Structure of active sites of Fe-N-C nano-catalysts for alkaline exchange membrane fuel cells
岸 浩史*; 坂本 友和*; 朝澤 浩一郎*; 山口 進*; 加藤 豪士*; Zulevi, B.*; Serov, A.*; Artyushkova, K.*; Atanassov, P.*; 松村 大樹 ; 田村 和久 ; 西畑 保雄; 田中 裕久*
Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Kato, Takeshi*; Zulevi, B.*; Serov, A.*; Artyushkova, K.*; Atanassov, P.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Nishihata, Yasuo; Tanaka, Hirohisa*
Platinum group metal-free catalysts based on transition metal-nitrogen-carbon nanomaterials have been studied by a combination of in situ X-ray spectroscopy techniques, high-resolution transmission electron microscope, Mssbauer spectroscopy, electrochemical methods and density functional theory. Fe-N-C oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysts were synthesized by varying several synthetic parameters to obtain nanomaterials with different composition and morphology. Associated with Fe-N motive and the presence of Fe metallic particles in the electrocatalysts showed the clear differences in the variation of composition; processing and treatment conditions of sacrificial support method. From the results of material characterization; catalytic activity and theoretical studies; Fe metallic particles (coated with carbon) are main contributors into the HO generation.