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論文

Compact $$ssscbar c$$ pentaquark states predicted by a quark model

Meng, Q.*; 肥山 詠美子*; Can, K. U.*; Gubler, P.; 岡 眞; 保坂 淳; Zong, H.*

Physics Letters B, 798, p.135028_1 - 135028_8, 2019/11

Several compact $$ssscbar c$$ pentaquark resonances are predicted in a potential quark model. The Hamiltonian is the best available one, which reproduces the masses of the low-lying charmed and strange hadrons well. Full five-body calculations are carried out by the use of the Gaussian expansion method, and the relevant baryon-meson thresholds are taken into account explicitly. Employing the real scaling method, we predict four sharp resonances, $$J^P=1/2^-$$ ($$E$$ = 5180 MeV, $$Gamma$$ = 20 MeV) and others. These are the candidates of compact pentaquark resonance states from the current best quark model, which should be confirmed either by experiments or lattice QCD calculations.

論文

Hadronic Paschen-Back effect in P-wave charmonia under strong magnetic fields

岩崎 幸生; 岡 眞; 鈴木 渓*; 吉田 哲也*

International Journal of Modern Physics; Conference Series (Internet), 49, p.1960002_1 - 1960002_6, 2019/07

P波のチャーモニウムメソンに強い磁場がかかったときにスペクトルおよび波動関数がどのように変化するかを磁場の強さの関数として解析した。

論文

Hadronic Paschen-Back effect

岩崎 幸生; 岡 眞; 鈴木 渓*; 吉田 哲也*

Physics Letters B, 790, p.71 - 76, 2019/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:14.11(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

ヘビークォークを含むメソンに強い磁場がかかったときにスペクトルおよび波動関数がどのように変化するかを磁場の強さの関数として解析した。

論文

Further signatures to support the tetraquark mixing framework for the two light-meson nonets

Kim, H.*; Kim, K. S.*; Cheoun, M.-K.*; 慈道 大介*; 岡 眞

Physical Review D, 99(1), p.014005_1 - 014005_15, 2019/01

 パーセンタイル:100(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

前回の論文で指摘した、軽いスカラー中間子8重項のテトラクォーク描像に基づく状態混合について、さらなる証拠となる現象の解析を行った。

論文

Quark model estimate of hidden-charm pentaquark resonances

肥山 詠美子; 保坂 淳; 岡 眞; Richard, J.-M.*

Physical Review C, 98(4), p.045208_1 - 045208_8, 2018/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:28.07(Physics, Nuclear)

クォーク模型のハミルトニアンを用いて、5クォーク系のスペクトル計算をおこなった。実スケーリング法を用いて共鳴状態を散乱状態から分離することによって、最近LHCbで発見されたペンタクォークに対応する状態があるかどうか、あるとすれば量子数はなにかを決める解析を行った。その結果、発見されたペンタクォークに対応する共鳴は、通常のメソンやバリオンを再現できるハミルトニアンでは再現できないことが明らかになった。

論文

Tetraquark mixing framework for isoscalar resonances in light mesons

Kim, H.*; Kim, K. S.*; Cheoun, M.-K.*; 岡 眞

Physical Review D, 97(9), p.094005_1 - 094005_17, 2018/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:17.57(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

アイソスピン0のスカラー中間子に対して、テトラクォーク描像を用いて、その状態混合の可能性を調べた。その結果を崩壊の解析にも応用した。

論文

Flavor-singlet hidden charm pentaquark

入江 陽也*; 岡 眞; 安井 繁宏*

Physical Review D, 97(3), p.034006_1 - 034006_12, 2018/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:64.74(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

$$P_{cs}$$ペンタクォークのクォーク模型による解析を行った。

論文

Measurements of $$e^+e^-$$ pairs from open heavy flavor in $$p+p$$ and $$d+A$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他497名*

Physical Review C, 96(2), p.024907_1 - 024907_19, 2017/08

AA2017-0466.pdf:2.14MB

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:11.96(Physics, Nuclear)

