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Journal Articles

True coincidence summing correction for cylindrical volume samples in $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry

Yamada, Takashi*; Asai, Masato; Yonezawa, Chushiro*; Kakita, Kazutoshi*; Hirai, Shoji*

Radioisotopes, 69(9), p.287 - 297, 2020/09

We have confirmed that the commercially available Japanese `standard' gamma-ray analysis programs do not consider the effect of sample volume in calculating true coincidence summing (TCS) corrections, which results in underestimation of $$^{134}$$Cs radioactivity in cylindrical volume samples. In this work, we have developed and examined a practical TCS correction method for general Ge detectors which consider the effect of sample volume properly, and have confirmed that this method can reduce the $$^{134}$$Cs radioactivity underestimation to less than 1%.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2018 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (April 1, 2018 - March 31, 2019)

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2020-012, 103 Pages, 2020/08

JAEA-Review-2020-012.pdf:8.17MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

JAEA Reports

Upgrading of recovery method for radioactive microparticles by heavy liquid separation aiming to volume reduction of contaminated soil (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; University of Tsukuba*

JAEA-Review 2019-023, 33 Pages, 2020/01

JAEA-Review-2019-023.pdf:1.97MB

CLADS, JAEA, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the 'Upgrading of Recovery Method for Radioactive Microparticles by Heavy Liquid Separation Aiming to Volume Reduction of Contaminated Soil'. After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, radioactive cesium has been heterogeneously distributed in surface soil due to the existence of radioactive microparticles and clay minerals. Therefore, the selective removal of these microparticles will lead to the volume reduction of contaminated soil. The present study examines methods for selectively removing radioactive microparticles from soil. Also, in order to reduce the volume of contaminated soil, we search a possibility to practically apply the separation method that uses the difference in specific gravity of particles (heavy liquid separation method).

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2017 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (April 1, 2017 - March 31, 2018)

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2019-011, 91 Pages, 2019/10

JAEA-Review-2019-011.pdf:5.25MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

Journal Articles

Particle-based simulation of heat transfer behavior in EAGLE ID1 in-pile test

Morita, Koji*; Ogawa, Ryusei*; Tokioka, Hiromi*; Liu, X.*; Liu, W.*; Kamiyama, Kenji

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2018/10

The EAGLE in-pile ID1 test has been performed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency to demonstrate early fuel discharge from a fuel subassembly with an inner duct structure, which is named FAIDUS. It was deduced that early duct wall failure observed in the test was initiated by high heat flux from the molten pool of fuel and steel mixture. The posttest analyses suggest that molten pool-to-duct wall heat transfer might be enhanced effectively by the molten steel with large thermal conductivity in the pool without the presence of fuel crust on the duct wall. In this study, mechanisms of heat transfer from the molten pool to the duct wall was analyzed using a fully Lagrangian approach based on the finite volume particle method for multi-component, multi-phase flows. A series of pin disruption, molten pool formation and duct wall failure behaviors was simulated to investigate mixing and separation behavior of molten steel and fuel in the pool, and their effect on molten pool-to-duct wall heat transfer. The present 2D particle-based simulations demonstrated that large thermal load beyond 10 MW/m$$^{2}$$ on the duct wall was caused by effective heat transfer due to direct contact of liquid fuel with nuclear heat to the duct wall.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2016 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (April 1, 2016 - March 31, 2017)

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2018-008, 87 Pages, 2018/07

JAEA-Review-2018-008.pdf:2.67MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

Journal Articles

Activities for environmental restoration in Fukushima Environmental Safety Center of JAEA; Miharu-town and Minamisoma-city

Shobu, Nobuhiro

Enerugi Rebyu, 37(10), p.21 - 22, 2017/10

After the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been carrying out research and development activities towards the environmental restoration of Fukushima. This paper describes the following representative activities in Fukushima Environmental Safety Center of JAEA, such as the development of environmental monitoring and mapping technologies, the long-term assessment of transport of radio-cesium in the environment of Fukushima, and the technology development for advancing decontamination and volume reduction technologies.

JAEA Reports

The Catalog of solidification and volume reduction technologies for the treatment of radioactive waste generated by the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Kato, Jun; Nakagawa, Akinori; Taniguchi, Takumi; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Review 2017-015, 173 Pages, 2017/07

JAEA-Review-2017-015.pdf:6.67MB

Various radioactive wastes have been generated at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F). To dispose of the wastes underground, it is necessary to make a suitable waste package by the volume reduction and solidification of the wastes. To plan the future decommissioning of 1F, it is also necessary to estimate feasibility of existing treatment technology for those wastes. Therefore the document survey has been performed about volume reduction and solidification technologies that have domestic or foreign experiences of practical treatment for radioactive wastes to assist selection of suitable treatment of the wastes. This report shows the arranged results. The 1F wastes are classified into two groups, homogeneous particulate and liquid wastes and heterogeneous solid wastes. The needful items for the feasibility study such as a technology name, a fundamental principle, treatment efficiency, and characteristic of solidified waste are summarized in each group.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2015 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (April 1, 2015 - March 31, 2016)

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2016-029, 90 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Review-2016-029.pdf:8.54MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2015 to March 31, 2016. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

Journal Articles

Physics-basis simulation of bubble pinch-off

Ito, Kei; Koizumi, Yasuo; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kawamura, Takumi*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(3), p.15-00671_1 - 15-00671_9, 2016/06

Journal Articles

Decontamination and volume reduction of cesium-contaminated soil by combining soil solidification with interpolyelectrolyte complex and wet classification

Yamashita, Yuji*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Naganawa, Hirochika

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 305(2), p.583 - 587, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:54.36(Chemistry, Analytical)

We propose a method for the decontamination and waste volume reduction of cesium-contaminated soil. The soils were solidified with an interpolyelectrolyte complex solution and classified into several size fractions by wet sieving. $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry of these fractions showed that the distribution ratio of the activity concentration of coarse soil particles decreased, whereas that of soil particles under 0.075 mm increased relative to reference samples. Results show that the fine soil particles, on which radioactive cesium accumulates, were removed from the surface of the coarse soil particles during, and remained in the washing water.

