※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 23 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



Laser-driven neutron generation realizing single-shot resonance spectroscopy

余語 覚文*; Lan, Z.*; 有川 安信*; 安部 勇輝*; Mirfayzi, S. R.*; Wei, T.*; 森 隆人*; Golovin, D.*; 早川 岳人*; 岩田 夏弥*; et al.

Physical Review X, 13(1), p.011011_1 - 011011_12, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Neutrons are powerful tools for investigating the structure and properties of materials used in science and technology. Recently, laser-driven neutron sources (LDNS) have attracted the attention of different communities, from science to industry, in a variety of applications, including radiography, spectroscopy, security, and medicine. However, the laser-driven ion acceleration mechanism for neutron generation and for establishing the scaling law on the neutron yield is essential to improve the feasibility of LDNS. In this paper, we report the mechanism that accelerates ions with spectra suitable for neutron generation. We show that the neutron yield increases with the fourth power of the laser intensity, resulting in the neutron generation of $$3times10^{11}$$ in $$4pi$$ at a maximum, with $$1.1times10^{19}$$ Wcm$$^{-2}$$, 900 J, 1.5 ps lasers. By installing a "hand-size" moderator, which is specially designed for the LDNS, it is demonstrated that the efficient generation of epithermal (0.1-100 eV) neutrons enables the single-shot analysis of composite materials by neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). We achieve the energy resolution of 2.3% for 5.19-eV neutrons 1.8 m downstream of the LDNS. This leads to the analysis of elements and isotopes within sub-$$mu$$s times and allows for high-speed nondestructive inspection.


Assessment of radioactive contamination and effectiveness of remedial measures in urban environments, Report of Working Group 2, Modelling and Data for Radiological Impact Assessments (MODARIA) Programme

Boznar, M. Z.*; Charnock, T. W.*; Chousan, S. L.*; Grsic, Z.*; Halsall, C.*; Heinrich, G.*; Helebrant, J.*; Hettrich, S.*; Ku$v{c}$a, P.*; Mancini, F.*; et al.

IAEA-TECDOC-2001, 226 Pages, 2022/06



Enhanced covalency and nanostructured-phonon scattering lead to high thermoelectric performance in $$n$$-type PbS

Rathore, E.*; Juneja, R.*; Sarkar, D.*; Roychowdhury, S.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Singh, A. K.*; Biswas, K.*

Materials Today Energy (Internet), 24, p.100953_1 - 100953_9, 2022/03

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:93.54(Chemistry, Physical)

We demonstrate a high thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of 1.45 at 900 K for Ge doped (4-10 mol%) $$n$$-type PbS, which is the one of the highest values among all $$n$$-type PbS-based thermoelectric materials. This high performance is achieved by simultaneous (a) enhancement of covalency in chemical bonding which increases the electrical conductivity, and (b) reduction of lattice thermal conductivity to an ultra-low value of 0.56 W m$$^{-1}$$K$$^{-1}$$ at 900 K by the introduction of nanometer-sized (5-10 nm) precipitates of Pb$$_{2}$$GeS$$_{4}$$ in PbS matrix which strongly scatter the heat-carrying phonons. The presence of low-lying transverse acoustic (TA) and longitudinal acoustic (LA) phonon modes at 48.24 cm$$^{-1}$$ and 91.83 cm$$^{-1}$$, respectively are experimentally revealed from inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments. The softening of low-frequency modes at a higher temperature and ultra-short phonon lifetime (1-4.5 ps) further explain the ultra-low thermal conductivity.