We report a measurement of $$e^+e^-$$ pairs from semileptonic heavy-flavor decays in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV. The $$e^+e^-$$ pair yield from $$bbar{b}$$ and $$cbar{c}$$ is separated by exploiting a double differential fit done simultaneously in dielectron invariant mass and $$p_T$$. We used three different event generators, ${sc pythia}$, ${sc mc@nlo}$, and ${sc powheg}$, to simulate the $$e^+e^-$$ spectra from $$bbar{b}$$ and $$cbar{c}$$ production. The data can be well described by all three generators within the detector acceptance. However, when using the generators to extrapolate to $$4pi$$, significant differences are observed for the total cross section. These difference are less pronounced for $$bbar{b}$$ than for $$cbar{c}$$. The same model dependence was observed in already published $$d+A$$ data. The $$p+p$$ data are also directly compared with $$d+A$$ data in mass and $$p_T$$, and within the statistical accuracy no nuclear modification is seen.

論文

Nonperturbative-transverse-momentum effects and evolution in dihadron and direct photon-hadron angular correlations in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他462名*

Physical Review D, 95(7), p.072002_1 - 072002_19, 2017/04

AA2017-0102.pdf:1.1MB

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:33.94(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Dihadron and isolated direct photon-hadron angular correlations are measured in $$p+p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 510 GeV. Correlations of charged hadrons of $$0.7 < p_T < 10$$ GeV/$$c$$ with $$pi^0$$ mesons of $$4 < p_T < 15$$ GeV/$$c$$ or isolated direct photons of $$7 < p_T < 15$$ GeV/$$c$$ are used to study nonperturbative effects generated by initial-state partonic transverse momentum and final-state transverse momentum from fragmentation. The nonperturbative behavior is characterized by measuring the out-of-plane transverse momentum component $$p_{rm out}$$ perpendicular to the axis of the trigger particle, which is the high-$$p_T$$ direct photon or $$pi^0$$. Nonperturbative evolution effects are extracted from Gaussian fits to the away-side inclusive-charged-hadron yields for different trigger-particle transverse momenta ($$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$). The Gaussian widths and root mean square of $$p_{rm out}$$ are reported as a function of the interaction hard scale $$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$ to investigate possible transverse-momentum-dependent evolution differences between the $$pi^0$$-$$h^pm$$ and direct photon-$$h^{pm}$$ correlations and factorization breaking effects. The widths are found to decrease with $$p_{T}^{rm trig}$$, which indicates that the Collins-Soper-Sterman soft factor is not driving the evolution with the hard scale in nearly back-to-back dihadron and direct photon-hadron production in $$p+p$$ collisions. This behavior is in contrast to Drell-Yan and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering measurements.

論文

Measurement of the relative yields of $$psi(2S)$$ to $$psi(1S)$$ mesons produced at forward and backward rapidity in $$p+p$$, $$p+$$Al, $$p+$$Au, and $$^3$$He+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他361名*

Physical Review C, 95(3), p.034904_1 - 034904_10, 2017/03

AA2017-0047.pdf:0.58MB

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:14.67(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX Collaboration has measured the ratio of the yields of $$psi(2S)$$ to $$psi(1S)$$ mesons produced in $$p+p$$, $$p+$$Al, $$p+$$Au, and $$^3$$He+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV over the forward and backward rapidity intervals $$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$. We find that the ratio in $$p+p$$ collisions is consistent with measurements at other collision energies. In collisions with nuclei, we find that in the forward ($$p$$-going or $$^3$$He-going) direction, the relative yield of $$psi(2S)$$ mesons to $$psi(1S)$$ mesons is consistent with the value measured in $$p+p$$ collisions. However, in the backward (nucleus-going) direction, the $$psi(2S)$$ meson is preferentially suppressed by a factor of $$sim 2$$. This suppression is attributed in some models to the breakup of the weakly bound $$psi(2S)$$ meson through final-state interactions with comoving particles, which have a higher density in the nucleus-going direction. These breakup effects may compete with color screening in a deconfined quark-gluon plasma to produce sequential suppression of excited quarkonia states.

