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Pulsed Electric Current Sintering of MoO3 for Production of Radioactive Isotopes

放射性同位元素の製造のためのMoO$$_{3}$$のパルス電流焼結

末松 久幸*; 佐藤 壮真*; 関 美沙紀*; 南口 誠*; 西方 香緒里; 鈴木 善貴; 土谷 邦彦; 鈴木 常生*; 中山 忠親*; 新原 晧一*

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Seki, Misaki*; Nanko, Makoto*; Nishikata, Kaori; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Niihara, Koichi*

$$^{99m}$$Tcは核医学検査で使用されている放射性同位元素である。本研究では(n, $$gamma$$)法による$$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc製造開発として、パルス通電焼結法を用いた高密度MoO$$_{3}$$ペレットの製造開発を行っている。試験は、加熱速度100$$^{circ}$$C/分(真空中)、焼結温度500-600$$^{circ}$$C、焼結保持時間5分を基本的条件とし、焼結圧力10及び40MPaの2ステップ負荷法及び40MPaの単一ステップ焼結を行った。その結果、焼結温度550$$^{circ}$$Cにて、2ステップ負荷法では焼結密度93%、単一ステップ焼結では焼結密度78%となり、2ステップ負荷法にて目標焼結密度(90%)を達成する高密度ペレットの製造が可能であることを明らかとした。

$$^{99m}$$Tc has been utilized as a radioactive isotope in medical applications. The majority of this isotope has been separated from nuclear fission products in testing reactors with highly enriched $$^{235}$$U fuel. However, these reactors have been shut down because of the age and the nuclear security reasons. On the other hand, a nuclear reaction method has been proposed. This method is to irradiate $$^{98}$$Mo by neutrons in a reactor to form $$^{98}$$Mo and then to decay to $$^{99m}$$Tc. As the target, MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets are required. However, because of the low evaporation temperature (700 $$^{circ}$$C) and coarse grain size of $$^{98}$$Mo enriched powder, it was difficult to obtain high density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets. To overcome this problem, a two-step loading method in pulsed electric current sintering was carried out in this study.

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