theory & Methods)

GPUスーパコンピュータに対して格子ボルツマン法(LBM: lattice Botltzmann method)およびforest-of-octreesに基づくブロック構造型の局所細分化格子(LMR: local mesh refinement)を用いた空力解析コードを実装し、その性能を評価した。性能評価の結果、従来の空間充填曲線(SFC; space-filling curve)に基づく領域分割アルゴリズムでは、本空力解析において袖領域通信のコストが過大となることがわかった。領域分割の改善手法として本稿では挿し木法を提案し、領域分割の局所性とトポロジーを改善し、従来のSFCに基づく手法に比べて通信コストを1/3$$sim$$1/4に削減した。強スケーリング測定では、最大で1.82倍の高速化を示し、128GPUで2207MLUPS(mega-lattice update per second)の性能を達成した。弱スケーリング測定では、8$$sim$$128GPUで93.4%の並列化効率を示し、最大規模の128GPU計算では44.73億格子点を用いて9620MLUPSの性能を達成した。



加藤 千明; 山岸 功; 佐藤 智徳; 山本 正弘*

材料と環境, 70(12), p.441 - 447, 2021/12



Coherent eddies transporting passive scalars through the plant canopy revealed by Large-Eddy simulations using the lattice Boltzmann method

渡辺 力*; 高木 毬衣*; 下山 宏*; 川島 正行*; 小野寺 直幸; 稲垣 厚至*

Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 181(1), p.39 - 71, 2021/10

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:50.89(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)



Temperature effects on local structure, phase transformation, and mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrates

Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; 兼松 学*; 諸岡 聡; 小山 拓*; 西尾 悠平*; 町田 晃彦*; Kim, J.*; Bae, S.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 104(9), p.4803 - 4818, 2021/09

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:80.79(Materials Science, Ceramics)

This study aims to elucidate the effect of heating on the local atomic arrangements, structure, phase transformation, and mechanical properties of synthesized calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H). The alteration in the atomic arrangement of the synthesized C-S-H (Ca/Si = 0.8) and the formation of crystalline phases that occurred in three distinct transformation stages of dehydration (105-200 $$^{circ}$$C), decomposition (300-600 $$^{circ}$$C), and recrystallization (700-1000 $$^{circ}$$C) were investigated via powder X-ray diffraction, $$^{29}$$Si nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. Further, the deformation of the local atomic bonding environment and variations in mechanical properties during the three stages were assessed via pair distribution function analysis based on in-situ total X-ray scattering. The results revealed that the C-S-H paste before heating exhibited a lower elastic modulus in real space than that in the reciprocal space in the initial loading stage because water molecules acted as a lubricant in the interlayer. At the dehydration stage, the strain as a function of external loading exhibited irregular deformation owing to the formation of additional pores induced by the evaporation of free moisture. At the decomposition stage, the structural deformation of the main d-spacing (d $$approx$$ 3.0 ${AA}$) was similar to that of the real space before the propagation of microcracks. At the recrystallization stage, the elastic modulus increased to 48 GPa owing to the thermal phase transformation of C-S-H to crystalline $$beta$$-wollastonite. The results provide direct experimental evidence of the micro- and nanostructural deformation behavior of C-S-H pastes after exposure to high temperature under external loading.


Local tephra as an age-determination tool; Example of 2.3 ka Yakedake volcano tephra in Nagano Prefecture, central Japan

小嶋 智*; 鏡味 沙耶; 横山 立憲; 苅谷 愛彦*; 片山 喜一*; 西尾 学*

Proceedings of 5th International Workshop on Rock Mechanics and Engineering Geology in Volcanic Fields (RMEGV 2021) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2021/09

中部日本で最も活動が活発な火山の一つである焼岳の4.6kmほど北東に位置するきぬがさの池周縁部から採取したハンドオーガーボーリングコア試料からローカルテフラがみつかる。このテフラは、主成分として様々な形状の火山ガラス(マイクロライトを包有するもの、ブロック状、縦溝のあるもの、微小胞のあるもの)から構成され、また、少量の鉱物(石英,斜長石,角閃石,黒雲母,輝石)を含む。また、このテフラ層より10cm下部より回収された植物残骸から得られる$$^{14}$$C較正年代は、2,331-2,295cal BP(19.2%の確率)もしくは、2,270-2,155cal BP(76.2%の確率)である。本研究では、電子プローブマイクロアナライザを用いて、このテフラ層の火山ガラスのうち、241個について主要元素分析を行った。それらのデータをSiO$$_{2}$$-K$$_{2}$$O, SiO$$_{2}$$-Na$$_{2}$$O+K$$_{2}$$O、及びFeO$$^{ast}$$-K$$_{2}$$O図にプロットした結果、中部日本に分布する主要なテフラの化学組成との差異が認められた。さらに、鉱物組成及び化学組成は、約2,300cal BPとされる焼岳の北北西およそ2kmに広がった中尾火砕流のテフラと一致する。このテフラは北アルプス南部の2,300cal BPのローカルな年代指標として有益である可能性が示唆された。