論文

Measurement of long-range angular correlations and azimuthal anisotropies in high-multiplicity $$p$$ + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV

Aidala, C.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他304名*

Physical Review C, 95(3), p.034910_1 - 034910_10, 2017/03

AA2017-0048.pdf:0.55MB

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:1.9(Physics, Nuclear)

We present measurements of long-range angular correlations and the transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow $$v_2$$ in high-multiplicity $$p$$ + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$$ GeV. A comparison of these results to previous measurements in high-multiplicity $$d$$ + Au and $$^3$$He + Au collisions demonstrates a relation between $$v_2$$ and the initial collision eccentricity $$epsilon_2$$, suggesting that the observed momentum-space azimuthal anisotropies in these small systems have a collective origin and reflect the initial geometry. Good agreement is observed between the measured $$v_2$$ and hydrodynamic calculations for all systems, and an argument disfavoring theoretical explanations based on initial momentum-space domain correlations is presented. The set of measurements presented here allows us to leverage the distinct intrinsic geometry of each of these systems to distinguish between different theoretical descriptions of the long-range correlations observed in small collision systems.

論文

Azimuthally anisotropic emission of low-momentum direct photons in Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他545名*

Physical Review C, 94(6), p.064901_1 - 064901_14, 2016/12

AA2016-0473.pdf:0.66MB

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:4.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured second- and third-order Fourier coefficients of the azimuthal distributions of direct photons emitted at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV for various collision centralities. Combining two different analysis techniques, results were obtained in the transverse momentum range of $$0.4 < p_T < 4.0$$ GeV/$$c$$. At low $$p_T$$ the second-order coefficients, $$v_2$$, are similar to the ones observed in hadrons. Third-order coefficients, $$v_3$$, are nonzero and almost independent of centrality. These new results on $$v_2$$ and $$v_3$$, combined with previously published results on yields, are compared to model calculations that provide yields and asymmetries in the same framework. Those models are challenged to explain simultaneously the observed large yield and large azimuthal anisotropies.

論文

Measurements of directed, elliptic, and triangular flow in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$=200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 94(5), p.054910_1 - 054910_18, 2016/11

AA2016-0472.pdf:0.98MB

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:13.07(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of anisotropic flow Fourier coefficients ($$v_n$$) for inclusive charged particles and identified hadrons $$pi^{pm}$$, $$K^{pm}$$, $$p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ produced at midrapidity in Cu+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV are presented. The data were collected in 2012 by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). The particle azimuthal distributions with respect to different-order symmetry planes $$Psi_n$$, for $$n=$$1, 2, and 3 are studied as a function of transverse momentum $$p_T$$ over a broad range of collision centralities. Mass ordering, as expected from hydrodynamic flow, is observed for all three harmonics. The charged-particle results are compared with hydrodynamical and transport model calculations. We also compare these Cu+Au results with those in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at the same $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ and find that the $$v_2$$ and $$v_3$$, as a function of transverse momentum, follow a common scaling with $$1/(epsilon_n N_{rm part}^{1/3})$$.

論文

Measurement of the higher-order anisotropic flow coefficients for identified hadrons in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他385名*

