Task Force on Maintenance Optimization of Nuclear Facilities
JAEA-Technology 2022-006, 80 Pages, 2022/06
The Task force on maintenance optimization of nuclear facilities was organized in the Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) since November 2020, in order to adequately respond to "the New nuclear regulatory inspection system since FY 2020" and to continuously improve the facility maintenance activities. In 2021, the task force has studied (1) optimization of the importance classification on maintenance and inspection of nuclear facilities, and (2) improvement in setting and evaluation of the performance indicators on safety, maintenance and quality management activities, considering "the Graded approach" that is one of the basic methodologies in the new nuclear regulatory inspection system. Each nuclear facility (research reactors, nuclear fuel material usage facilities, others) in the NSRI will steadily improve their respective safety, maintenance and quality management activities, referring the review results suggested by the task force.
Engineering Services Department
JAEA-Review 2021-054, 85 Pages, 2022/01
The Engineering Services Department is in charge of operation and maintenance of utility facilities (water distribution systems, electricity supply systems, steam generation systems and drain water systems etc.) in whole of the institute. And also is in charge of operation and maintenance of specific systems (power receiving and transforming facilities, an emergency electric power supply system, an air/liquid waste treatment system, a compressed air supply system) in nuclear reactor facilities, nuclear fuel treatment facilities and usual facilities or buildings. In addition, the department is in charge of maintenance of buildings, design and repair of electrical/mechanical equipments. This annual report describes summary of activities, operation and maintenance data and technical developments of the department carried out in JFY 2020. We hope that this report may help to future work.
Department of HTTR
JAEA-Review 2021-017, 81 Pages, 2021/11
The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) is the first High-Temperature Gas cooled Reactor (HTGR) constructed in Japan at the Oarai Research and Development Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency with 30MW in thermal power and 950C of outlet coolant temperature. The purpose of the HTTR is to establish and upgrade basic technologies for HTGRs. The HTTR has accumulated a lot of experience of HTGRs' operation and maintenance up to the present time throughout rated power operations, safety demonstration tests, long-term high temperature operations and demonstration tests relevant to HTGRs' R&Ds. In the fiscal year 2019, we continued to make effort to restart operations of the HTTR that stopped since the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. It is necessary for the HTTR reoperation to prove conformity with the new regulatory requirements for research reactors enacted in December 2013. So we might cope with government agency to pass the inspection of application document for the HTTR licensing. This report summarizes the activities carried out in the fiscal year 2019, which were the situation of the new regulatory requirements screening of the HTTR, the operation and maintenance of the HTTR, R&Ds relevant to commercial-scale HTGRs, the international cooperation on HTGRs and so on.
Engineering Services Department
JAEA-Review 2021-011, 86 Pages, 2021/08
The Engineering Services Department is in charge of operation and maintenance of utility facilities (water distribution systems, electricity supply systems, steam generation systems and drain water systems etc.) in whole of the institute. And also is in charge of operation and maintenance of specific systems (power receiving and transforming facilities, an emergency electric power supply system, an air/liquid waste treatment system, a compressed air supply system) in nuclear reactor facilities, nuclear fuel treatment facilities and usual facilities or buildings. In addition, the department is in charge of maintenance of buildings, design and repair of electrical/mechanical equipments. This annual report describes summary of activities, operation and maintenance data and technical developments of the department carried out in JFY 2019. We hope that this report may help to future work.
Sono, Hiroki; Sukegawa, Kazuhiro; Nomura, Norio; Okuda, Eiichi; Study Team on Safety and Maintenance; Study Team on Quality Management; Task Force on New Nuclear Regulatory Inspection Systems
JAEA-Technology 2020-013, 460 Pages, 2020/11
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has completed the introduction of a new frame work of safety, maintenance and quality management activities under the new acts on the Regulation of nuclear source material, nuclear fuel material and reactors since April 2020, in consideration of variety, specialty and similarity of nuclear facilities of JAEA (Power reactor in the research and development stage, Reprocessing facility, Fabrication facility, Waste treatment facility, Waste burial facility, Research reactor and Nuclear fuel material usage facility). The JAEA task forces on new nuclear regulatory inspection systems prepared new guidelines on (1) Safety and maintenance, (2) Independent inspection, (3) Welding inspection, (4) Free-access response, (5) Performance indicators and (6) Corrective action program for the JAEA's nuclear facilities. New Quality management systems and new Safety regulations were also prepared as a typical pattern of these facilities. JAEA will steadily improve these guidelines, quality management systems and safety regulations, reviewing the official activities under the new regulatory inspection system together with the Nuclear Regulation Authority and other nuclear operators.