Fission of $$^{180,182,183}$$Hg* and $$^{178}$$Pt* nuclei at intermediate excitation energies

Kozulin, E. M.*; Knyazheva, G. N.*; Itkis, I. M.*; Itkis, M. G.*; Mukhamejanov, Y. S.*; Bogachev, A. A.*; Novikov, K. V.*; Kirakosyan, V. V.*; Kumar, D.*; Banerjee, T.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 105(1), p.014607_1 - 014607_12, 2022/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:94.8(Physics, Nuclear)

Asymmetric fission in the neutron-deficient Hg region was first observed about 10 years ago at ISOLDE, and caused a revision of the current understanding of fission in this region. In this work, the fission of $$^{180,182,183}$$Hg and $$^{178}$$Pd were studied using the time-of-flight spectrometer CORSET at the Flerov Laboratory in Dubna. The observed fission fragments mass distributions of the different isotopes suggest the presence of four concurrent fission modes, one symmetric and three asymmetric fission modes. The asymmetric modes differ in the total kinetic energies and fragment mass splits. These results point out the existence of a well deformed proton shell at $$Z$$=36 and a less deformed proton shell at $$Z$$=46.


Asymmetric and symmetric fission of excited nuclei of $$^{180,190}$$Hg and $$^{184,192,202}$$Pb formed in the reactions with $$^{36}$$Ar and $$^{40,48}$$Ca ions

Bogachev, A. A.*; Kozulin, E. M.*; Knyazheva, G. N.*; Itkis, I. M.*; Itkis, M. G.*; Novikov, K. V.*; Kumar, D.*; Banerjee, T.*; Diatlov, I. N.*; Cheralu, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(2), p.024623_1 - 024623_11, 2021/08

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:85.99(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{180,190}$$Hg及び$$^{184,192,202}$$Pb核の非対称及び対称核分裂モードの研究のため、$$^{36}$$Ar + $$^{144,154}$$Sm,$$^{40}$$Ca + $$^{144}$$Sm反応で生成した$$^{180,190}$$Hg及び$$^{184}$$Pbの質量-エネルギー分布の測定を行った。クーロン障壁エネルギー近傍のエネルギーにおいて、質量-エネルギー分布は二重アーム飛行時間型スペクトロメータCORSETを用いて測定し、以前に測定した$$^{192,202}$$Pb同位体と比較した。結論として、$$^{180,190}$$Hgと$$^{184,192,202}$$Pb核の非対称核分裂の研究特性はZ$$approx$$36では変形した陽子殻の存在を、Z$$approx$$46では変形しない陽子殻の存在を指摘した。


Structure of the $$11/2^-$$ isomeric state in $$^{133}$$La

Laskar, Md. S. R.*; Palit, R.*; Mishra, S. N.*; 清水 則孝*; 宇都野 穣; 井手口 栄治*; Garg, U.*; Biswas, S.*; Babra, F. S.*; Gala, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034315_1 - 034315_8, 2020/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:44.36(Physics, Nuclear)

質量数130領域の中重核では、カイラルバンドなどの新規な集団運動が出現するメカニズムとして、$$h_{11/2}$$軌道が重要な役割を果たしていると考えられている。その一粒子状態と集団運動状態との相互作用を調べるため、$$^{133}$$Laの$$11/2^-$$アイソマー状態の$$g$$因子と四重極モーメントをタタ基礎科学研究所にて測定した。得られた$$g$$因子は$$g=1.16pm0.07$$、四重極モーメントの大きさは、$$|Q|=1.71pm 0.34$$ $$b$$だった。測定された四重極モーメントから四重極変形度$$beta=0.28pm 0.10$$を導き出した。これらの実験値を大規模殻模型計算と比較した結果、$$^{133}$$Laの$$11/2^-$$アイソマー状態は、中程度のプロレート変形したコアに$$h_{11/2}$$軌道の陽子が結合した状態であることがわかり、この領域の$$h_{11/2}$$準位を得る大きな手がかりを得た。


Passive sweat collection and colorimetric analysis of biomarkers relevant to kidney disorders using a soft microfluidic system

Zhang, Y.*; Guo, H.*; Kim, S. B.*; Wu, Y.*; Ostojich, D.*; Park, S. H.*; Wang, X.*; Weng, Z.*; Li, R.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; et al.

