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NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$の逐次電荷不均化による悪魔の花; 悪魔の花を咲かせるIsingスピンの詳細と競合する相互作用の理解

Devil's flower resulting from a successive charge disproportionation of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$; Understanding of the details of the Ising spin and the competitive interactions which made the devil's flower bloom

大和田 謙二; 藤井 保彦; 村岡 次郎*; 中尾 裕則*; 村上 洋一*; 野田 幸男*; 大隅 寛幸*; 池田 直*; 菖蒲 敬久; 礒部 正彦*; 上田 寛*

Owada, Kenji; Fujii, Yasuhiko; Muraoka, Jiro*; Nakao, Hironori*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Noda, Yukio*; Osumi, Hiroyuki*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Isobe, Masahiko*; Ueda, Yutaka*

常圧下で電荷不均化を示すNaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$の温度圧力相図上で「悪魔の花」が観測された。われわれは、X線構造解析的手法と電荷配列に敏感な共鳴X線回折法の相補利用により、低圧側と高圧側に現われる二つの基底状態の構造の関係を電荷配列も含めて明らかにした。その結果、二つの等価な電荷配列パターンがNaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$におけるIsingスピンに対応し、それに付随する原子変位はIsingスピンに線型に結合したものであることがわかった。このことからNaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$において、逐次電荷不均化による悪魔の花が実現されていると結論した。またわれわれは、競合する相互作用の起源がIsing spin-phonon結合によるものであると推測した。

Devil's flower has been found in a temperature-pressure phase diagram of NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$, which shows a charge disproportionation (CD) at ambient pressure. By a complementary use of an X-ray structural analysis and a resonant X-ray diffraction, which is sensitive to CD, we have investigated the structural relationship between two ground states appeared in lower and higher pressure regions including the charge arrangements. It has been clarified that two equivalent types of charge arrangement in CD correspond to the Ising variable in NaV$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$. The atomic shifts are regarded as linearly coupled to the Ising spins. The results lead us to the conclusion that it is the first time that the devil's flower blooms in a charge-disproportionation system. The results also lead us to a hypothesis that the competitive interactions between a Ising spins may result from the Ising spin-phonon coupling.

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