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Experimental studies on upward fuel discharge during core disruptive accident in sodium-cooled fast reactors

ナトリウム冷却高速炉での炉心崩壊事故時における燃料上向き流出にかかわる試験研究

神山 健司; 小西 賢介; 佐藤 一憲; 豊岡 淳一; 松場 賢一; Zuyev, V. A.*; Pakhnits, A. V.*; Vurim, A. D.*; Gaidaichuk, V. A.*; Kolodeshnikov, A. A.*; Vassiliev, Y. S.*

Kamiyama, Kenji; Konishi, Kensuke; Sato, Ikken; Toyooka, Junichi; Matsuba, Kenichi; Zuyev, V. A.*; Pakhnits, A. V.*; Vurim, A. D.*; Gaidaichuk, V. A.*; Kolodeshnikov, A. A.*; Vassiliev, Y. S.*

ナトリウム冷却高速炉での炉心崩壊事故におけるエネルギー放出の可能性を排除するため、内部ダクト付き燃料集合体が検討されている。近年、燃料集合体の製作にかかわる開発要素を低減するため、溶融燃料を上向きに流出させる設計選択肢が検討されている。本論文では、炉外試験シリーズと炉内試験について提示する。炉外試験は、上向き流出に関する駆動圧の影響を調べるために実施され、炉内試験は溶融燃料の上向き流出を実証するために実施された。これらの試験結果により、炉心溶融領域の拡大前に溶融燃料の大部分は上向きに流出することが示され、上向き流出型の内部ダクトの導入によりエネルギーが発生する事象が排除できる見通しを得た。

In order to eliminate energetics potential in the case of postulated core disruptive accidents (CDAs) of sodium-cooled fast reactors, introduction of a fuel subassembly with an inner duct structure has been considered. Recently, a design option which leads molten fuel to discharge upward is considered to minimize developmental efforts for the fuel subassembly fabrication. In this paper, a series of out-of-pile tests and one in-pile test were presented. The out-of-pile tests were conducted to investigate the effects of driving pressures on upward discharge, and the in-pile test was conducted to demonstrate a sequence of upward discharge behavior of molten-fuel. Based on these experimental results, it is concluded that the most of molten-fuel is expected to complete discharging upward before core melting progression, and thereby, introduction of the fuel subassembly with the upward discharge duct has the sufficient potential to eliminate energetics events.

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