Lab on a Chip, 19(9), p.1545 - 1555, 2019/05

 被引用回数:109 パーセンタイル:99.56(Biochemical Research Methods)



$$g$$-factor measurement of the 2738 keV isomer in $$^{135}$$La

Laskar, Md. S. R.*; Saha, S.*; Palit, R.*; Mishra, S. N.*; 清水 則孝*; 宇都野 穣; 井手口 栄治*; Naik, Z.*; Babra, F. S.*; Biswas, S.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014308_1 - 014308_6, 2019/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:60.44(Physics, Nuclear)

タタ基礎物理学研究所の重イオン加速器にて、$$^{11}$$B($$^{128}$$Te, 4n)$$^{135}$$La反応によって$$^{135}$$Laの励起状態を生成し、2738keVにあるアイソマーの$$g$$因子を時間微分型摂動角分布(TDPAD)法によって測定した。得られた$$g$$因子の値は$$-0.049(3)$$であった。このアイソマーの核構造を理解するため、$$^{135}$$Laに対し、大規模殻模型計算を行った。殻模型計算は低励起状態のバンド構造を非常によく再現し、2738keVのアイソマーのスピンパリティは$$23/2^+$$であることを強く示唆する結果が得られた。このアイソマーは、$$^{134}$$Baの$$10^+_1$$$$d_{5/2}$$軌道にいる陽子が結合してできる配位が主であると解釈された。


Battery-free, skin-interfaced microfluidic/electronic systems for simultaneous electrochemical, colorimetric, and volumetric analysis of sweat

Bandodkar, A. J.*; Gutruf, P.*; Choi, J.*; Lee, K.-H.*; 関根 由莉奈; Reeder, J. T.*; Jeang, W. J.*; Aranyosi, A. J.*; Lee, S. P.*; Model, J. B.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 5(1), p.eaav3294_1 - eaav3294_15, 2019/01

 被引用回数:360 パーセンタイル:99.89(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

非侵襲でバイオマーカーを検出し得るウェアラブルデバイスが注目されている。しかしながら現在までに存在するウェアラブルデバイスはその電力源や検出部分などの小型化が困難であったことから重さや大きさの点でポータビリティに欠けていた。本研究では、バッテリーフリーでかつ電気的、呈色式を用いて重要バイオマーカーである塩化物, 乳酸, グルコース, pHを検出できるスウェットデバイスを開発した。


Soft, skin-interfaced microfluidic systems with wireless, battery-free electronics for digital, real-time tracking of sweat loss and electrolyte composition

Kim, S. B.*; Lee, K.-H.*; Raj, M. S.*; Reeder, J. T.*; Koo, J.*; Hourlier-Fargette, A.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; Won, S. M.*; 関根 由莉奈; Choi, J.*; et al.

Small, 14(45), p.1802876_1 - 1802876_9, 2018/11

 被引用回数:70 パーセンタイル:94.1(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



A Fluorometric skin-interfaced microfluidic device and smartphone imaging module for ${{it in situ}}$ quantitative analysis of sweat chemistry

関根 由莉奈; Kim, S. B.*; Zhang, Y.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; Xu, S.*; Choi, J.*; 入江 将大*; Ray, T. R.*; Kohli, P.*; 香西 直文; et al.

Lab on a Chip, 18(15), p.2178 - 2186, 2018/08

近年、スウェットに含まれる代謝産物やイオン等を用いたPoint of Careが高く注目されている。本研究では、それらのバイオマーカーを効果的にその場で検出することを目的として、ソフトで薄いウェアラブルマイクロ流路デバイスとスマートフォンを基盤とした蛍光イメージングシステムを提案する。精密に設計されたマイクロ流路は、皮膚から汗を時間シーケンス制御で集めることを可能にした。また、集められた汗から蛍光検出剤によって検出された塩化物,ナトリウム,亜鉛濃度をスマートフォンを基盤とした蛍光イメージングシステムで正確に定量分析することに成功した。このシステムを実際に試験したところ、正確に効率よく作動することを確認した。


Super-absorbent polymer valves and colorimetric chemistries for time-sequenced discrete sampling and chloride analysis of sweat via skin-mounted soft microfluidics

Kim, S. B.*; Zhang, Y.*; Won, S. M.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; 関根 由莉奈; Xue, Y.*; Koo, J.*; Harshman, S. W.*; Martin, J. A.*; Park, J. M.*; et al.

