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Current-induced spin polarization on metal surfaces probed by spin-polarized positron beam

スピン偏極陽電子ビームを用いた金属表面電流誘起のスピン偏極の研究

Zhang, H.; 山本 春也; 深谷 有喜   ; 前川 雅樹; Li, H.; 河裾 厚男; 関 剛斎*; 齊藤 英治*; 高梨 弘毅*

Zhang, H.; Yamamoto, Shunya; Fukaya, Yuki; Maekawa, Masaki; Li, H.; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Seki, Takeshi*; Saito, Eiji*; Takanashi, Koki*

Current-induced spin polarization (CISP) on the outermost surfaces of Au, Cu, Pt, Pd, Ta, and W nanoscaled films were studied using a spin-polarized positron beam. The Au and Cu surfaces showed no significant CISP. In contrast, the Pt, Pd, Ta, and W films exhibited large CISP (3 to 15% per input charge current of 10$$^{5}$$ A/cm$$^{2}$$) and the CISP of Ta and W were opposite to those of Pt and Pd. The sign of the CISP obeys the same rule in spin Hall effect suggesting that the spin-orbit coupling is mainly responsible for the CISP. The magnitude of the CISP is explained by the Rashba-Edelstein mechanism rather than the diffusive spin Hall effect. This settles a controversy, that which of these two mechanisms dominates the large CISP on metal surfaces.

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パーセンタイル:81.6

分野:Multidisciplinary Sciences

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