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105番元素DbのHF/HNO$$_{3}$$混合水溶液中における化学挙動

Chemical behavior of element-105, Db, in mixed HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions

笠松 良崇; 當銘 勇人; 豊嶋 厚史; 塚田 和明; 浅井 雅人; 石井 康雄; 西中 一朗; 佐藤 哲也; 篠原 伸夫; 永目 諭一郎; 羽場 宏光*; 菊永 英寿*; 秋山 和彦*; 後藤 真一*; 石川 剛*; 工藤 久昭*; 佐藤 渉*; 大江 一弘*; 栗林 隆宏*; 篠原 厚*; 木下 哲一*; 荒井 美和子*; 横山 明彦*; 阪間 稔*; Qin, Z.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*

Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Tome, Hayato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Ishii, Yasuo; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Nobuo; Nagame, Yuichiro; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Goto, Shinichi*; Ishikawa, Tsuyoshi*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Sato, Wataru*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Kuribayashi, Takahiro*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Arai, Miwako*; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Sakama, Minoru*; Qin, Z.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*

原子力機構タンデム加速器施設において、$$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5${it n}$)反応により$$^{262}$$Db(半減期:34秒)を合成し、$$alpha$$線測定装置結合型イオン交換分離装置(AIDA)を用いて0.89M HF/0.3M HNO$$_{3}$$混合水溶液中における陰イオン交換挙動を調べた。また、$$^{nat}$$Ge($$^{19}$$F,${it xn}$), $$^{nat}$$Gd($$^{19}$$F,${it xn}$)反応により$$^{88}$$Nb(14.3分), $$^{170}$$Ta(6.76分)を合成し、同様に陰イオン交換挙動を調べた。その結果、今回の実験条件において陰イオン交換樹脂に対する吸着能の順列がTa$$>$$Nb$$sim$$Dbとなることがわかった。

Anion-exchange behavior of $$^{262}$$Db (half-life ${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 34 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F, 5${it n}$) reaction at the JAEA tandem accelerator was investigated in the mixed 0.89 M HF/0.3 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solution ([F$$^{-}$$] = 3 $$times$$ 10$$^{-3}$$ M) with the automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with the detection system for alpha-spectroscopy (AIDA). Anion-exchange behavior of its lighter homologues, Nb and Ta, was also studied under the same conditions using $$^{88}$$Nb (${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 14.3 min) and $$^{170}$$Ta (${it T$_{1/2}$}$ = 6.76 min) produced in the $$^{nat}$$Ge($$^{19}$$F, ${it xn}$) and $$^{nat}$$Gd($$^{19}$$F, ${it xn}$) reactions, respectively. It was found that the adsorption probability on the anion-exchange resin is in the order of Ta $$>$$ Nb $$sim$$ Db under the present condition.

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