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Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ media

硝酸溶液中での$$gamma$$線照射に対するポリビニルポリピロリドンの安定性

野上 雅伸*; 杉山 雄一*; 川崎 武志*; 原田 雅幸*; 川田 善尚*; 森田 泰治; 菊池 俊明*; 池田 泰久*

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

6価のウランに対する選択的吸着剤として利用できるポリビニルポリピロリドン(PVPP)の$$gamma$$線照射に対する安定性を硝酸溶液中で調べた。試験の結果、吸着容量は照射により減少することはないこと、6M硝酸溶液で照射した試料ではむしろ増加することを明らかにした。これは、$$gamma$$線照射によりPVPPのピロリドン環が開環するが、その生成物もU(VI)に対する吸着性能を有するためと考えられる。

Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP), a resin with adsorption selectivity to U(VI) in nitric acid media, against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation has been examined using HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions of various concentrations. As the result, no clear decrease in the capacity was observed for any samples. Or rather, it was found that the capacity increased by approximately 50% for the PVPP slurry irradiated in 6 M HNO$$_{3}$$. The infrared spectroscopic study indicates that PVPP degrades by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ from the cleavage of the pyrrolidone ring by the addition of oxygen atom originating from HNO$$_{3}$$, followed by the formation of chain monoamides with multiple coordinative atoms by the continuous addition of oxygen, finally leading to the generation of primary-amine type anion exchange resin. It is also indicated that all generated functional groups possess adsorptivity to U(VI) in 3 M HNO$$_{3}$$.

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パーセンタイル:46.51

分野:Chemistry, Analytical

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