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JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Compilation of digital data of geological model and hydrogeological model

Onoe, Hironori

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-016, 15 Pages, 2020/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-016.pdf:3.12MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2020-016-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:262.52MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project, which is a broad scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, targeting in crystalline rock. This report summarized the digital data of local scale and site scale geological model and hydrogeological model constructed in the MIU project and the Regional hydraulic study.

JAEA Reports

Monitoring of groundwater inflow into research galleries in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project); Fiscal year 2019

Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-015, 22 Pages, 2020/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-015.pdf:2.3MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2020-015-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:2.42MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project, which is a broad scientific study of the deep geological environment as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, targeting in crystalline rock. The main goals of the MIU Project from Phase I to Phase III are: to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment, and to develop a base of engineering for deep underground application. The groundwater inflow monitoring into shafts and research galleries, has been conducted to achieve the Phase II goals. Furthermore, these monitoring were ceased at the end of FY2019 due to the completion of the MIU project. This report describes the results of the groundwater inflow monitoring from April 2019 to March 2020.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami Group and the Toki Granite (fiscal year 2019)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Aosai, Daisuke*; Hara, Naohiro*

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-012, 80 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-012.pdf:3.55MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2019. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

JAEA Reports

Data of long term hydro-pressure monitoring on Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project for fiscal year 2017-2019

Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-010, 112 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-010.pdf:6.22MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2020-010-appendix1(DVD-ROM).zip:169.12MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2020-010-appendix2(DVD-ROM).zip:338.45MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2020-010-appendix3(DVD-ROM).zip:448.05MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III), the project is being carried out under the Phase III. The main goals of the MIU Project from Phase I to Phase III are: to establish techniques for investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment, and to develop a base of engineering for deep underground application. One of the Phase III goals is to construct geological environment models and grasp deep geological changes when expanding the research gallery by research and investigations using research galleries. The long term hydro-pressure monitoring has been continued to achieve the Phase III goals. Furthermore, these monitoring were ceased at the end of FY2019 due to the completion of the MIU project. This report describes the results of the long term hydro-pressure monitoring from April 2017 to March 2020.

Journal Articles

Crystallization processes of quartz in a granitic magma; Cathodoluminescence zonation pattern controlled by temperature and titanium diffusivity

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Kato, Takenori*; Yokota, Rintaro*; Sasao, Eiji; Nishiyama, Tadao*

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 192, p.104289_1 - 104289_16, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Quartz from a granitic pluton is found to have formed through sequential growth events under different mechanisms and crystallization temperatures, which can provide new insights into magmatic processes of granitic magmas that were eventually consolidified into plutons. The events were identified using (1) the description of crystal shape and occurrence, (2) the study of the internal structure with cathodoluminescence (CL), and (3) derivation of the crystallization temperatures based on TitaniQ thermometry. The magmatic quartz crystals from the Toki granite, central Japan, are characterized as having the following internal structures: oscillatory zonation, no-oscillatory zonation with luminescence graduation (gradational zonation), and heterogeneous CL. The quartz crystals with oscillatory zonation were formed in the temperature range of about 800 $$^{circ}$$C to below 700 $$^{circ}$$C, which is referred to as oscillatory zoning temperature (OZT) conditions. The CL zonation pattern was controlled by the temperature conditions and titanium diffusivity in the melt (magma). The crystallization process of quartz within the Toki granite reveals the cooling processes of the granitic pluton; the lithofacies with a high frequency of oscillatory-zoned quartz underwent slower cooling under the OZT conditions than those in other lithofacies.

