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Discovery of the "Devil's flower" in a charge-ordering system; Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$

電荷秩序系における「悪魔の花」の発見; NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$の放射光X線回折実験

大和田 謙二; 藤井 保彦; 中尾 裕則*; 村上 洋一*; 礒部 正彦*; 上田 寛*

Owada, Kenji; Fujii, Yasuhiko; Nakao, Hironori*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Isobe, Masahiko*; Ueda, Yutaka*

最近のNaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$に関する放射光回折実験結果をレビューする。単斜晶シングルドメインからの共鳴X線回折はV$$^{4+}$$, V$$^{5+}$$イオンのコントラストを増幅し、その結果NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$${it T$_{c}$}$=35K以下における電荷秩序積層パターンをユニークに導いた。考えられる4つの電荷秩序パターンA, A', B, B'にもかかわらず、積層パターンはAAA'A'と決定された。A, A'をそれぞれISINGスピン($$uparrow$$, $$downarrow$$)と対応させれば高圧力下で発見された「悪魔の階段」的相転移,「悪魔の花」相図も自然に理解される。電荷秩序系において「悪魔の花」が発見されたのは初めてであり、そのような系においてISINGスピンの中身まで議論されたのは初めてである。

We review recent synchrotron diffraction studies of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$. The resonant X-ray scattering performed on a monoclinically-split single domain of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$ shows a critically enhanced contrast between V$$^{4+}$$ and V$$^{5+}$$ ions. The results has led us to the unequivocal conclusion of the charge-order pattern of low-temperature phase of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$ below $$T_{rm c}$$ = 35 K. In spite of the possible four types of configuration of the zig-zag-type charge-order patterns in the $$ab$$-plane (A, A', B and B'), the stacking sequence along the $$c$$-axis is determined as the AAA'A' type by comparison with model calculations. By assigning the A and A' configurations to Ising spins $$uparrow$$ and $$downarrow$$, one can reasonably explain the previously discovered "devil's staircase"-type behavior with respect to the modulation of layer-stacking sequences at high pressures and low temperatures, which clearly resembles the global phase diagram theoretically predicted by the ANNNI model, called "devil's flower". This is the first case that the devil's flower appears in such a charge-ordering system, where charge-order patterns are regarded as Ising spins.

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パーセンタイル:79.14

分野:Physics, Applied

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