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Local structural analysis of half-metallic ferromagnet CrO$$_2$$

強磁性半金属CrO$$_2$$の局所構造解析

樹神 克明; 池田 一貴*; 礒部 正彦*; 武田 晃*; 伊藤 正行*; 上田 寛*; 社本 真一; 大友 季哉*

Kodama, Katsuaki; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Isobe, Masahiko*; Takeda, Hikaru*; Ito, Masayuki*; Ueda, Yutaka*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Otomo, Toshiya*

We have performed powder neutron diffraction on the half-metallic ferromagnet CrO$$_2$$ which has a rutile-type crystal structure with a tetragonal unit cell. Although the powder diffraction pattern can be fitted by the reported crystal structure including a single Cr site, the atomic pair distribution function (PDF) can be fitted by the structural model with an orthorhombic unit cell including two kinds of inequivalent Cr sites. The difference between the valences of the two inequivalent Cr sites, $$delta$$ of Cr$$^{+4pmdelta}$$, estimated from the local structural parameters is about 0.06. The shapes of the two CrO$$_6$$ octahedra are slightly different, suggesting the short-range orbital ordering of the Cr 3$$d$$ orbitals. The lattice distortion and the improvement of the fitting to the PDF obtained using the locally distorted structure model are apparent in the region below about 10 ${AA}$, suggesting that the domain size or correlation length of the locally distorted structure is about 10 ${AA}$, roughly corresponding to the size of two unit cells.

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パーセンタイル:83.83

分野:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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