Journal Articles

Overview of the results of JAEA's Underground Research Laboratory Projects

Semba, Takeshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 62(4), p.186 - 190, 2020/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study of groundwater sampling casing for monitoring device

Okihara, Mistunobu*; Yahagi, Ryoji*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Murakami, Hiroaki

JAEA-Technology 2019-021, 77 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Technology-2019-021.pdf:5.33MB

One of the major subjects of the ongoing geoscientific research program, the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in the Tono area, central Japan, is accumulation of knowledge on monitoring techniques of the geological environment. In this report, the conceptual design of the monitoring system for groundwater pressure and water chemistry was carried out. The currently installed and used system in research galleries at various depths was re-designed to make it possible to collect groundwater and observe the water pressure on the ground.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis report on the R&D concerning important issues

Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Hama, Katsuhiro

JAEA-Research 2019-012, 157 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Research-2019-012.pdf:11.91MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. The project proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigation Phase", "Phase II: Construction Phase" and "Phase III: Operation Phase". The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. The present report summarizes the research and development activities carried out mainly in the GL-500m stage during Third Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2018)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-019, 74 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-019.pdf:3.53MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2018. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Result of seismic motion observation from ground surface to 500m depth at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory and its detailed analysis

Matsui, Hiroya; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*; Mikake, Shinichiro; Niimi, Katsuyuki*; Kobayashi, Shinji*; Toguri, Satohito*

Dai-47-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (Internet), p.293 - 298, 2020/01

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been observed seismic motions induced by earthquakes, at ground surface, galleries at 100m, 300m and 500m depth of Mizunami underground research laboratory for over 10 years. The results suggested that the amplitude of the seismic motion decreases with depth as the previous study on crystalline rock at Kamaishi mine indicated. Detailed analysis on the observed seismic motions shows that the Fourier amplitude and the phase difference of the earthquake occurred near epicenter correspond with the one calculated by one-dimensional multiple reflection theory.

Journal Articles

In-situ backfilling experiment of the small scall drift by spray method in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan

Matsui, Hiroya; Yahagi, Ryoji*; Ishizuka, Hikaru*; Toguri, Satohito*

WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol.247, p.145 - 159, 2020/00

In situ backfilling experiment using spray method in the small scale drift (approximately 4 by 3 m scale) was conducted at 500 m depth in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) established by JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency). The backfill material consists of sand and bentonite. Specification for the backfill material was designed to satisfy the target permeability of generic host rock (10$$^{-8}$$ m/sec) assumed by NUMO. In this case, effective clay density should be 0.4 Mg/m$$^{3}$$ or more. Quality control of the material before backfilling was performed by setting the initial water contents (average 14%) based on the results of the laboratory testing and preliminary spray testing on ground surface. Densities of the backfilled material measured at any points satisfied the specification and the results suggested the establishment of the practical quality control methodology of the backfilling by spray method under actual deep geological environment. The in situ experiment was sponsored by METI (Ministry of Environment, Trade and Industry).

JAEA Reports

Data of long term hydro-pressure monitoring on Tono Regional Hydrogeological Study Project for fiscal year 2018

Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-010, 41 Pages, 2019/12

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-010.pdf:3.9MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2019-010-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:122.73MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting a wide range of geoscientific research in order to build scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of nuclear wastes. This study aims to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock. The Regional Hydrogeological Study (RHS) project is a one of the geoscientific research program at Tono Geoscience Center. This project started since April 1992 and main investigations were finished to FY 2004. Since FY 2005, hydrogeological and hydrochemical monitoring have been continued using the existing monitoring system. This report describes the results of the long term hydro-pressure monitoring from April 2018 to March 2019.

Journal Articles

History of the Tono Geoscience Center and outline of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Sasao, Eiji

Chishitsu To Chosa, (154), p.67 - 72, 2019/11

JAEA is implementing the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, which is a geoscientific research program in crystalline rock environment in Mizunami City, Japan. This report summarise history, progress and present situation of the project and also history of R&D in the Tono Geoscience Center.

JAEA Reports

Study on effects of coupled phenomenon on long-term behavior for crystalline rock in fiscal year 2017 and 2018 (Joint research)

Ichikawa, Yasuaki*; Kimoto, Kazushi*; Matsui, Hiroya

JAEA-Research 2019-005, 32 Pages, 2019/10

JAEA-Research-2019-005.pdf:6.13MB

It is important to evaluate the mechanical stability around the geological repository for high-level radioactive waste, during not only the design, construction and operation phases, but also the post-closure period over several millennia. The rock mass around the tunnels could be deformed in response to time dependent behaviors such as creep and stress relaxation. Therefore, this study has started as a joint research with Okayama University from 2016. This report summarize the results of the joint research performed in fiscal year 2017 and 2018. Based on the research results obtained in fiscal year 2016, automatic measurement system was developed, which can collect very large data on surface elastic wave propagation in a short time, also the applicability of various kinds of parameters derived from measured elastic wave data was examined.

