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アルミニウムの自発的な界面剥離現象の謎に迫る; より高強度の金属材料開発に向けて

Spontaneous debonding behaviour of reinforcement fine particles in aluminium; Toward high-strength metallic materials development

戸田 裕之*; 都留 智仁; 山口 正剛  ; 松田 健二*; 清水 一行*; 平山 恭介*

Toda, Hiroyuki*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Matsuda, Kenji*; Shimizu, Kazuyuki*; Hirayama, Kyosuke*

アルミニウム合金の水素脆化に関して、原子分解能をもつ電子顕微鏡観察による原子配列の情報を得ることで、材料中の原子レベルの欠陥と水素の相互作用を解析できる精密な原子モデルを構築した。これを用い、電子状態計算に基づくシミュレーションによって欠陥構造における水素の振る舞いや、水素がもたらす破壊プロセスを明らかにすることを目指した。一方、大型シンクロトロン放射光施設を用いたアルミニウムの破壊挙動の3D連続観察、およびその画像解析技術を駆使し、水素によって誘発される破壊挙動の特徴を捉えるとともに、水素脆化制御に至る学術アプローチを構築する試みも併せて行った。

Highly-concentrated precipitations play therefore dominant role in mechanical properties and hydrogen embrittlement of aluminum alloys. It has been considered that the coherent interface between matrix and precipitation does not contribute to the crack initiation and embrittlement due to its coherency. Here, we discovered the origin of unprecedented quasi-cleavage fracture mode. Hydrogen partitioning at various defect sites is investigated comprehensively combined with experiment, theory and first-principles calculations. We demonstrate that despite low excess free volume, the aluminum--precipitation interface is more preferable trap site than void and grain boundary. The cohesivity of the interface deteriorates significantly with increasing occupancy while hydrogen atoms are trapped stably up to extremely high occupancy equivalent to spontaneous cleavage.

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