Physical Review C, 93(5), p.051902_1 - 051902_8, 2016/05

AA2016-0390.pdf:0.48MB

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:5.92(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of the anisotropic flow coefficients $$v_2{Psi_2 }$$, $$v_3{Psi_3 }$$, $$v_4{Psi_4 }$$, and $$v_4{Psi_2 }$$, for identified particles ($$pi^{pm}$$, $$K^{pm}$$, and $$p+bar{p}$$) at midrapidity, obtained relative to the event planes $$Psi_m$$ at forward rapidities in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}} =$$ 200 GeV, are presented as a function of collision centrality and particle transverse momenta $$p_T$$. The $$vn$$ coefficients show characteristic patterns consistent with hydrodynamical expansion of the matter produced in the collisions. For each harmonic $$n$$, a modified valence quark-number $$N_q$$ scaling [plotting $$v_n{Psi_m}/(N_q)^{n/2}$$ versus transverse kinetic energies $$(KE_{T})/N_q$$] is observed to yield a single curve for all the measured particle species for a broad range of $$KE_{T}$$. A simultaneous blast-wave model fit to the observed $$v_n{Psi_m}/(p_T)$$ coefficients and published particle spectra identifies radial flow anisotropies $$rho_n{Psi_m}$$ and spatial eccentricities $$s_n{Psi_m}$$ at freeze-out. These are generally smaller than the initial-state participant-plane geometric eccentricities $$epsilon_n{Psi_m^{PP}}$$ as also observed in the final eccentricity from quantum interferometry measurements with respect to the event plane.

論文

Forward $$J/psi$$ production in U + U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他397名*

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034903_1 - 034903_12, 2016/03

AA2015-1022.pdf:0.96MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:52.92(Physics, Nuclear)

The invariant yields, $$dN/dy$$, for $$J/psi$$ production at forward rapidity ($$1.2 < |y| < 2.2$$) in U+U collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 193 GeV have been measured as a function of collision centrality. The invariant yields and nuclear-modification factor $$R_{AA}$$ are presented and compared with those from Au + Au collisions in the same rapidity range. Additionally, the direct ratio of the invariant yields from U + U and Au + Au collisions within the same centrality class is presented, and used to investigate the role of $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence. Two different parametrizations of the deformed Woods-Saxon distribution were used in Glauber calculations to determine the values of the number of nucleon-nucleon collisions in each centrality class, $$N_{rm coll}$$, and these were found to give significantly different $$N_{rm coll}$$ values. Results using $$N_{rm coll}$$ values from both deformed Woods-Saxon distributions are presented. The measured ratios show that the $$J/psi$$ suppression, relative to binary collision scaling, is similar in U + U and Au + Au for peripheral and midcentral collisions, but that $$J/psi$$ show less suppression for the most central U + U collisions. The results are consistent with a picture in which, for central collisions, increase in the $$J/psi$$ yield due to $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence becomes more important than the decrease in yield due to increased energy density. For midcentral collisions, the conclusions about the balance between $$cbar{c}$$ coalescence and suppression depend on which deformed Woods-Saxon distribution is used to determine $$N_{coll}$$.

論文

Single electron yields from semileptonic charm and bottom hadron decays in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他426名*

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034904_1 - 034904_29, 2016/03

AA2015-1023.pdf:2.82MB

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:4.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX Collaboration at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has measured open heavy flavor production in minimum bias Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV via the yields of electrons from semileptonic decays of charm and bottom hadrons. Previous heavy flavor electron measurements indicated substantial modification in the momentum distribution of the parent heavy quarks owing to the quark-gluon plasma created in these collisions. For the first time, using the PHENIX silicon vertex detector to measure precision displaced tracking, the relative contributions from charm and bottom hadrons to these electrons as a function of transverse momentum are measured in Au + Au collisions. We compare the fraction of electrons from bottom hadrons to previously published results extracted from electron-hadron correlations in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV and find the fractions to be similar within the large uncertainties on both measurements for $$p_T>$$ 4 GeV/$$c$$. We use the bottom electron fractions in Au + Au and $$p + p$$ along with the previously measured heavy flavor electron $$R_{AA}$$ to calculate the $$R_{AA}$$ for electrons from charm and bottom hadron decays separately. We find that electrons from bottom hadron decays are less suppressed than those from charm for the region 3$$<p_T<$$ 4 GeV/$$c$$.

