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Fermi surface study in uranium-based intermetallic compounds

ウラン金属間化合物のフェルミ面研究

芳賀 芳範 ; 山本 悦嗣 ; 常盤 欣文; 青木 大*; 稲田 佳彦*; 摂待 力生*; 眞榮平 孝裕; 山上 浩志*; 播磨 尚朝*; 大貫 惇睦

Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Aoki, Dai*; Inada, Yoshihiko*; Settai, Rikio*; Maehira, Takahiro; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Onuki, Yoshichika

ウラン化合物のフェルミ面をドハース・ファンアルフェン(dHvA)効果を用いて研究した。磁気秩序を持たない、遍歴5f物質USi$$_{3}$$, UC, UAl$$_{3}$$の実験結果は、バンド理論で極めてよく説明できる。他方、伝導電子間の相関が強い重い電子系でもバンド理論が摘要可能であることがわかってきた。ただし、巨大な有効質量はバンド理論では説明できない。また、重い電子系超伝導体URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$, UPd$$_{2}$$Al$$_{3}$$, CeRu$$_{2}$$で、超伝導混合状態におけるdHvA振動の観測に成功し、有効質量及び散乱緩和時間の顕著な磁場依存性を観測した。

Fermi surfaces of uranium compounds are investigated by de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect. Band calculations well reproduce the Fermi surfaces of non-magnetic itinerant systems such as USi$$_{3}$$, UC, UAl$$_{3}$$. Fermi surfaces of the heavy fermion compounds, where the strong correlation between carriers are important, are also explained by band calculations, except for their unusually large mass enhancement. We have also observed dHvA oscillations in the superconducting mixed states in heavy fermion superconductors such as URu$$_{2}$$Si$$_{2}$$, UPd$$_{2}$$Al$$_{3}$$ and CeRu$$_{2}$$. A significan field dependence of cyclotron effective mass and scattering life time were observed.

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