Small, 14(12), p.1703334_1 - 1703334_11, 2018/03

 被引用回数:82 パーセンタイル:95.35(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper introduces super absorbent polymer valves and colorimetric sensing reagents as enabling components of soft, skin-mounted microfluidic devices designed to capture, store and chemically analyze sweat released from eccrine glands. The valving technology enables robust means for guiding the flow of sweat from an inlet location into a collection of isolated reservoirs, in a well-defined sequence. Analysis in these reservoirs involves a color responsive indicator of chloride concentration with a formulation tailored to offer stable operation with sensitivity optimized for the relevant physiological range. Evaluations on human subjects with comparisons against ex situ analysis illustrate the practical utility of these advances.


Population and decay of a $$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$ two-quasineutron isomer in $$^{244}$$Pu

Hota, S.*; Tandel, S.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Ahmad, I.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chiara, C. J.*; Greene, J. P.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Jackson, E. G.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(2), p.021303_1 - 021303_5, 2016/08

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:46.63(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{244}$$Puにおける$$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$アイソマーからの崩壊と集団的バンド構造が$$^{47}$$Tiと$$^{208}$$Pbのビームによる深部非弾性散乱実験によって調べられた。バンド内の正確な$$M1/E2$$分岐比の測定によって、偶$$Z$$, $$N$$=150アイソトーンにおける$$K^{pi}$$ = 8$$^{-}$$二準中性子アイソマーが9/2$$^-$$[734]$$_{nu}$$$$otimes$$7/2$$^+$$[624]$$_{nu}$$の配位であることを確かめた。$$N$$=152における変形シェルギャップ近傍のこれらのアイソマーは、超重核の一粒子エネルギーの理論的な予言において重要なベンチマークとなる。


Dispersing zwitterions into comb polymers for nonviral transfection; Experiments and molecular simulation

Ghobadi, A. F.*; Letteri, R.*; Parelkar, S. S.*; Zhao, Y.; Chan-Seng, D.*; Emrick, T.*; Jayaraman, A.*

Biomacromolecules, 17(2), p.546 - 557, 2016/02

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:50.15(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

We report the effect of embedding zwitterionic sulfobetaine (SB) groups in cationic comb polymers on polymer-DNA binding complexes (polyplexes), using a combination of experiments and molecular simulations. Ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) produced comb polymers with tetralysine (K4) and SB pendent groups. Dynamic light scattering, zeta potential measurements, and fluorescence-based experiments, together with coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations, described the effect of SB groups on the size, shape, surface charge, composition, and DNA binding strength of polyplexes formed using these comb polymers. Experiments and simulations showed that increasing SB composition in the comb polymers decreased polymer-DNA binding strength, while the SB groups distributed throughout the polyplex. This allows polyplexes to maintain a positive surface charge and provide high levels of gene expression in live cells.


Observation of plasma density dependence of electromagnetic soliton excitation by an intense laser pulse

Sarri, G.*; Kar, S.*; Romagnani, L.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Cecchetti, C. A.*; Galimberti, M.*; Gizzi, L. A.*; Heathcote, R.*; Jung, R.*; Kourakis, I.*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 18(8), p.080704_1 - 080704_4, 2011/10

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:65.67(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The experimental evidence of the correlation between the initial electron density of the plasma and electromagnetic soliton excitation at the wake of an intense and short laser pulse is presented. The spatial distribution of the solitons, together with their late time evolution into post-solitons, is found to be dependent upon the background plasma parameters, in agreement with published analytical and numerical findings. The measured temporal evolution and electrostatic field distribution of the structures are consistent with their late time evolution and the occurrence of multiple merging of neighboring post-solitons.