論文

Centrality-dependent modification of jet-production rates in deuteron-gold collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$=200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 今井 憲一; 長谷川 勝一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他477名*

Physical Review Letters, 116(12), p.122301_1 - 122301_9, 2016/03

AA2015-1072.pdf:0.36MB

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:9.61(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Jet production rates are measured in $$p+p$$ and $$d+$$Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV recorded in 2008 with the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Jets are reconstructed using the $$R$$ =0.3 anti-$$k_t$$ algorithm from energy deposits in the electromagnetic calorimeter and charged tracks in multiwire proportional chambers, and the jet transverse momentum ($$p_T$$) spectra are corrected for the detector response. Spectra are reported for jets with $$12 < p_T < 50$$ GeV/$$c$$ within a pseudorapidity acceptance of $$|eta|<0.3$$. The nuclear-modification factor ($$R_{d{rm Au}}$$) values and central-to-peripheral ratios ($$R_{CP}$$) show large, $$p_T$$-dependent deviations from unity, challenging the conventional models that relate hard-process rates and soft-particle production in collisions involving nuclei.

論文

Scaling properties of fractional momentum loss of high-$$p_T$$ hadrons in nucleus-nucleus collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ from 62.4 GeV to 2.76 TeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他623名*

Physical Review C, 93(2), p.024911_1 - 024911_20, 2016/02

AA2015-1021.pdf:1.07MB

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:31.2(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of the fractional momentum loss ($$S_{rm loss}=delta p_T/p_T$$) of high-transverse-momentum-identified hadrons in heavy-ion collisions are presented. Using $$pi^0$$ in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 62.4 and 200 GeV measured by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and and charged hadrons in Pb+Pb collisions measured by the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, we studied the scaling properties of $$S_{rm loss}$$ as a function of a number of variables: the number of participants, $$N_{rm part}$$, the number of quark participants, $$N_{qp}$$, the charged-particle density, $$dN_{rm ch}/deta$$, and the Bjorken energy density times the equilibration time, $$epsilon_{Bj}tau_0$$. We find that the $$p_T$$, where $$S_{rm loss}$$ has its maximum, varies both with centrality and collision energy. Above the maximum, $$S_{rm loss}$$ tends to follow a power-law function with all four scaling variables. The data at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 and 2.76 TeV, for sufficiently high particle densities, have a common scaling of $$S_{rm loss}$$ with $$dN_{rm ch}/deta$$ and $$epsilon_{Bj}tau_0$$, lending insight into the physics of parton energy loss.

論文

Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 7.7-200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他506名*

Physical Review C, 93(1), p.011901_1 - 011901_8, 2016/01

AA2015-0857.pdf:0.94MB

 被引用回数:41 パーセンタイル:1.3(Physics, Nuclear)

We report the measurement of cumulants ($$C_n$$, $$n=1,...,4$$) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity ($$|eta| < 0.35$$) in Au + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 7.7-200 GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., $$C_1/C_2$$, $$C_3/C_1$$) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of $$C_1/C_2$$ and $$C_3/C_1$$ can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.

論文

$$phi$$ meson production in $$d$$ + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; 長谷川 勝一; 今井 憲一; 永宮 正治; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; PHENIX Collaboration*; 他477名*

Physical Review C, 92(4), p.044909_1 - 044909_14, 2015/10

AA2015-0749.pdf:0.78MB

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:30.05(Physics, Nuclear)

The PHENIX Collaboration has measured $$phi$$ meson production in $$d$$ + Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV using the dimuon and dielectron decay channels. The $$phi$$ meson is measured in the forward (backward) $$d$$-going (Au-going) direction, $$1.2 < y < 2.2$$ $$(-2.2 < y < -1.2)$$ in the transverse-momentum ($$p_T$$) range from 1-7 GeV/$$c$$ and at midrapidity $$|y| < 0.35$$ in the $$p_T$$ range below 7 GeV/$$c$$. The $$phi$$ meson invariant yields and nuclear-modification factors as a function of $$p_T$$, rapidity, and centrality are reported. An enhancement of $$phi$$ meson production is observed in the Au-going direction, while suppression is seen in the $$d$$-going direction, and no modification is observed at midrapidity relative to the yield in $$p+p$$ collisions scaled by the number of binary collisions. Similar behavior was previously observed for inclusive charged hadrons and open heavy flavor, indicating similar cold-nuclear-matter effects.

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