Measurement of local temperature around the impact points of fast ions under grazing incidence

古株 弘樹*; Yoon, S.*; Lee, H.*; 中嶋 薫*; 松田 誠; 左高 正雄*; 辻本 将彦*; Toulemonde, M.*; 木村 健二*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 460, p.34 - 37, 2019/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Gold and platinum nanoparticles of few-nm size were deposited on amorphous silicon nitride (a-SiN) films. These samples were irradiated with 380 MeV Au ions at grazing incident angles ($$theta$$$$_{i}$$=2$$^{circ}$$-5$$^{circ}$$) to a fluence of ~1$$times$$10$$^{10}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$. The irradiated samples were observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Ion tracks were clearly observed as long bright lines. Nanoparticles were found to be desorbed from long and narrow regions along the ion tracks. The surface temperature at the thermal spike produced by the ion impact was evaluated from the observed nanoparticle desorption. The observed temperature distribution is qualitatively explained by a one-dimensional two temperature model (1D-TTM) although there are some discrepancies which may be attributed to the surface effects which are not taken into account in 1D-TTM.


Evaluation of crack growth rates and microstructures near the crack tip of neutron-irradiated austenitic stainless steels in simulated BWR environment

知見 康弘; 笠原 茂樹; 瀬戸 仁史*; 橘内 裕寿*; 越石 正人*; 西山 裕孝

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors, Vol.2, p.1039 - 1054, 2018/00

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:58.64



Axial flow characteristics of bubbly flow in a vertical large-diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 孫 昊旻; Deng, B.*; 日引 俊*; 中村 秀夫

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2017/09




山田 大地; 大矢 晃久*

計測自動制御学会論文集, 52(12), p.661 - 670, 2016/12



Seawater effects on the soundness of spent fuel cladding tube

本岡 隆文; 上野 文義; 山本 正弘

Proceedings of 2016 EFCOG Nuclear & Facility Safety Workshop (Internet), 6 Pages, 2016/09



Correlation between locally deformed structure and oxide film properties in austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

知見 康弘; 橘内 裕寿*; 笠原 茂樹; 茶谷 一宏*; 越石 正人*; 西山 裕孝

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 475, p.71 - 80, 2016/07

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:65.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Gas-liquid bubbly flow structure in a vertical large-diameter square duct

Shen, X.*; 孫 昊旻; Deng, B.*; 日引 俊*; 中村 秀夫

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 89, p.140 - 158, 2016/05

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:89.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion model using large-eddy simulation; LOHDIM-LES

中山 浩成; 永井 晴康

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-026, 37 Pages, 2016/03


数km四方の局所域スケールにおいて詳細に大気拡散計算を行える数値シミュレーションモデル、局所域高分解能大気拡散モデルを開発した。このモデルは、非定常挙動予測に優れたLarge-Eddy Simulation乱流モデルに基づき設計されている。基本方程式は、連続の式、流体運動方程式、空気中濃度の輸送方程式により構成されている。建造物や局所地形は数m程度の高分解能計算格子で精緻に解像され、それらの乱流効果は境界埋め込み法によって表現されている。大気乱流場の再現にあたっては、主解析領域の上流側に乱流駆動領域を設け、リサイクリング手法によって境界層乱流を作り出している。この乱流変動風を主解析領域に時々刻々与えることで、計算対象領域における大気乱流および拡散挙動を詳細に評価できるようになっている。


A Numerical study on local fuel-coolant interactions in a simulated molten fuel pool using the SIMMER-III code

Cheng, S.; 松場 賢一; 磯崎 三喜男; 神山 健司; 鈴木 徹; 飛田 吉春

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 85, p.740 - 752, 2015/11

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:90.94(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Studies on local fuel-coolant interactions (FCI) in a molten pool are crucial to the analyses of severe accidents that could occur for sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). To clarify the characteristics of this interaction, in recent years a series of simulated experiments, which covers a variety of conditions including much difference in water volume, melt temperature, water subcooling and water release site (pool surface or bottom), was conducted at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency by delivering a given quantity of water into a molten pool formed with a low-melting-point alloy. In this study, motivated by acquiring further evidence for understanding its mechanisms, interaction characteristics including the pressure-buildup as well as mechanical energy release and its conversion efficiency, are investigated using the SIMMER-III, an advanced fast reactor safety analysis code. It is confirmed that, similar to experiments, the water volume, melt temperature and water release site are observable to have remarkable impact on the interaction, while the role of water subcooling seems to be less prominent. The performed analyses also suggest that the most probable reason leading to the limited pressurization and resultant mechanical energy release for a given melt and water temperature within the non-film boiling range, even under a condition of much larger volume of water entrapped within the pool, should be primarily due to an isolation effect of vapor bubbles generated at the water-melt interface.

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