Department of HTTR
JAEA-Review 2019-049, 97 Pages, 2020/03
The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), a graphite-moderated and helium gas-cooled reactor being able to get 950C temperature of the outlet coolant with 30 MW of thermal power, constructed at the Oarai Research and Development Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency is the first High- Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in Japan. The purpose of the HTTR is to establish and upgrade basic technologies for HTGRs. The HTTR has accumulated a lot of experience of HTGRs' operation and maintenance up to the present time throughout rated power operations, safety demonstration tests, long-term high temperature operations and demonstration tests relevant to HTGRs' R&Ds. In the fiscal year 2018, we made effort to pass the inspection of application document for the HTTR licensing to prove conformity with the new regulatory requirements for research reactors that took effect since December 2013 in order to restart operations of the HTTR that stopped since the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. This report summarizes the activities carried out in the 2018 fiscal year, which were the situation of the new regulatory requirements screening of the HTTR, the operation and maintenance of the HTTR, R&Ds relevant to commercial-scale HTGRs, the international cooperation on HTGRs and so on.
Nishimura, Akihiko; Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke*
AIP Conference Proceedings 2033, p.080002_1 - 080002_5, 2018/11
We developed a cpmpact laser maintenance device in order to access a 23 mm diameter for heat exchanger tubes of nuclear power plants. A laser instrumentation device was desighned and assembled to measure the corrosion depth at the inlet of heat exchanger tubes. This device can be applied for heat exchanger tubes in CSP where erosion or cracking might be caused by repetitive thermal induced stress.
Nishihara, Tetsuo; Yan, X.; Tachibana, Yukio; Shibata, Taiju; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Kubo, Shinji; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Goto, Minoru; Ueta, Shohei; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2018-004, 182 Pages, 2018/07
Research and development on High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in Japan started since late 1960s. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in cooperation with Japanese industries has researched and developed system design, fuel, graphite, metallic material, reactor engineering, high temperature components, high temperature irradiation and post irradiation test of fuel and graphite, high temperature heat application and so on. Construction of the first Japanese HTGR, High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), started in 1990. HTTR achieved first criticality in 1998. After that, various test operations have been carried out to establish the Japanese HTGR technologies and to verify the inherent safety features of HTGR. This report presents several system design of HTGR, the world-highest-level Japanese HTGR technologies, JAEA's knowledge obtained from construction, operation and management of HTTR and heat application technologies for HTGR.
Kuwabara, Jun; Oyokawa, Atsushi; Aoyama, Masaki
JAEA-Review 2017-039, 73 Pages, 2018/03
Nuclear Facilities Management Section implemented the operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the first nuclear ship "MUTSU" and the operation and maintenance of the liquid waste facility and the solid waste facility where a small amount of nuclear fuel is used. The Nuclear Facilities Management Section became the Nuclear Facilities and General Facilities Management Section by organization unification in FY 2016. This is the report on the operations of the Nuclear Facilities Management Section for FY 2014 and FY 2015.
Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Mizutani, Haruki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu
Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-14-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.479 - 480, 2017/08
Industry development activities on applied laser research held at Fukui branch of Japan Atomic Energy Agency are reported. Industry development is inevitable in long-term vision and strategy for developing maintenance technology and establishing decommissioning technology. Fukui branch of JAEA has organized public seminar offering businesses to promote these activities and technology exchange for years. Here some examples offered in the current seminar are introduced concerning with laser technology. Finally, our goal and important point of view are discussed.
Ichikawa, Shoichi; Chiba, Yusuke; Ono, Fumiyasu; Hatori, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Takanori; Uekura, Ryoichi; Hashiri, Nobuo*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Kitano, Hiroshi*; Abe, Hisashi*
JAEA-Research 2017-001, 40 Pages, 2017/03
In order to reduce the influence on a plant schedule of the MONJU by the maintenance of dew point hygrometers, The JAEA examined a capacitance type dew point hygrometer as an alternative dew point hygrometer for a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer which had been used at the CV-LRT in the MONJU. As a result of comparing a capacitance type dew point hygrometer with a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer at the CV-LRT (Atmosphere: nitrogen, Testing time: 24 hours), there weren't significant difference between a capacitance type dew point hygrometer and a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer. As a result of comparing a capacitance dew point hygrometer with a high-mirror-surface type dew point hygrometer for long term verification (Atmosphere: air, Testing time: 24 months), the JAEA confirmed that a capacitance type dew point hygrometer satisfied the instrument specification (2.04C) required by the JEAC4203-2008.
Tajima, Yoshihiro; Kuwabara, Jun; Oyokawa, Atsushi; Kabuto, Shoji; Araya, Naoyuki; Kikuchi, Kaoru; Miyamoto, Shingo; Nemoto, Hideyuki; Oe, Osamu
JAEA-Review 2016-003, 56 Pages, 2016/05
Nuclear Facilities Management Section implements the operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the first nuclear ship "MUTSU" and the operation and maintenance of the liquid waste facility and the solid waste facility where a small amount of nuclear fuel is used. This is the report on the operations of the Nuclear Facilities Management Section for FY 2012 and FY 2013.