Journal Articles

Physics-basis simulation of bubble pinch-off

Ito, Kei; Koizumi, Yasuo*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kawamura, Takumi*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

The authors are developing a high-precision CFD code with an interface tracking method to simulate the gas entrainment (GE) phenomena in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), which might be caused by a highly-intensified free surface vortex. The GE in SFRs is characterized by an elongated interfacial dent along the vortex core and the bubble pinch-off at the tip of the dent. To simulate this complicated phenomenon, our simulation code has physics-basis algorithms which model accurately the interfacial dynamic behavior, the pressure jump condition at an interface and the surface tension. Several verification problems have been already solved and the accuracy of each individual algorithm is confirmed. In this paper, a basic experiment of the GE is simulated to validate the developed code. The simulation result of the entrained flow rate shows comparable value to the experimental data, that is, our simulation code is considered applicable to the evaluation of the GE in SFRs.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for FY2013 on the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014)

Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management

JAEA-Review 2015-004, 90 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Review-2015-004.pdf:17.29MB

This report describes the activities of Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management (DDWM) in Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) in the period from April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2014. The report covers organization and missions of DDWM, outline and operation/maintenance of facilities which belong to DDWM, treatment and management of radioactive wastes, decommissioning activities, and related research and development activities which were conducted in DDWM.

Journal Articles

Remote visualization system based on particle based volume rendering

Kawamura, Takuma; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Miyamura, Hiroko; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Naohisa*; Koyamada, Koji*

Visualization and Data Analysis 2015 (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.9397) (Internet), p.93970S_1 - 93970S_8, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:11.37

In this paper, we propose a novel remote visualization system based on particle-based volume rendering (PBVR), which enables interactive analyses of extreme scale volume data located on remote computing systems. The remote PBVR system consists of Server, which generates particles for rendering, and Client, which processes volume rendering, and the particle data size becomes significantly smaller than the original volume data. Depending on network bandwidth, the level of detail of images is flexibly controlled to attain high frame rates. Server is highly parallelized on various parallel platforms with hybrid programing model. The mapping process is accelerated by two orders of magnitudes compared with a single CPU. The structured and unstructured volume data with 100 millions of cells is processed within a few seconds. Compared with commodity Client/Server visualization tools, the total processing cost is dramatically reduced by using proposed system.

JAEA Reports

Development of refilling techniques of LA-type bituminized waste products

Irisawa, Keita; Komatsuzaki, Toshio; Kawato, Yoshimi; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Technology 2014-039, 28 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA-Technology-2014-039.pdf:6.13MB

In JAEA, 13,296 drums of low-radioactivity bituminized waste products (BWPs) have been stored in asphalt solidification storages. In order to effectively utilize the space of the BWP in a repository site, we studied refilling techniques of the BWP from the drum to a box-shaped container. Tentative processes, which we devised, consisted of (1) take-off of BWP from the drum, (2) separation of a post filling part from BWP and (3) filling of BWP to a box-shaped container. Two methods for each process were selected, and work efficiencies of the methods were investigated by using a synthetic BWP.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of gas entrainment flow rate using numerical simulation with interface-tracking method

Ito, Kei; Ohno, Shuji; Koizumi, Yasuo*; Kawamura, Takumi*

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2014/12

Journal Articles

A High-precision calculation method for interface normal and curvature on an unstructured grid

Ito, Kei; Kunugi, Tomoaki*; Ohno, Shuji; Kamide, Hideki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Journal of Computational Physics, 273, p.38 - 53, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:31.54(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)

Journal Articles

The Origin of beam non-uniformity in a large Cs-seeded negative ion source

Hanada, Masaya; Seki, Takayoshi*; Takado, Naoyuki; Inoue, Takashi; Mizuno, Takatoshi*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Sakamoto, Keishi; Taniguchi, Masaki; Watanabe, Kazuhiro

Nuclear Fusion, 46(6), p.S318 - S323, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:27.98(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The origin of the beam non-uniformity, that is one of the key issues in large Cs-seeded negative ion sources for JT-60U and ITER, was experimentally examined by measuring correlations between the intensity of the H$$^{-}$$ ion beam and plasma parameters such as an electron temperature and plasma density in the JAERI 10 A negative ion source. From the correlation between the beam intensity and the plasma parameters, it was foreseen that the beam non-uniformity was due to the localization of the plasma and/or H0 atoms caused by B x $$nabla$$B drift of the fast electron from filaments. The filament position was modified to suppress the B x $$nabla$$B drift, and then the spatial uniformity of the beam intensity was examined. By this modification, the root-mean-square deviation of the spatial beam intensity from the averaged value deceased to a half of that before modification while the beam intensity integrated along the longitudinal direction was kept to be constant. From this result, it was confirmed that one of the origin of the beam non-uniformity was caused by plasma localization.

Journal Articles

Improvement of beam uniformity by magnetic filter optimization in a Cs-seeded large negative-ion source

Hanada, Masaya; Seki, Takayoshi*; Takado, Naoyuki*; Inoue, Takashi; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Mizuno, Takatoshi*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Dairaku, Masayuki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(3), p.03A515_1 - 03A515_3, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:26.26(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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96 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)