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放射性核種含有溶液の床材・壁材に対する浸透挙動

Penetration behavior of solution containing radioactive nuclides into floor and wall materials

臼杵 俊之; 佐藤 勇; 須藤 光雄; 前田 宏治; 逢坂 正彦; 小山 真一; 所 大志郎*; 関岡 健*; 石ヶ森 俊夫*

Usuki, Toshiyuki; Sato, Isamu; Suto, Mitsuo; Maeda, Koji; Osaka, Masahiko; Koyama, Shinichi; Tokoro, Daishiro*; Sekioka, Ken*; Ishigamori, Toshio*

福島第一原子力発電所の原子炉建屋内における床材・壁材の汚染性状把握に関する基礎データを得るため、放射性核種を含む溶液を用いた浸透試験を実施した。照射済燃料から調製した放射性核種含有溶液を、エポキシ系塗料試料、乾燥しているコンクリート試料およびモルタル試料に塗布し、研磨および放射線測定を繰り返し、深さ方向の線量率プロファイルを取得した。エポキシ系塗料試料に関しては、放射性核種は浸透せず、深さ0.4mm以内にとどまっていることが確認された。コンクリート試料に関しては、放射性核種の浸透が確認され、本試験条件においては、約2mmの研磨で線量率がバックグラウンドまで低減することが確認され、乾燥状態のコンクリートまたはモルタルに対する溶液を介した放射性物質の浸透挙動は、表面近傍においては定量的に膨潤状態の同媒体に対するイオンの移行挙動と大きく変わらないことを示した。

The penetration tests with solution containing radioactive nuclides were experimented to understand basic data for floor and wall materials of Fukushima Daiichi reactor buildings. The solution prepared from irradiated fuels was used as solution containing radioactive nuclides. The solution was applied to surface of epoxy paint, dried concrete and mortar used as specimens. Dose-rate profiles of direction of depth were given by radiation measurement and grinding of the specimens. The penetrations of radioactive nuclides for epoxy paint specimens were not clearly observed and the penetration depths would be within 0.4 mm. The penetrations of radioactive nuclides for dried concrete specimens proceeded. The penetration rates were substantially decreased when 16 days have elapsed from start. The dose rates of penetrated dried concrete specimens were reduced to background by grinding-2.0 mm. $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry measurement showed that penetration behavior of near surface concrete are different among nuclides and the penetration behavior of radioactive nuclides into dried concrete and mortar materials through solution is similar to migration behavior of ions into those water-saturated materials.

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