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Fusion reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk leading to formation of the element Ts (Z=117)

117番元素Ts合成のための$$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk融合反応

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; 浅井 雅人; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dasgupta, M.*; Derkx, X.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Even, J.*; Evers, M.*; Fahlander, C.*; Forsberg, U.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gharibyan, N.*; Golubev, P.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; Hamilton, J. H.*; Hartmann, W.*; Herzberg, R.-D.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hinde, D. J.*; Hoffmann, J.*; Hollinger, R.*; H$"u$bner, A.*; J$"a$ger, E.*; Kindler, B.*; Kratz, J. V.*; Krier, J.*; Kurz, N.*; Laatiaoui, M.*; Lahiri, S.*; Lang, R.*; Lommel, B.*; Maiti, M.*; Miernik, K.*; 南 志都*; Mistry, A.*; Mokry, C.*; Nitsche, H.*; Omtvedt, J. P.*; Pang, G. K.*; Papadakis, P.*; Renisch, D.*; Roberto, J.*; Rudolph, D.*; Runke, J.*; Rykaczewski, K. P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Schausten, B.*; Semchenkov, A.*; Shaughnessy, D. A.*; Steinegger, P.*; Steiner, J.*; Tereshatov, E. E.*; Th$"o$rle-Pospiech, P.*; Tinschert, K.*; Torres De Heidenreich, T.*; Trautmann, N.*; T$"u$rler, A.*; Uusitalo, J.*; Ward, D. E.*; Wegrzecki, M.*; Wiehl, N.*; Van Cleve, S. M.*; Yakusheva, V.*

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dasgupta, M.*; Derkx, X.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Even, J.*; Evers, M.*; Fahlander, C.*; Forsberg, U.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gharibyan, N.*; Golubev, P.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; Hamilton, J. H.*; Hartmann, W.*; Herzberg, R.-D.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hinde, D. J.*; Hoffmann, J.*; Hollinger, R.*; H$"u$bner, A.*; J$"a$ger, E.*; Kindler, B.*; Kratz, J. V.*; Krier, J.*; Kurz, N.*; Laatiaoui, M.*; Lahiri, S.*; Lang, R.*; Lommel, B.*; Maiti, M.*; Miernik, K.*; Minami, Shizu*; Mistry, A.*; Mokry, C.*; Nitsche, H.*; Omtvedt, J. P.*; Pang, G. K.*; Papadakis, P.*; Renisch, D.*; Roberto, J.*; Rudolph, D.*; Runke, J.*; Rykaczewski, K. P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Schausten, B.*; Semchenkov, A.*; Shaughnessy, D. A.*; Steinegger, P.*; Steiner, J.*; Tereshatov, E. E.*; Th$"o$rle-Pospiech, P.*; Tinschert, K.*; Torres De Heidenreich, T.*; Trautmann, N.*; T$"u$rler, A.*; Uusitalo, J.*; Ward, D. E.*; Wegrzecki, M.*; Wiehl, N.*; Van Cleve, S. M.*; Yakusheva, V.*

$$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$B融合反応を用いて117番元素(Ts)合成実験を行い、117番元素に起因すると思われる4つの$$alpha$$崩壊連鎖を観測した。うち2つは長い崩壊連鎖で、$$^{294}$$Tsの$$alpha$$崩壊に起因するものと同定された。他の2つは短い崩壊連鎖で、$$^{293}$$Tsの$$alpha$$崩壊に起因すると考えると矛盾しない。今回の結果と過去の文献値を比較したところ、今回の我々の結果は過去の文献値をほぼ再現し、117番元素合成の事実を強く再確認する結果となった。

We have performed an experiment to synthesize the element 117 (Ts) with the $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction. Four $$alpha$$-decay chains attributed to the element 117 were observed. Two of them were long decay chains which can be assigned to the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{294}$$Ts. The other two were short decay chains which are consistent with the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{293}$$Ts. We have compared the present results with the literature data, and found that our present results mostly confirmed the literature data, leading to the firm confirmation of the synthesis of the element 117.

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