Search for a 2-quasiparticle high-$$K$$ isomer in $$^{256}$$Rf

Robinson, A. P.*; Khoo, T. L.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Ahmad, I.*; 浅井 雅人; Back, B. B.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Chowdhury, P.*; Davids, C. N.*; Greene, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064311_1 - 064311_7, 2011/06

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:84.9(Physics, Nuclear)



Observation of magnetized soliton remnants in the wake of intense laser pulse propagation through plasmas

Romagnani, L.*; Bigongiari, A.*; Kar, S.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Cecchetti, C. A.*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Galimberti, M.*; Jung, R.*; Liseykina, T. V.*; Osterholz, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 105(17), p.175002_1 - 175002_4, 2010/10

 被引用回数:37 パーセンタイル:82.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Slowly evolving, regularly spaced patterns have been observed in proton projection images of plasma channels drilled by intense laser pulses propagating in an ionized gas jet. The analysis suggests the formation of rows of magnetized soliton remnants, with a quasistatic magnetic field associated with vortex like electron currents resembling those of magnetic vortices.


Electronic structure and magnetism of the diluted magnetic semiconductor Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles

片岡 隆史*; 小林 正起*; 坂本 勇太*; Song, G. S.*; 藤森 淳*; Chang, F.-H.*; Lin, H.-J.*; Huang, D. J.*; Chen, C. T.*; 大河内 拓雄*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 107(3), p.033718_1 - 033718_7, 2010/02


 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:85.83(Physics, Applied)

We have studied the electronic structure of Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles, which have been reported to show ferromagnetism at room temperature, by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), resonant photoemission spectroscopy (RPES), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). From the experimental and cluster-model calculation results, we find that Fe atoms are predominantly in the Fe$$^{3+}$$ ionic state with mixture of a small amount of Fe$$^{2+}$$ and that Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions are dominant in the surface region of the nanoparticles. It is shown that the room temperature ferromagnetism in the Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles is primarily originated from the antiferromagnetic coupling between unequal amounts of Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions occupying two sets of nonequivalent positions in the region of the XMCD probing depth of $$sim$$2-3 nm.


Submicron ionography of nanostructures using a femtosecond- laser-driven-cluster-based source

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; 福田 祐仁; 神門 正城; 小瀧 秀行; 本間 隆之; 川瀬 啓悟; 亀島 敬*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; 余語 覚文; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 95(10), p.101107_1 - 101107_3, 2009/09

 被引用回数:30 パーセンタイル:73.44(Physics, Applied)

An intense isotropic source of multicharged carbon and oxygen ions with energy above 300 keV and high quantity per shot was obtained by femtosecond Ti:Sa laser irradiation of clusters, produced by expansion of the mixed He and CO$$_{2}$$ gases in a supersonic nozzle. The source was employed for high contrast ionography images with 600 nm spatial resolution. A difference in object thickness of 100 nm was well resolved for both Zr and polymer foils.


Laser-driven proton acceleration; Source optimization and radiographic applications

Borghesi, M.*; Bigongiari, A.*; Kar, S.*; Macchi, A.*; Romagnani, L.*; Audebert, P.*; Fuchs, A.*; Toncian, T.*; Willi, O.*; Bulanov, S. V.; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 50(12), p.124040_1 - 124040_10, 2008/12

 被引用回数:60 パーセンタイル:90.98(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The paper corresponds to the plenary lecture presented at the EPS-2008 meeting. It contains a review of recent results obtained in the experiments and theory on the laser ion acceleration. The applications of the laser accelerated ions are also discussed.

23 件中 1件目~20件目を表示