Nakamura, Hiroo; Takemura, Morio*; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Fischer, U.*; Ida, Mizuho*; Mori, Seiji*; Nishitani, Takeo; Simakov, S.*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.1169 - 1172, 2005/11
In the IFMIF, activated erosion/corrosion materials of Li target back wall deposits on a surface of the Li loop. Therefore, accessibility during maintenance of the Li loop pipings will depend on the activation level of the deposition materials. This paper evaluates effect of target activation on the accessibility of the Li loop pipings. Activation level is calculated by the ACT-4 code. High energy cross section above 15 MeV is introduced using IEAF-2001 data. In this calculation, target material is stainless steel 316. Area of the erosion/corrosion in the back wall is 100 cm. The erosion/corrosion rate is 1 micron/y. Dose rate around the Li loop after one year IFMIF operation is evaluated assuming 1% deposition of the erosion/corrosion materials and uniform deposition on surface area of 33 m. Permissible level for hands-on maintenance is 10 microSv/hr. As the results, after 1 week from shutdown, close maintenance work 8 cm to the Li loop is possible. Also, after 1 month, hands-on maintenance becomes possible.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 47(11), p.761 - 767, 2005/11
In-vessel components such as blanket and divertor of the fusion reactor are activated by neutron produced during fusion reaction. Gamma radiation will be about 500 MGy/h in maximum after fusion reaction. When the components are failed or troubled in the vessel, the maintenence has to be carried out by the robot because the human cannot be close inside the vessel. The required functions and present R&D status of the typical robots applied to ITER are introduced as examples of robots maintaining the in-vessel components of the fusion reactor.
Teshigawara, Makoto; Aizawa, Hideyuki; Harada, Masahide; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Kaminaga, Masanori; Kato, Takashi; Ikeda, Yujiro
JAERI-Tech 2005-029, 24 Pages, 2005/05
This report introduces the present design status of remote-handling devices for activated and used components such as moderator and reflector in a spallation neutron source of the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) at J-PARC. The design concept and maintenance scenario are also mentioned. A key maintenance scenario adopts that the used components should be taken out from the MLF to the other storage facility after the volume reduction of them. Almost full remote handling is available to the maintenance work except for the connection/disconnection pipes of the cooling water. Total six remote handling devices are used for moderator-reflector maintenance. They are also available to the proton beam window and muon target maintenance. Maintenance scenario is separated into two works. One is to replace used components to new ones during beam-stop and the other is dispose used components during beam operation. Required period of replacement work is estimated to be 15 days, on the other hand, the disposal work is 26 days after dry up work (30 days), respectively.
Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Nakahira, Masataka
JAERI-Tech 2004-071, 85 Pages, 2005/02
To facilitate easy maintainability, the ITER divertor is divided into 60 cassettes, which are transported for replacement using the remote equipments. The cassette of 25 tons has to be transported and installed with a positioning accuracy less than 2 mm in the limited space under the intense gamma radiation field. Based on these requirements, the following design and tests were performed. (1) Link mechanism was studied to apply to the transportation. A compact mechanism with links is designed through the optimization of the link angle taking account of space requirement and force efficiency. The lifting capacity of 30 tons has been demonstrated. (2) Compact link mechanism was also studied to apply for locking of the cassette. The final positioning accuracy of 0.03 mm for installation from the initial positioning error of 5 mm has been demonstrated. (3) Sensor-based control of the remote equipment was tested using simple sensors. It is found that the positioning accuracy of 0.16 mm has been achieved and this value is sufficient.
Nakamura, Yoshiteru; Nara, Takayuki; Agematsu, Takashi; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Fukuda, Mitsuhiro; Okumura, Susumu; Yokota, Wataru; Arakawa, Kazuo; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; et al.
KEK Proceedings 2003-19, p.8 - 13, 2004/03
Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the various researches of wide field for materials science and biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of four ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated without any serious troubles since the first beam extraction in March 1991. The operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on an average through recent 8 years. In especial, the cyclotron system is needed the frequent alteration of operation condition according to many kinds of ion species required from the experimenters. On the other hand, because of the improvement of the beam quality, intensity and reliability, we have carried out continuously so far many reconstruction and development, several items of which are the renewal of a computer control system, reinforcement of the ion source, acceleration technique for some series of cocktail beams, stabilization of the cyclotron beam and design of a new gradient corrector including an active coil. Furthermore, now we are advancing various countermeasure to form the micro beam of 1mm size by means of focused type, such as the introduction of a flat-top acceleration system, reconstruction of the cyclotron center region, installation of a pair of precise micro slit systems in the trunk beam transport line, and so on.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 3(1), p.106 - 119, 2004/03
To estimate FP deposition rate on the typical turbomachinary including gas turbin of GTHTR300 and exposure dose limit at its maintenance, FP plate-out analysis was been carried out using FP compound formation theory and FP concentration controlled diffusion mechanisum. As the results, following conclusions were derived. (1) It is found that the analysis data computed by the VICTORIA code with assumption of the correct thickness of reactive zone exhibits very good correiation with the experimental data obtained by simulated FP plate-out experiment. (2) Total dose rate and allowable work time at turbin of GTHTR300 are given as 19.2mSv/h and 2.6hours by VICTORIA code analysis.
Kosugiyama, Shinichi; Takei, Masanobu; Takizuka, Takakazu; Takada, Shoji; Yan, X.; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(4), p.532 - 545, 2003/12
no abstracts in English
Kosugiyama, Shinichi; Takizuka, Takakazu; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Yan, X.; Katanishi, Shoji; Takada, Shoji
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.319 - 331, 2003/09
no abstracts in English