JAEA Reports

Monitoring of groundwater inflow into research galleries in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project); From fiscal year 2016 to 2018

Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-009, 22 Pages, 2019/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-009.pdf:2.57MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2019-009-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:2.34MB

Tono Geoscience Center of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). As for The MIU Project (Phase II) was carried out from 2004 fiscal year, and has been started the Phase III in 2010 fiscal year. The groundwater inflow monitoring into shafts and research galleries, has been maintained to achieve the Phase II goals, begins in 2004 fiscal year and follows now. This document presents the results of the groundwater inflow monitoring from fiscal year 2016 to 2018.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of permeability activated by supercritical fluid flow through granite

Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Uno, Masaoki*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*

Geofluids, 2019, p.6053815_1 - 6053815_16, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Amphibole-plagioclase thermometry was applied to estimate the temperature of a glassy vein as approximately 700. The results of observations of the rock core revealed that of supercritical fluid flow was microfracture filling with hornblende and plagioclase. The current high permeability was recognized to be microfracture network. A high-angle fracture of chlorite filling in combination with an open fracture was recognized as characteristics of a high-permeability type.

JAEA Reports

Study on the applicability of the fiber-optic crack detection sensor as a safety technology (FY2015-FY2018) (Joint research)

Kono, Masaru*; Hayama, Kazunori*; Matsui, Hiroya; Ozaki, Yusuke

JAEA-Technology 2019-011, 35 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Technology-2019-011.pdf:2.65MB

To verify long-term safety performance of the sensor for decades, we decided the extension of the collaborative research and the evaluation test of long-term durability of fiber-optic crack detection sensor developed by Tokyo Measuring Instruments Laboratory Co., Ltd. at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory were continued from FY 2015 to FY 2018. As a result, the measurement system using of the fiber-optic crack detection sensor is applicable for long-term measurement in deep underground area and find the future subject.

Journal Articles

Degassing behavior of noble gases from groundwater during groundwater sampling

Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Solomon, D. K.*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Matsumoto, Takuya*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ono, Masahiko*; et al.

Applied Geochemistry, 104, p.60 - 70, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Planning for in-situ backfilling test to the gallery in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Toguri, Satohito*; Yahagi, Ryoji*; Okihara, Mistunobu*; Takeuchi, Nobumitsu*; Kurosaki, Hiromi*; Matsui, Hiroya

JAEA-Technology 2018-017, 161 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Technology-2018-017.pdf:28.26MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting research on three critical issues for development of: engineering techniques for underground construction, modelling techniques of mass transfer and tunnel backfilling methods at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory on the basis of Medium to Long-Term Plan of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. This report describes the overall plan of in-situ test to backfill a part of Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, which is planned for "development of tunnel backfilling method".

JAEA Reports

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C; GREET Intermediate report

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Ozaki, Yusuke; Wang, Y.*; Hadgu, T.*; Jove-Colon C. F.*; Kalinina, E.*; Hokr, M.*; Balv$'i$n, A.*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2018-018, 140 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Research-2018-018.pdf:40.68MB

DECOVALEX-2019 Task C aims to develop modelling and prediction methods using numerical simulation based on the water-filling experiment to examine the post drift-closure environment recovery processes. In this intermediate report, the results of Step 1 (Modelling and prediction of environmental disturbance by CTD excavation) are summarized from each of the research teams (JAEA, Sandia National Laboratories, Technical University of Liberec). Groundwater inflow rates to the tunnel during the excavation, hydraulic drawdown, and variation of chlorine concentration at monitoring boreholes in the vicinity of the tunnel were chosen as comparison metrics for Step1 by mutual agreement amongst the research teams. It is likely to be possible to foresee the scales of inflow rate and hydraulic drawdown based on a data from the pilot borehole by current simulation techniques.

811 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)