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Microanalysis of silica-based adsorbent for effective recovery of radioactive elements

放射性元素の効果的な回収に向けたシリカ担体吸着材の微細構造分析

佐野 雄一; 渡部 創; 松浦 治明*; 名越 航平*; 新井 剛*

Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Nagoshi, Kohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*

ポリマー架橋度が吸着材の吸着・溶離性能に与える影響についてポリマー架橋度をパラメータとした吸着材を用いた試験により評価するとともに、その要因をSTXM分析及びEXAFS分析により考察した。吸着材中に形成された金属錯体構造については、ポリマー架橋度により大きな違いは生じないことを確認した。一方、ポリマー架橋度の増加に伴いポリマーは細孔中に均一に広がる様子が認められるとともに、架橋度が高い条件では細孔が狭小化し、水分子が捕捉されやすくなるため、溶離率が低下するものと考えられた。

For effective recovery of radioactive elements by adsorbents using polymer-immobilized silica (SiO$$_{2}$$-P) supports, the microstructure of SiO$$_{2}$$-P particles impregnated with CMPO as extractants and their change with the crosslinking degree of polymer (CDP) were investigated using STXM and EXAFS analyses; further, their relation with adsorption/elution behavior was discussed. The adsorption/elution tests using adsorbents with a different CDP demonstrated that a higher CDP inhibited the elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent. The results of STXM and EXAFS analyses suggested that adsorption by CMPO proceeds through the entire area in the adsorbent and the local structure around adsorbed metal ions is similar irrespective of the CDP. Conversely, STXM analyses implied the capture of eluents such as H$$_{2}$$O by polymers with high CDP, which suppresses the prompt elution of adsorbed metal ions from the adsorbent.

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パーセンタイル:100

分野:Nuclear Science & Technology

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